Pittsburgh ( PITS-burg) is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County. As of 2017, a population of 302,407 lives within the city limits, making it the 63rd-largest city in the U.S.. The metropolitan population of 2,324,743 is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia, the second-largest in Pennsylvania (behind Philadelphia), and the 27th-largest in the U.S.
Pittsburgh is located in the south west of the state, at the confluence of the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio rivers. Pittsburgh is known both as "the Steel City" for its more than 300 steel-related businesses and as the "City of Bridges" for its 446 bridges. The city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclined railways, a pre-revolutionary fortification and the Point State Park at the confluence of the rivers. The city developed as a vital link of the Atlantic coast and Midwest, as the mineral-rich Allegheny Mountains made the area coveted by the French and British empires, Virginians, Whiskey Rebels, and Civil War raiders.
~ Brendan Gill The New Yorker, 1989
||The three most beautiful cities in the world are Paris; St. Petersburg, Russia; and Pittsburgh. If Pittsburgh were situated somewhere in the heart of Europe, tourists would eagerly journey hundreds of miles out of their way to visit it. Its setting is spectacular . . .
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The Homestead Strike
was an industrial lockout
which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on July 6, 1892 that resulted in several deaths and the eventual involvement of the Pennsylvania state militia . It was one of the most serious disputes in US labor history
. The dispute occurred in the Pittsburgh
-area town of Homestead, Pennsylvania
, between the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers
(the AA) and the Carnegie Steel Company
. The final result was a major defeat for the union, and a setback for efforts to unionize steelworkers.
The Bost Building, AA headquarters during the strike and today a National Historic Landmark. The pumphouse where the gunfight occurred remains as a museum and meeting hall. There are several historical markers as well as a metal commemorative sign with the US Steel logo that reads "In Honor Of The Workers."
The Carnegie Museum of Art
, located in the Oakland
neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
, is an art museum
founded in 1895 by the Pittsburgh-based industrialist Andrew Carnegie
. Carnegie envisioned a museum collection consisting of the "Old Masters of tomorrow" and the Carnegie Museum of Art became, arguably, the first museum of modern art in the United States. The museum presents as many as 15 changing exhibitions annually and continues Carnegie's love of contemporary art by staging the Carnegie International
every few years. Its permanent collection comprises roughly 35,000 works and includes European and American decorative arts from the late seventeenth century to the present, works on paper, paintings, prints, sculptures and installations, film and video works, as well as plaster casts of outstanding classical, ancient, and medieval architectural. Approximately 1,800 works are on view at any given time in the complex. The museum was featured prominently in the 1983 Academy Award winning Flashdance
On this day in Pittsburgh history...
- (1792) James O'Hara, grandfather of Mary Schenley, is appointed the 6th U.S. Quartermaster General.
- (1852) The rivers flood the Forks of the Ohio to 35'1".
- (1900) Honus Wagner debuts for the Pirates, with 2 hits in a pitching duel 3-0 loss to Cy Young at St. Louis.
- (1902) The Gazette reports on a “game that would make amateurs blush” as Pirates hits make St. Louis set the NL record for errors with 11 & 15 combined.
- (1942) The 13 & 16 year old sons of "Boss" Lawrence are killed in a Zelienople car crash.
- (1948) A bench clearing brawl erupts at Cincinnati after Red Hank Sauer hits a homer causing a collision at 2nd as Ohioans toss bottles at players causing a game delay.
- (1950) Police make world news as retired & widowed motorcycle patrolmen George Blair leaves his $421,203ia estate to his parrot.
- (1979) The Pirates trade Frank Taveras for Tim Foli.
- (1986) RJ Reynolds celebrates his 27th birthday with a grand slam at Chicago 14-8 Pirates win. The game featured six home runs (three by each team) and 28 hits (14 by each team).
- (1988) CMU dedicates a memorial to alumnus & Challenger astronaut Judith Resnick.
- (1997) The Post-Gazette becomes among the 1st to report on the Dihydrogen Monoxide hoax.
- (1998) The Guinness Book of Records visits as Mariss Jansons conducts 2,048 young musicians from the tri-state area to set the record for the "World's Largest Orchestra".
- (2002) The Pittsburgh Stock Exchange building is sold to preservationists for $474,011ia.
Did you know...
- ...that though legend says the mid-way bend in Pittsburgh's Armstrong Tunnel was a mistake and that the engineer responsible killed himself in shame, the chief engineer, Vernon R. Covell, did not commit suicide?
- ... that Jaromir Jagr became the first Czechoslovakian to be drafted in the NHL without defecting when he was selected in the first round by the Pittsburgh Penguins in 1990?
- ... that Hays Hall, the first dormitory at Washington & Jefferson College, was designed by noted Pittsburgh architect Frederick J. Osterling?
- ... that Fr. Martin Hehir, the fourth president of Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, was affectionately known to students as "Daddy Hehir"?
- ... that the 1952 Pittsburgh Pirates, the worst Pirates team of the 20th century, were so bad that their catcher Joe Garagiola later said "In an eight-team league, we should've finished ninth"?
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