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Bristol Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania

Bristol Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 54,582 at the 2010 census, making it the 13th largest municipality in the state. Bristol Township, along with Bristol Borough, is a cultural hub for Lower Bucks County, hosting celebrations of African and Latino heritage. Parts of the township consist of the neighborhoods of Fairless Hills and Levittown, Pennsylvania.

Bristol Township, Pennsylvania
Phineas Pemberton House, built starting 1687
Phineas Pemberton House, built starting 1687
Location of Bristol Township in Bucks County
Location of Bristol Township in Bucks County
Bristol Township is located in Pennsylvania
Bristol Township
Bristol Township
Location in Pennsylvania and the United States
Bristol Township is located in the United States
Bristol Township
Bristol Township
Bristol Township (the United States)
Coordinates: 40°07′00″N 74°51′59″W / 40.11667°N 74.86639°W / 40.11667; -74.86639Coordinates: 40°07′00″N 74°51′59″W / 40.11667°N 74.86639°W / 40.11667; -74.86639
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyBucks
Formed1692
Area
 • Total17.11 sq mi (44.32 km2)
 • Land15.89 sq mi (41.15 km2)
 • Water1.22 sq mi (3.17 km2)
Elevation
16 ft (5 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total54,582
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
53,771
 • Density3,384.38/sq mi (1,306.68/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s)215
FIPS code42-017-08768
Websitehttp://www.bristoltwp.com

HistoryEdit

Before Bristol Township was settled, it was populated by Delaware Indians. It was formed as Buckingham Township in 1692 and was renamed Bristol Township in 1702. The springs at Bath, in Bristol Township, were popular among wealthy Philadelphians for a while, but lost popularity to the ones in Saratoga, New York. The Delaware Canal was built in 1831 and connected Bristol to Easton, 60 miles to the north. Still, until the 1950s Bristol Township was largely agricultural. In 1952 William Levitt began construction of his Levittown, which was located partly in Bristol Township.

The Phineas Pemberton House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.[3]

The War Dog Memorial, located in front of the Bristol Township Municipal Building, was dedicated in 2006.[4]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 17.2 square miles (45 km2), of which, 16.1 square miles (42 km2) of it is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) of it (6.33%) is water.

Bristol Township is located at a crossroads of U.S. Route 13, Pennsylvania Route 413, the Pennsylvania Turnpike (Interstate 276), Interstate 95, and Interstate 295. Some of these roads mentioned originated as Lenni Lenape river trails along the Delaware River. This has made Bristol Township an ideal location.

Named places, past and present, in Bristol Township include Bath, Croydon, Edgely, Emilie, part of Levittown, Midway, Newportville, Pickpocket, and Pine Grove.[5]

Natural features include Mill Creek, Neshaminy Creek, and Queen Anne Creek.[5]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18901,591
19001,397−12.2%
19101,99242.6%
19205,027152.4%
19304,381−12.9%
19405,85733.7%
195012,184108.0%
196059,298386.7%
197067,49813.8%
198058,733−13.0%
199057,129−2.7%
200055,521−2.8%
201054,582−1.7%
Est. 201653,771[2]−1.5%
[6]

As of the 2010 census, the township was 77.3% Non-Hispanic White, 10.2% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.8% Asian, and 2.8% were two or more races. 7.4% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 55,521 people, 19,733 households, and 14,503 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,439.4 people per square mile (1,328.2/km²). There were 20,486 housing units at an average density of 1,269.1/sq mi (490.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 86.13% White, 8.45% African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.14% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.55% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.85% of the population.

There were 19,733 households, out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the township the population was spread out, with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $48,090, and the median income for a family was $54,308. Males had a median income of $38,112 versus $28,797 for females. The per capita income for the township was $19,090. About 5.4% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Bristol Township students attend schools in the Bristol Township School District, and the notable public high school is Harry S. Truman High School.

