Oregon ( (listen) ORR-ih-gən) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada. Oregon is one of only three states of the contiguous United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean.
Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders, explorers, and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles (250,000 km2), Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U.S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U.S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which also includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168.
(1868–1947) was an American
athletic coach in Oregon. Born in Michigan
, he grew up in Canada
where he was an all-around athlete. He excelled at sprinting, ice hockey
, and played lacrosse
on one of the Ottawa Capitals' world championship teams of the 1890s. Hayward began coaching in 1898 as an assistant track
coach at Princeton University
. He then moved to the University of California
before becoming the head track coach at Pacific University
in Forest Grove, Oregon
where he coached A. C. Gilbert
. In 1903, he took the head job at Albany College (now Lewis & Clark College
) for one year before becoming the University of Oregon
's first permanent track coach. Hayward would stay as coach for 44 years, and during this time he was a coach for six United States Olympics
teams. At Oregon he coached four track world record holders, six American record holders and nine Olympians. In addition to his track coaching duties, he served as the athletic trainer
for Oregon's football team, and coached the men's basketball team from 1903 to 1913 and again in 1917-1918, compiling an overall record of 34-29. The track team's home facility is named Hayward Field
in his honor. Hayward was an inaugural inductee to both the Oregon Sports Hall of Fame
in 1980 and the University of Oregon Athletic Hall of Fame in 1992. In 2005, he was induced into the U.S. Track & Field and Cross Country Coaches Association Hall of Fame.
Did you know...
In this month
- May 1, 1839, the Peoria Party sets out on the Oregon Trail for the Oregon Country.
- May 2, 1843, meetings at Champoeg create Provisional Government of Oregon.
- May 9, 1850, member of the First Executive Committee and namesake of Hillsboro, David Hill dies.
- May 11, 1792, Capt. Gray enters the Columbia River, becoming the first Euro-American to accomplish this feat.
- May 18, 2007, tire king Les Schwab, founder of Les Schwab Tire Centers, dies at the age of 89 in Prineville.
- May 21, 1998, Kip Kinkel goes on a shooting spree at Thurston High School in Springfield.
- May 22, 1902, Crater Lake National Park is established as Oregon's only National Park.
- May 30, 1978, sportswear company Blue Ribbon Sports officially changes its name to Nike.
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is a species of morel
fungus (family Morchellaceae
) native to northwestern North America. Described as new to science in 2012, its specific epithet
refers to its association with black cottonwood
). The morel used to be referred to as Morchella semilibera
in western North American field guides until molecular
analysis established that to be a strictly European species. M. populiphila
occurs in California
. Its fruit bodies
grow up to 15 cm (6 in) tall with a ridged and pitted conical cap
that attaches about halfway down the stipe
. The cap ridges are dark brown to black in maturity, while the pits are yellowish to brownish. The fungus is edible
, although not as highly valued as other morels. Morchella populiphila
is one of three species of fungi commonly referred to as "half-free" morels, the others being Morchella punctipes
in eastern North America and Morchella semilibera
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Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W