Oregon ( ( listen) OR-i-gən) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary along Washington state, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary along Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada. Oregon is one of only three states of the contiguous United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean.
Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders, explorers, and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles (250,000 km2), Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U.S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 164,549 residents. Portland, with 632,309 residents, is the most populous and ranks as the 26th most populous city in the United States. The Portland metropolitan area, which also includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 23rd largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,389,228.
Dr. John McLoughlin
(October 19, 1784 – September 3, 1857) was the Chief Factor
of the Columbia Fur District
of the Hudson's Bay Company
at Fort Vancouver
. In 1798
, he began 4½ years of medical training and was granted a license to practice medicine in 1803. He was hired as a physician at Fort William, Ontario
(now Thunder Bay
), a fur-gathering post of the North West Company
on Lake Superior
. In 1814
, he became a partner in the company, and in 1816
he was arrested for the murder of Robert Semple
, the governor of the Red River Colony
, after the Battle of Seven Oaks (1816)
. McLoughlin was tried on October 30, 1818, and the charges were dismissed. McLoughlin was instrumental in the negotiations leading to the North West Company's 1821
merger with the Hudson's Bay Company
(HBC), and became Chief Factor of the Columbia District in 1824. McLoughlin was involved with the debate over the future of the Oregon Country
. After retiring from the Hudson's Bay Company in 1846, McLoughlin moved his family back south to Oregon City
in the Willamette Valley
. In 1847, McLoughlin was given the Knighthood of St. Gregory
, bestowed on him by Pope Gregory XVI
. He became a U.S. citizen in 1849. He served as mayor of Oregon City in 1851, and died of natural causes in 1857. His grave is on a bluff above Willamette Falls
. In 1953, the state of Oregon donated a statue of McLoughlin to the U.S. Capitol
's National Statuary Hall Collection
. The title "Father of Oregon" was officially bestowed on him by the Oregon Legislative Assembly
Did you know...
In this month
- September 3, 1839, the first member of the Peoria Party arrives in the Oregon Country.
- September 5, 1986, the MAX light rail system opens, with a line between Portland and Gresham.
- September 6, 1996, convicted killer Douglas Wright becomes the first person in Oregon to be executed by lethal injection.
- September 6, 1931, the Yaquina Bay Bridge designed by Conde McCullough opens near Newport.
- September 9, 1942, Japan bombed Southwestern Oregon with a seaplane launched from a submarine.
- September 27, 1974, Portlandia co-star and former Sleater-Kinney member Carrie Brownstein is born.
- September 15, 1993, fugitive Kathy Power pleaded guilty to armed robbery and manslaughter after spending 14 years hiding in Oregon.
- September 27, 1919, former baseball player Johnny Pesky is born in Portland.
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, located in the Buckman
neighborhood of southeast Portland, Oregon
, in the United States, is one of the city's oldest coffeehouses
. Named after Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
, the classical music
-themed coffeehouse serves coffee and desserts, operating from the former living room of a reportedly haunted
-style house. Goody Cable started the business in 1980, having hosted classical music events in her home for years prior. Rimsky-Korsakoffee has a casual, communal atmosphere and sometimes features live classical music. The house is decorated with knickknacks
, art and hanging objects. Tables are named for various composers; some of them are "haunted" (animated), at times elevating, rotating or vibrating. The coffeehouse has received a generally positive reception and is known mostly for its desserts and for offering a unique experience to guests. Rimsky-Korsakoffee has been called "eclectic", "quirky" and "spooky", and has been recognized by several publications for its coffee and desserts.
Things you can do
Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W