Oregon Republican Party

The Oregon Republican Party is the state affiliate of the United States Republican Party in Oregon, headquartered in Salem. The party was established in the Oregon Territory in February 1857 as the "Free State Republican Party of Oregon" and held its first state convention on April 1, 1859, after Oregon achieved statehood.

Oregon Republican Party
ChairpersonDallas Heard[1]
Founded1857
Headquarters752 Hawthorne Ave NE, Salem, OR 97301
Membership (2021)Increase753,195[2]
IdeologyConservatism
Fiscal conservatism
Social conservatism
Trumpism[3][4]
Political positionRight-wing to far-right
National affiliationRepublican Party
ColorsRed
U.S. Senate delegation
0 / 2
U.S. House delegation
1 / 5
Statewide offices
0 / 5
Oregon Senate
11 / 30
Oregon House
22 / 60
Website
oregon.gop

The Republican Party was the dominant political organization in the state of Oregon from the time of the American Civil War through the 1960s, before moving to a position of approximate parity with the rival Democratic Party of Oregon for the next four decades. Since 2000 the Oregon Republican Party has become a minority party in state government, which has generally been controlled by Democrats.

The Oregon Republican Party gained national attention in June 2019 when all 11 Republican state senators staged a "walkout" designed to prevent a vote on Oregon House Bill 2020. The walkout deepened the alignment of the party with right-wing militias, including Oregon 3 Percenters and Oath Keepers as well as pro-Trump social media.[5][6][7] State Senator Brian Boquist threatened, in response to the state government's efforts to return him to the state capitol in Salem, "Send bachelors and come heavily armed."[8][9][10][11] According to the Pew Charitable Trusts, "rare walkouts are ones like that in Oregon, where lawmakers flee the state for several weeks or months. These large events use a lot of political capital and show voters that those lawmakers might be sore losers and unwilling to negotiate."[12] Oregon Republicans continued such "walkouts" in 2021 to protest coronavirus restrictions and disable normal political processes, as well as organized groups to harass state inspectors doing their lawful work.[13]

Following the January 2021 riot at the US Capitol, Oregon Republicans again received national attention. On 21 December 2020, an armed group had forcibly entered the Oregon Capitol, caused damage, and sprayed “some kind of chemical agent” at the officers guarding the capitol. Police identified the chemical agent as "bear spray." The capitol break-in was promoted by the far-right Patriot Prayer. In January 2021 evidence came to light that Representative Mike Nearman (Republican from Independence)) had opened doors to the Oregon Capitol "allowing violent demonstrators who were protesting immediately outside the door to illegally enter the building" and cause damage.[14][15][16][17][18] The militia-inflamed "chaos in Oregon over the past year [was] a prologue to the insurrection at the U.S Capitol," in one account.[19] At least three "men who participated in an effort to storm the Oregon Capitol on Dec. 21 also appear to have been part of the mob that stormed the U.S. Capitol" in January.[20][21] Also among the Oregonians arrested for the US Capitol attack was the vice chair of the Young Republicans of Oregon.[22][23][24] "The Trump era seems only to have exacerbated the Oregon GOP’s embrace of its most extreme constituencies," writes the conservative National Review.[25]

On 19 January 2021 the Oregon Republican Party issued a resolution declaring that the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol by supporters of Donald Trump was a "false flag" event meant to "discredit President Trump, his supporters, and all conservative Republicans."[26][27][28]

The 19 January 2021 party resolution provoked substantial controversy. Oregon House Republicans pointedly disavowed the party resolution, while Senator Tim Knopp (Republican of Bend) stated publicly that he did "not support the Oregon Republican Party’s resolution."[29][30][31][32] Knute Buehler, a former Oregon House member and recent Republican gubernatorial nominee, "filed to change his registration from Republican to independent."[33] More than 6,000 Republicans left the party in January 2021.[34] In early February, state voter registration indicate a total of 11,000 registered Republicans in Oregon have left the party since Election Day.[35][36]

HistoryEdit

Antislavery originsEdit

 
Edward Dickinson Baker (1811-1861), first Oregon Republican elected to the U.S. Senate, was an early casualty fighting for the Union in the American Civil War.

