Oregon ( (listen) ORR-ih-gən) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada.
Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders, explorers, and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles (250,000 km2), Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U.S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U.S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which also includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168.
- February 9, 1841) was an American trapper from Tennessee
who traveled the western United States
before settling in Oregon Country
. As a prominent citizen there, his death was the impetus for the early formation of government in that region. In 1830, Young led the first American trapping expedition to reach the Pacific Coast from New Mexico. After recuperating near Los Angeles, the group visited the San Fernando Mission
, and headed north into California's great Central Valley
. In California Young trapped and traded before returning to Taos. He would continue with this pattern until 1834 when Young encountered Hall J. Kelley
in San Diego. Kelley invited Ewing Young to accompany him north to Oregon, but Young at first declined. After re-thinking, Young agreed to travel with Kelley and they set out in July 1834. They arrived in Oregon in 1834, arriving at Fort Vancouver
on October 17th. Young settled on the west bank of the Willamette River
near the mouth of Chehalem Creek, opposite of Champoeg
. A few years later Young was the leader of the Willamette Cattle Company
that in January 1837 traveled to California with the assistance of Lieutenant William A. Slacum
on the ship Loriot
, and brought back 630 head of cattle along the Siskiyou Trail
helping to make Young the wealthiest settler in Oregon. In February of 1841, Young died without any known heir and without a will, creating a need for some form of government to deal with his estate, as he had many debtors and creditors among the settlers. The activities
that followed his death eventually led to the creation of a provisional government
in the Oregon Country.
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In this month
- July 2, 1935, Ashland hosts the first Oregon Shakespeare Festival, featuring Twelfth Night.
- July 3, 1905, U.S. Senator John H. Mitchell is convicted in the Oregon land fraud scandal.
- July 5, 1843, the first Organic Laws of Oregon are passed creating a framework for the Provisional Government.
- July 9, 1940, former Oregon Attorney General and longtime President of the University of Oregon, David B. Frohnmayer is born in Medford.
- July 12, 2002, the Biscuit Fire starts in Southern Oregon and is not contained until the end of the year.
- July 15, 1896, the battleship USS Oregon is commissioned under the command of Captain H. L. Howison.
- July 16, 2006, a Hawker Hunter jet crashes after leaving the Oregon International Airshow in Hillsboro.
- July 20, 2001, the Portland Streetcar system, the first modern-streetcar system to open in the U.S. since the 1940s, begins operating.
- July 28, 1878, former two-time acting governor of the Oregon Territory, George Law Curry dies in Portland.
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Temple Beth Israel
: בית ישראל
) is a Reconstructionist synagogue
located in Eugene, Oregon
. Founded in the early 1930s as a Conservative
congregation, Beth Israel was for many decades the only synagogue in Eugene. The congregation initially worshiped in a converted house on West Eighth Street. It constructed its first building on Portland Street in 1952, and occupied its current LEED
-compliant facilities in 2008. In the early 1990s conflict between feminist and traditional members led to the latter leaving Beth Israel, and forming the Orthodox
Congregation Ahavas Torah. Beth Israel came under attack from neo-Nazi
members of the Volksfront
twice, in 1994 and again in 2002. In both cases the perpetrators were caught and convicted. Services were lay
-led for decades. Marcus Simmons was hired as the congregation's first rabbi
in 1959, but left in 1961. After a gap of two years, Louis Neimand became rabbi in 1963, and served until his death in 1976. He was followed by Myron Kinberg, who served from 1977 to 1994, and Kinberg in turn was succeeded by Yitzhak Husbands-Hankin. As of 2011 , led by rabbis Yitzhak Husbands-Hankin and Maurice Harris, Beth Israel had approximately 400 member households, and was the largest synagogue in Eugene.
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Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W