Until 1990, for a period of over 12 years, the Lower Bucks Christian Academy leased the Benjamin Franklin Junior High School facility. That year the school district denied renewal of the lease since it wished to repurpose the building as an elementary school.[9]

ClimateEdit

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Bristol Twp has a Humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Cfa climates are characterized by all months having an average mean temperature > 32.0 °F (0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (22.0 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. Although most summer days are slightly humid in Bristol Twp, episodes of heat and high humidity can occur with heat index values > 108 °F (42 °C). Since 1981, the highest air temperature was 103.1 °F (39.5 °C) on 07/06/2010, and the highest daily average mean dew point was 75.4 °F (24.1 °C) on 08/13/2016. The average wettest month is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. Since 1981, the wettest calendar day was 6.42 inches (163 mm) on 08/27/2011. During the winter months, the average annual extreme minimum air temperature is 2.0 °F (−16.7 °C).[10] Since 1981, the coldest air temperature was −9.4 °F (−23.0 °C) on 01/22/1984. Episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < −8 °F (−22 °C). The average annual snowfall (Nov-Apr) is between 24 inches (61 cm) and 30 inches (76 cm). Ice storms and large snowstorms depositing ≥ 12 inches (30 cm) occur once every few years, particularly during nor’easters from December through February.

Climate data for Bristol Twp, Elevation 33 ft (10 m), 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1981-2018
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71.8
(22.1)
78.0
(25.6)
87.8
(31.0)
95.0
(35.0)
96.0
(35.6)
97.1
(36.2)
103.1
(39.5)
101.1
(38.4)
98.9
(37.2)
89.1
(31.7)
81.6
(27.6)
76.3
(24.6)
103.1
(39.5)
Average high °F (°C) 40.8
(4.9)
44.0
(6.7)
52.0
(11.1)
64.1
(17.8)
73.5
(23.1)
82.7
(28.2)
86.9
(30.5)
85.3
(29.6)
78.5
(25.8)
67.2
(19.6)
56.3
(13.5)
45.2
(7.3)
64.8
(18.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 32.5
(0.3)
35.0
(1.7)
42.2
(5.7)
52.9
(11.6)
62.1
(16.7)
71.6
(22.0)
76.2
(24.6)
74.7
(23.7)
67.7
(19.8)
56.2
(13.4)
46.6
(8.1)
36.9
(2.7)
54.6
(12.6)
Average low °F (°C) 24.2
(−4.3)
25.9
(−3.4)
32.4
(0.2)
41.6
(5.3)
50.7
(10.4)
60.5
(15.8)
65.6
(18.7)
64.2
(17.9)
56.9
(13.8)
45.2
(7.3)
36.9
(2.7)
28.5
(−1.9)
44.5
(6.9)
Record low °F (°C) −9.4
(−23.0)
−2.4
(−19.1)
4.4
(−15.3)
18.0
(−7.8)
33.0
(0.6)
42.1
(5.6)
48.3
(9.1)
43.0
(6.1)
36.6
(2.6)
25.5
(−3.6)
12.4
(−10.9)
0.3
(−17.6)
−9.4
(−23.0)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.59
(91)
2.72
(69)
4.27
(108)
3.85
(98)
4.20
(107)
4.21
(107)
5.02
(128)
4.34
(110)
4.05
(103)
3.71
(94)
3.43
(87)
3.93
(100)
47.32
(1,202)
Average relative humidity (%) 64.9 61.2 57.8 56.8 61.9 65.4 66.2 68.4 68.8 68.1 66.4 66.5 64.4
Average dew point °F (°C) 22.0
(−5.6)
23.0
(−5.0)
28.4
(−2.0)
38.0
(3.3)
48.9
(9.4)
59.4
(15.2)
64.1
(17.8)
63.6
(17.6)
57.1
(13.9)
45.8
(7.7)
36.0
(2.2)
26.8
(−2.9)
42.9
(6.1)
Source: PRISM[11]

EcologyEdit

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Bristol Twp would have a dominant vegetation type of Appalachian Oak (104) with a dominant vegetation form of Eastern Hardwood Forest (25).[12] The plant hardiness zone is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 2.0 °F (−16.7 °C).[10] The spring bloom typically peaks around April 7th and fall color usually peaks around November 4th.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  4. ^ War Dog Memorial, Bristol Township, PA
  5. ^ a b MacReynolds, George, Place Names in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, Doylestown, Bucks County Historical Society, Doylestown, PA, 1942
  6. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 8 February 2006. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  7. ^ Census 2010: Pennsylvania. Usatoday.Com. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ Gallagher, David F. "School's Prospects More Dim" (Archive). Philadelphia Inquirer. June 27, 1991. Retrieved on November 29, 2015.
  10. ^ a b "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  11. ^ "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". Retrieved October 18, 2019.
  12. ^ "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Retrieved October 3, 2019.

External linksEdit