The politics of the Oregon Territory were largely dominated by the generally states' rights Democratic Party with a vocal pro-slavery component. Only weak opposition came from the Whigs and their nativist Know Nothing cousins.[37] A serious opposition first began to emerge in the aftermath of the bitter and costly Rogue River Wars of 1855 to 1856, centered around the growing anti-slavery sentiment nationally and increasing threat that the Democratic Party would hasten the expansion of slavery in Oregon. Opposition to the Democrats gradually coalesced around the fledgling Republican Party that was intent upon slavery's limitation.[37][38]

A first convention of Republicans in Oregon was held in May 1856 at the Lindley schoolhouse in Jackson County, with the gathering called for the nomination of candidates to appear on the June 1856 territorial ballot.[37] The convention also adopted a resolution declaring that while Congress had no power over the existence of slavery in states in which it already existed, outside of such state jurisdictions federal power should be exerted to prevent its introduction.[39]

Throughout 1856, antislavery sentiment continued to grow in Oregon, with Republican clubs springing up around the state.[40] Republican county conventions were held in Clackamas, Washington, Marion, Linn, and possibly one or two other locales around the state.[41] Representatives of these county gatherings were then assembled at a territorial organizing convention held in Albany on February 11, 1857, which adopted the official name "Free State Republican Party of Oregon" for the organization.[42] A platform for the new political party was announced, emphasizing the indissoluble nature of the United States, opposition of the expansion of slavery to free territory, prohibition of polygamy, construction of a Pacific railroad to link Oregon with California, government effort to improve the navigability of rivers and harbors, and admission of Oregon to the United States only as a free state.[42]

The year 1857 was marked by preparations for future Oregon statehood, including the holding of a constitutional convention, and the ruling Democratic Party found itself divided over the question of slavery, attempting to sidestep the issue by passing in state convention a resolution binding Democratic delegates to such a gathering to the position that the matter of slavery in Oregon be settled later by a vote of the people.[43]

The Republicans did not nominate a candidate for Representative to Congress in the June 1857 election, instead pooling their support for G.W. Lawson, a Free Soil Democrat running as an independent.[44] While pro-slavery Democrat Joseph Lane was ultimately sent as the Territorial delegate to Congress, voting further down the ticket showed a Republican advance, with Republicans joining with so-called "soft" (free state) Democrats[45] to elect about a third of the delegates to the constitutional convention and 10 of the 30 members to the Oregon Territorial Legislature.[46]

 
Oregon Republican Charles L. McNary (1874-1944) sat in the halls of the U.S. Senate for 25 years during the first half of the 20th Century.
 
Governor and U.S. Senator Mark O. Hatfield (1922-2011) was the face of the Oregon Republican Party for a generation.

The constitutional convention held in the summer of 1857 ultimately steamrolled Republican sentiment and again sidestepped the slavery question by deciding to leave the slavery question to a vote of the people, while declaring that "no negro, Chinaman, or mulatto should have the right to vote."[47] The bill of rights adopted by the Democratic-dominated constitutional convention gave the future state legislature the right to exclude African-Americans from immigrating to the state altogether, thereby setting the stage for restrictive racial laws in spite of Oregon's free state status.[48]

Three propositions were ultimately put to territorial voters, with the Democratic-authored Oregon Constitution gaining approval by a vote of about 7,200 to 3,100, a measure allowing slavery falling to defeat by a majority of nearly 5,100 votes, and a proposal allowing "Free Negroes" to settle in Oregon overwhelmingly defeated by a vote of 8,640 to 1,081.[49] Oregon would not be a slave state but rather one closed to black immigration — a law remaining on the books (albeit not in actual effect) into the 20th Century.[50]

Civil War yearsEdit

On April 1, 1859, just two weeks after Oregon was admitted to the Union, the Republican Party held a convention in Salem at which it nominated David Logan as the party's choice for the state's first fully fledged Congressional representative.[51] Logan would narrowly fall to defeat both in 1859 and again when nominated again for a full term in the election of 1860, but national political events would soon change the tide for the new political party.[51] The Democratic Party found itself divided with the coming of the American Civil War between pro- and anti-Union elements.[52] With the nation embroiled in war, pro-Union Democrats and Republicans put aside their differences at a fusion convention in April 1862, establishing themselves as the Union Party.[52] This joint political organization would continue in Oregon through four elections under the Union Party banner, terminating only in 1868.[52]

As the united political organization for a preserved United States of America in contradistinction to defeatists and Confederate sympathizers, the Union Party and, after 1868, the rechristened Republican Party experienced dramatic political gains in Oregon, buoyed by the defection and disenfranchisement of the Democratic South. The party, as one historian noted, began to "grow like the plant that sprang up from the mustard seed."[51] An alliance of Republicans and pro-Union Democrats in the Oregon State Legislature came together in 1860 to elect Edward Dickinson Baker as the first Republican U.S. Senator from Oregon.[53] An era of Republican dominance in Oregon was begun.

