The Oregon Portal
Map of Oregon
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It borders the Pacific Ocean on the west, Washington on the north, Idaho on the east, and California and Nevada on the south. The Columbia and Snake Rivers form, respectively, much of its northern and eastern borders. Between two north-south mountain ranges in western Oregon—the Oregon Coast Range and the Cascade Mountain Range—lies the Willamette Valley, the most densely populated and agriculturally productive region of the state.
Oregon has one of the most diverse landscapes of any state in the U.S. It is well known for its tall, dense forests; its accessible and scenic Pacific coastline; and its rugged, glaciated Cascade volcanoes. Other areas include semiarid scrublands, prairies, and deserts that cover approximately half the state in eastern and north-central Oregon.
Oregon's population in 2010 was about 3.8 million, a 12% increase over 2000. Oregon's population is largely concentrated in the Willamette Valley, which stretches from Eugene through Salem and Corvallis to Portland, Oregon's largest city.
The origin of the name Oregon is unknown. One account, advanced by George R. Stewart in a 1944 article in American Speech, was endorsed as the "most plausible explanation" in the book Oregon Geographic Names. According to Stewart, the name came from an engraver's error in a French map published in the early 1700s, on which the Ouisiconsink (Wisconsin) River was spelled "Ouaricon-sint", broken on two lines with the -sint below, so that there appeared to be a river flowing to the west named "Ouaricon".
Raemer Edgar Schreiber
(November 11, 1910 – December 24, 1998) was an American physicist
in the U.S. state of Oregon
. He grew up in McMinnville where he attended high school before enrolling at Linfield College
, also in McMinnville. Schreiber graduated from Linfield and then earned a masters degree at the University of Oregon
before becoming a graduate assistant at then Oregon State College (now Oregon State University
). Schreiber then earned a doctorate at Purdue University
in 1941 before joining the Manhattan Project. He saw the first atomic bomb detonated in the Trinity nuclear test
in July 1945, and prepared the Fat Man
bomb that was used in the bombing of Nagasaki
. After the war, he served at Los Alamos as a group leader, and was involved in the design of the hydrogen bomb
. In 1955, he became the head of its Nuclear Rocket Propulsion (N) Division, which developed the first nuclear-powered rockets. He served as deputy director of the laboratory from 1972 until his retirement in 1974.
Did you know...
- ... that one of the Hillsboro Fire Department's (fire truck pictured) earliest pieces of equipment was previously used in Sacramento, California, Portland, Oregon, and Albany, Oregon?
- ... that the hip-hop group Beautiful Eulogy experiments with other music styles such as folk, electronic, hymn tunes, and contemporary worship music?
- ... that Providence Milwaukie Hospital was originally private but became a community facility only three years after construction?
- ... that Burt K. Snyder was a five-term state representative from Lake County, Oregon, who also served for many years as a trustee for the Bernard Daly Educational Fund?
In this month
- June 1, 1905, the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition opens.
- June 3, 1850, five Cayuse tribal members are hung in Oregon City to conclude the Cayuse War that began with the Whitman massacre.
- June 5, 1811, the ship Tonquin leaves the mouth of the Columbia River after establishing Fort Astoria.
- June 5, 1977, the Portland Trail Blazers won Game 6 of the NBA Finals to win the series 4-2 and win their first NBA Championship.
- June 15, 1846, the Oregon Treaty is signed, resolving the Oregon Question.
- June 21, 1942, a Japanese submarine attacked Fort Stevens near the mouth of the Columbia River.
- June 24, 1992, the NBA Draft is held in Portland.
- June 24, 2007, the Oregon State Beavers baseball team won their second consecutive national championship.
<< Previous month Next month >>
The Oregon State Capitol
is the building housing the state legislature
and the offices of the governor
, secretary of state
, and treasurer
of Oregon. It is located in the state capital
. The current building, constructed in 1935 and expanded in 1977, is the third to house the Oregon state government
since the state administration moved to Salem in 1852. Two former capitol buildings were destroyed by fire, one in 1855 and the other in 1935. New York architects Trowbridge & Livingston
conceived the current structure's Art Deco
design, in association with Francis Keally. Much of the interior and exterior are made of marble
. The Oregon State Capitol was placed on the National Register of Historic Places
in 1988. The Public Works Administration
, part of the U.S. government
, partially financed construction, which was completed during the Great Depression
, in 1937. The building was erected at a cost of $
2.5 million for the central portion of the building, which includes a dome
of 166 feet (51 m).
Things you can do
Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W