The Oregon Portal
Oregon ( ORR-ih-gən) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada.
Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before European traders, explorers, and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles (250,000 km2), Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U.S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U.S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which also includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168.
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(February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American quantum chemist
. Pauling is regarded by many as the premier chemist of the twentieth century, especially for the versatility of his contributions. He pioneered the application of quantum mechanics
to chemistry, and in 1954 was awarded the Nobel Prize
in chemistry for his work describing the nature of chemical bonds
. Pauling received the Nobel Peace Prize
in 1962 for his campaign against above-ground nuclear testing
. Later in life, he became an advocate for greatly increased consumption of vitamin C
and other nutrients. Pauling was born in Oswego, Oregon
. In the 1930s he began publishing papers on the nature of the chemical bond, leading to his famous textbook on the subject published in 1939. It is based primarily on his work in this area that he received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
in 1954. In 1958, Pauling and his wife presented the United Nations
with a petition signed by more than 11,000 scientists calling for an end to nuclear-weapon testing
. Public pressure subsequently led to a moratorium on above-ground nuclear weapons testing, followed by the Partial Test Ban Treaty
, signed in 1963 by John F. Kennedy
and Nikita Khrushchev
. On the day that the treaty went into force, the Nobel Prize Committee awarded Pauling the Nobel Peace Prize
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In this month
- January 3, 1914, martial law is implemented in Copperfield by Fern Hobbs.
- January 7, 1996, the orca Keiko from the Free Willy movies arrives at the Oregon Coast Aquarium.
- January 9, 1880, a powerful windstorm spreads damage in Northwest Oregon.
- January 13, 1837, pioneers in the Willamette Valley form the Willamette Cattle Company.
- January 17, 1989, Director of the Oregon Department of Corrections, Michael Francke, is murdered.
- January 23, 1990, the Happy Face Killer murders his first known victim near Portland.
- January 24, 1851, the Oregon Territorial Legislature creates the now defunct Umpqua County.
- January 28, 1919, businessman Henry Pittock, longtime publisher of The Oregonian newspaper, dies at the age of 82.
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The Oregon wine industry contributed a total of USD $1.4 billion to the Oregon economy. Of that figure, over USD $800 million is directly provided by wineries and vineyards via sales, wages, and spending. It is estimated that the industry contributed 8,479 wine-related jobs and USD $203 million in wages. Exports to other states in 2004 were USD $64.1 million. Out of all US wine growing regions, Oregon ranked third in number of wineries and fourth in production. Nearly 1.6 million cases of Oregon wine were sold in 2005. The retail value of these cases was $184.7 million, a 24% increase over the previous vintage. Wine has been produced in Oregon since the Oregon Territory was settled in the 1840s; however, winemaking has only been a significant industry in the state since the 1960s. Grapes were first planted in the Oregon Territory in 1847, with the first recorded winery being established in 1850 in Jacksonville. Throughout the 19th century, there was experimentation with various varietals by immigrants to the state, and in 1904, an Oregon winemaker won a prize at the St. Louis World's Fair. There are three main wine producing regions with a major presence in the state of Oregon. Two of them, the Willamette Valley AVA and the Southern Oregon AVA, are wholly contained within Oregon; a third, the Columbia Gorge AVA straddles the Columbia River and includes territory in both Oregon and Washington.
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Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W