When the Civil War began in 1861, Baker raised his own militia, in which he served as commanding officer. On October 21, 1861, with Congress out of session, Colonel Baker and his men met Confederate forces on a hill called Ball's Bluff just outside Washington, D.C. Shortly after the battle started Baker was killed along with nearly 1,000 others.[54]

Despite the untimely death of Oregon's first Senator, E.D. Baker would hardly be the last. Over the next 30 years a steady stream of Republicans were sent to the U.S. Senate by the Oregon legislature, including Benjamin F. Harding (1862), George H. Williams (1864), Henry W. Corbett (1866), John H. Mitchell (1872, reappointed 1885, re-elected 1887 and 1891), Joseph N. Dolph (1882, re-elected 1889), and George W. McBride (1895).[55]

By the 1890s, the ideology of the two major parties had begun to switch, with the Republican Party emerging as the party of sound money, industry and commerce, protective tariffs, and expansionist foreign policy.[citation needed]

In 2021, Dallas Heard replaced Bill Currier as Chairman of the party.

On January 19 2021 the party issued a resolution declaring that the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol by supporters of Donald Trump was a "false flag" event meant to "discredit President Trump, his supporters, and all conservative Republicans." Others had previously claimed antifa had staged the attack, though the FBI stated there was no evidence of antifa involvement.[56][57][58]

The 19 January 2021 party resolution provoked substantial controversy. Oregon House Republicans pointedly disavowed the party resolution, while Senator Tim Knopp (Republican of Bend) stated publicly that he did "not support the Oregon Republican Party’s resolution."[59][60][61][62] More than 6,000 Republicans left the party in January 2021.[63] In early February, state voter registration indicate a total of 11,000 registered Republicans in Oregon have left the party since Election Day.[64][65]

In 2021, former state representative and gubernatorial candidate Knute Buehler and state senator Brian Boquist both changed left the party and joined the Independent Party of Oregon.[66]

PlatformEdit

 
Logo used from 2009 to 2016

The party's formal platform, adopted in 2015, expresses opposition to abortion and assisted suicide; support for mandatory minimum sentencing for violent offenders, truth-in-sentencing laws, and the death penalty; lower taxes; deregulation and minimal government intervention in the economy; opposition to same-sex marriage; repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; opposition for "amnesty" for undocumented immigrants; an individual right to keep and bear arms; and voter ID laws.[67] The party's platform, amended in 2019, includes opposition to National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, advocacy of the arming of educational staff "to protect themselves and their students from violence" while opposing gun-free zones; asserting that "marriage is between one man and one woman" and that "there are only two sexes, male and female, based on a person’s biological sex at birth"; favoring that "all government business shall be conducted in English"; continuing repeal of Obamacare; asserting that "violent, radical, Islamic Jihadists and other groups have . . . declared war on America"; and "need for personal responsibility and self-reliance in the event of a disaster."[68]

Past electionsEdit

PresidentsEdit

Republican nominees won 25 of Oregon's 32 Presidential popular votes from 1860 to 1984.[69] Since 1988 the Democratic presidential nominee has won 8 straight popular votes.[70]

GovernanceEdit

The party is ran by an elected state Leadership Team.[71]

Office Office-holder
Chairman Dallas Heard
Vice Chairman Herman Baertschiger Jr.
Secretary Becky Mitts
Treasurer Dennis Linthicum
National Committeeman Solomon Yue Jr.
National Committeewoman Tracy Honl

County partiesEdit

Each of Oregon's 36 counties have semi-autonomous county leadership teams. They are elected by precinct committee members who in turn are elected by all Republicans in a specific precinct.

Party ChairsEdit

Name Year County of residence Profession
Kevin Mannix 2003-2005 Marion County Politician, Activist
Vance Day 2005-2009 Marion County Attorney
Bob Tiernan 2009-2011 Clackamas County Politician
Allen Alley 2011-2013 Clackamas County Politician
Suzanne Gallagher[72] 2013 Washington County Interior designer, Business owner, Activist
Art Robinson 2013-2015 Josephine County Scientist, Politician
Bill Currier 2015-2021 Benton County Politician
Dallas Heard 2021-Present Douglas County Politician

[73][74][75][76]

Current elected officialsEdit

Members of CongressEdit

U.S. SenateEdit

  • None

Both of Oregon's U.S. Senate seats have been held by Democrats since 2008. Gordon H. Smith was the last Republican to represent Oregon in the U.S. Senate. Elected in 1996, Gordon lost his second re-election attempt in 2008 to Jeff Merkley.

