Pittsburgh ( PITS-burg) is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County. As of 2017, a population of 305,704 lives within the city limits, making it the 63rd-largest city in the U.S. The metropolitan population of 2,353,045 is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia, the second-largest in Pennsylvania (behind Philadelphia), and the 26th-largest in the U.S.
Located at the confluence of the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio rivers, Pittsburgh is known both as "the Steel City" for its more than 300 steel-related businesses and as the "City of Bridges" for its 446 bridges. The city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclined railways, a pre-revolutionary fortification and the Point State Park at the confluence of the rivers. The city developed as a vital link of the Atlantic coast and Midwest, as the mineral-rich Allegheny Mountains made the area coveted by the French and British empires, Virginians, Whiskey Rebels, and Civil War raiders.
~ Katharine Hepburn, 1984
||My beautiful Grandmother, Caroline Garlinghouse, came from Pittsburgh . . . I never met her but I have followed many of her ideas -- through my mother -- and it has given me a warm spot in my heart for your city.
more Pittsburgh quotes at Wikiquote!
Photo credit: Joey Gannon from Pittsburgh, PA
), founded in 1933, is a chain of sandwich
shops found throughout Pittsburgh
and its suburbs, with an additional three locations in the Fort Lauderdale
area. Its signature items are its sandwiches, considered a Pittsburgh staple, which consist of grilled meat
, a vinegar
-based cole slaw
slices, and French fries
between two pieces of Italian bread. The original shop is located in Pittsburgh's Strip District
, and the unique sandwiches were created for truckers so that they eat a meal with one hand while the driving with the other.
David Gaub McCullough
; born July 7, 1933) is an American author
, and lecturer
. He is a two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize
and the National Book Award
, and a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
, the United States' highest civilian award.
Born and raised in Pittsburgh, McCullough attended Yale University, earning a degree in English literature. His first book, The Johnstown Flood, was published in 1968; he has since written seven more on topics such as Harry S. Truman, John Adams, and the Brooklyn Bridge. McCullough has also narrated multiple documentaries, as well as the 2003 film Seabiscuit; he also hosted American Experience for twelve years. Two of McCullough's books, Truman and John Adams, have been adapted into a TV film and mini-series, respectively, by HBO. McCullough's next work, about Americans in Paris between the 1830s to the 1930s, is due out in 2010.
North Shore Riverfront Park
is a small municipal park along the north banks of the Allegheny
and Ohio Rivers
across from Downtown Pittsburgh
, United States
. It is a parcel of Three Rivers Park
, the city's urban waterfront park along its rivers that provides a continuous green trail link between existing and future riverfront destinations including the Carnegie Science Center
, Heinz Field
, PNC Park
, and the Three Sisters
bridges. The approximately one mile (1.6 km) long park offers walking and biking trails with unobstructed vistas of the cityscape. Boat tie-ups are located along the park to encourage water recreation. In front of each stadium is a large cobblestone quay that handles canoes and kayaks, as well as larger vessels.
Other features include Kayak Pittsburgh which supplies kayaks and bikes for rental, the Water Steps (an interactive fountain), and the Market Street Pier. North Shore Riverfront Park also houses three memorials: the Korean War Veterans Memorial, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, and the Law Enforcement Officers Memorial.
The Pittsburgh Panthers
, commonly also referred to as the Pitt Panthers
, are the athletic teams of University of Pittsburgh
. Pitt fields 19 varsity
teams at the highest level of competitive collegiate athletics in the United States, NCAA Division I
, which compete as members of the Big East Conference
, Eastern Wrestling League
, East Atlantic Gymnastics League
, and Eastern College Athletic Conference
. The 26 time bowl qualifying football team
founded in 1889 and the thirty time tournament qualifying basketball team
founded in 1905, are the most popular sports Pitt fields and enjoy significant local and national followings. Heinz Field
hosts the football team and the Petersen Events Center
hosts the basketball team.
The university's athletic program is one of only five current NCAA Division 1A schools to have won multiple national championships in both football (9) and basketball (2), and the Panthers have been ranked as having among the best combinations of football and basketball programs by multiple publications. Pitt was ranked as having the fifth best combination of football and basketball programs in CBSSports.com's Flourishing Five ranking in 2010. In its "Hoops & Helmets" list of the best combinations, CollegeFootballNews.com has ranked Pitt fifth in 2010 and 3rd in 2009.
On this day in Pittsburgh history...
- (1916) Expo Hall hosts its 1st hockey game.
- (1954) Pitt awards the championship for debate.
- (1957) The world's 1st atomic power plant at Shippingport has its reactor go critical in preparation for production.
- (1964) A 21 year old Pitt chemistry major drives a '59 Chrysler station wagon off the end of unfinished Ft. Duquesne Bridge & lands unhurt, making world news, comedy shows & D.J. Rege Cordic. Years later WQED wins an Emmy documenting it.
Did you know...
- ... that the Pittsburgh Wayfinder System is composed of more than 1,500 traffic signs that point the way to popular destinations in the City of Pittsburgh?
- ... that University of Pittsburgh halfback Gibby Welch broke the single-season yardage record set by Red Grange, gaining 1,964 yards in just nine games in 1926?
- ...that St. Stanislaus Kostka Church is one of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's oldest churches and a prime example of the 'Polish Cathedral' style?
- ... that The Pittsburgh Courier crusaded against the blue discharge, calling it "a vicious instrument that should not be perpetrated against the American Soldier"?
- ... that Josh Gibson Field in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is named for Negro League star Josh Gibson, who has been called the "black Babe Ruth?"
- ... that Pittsburgh steel magnate John Walker's personal library, including all of the original furnishings, was donated to Washington & Jefferson College and installed in the Thompson Library exactly as he had left it?