Darby is a borough in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States, along Darby Creek 5 miles (8.0 km) southwest of Center City, Philadelphia. Darby Borough is distinct from the nearby municipality of Darby Township.
Borough of Darby
Darby Friends Meeting House, built 1805
|• Mayor||Helen Thomas|
|• Total||0.84 sq mi (2.18 km2)|
|• Land||0.84 sq mi (2.18 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||79 ft (24 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||12,707.84/sq mi (4,905.17/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||610 and 484|
Darby was settled about 1654 and inhabited by Quakers early in the colonial era. The name Darby is derived from the English city of Derby (pronounced "Darby"), the county town of Derbyshire (pronounced "Darbyshire"), the origin of many early settlers. Incorporated on May 3, 1853, it had 3,429 residents in 1900, 6,305 in 1910, 10,334 in 1940, and 10,687 at the 2010 census.
Darby is home to the fifth-oldest all-volunteer Fire Department and the Darby Free Library, one of the oldest libraries in the United States, founded in 1743. One of its cemeteries is more than 300 years old. Violent racial incidents hit all over the country as part of the 1919 Red Summer. The Darby 1919 lynching attempt was the attempted lynching of Samuel Gorman of Darby on July 23, 1919. Samuel Gorman, a 17-year-old black boy, was sent to jail for the alleged murder of William E. Taylor.
Darby has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,299 people, 3,405 households and 2,393 families residing in the borough. The population density was 12,624.5 people per square mile (4,849.3/km²). There were 3,999 housing units at an average density of 4,902.0 per square mile (1,883.0/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 36.37% White, 60.00% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 2.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.95% of the population.
There were 3,405 households, out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% were married couples living together, 30.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.45.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 33.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.3 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $26,938, and the median income for a family was $30,065. Males had a median income of $35,507 versus $22,451 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,990. About 35.5% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.6% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.
Darby is a relatively urban place, with almost twice the population density of nearby Darby Township. The Pennsylvania State Police reported that the crime rate (per capita)in 2011 compared to the per-capita rate for Delaware County as a whole was six times for violent crimes (murder, robbery and assault, not including sex crimes), 24 times for property crimes (including arson), but only two times for drug offenses (not including alcohol offenses).
William Penn School District serves Darby.
- Park Lane Elementary School (K-6)
- Walnut Street Elementary School (K-6)
- Penn Wood Middle School (7-8)
- Penn Wood High School, Cypress Street Campus-Freshnman Academy (9) (Yeadon)
- Penn Wood High School, Green Avenue Campus (10-12) (Lansdowne)
The city is also home to Blessed Virgin Mary (BVM), a parochial school affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church.
Darby once had two other railroad stations. One, owned by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (now the Philadelphia Subdivision of CSX), sat at Main and Sixth Streets, where the SEPTA Route 11 trolley crosses today. The other, owned by the Pennsylvania Railroad, stood where the current station stands, and later across the tracks.
- John Blunston, Quaker, Founder of Darby, early opponent of slavery (1715) and 3x Speaker of the Colonial Assembly
- Martha Schofield, Quaker, American educator who devoted most of her life to the advancement of African-American education after the Civil War. see Schofield Normal and Industrial School, Aiken SC
- Stephen Barrar, member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, 160th district
- John Bartram, Quaker, early American botanist and father of the even more famous traveler and botanist William Bartram, was born in Darby and is buried there at the Friends Burial Ground at 12th and Main Street. His botanical garden exists nearby and is the oldest surviving botanical garden in the US.
- Leo Burt, placed on FBI "Ten Most Wanted" list for his role in the Sterling Hall bombing; born in Darby
- John Drew, Negro League baseball executive
- Comedian and actor W.C. Fields was born in 1880 at the Arlington Hotel, then located at 832 Main Street.
- John Patrick Cardinal Foley, former Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem and former President of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications, lived in retirement in Darby at the Villa St. Joseph of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia
- Monica Horan, actress best known for her role as Amy MacDougall on Everybody Loves Raymond
- Jeff LaBar, rock guitarist for Cinderella
- Peter O'Keefe, member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, District 161 from 1975 to 1978
- John James Pearson (1800–1888), member of the U.S. House of Representatives
- Estelle Ricketts, first published African-American woman composer
- James N. Robertson, Pennsylvania State Representative for Delaware county (1949-1952), Brigadier general in the Pennsylvania National Guard
- John Stanford, former superintendent of the Seattle school district and United States Army officer; born in Darby
- Annis Boudinot Stockton, the first woman poet to be published in the British American colonies
- Chris Wheeler, sports broadcaster
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mar 24, 2019.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 11, 2019.
- Gannett 1905, p. 100.
- Ashmeade & Hungerford 1884, p. 516.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Pennsylvania Uniform Crime Reporting System". Archived from the original on 2013-06-19.
- 483 vs 4168, 881 vs 19521 and 101 vs 2442, reported crimes respectively, for borough population of 10,687 and county population of 558,979 as given in their report.
- Existing Railroad Stations in Delaware County, Pennsylvania
- "Experience America's first botanic garden". Archived from the original on 2012-02-06. Retrieved 2012-04-19.
- Ashmeade, Henry Graham; Hungerford, Austin N. (1884). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. United States Government Publishing Office. - Total pages: 334
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Darby, Pennsylvania.|
- Darby Borough
- Darby Borough Historical and Preservation Society local history collection, a finding aid
- Elementary schools: Park Lane and Walnut Street
- Penn Wood Middle School
| Bordering communities