The Oregon Republican Party holds one of the state's five U.S. House seats and neither of the two U.S. Senate seats.

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

Out of the five seats Oregon is apportioned in the U.S. House of Representatives, one is held by a Republican:

Statewide officesEdit

  • None

Oregon has not had a Republican in statewide office since 2021 after the retirement of Secretary of State Bev Clarno and the election of Democrat Shemia Fagan to replace her.

State LegislatorsEdit

The Oregon Republican Party holds a minority 25 of 60 seats in the Oregon House of Representatives and a minority 11 of the 30 Oregon Senate seats.

MayorsEdit

Of the state's ten largest cities, three have Republican mayors as of 2021:

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ "Party Chairman, Dallas Heard". Oregon Republican Party. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
  2. ^ Winger, Richard. "March 2021 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
  3. ^ Oregonian/OregonLive, Ted Sickinger| The (January 20, 2021). "Oregon Republican Party condemns impeachment, aligns itself with conspiracy theories". oregonlive.
  4. ^ Jaclyn Peiser, "Oregon Republican Party falsely calls U.S. Capitol riot a ‘false flag’ meant to ‘discredit President Trump’," Washington Post Jan. 26, 2021 at https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2021/01/26/oregon-republican-false-flag-capitol/
  5. ^ Doug Brown, "Multnomah County Republicans Formally Allow Militia Groups to Run Security," Portland Mercury June 30, 2017 at https://www.portlandmercury.com/blogtown/2017/06/30/19130461/multnomah-county-republicans-formally-allow-militia-groups-to-run-security
  6. ^ Jason Wilson, "Portland Republicans to use militia for security as far-right rallies continue," The Guardian 1 July 2017 at https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jul/01/portland-far-right-rally-republicans-militia-security
  7. ^ David D. Kirkpatrick and Mike McIntire, "‘Its Own Domestic Army’: How the G.O.P. Allied Itself With Militants," New York Times (February 8 2021) at https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/08/us/militias-republicans-michigan.html
  8. ^ Connor Radnovich, "Senate GOP threatens walkout, Gov. Brown responds with threat of state police," (Statesman Journal) USA Today 20 June 2019 at https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2019/06/19/senate-gop-threatens-walkout-brown-responds-state-police-threat-oregon/1502876001/
  9. ^ Benjamin Fearnow, "Oregon Republicans Gloat on Fox News While Hiding in Idaho to Escape Climate Change Vote," Newsweek 25 June 2019 at https://www.newsweek.com/oregon-republicans-flee-idaho-fox-news-climate-change-bill-gloat-1445731
  10. ^ Julie Turkewitz, "Oregon Climate Walkout Left Republicans in Hiding, Statehouse in Disarray," New York Times June 28, 2019 at https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/28/us/oregon-climate-fight.html
  11. ^ Dirk VanderHart, "After Republican Protest, Oregon's Climate Plan Dies," NPR June 25, 2019 at https://www.npr.org/2019/06/25/735792788/after-republican-protest-oregons-climate-plan-dies
  12. ^ Matt Vasilogambros, "Oregon Walkout Reflects a Growing Trend: Here's Why Lawmakers Leave," Pew Charitable Trusts Stateline June 27, 2019 at https://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/blogs/stateline/2019/06/27/oregon-walkout-reflects-a-growing-trend-heres-why-lawmakers-leave
  13. ^ Sergio Olmos, "Its ranks diminished, Oregon Republican Party embraces far right approach," Oregon Public Broadcasting (March 2, 2021) at https://www.opb.org/article/2021/03/01/oregon-republican-party-embraces-far-right-approach/
  14. ^ Hillary Borrud and Jim Ryan, "Oregon lawmakers kick off third special session of 2020 as right-wing group protests outside," Oregon.live Dec 21, 2020 at https://www.oregonlive.com/politics/2020/12/oregon-lawmakers-kick-off-third-special-session-of-2020-as-right-wing-group-protests-outside.html
  15. ^ Hillary Borrud, "Video clearly shows Rep. Mike Nearman helping right-wing demonstrators breach Oregon Capitol," Oregonian/OregonLive (Updated Jan 12, 2021) at https://www.oregonlive.com/politics/2021/01/video-clearly-shows-rep-mike-nearman-helping-right-wing-demonstrators-breach-oregon-capitol.html
  16. ^ Dirk VanderHart, "Rep. Mike Nearman stripped of responsibilities, faces fine for allowing Capitol breach," OPB Jan. 11, 2021 at https://www.opb.org/article/2021/01/12/oregon-legislature-mike-nearman-penalties/
  17. ^ Katie Shepherd, "Rioters stormed the Oregon Capitol in December: Video shows a Republican lawmaker let them in," Washington Post 12 January 2021 at https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2021/01/12/oregon-capitol-riot-mike-nearman/
  18. ^ Connor Radnovich, "Coalition of Oregon leaders call for Rep. Mike Nearman's expulsion," MSN.com January 2021 at https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/coalition-of-oregon-leaders-call-for-rep-mike-nearmans-expulsion/ar-BB1d5jGg
  19. ^ Benjamin Wallace-Wells, "The Long Prologue to the Capitol Hill Riot," New Yorker January 18, 2021 at https://www.newyorker.com/news/our-columnists/the-long-prologue-to-the-capitol-hill-riot
  20. ^ Jamie Goldberg, "OPB report links U.S. Capitol mob participants with earlier incursion at Oregon Capitol," The Oregonian/OregonLive (10 January 2021) at https://www.oregonlive.com/news/2021/01/opb-report-links-us-capitol-mob-participants-with-earlier-incursion-at-oregon-capitol.html
  21. ^ Sergio Olmos, "Its ranks diminished, Oregon Republican Party embraces far right approach," Oregon Public Broadcasting (March 2, 2021) at https://www.opb.org/article/2021/03/01/oregon-republican-party-embraces-far-right-approach/
  22. ^ Lizzy Acker, "Young Republicans of Oregon leader arrested during U.S. Capitol insurrection," The Oregonian/OregonLive (January 07, 2021) at https://www.oregonlive.com/politics/2021/01/young-republicans-of-oregon-leader-arrested-during-us-capitol-insurrection.html
  23. ^ Celine Castronuovo, "Vice chair of Oregon Young Republicans group among those arrested at Capitol," MSN 1/9/2021 at https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/politics/vice-chair-of-oregon-young-republicans-group-among-those-arrested-at-capitol/ar-BB1cBURU
  24. ^ Genevieve Reaume, "Young Republicans of Oregon head responds to vice-chairwoman's arrest in D.C.," 1/8/2021 at https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/young-republicans-of-oregon-head-responds-to-vice-chairwoman-s-arrest-in-d-c/ar-BB1czc8h
  25. ^ Nate Hochman, "To Win Again, the Oregon GOP Must Regain Its Sanity," National Review (February 9, 2021) at https://www.nationalreview.com/2021/02/to-win-again-the-oregon-gop-must-regain-its-sanity/
  26. ^ Peiser, Jaclyn. "Oregon Republican Party falsely calls U.S. Capitol riot a 'false flag' meant to 'discredit President Trump'" – via www.washingtonpost.com.
  27. ^ Alba, Davey (January 8, 2021). "F.B.I. says there is no evidence antifa participated in storming the Capitol" – via NYTimes.com.
  28. ^ "PolitiFact - No, the FBI didn't confirm antifa activists breached the Capitol". @politifact.
  29. ^ Ryan Haas and Dirk VanderHart, "Oregon House Republicans Disavow Their Party’s Position On Capitol Attack," 28 January 2021 at https://www.ijpr.org/politics-government/2021-01-28/oregon-house-republicans-disavow-their-partys-position-on-capitol-attack
  30. ^ "Oregon House Republicans, Sen. Knopp take issue with state GOP’s ‘false flag’ claims" Salem, Oregon (KTVZ) 27 January 2021 at https://ktvz.com/news/government-politics/2021/01/27/oregon-house-republicans-sen-knopp-take-issue-with-state-gops-false-flag-claims/
  31. ^ Dirk VanderHart and Lauren Dake, "Oregon’s GOP party and House Republicans, divided," Jan. 29, 2021 at https://www.opb.org/article/2021/01/30/oregon-politics-republican-party-gop-house/
  32. ^ Russell Berman, "How a ‘False Flag’ Cry Has Divided Republicans in Oregon," The Atlantic February 10, 2021 at https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2021/02/republicans-oregon-capitol-riot-false-flag/617988/
  33. ^ Annie Karni and Mike Baker, "An Emboldened Extremist Wing Flexes Its Power in a Leaderless G.O.P.," New York Times (1 Feb 2021) at https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/01/us/politics/republicans-trump-ronna-mcdaniel.html
  34. ^ John Tierney, "More than 6,000 Oregonians left the Republican Party in January," KGW.com (February 2, 2021) at https://www.kgw.com/article/news/politics/thousands-of-republicans-left-oregon-party-after-capitol-insurrection/283-43f0ce9a-eb1c-4077-91ed-277757be6345
  35. ^ Betsy Hammond, "More than 11,000 Oregonians have left the Republican party since Election Day," The Oregonian/OregonLive Feb 01, 2021 at https://www.oregonlive.com/politics/2021/02/more-than-11000-oregonians-have-left-the-republican-party-since-election-day.html
  36. ^ Betsy Hammond, "11,000 Republicans in Oregon leave the party," East Oregonian Feb 2, 2021 at https://www.eastoregonian.com/news/state/11-000-republicans-in-oregon-leave-the-party/article_333aae60-656d-11eb-8c1d-d77611a1e9ab.html
  37. ^ a b c Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of Oregon: Volume 2: 1848-1883. San Francisco, CA: The History Company, 1888.
  38. ^ Jim M. Labbe, "The Colored Brothers Few Defenders: Oregon Abolitionists and Their Followers" Oregon Historical Quarterly, Winter 2019, pages 440-467, https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5403/oregonhistq.120.4.0440
  39. ^ Oregon Argus [Oregon City], June 7, 1856; cited in Bancroft, History of Oregon: Vol. 2, pg. 416, fn. 6.
  40. ^ Bancroft, History of Oregon: Vol. 2, pp. 417-418.
  41. ^ See: Republican League Register, a Record of the Republican Party in the State of Oregon. Portland, OR: Register Publishing Co., 1896; pg. 24.
  42. ^ a b Bancroft, History of Oregon: Vol. 2, pg. 418.
  43. ^ Bancroft, History of Oregon: Vol. 2, pp. 419-420.
  44. ^ Bancroft, History of Oregon: Vol. 2, pg. 420.
  45. ^ The name was a pejorative assigned to dissidents by the pro-slavery majority faction of the Democratic Party. See: Republican League Register, pg. 25.
  46. ^ Bancroft, History of Oregon: Vol. 2, pg. 421. Only one of these was elected on a straight Republican ticket, however, that being John R. McBride of Yamhill County. See: Republican League Register, pg. 23.
  47. ^ Bancroft, History of Oregon: Vol. 2, pg. 424.
  48. ^ Bancroft, History of Oregon: Vol. 2, pp. 424-425.
  49. ^ Republican League Register, pg. 25.
  50. ^ Oregon's Black Exclusion Law was only repealed by voters in 1926. See: Greg Nokes, "Black Exclusion Laws in Oregon," Oregon Encyclopedia, Oregon Historical Society.
  51. ^ a b c Republican League Register, pg. 27.
  52. ^ a b c Republican League Register, pg. 28.
  53. ^ Republican League Register, pp. 27-28.
  54. ^ "U.S. Senate: Senator Killed in Battle". www.senate.gov.
  55. ^ Republican League Register, pg. 54.
  56. ^ Peiser, Jaclyn. "Oregon Republican Party falsely calls U.S. Capitol riot a 'false flag' meant to 'discredit President Trump'" – via www.washingtonpost.com.
  57. ^ Alba, Davey (January 8, 2021). "F.B.I. says there is no evidence antifa participated in storming the Capitol" – via NYTimes.com.
  58. ^ "PolitiFact - No, the FBI didn't confirm antifa activists breached the Capitol". @politifact.
  59. ^ Ryan Haas and Dirk VanderHart, "Oregon House Republicans Disavow Their Party’s Position On Capitol Attack," 28 January 2021 at https://www.ijpr.org/politics-government/2021-01-28/oregon-house-republicans-disavow-their-partys-position-on-capitol-attack
  60. ^ "Oregon House Republicans, Sen. Knopp take issue with state GOP’s ‘false flag’ claims" Salem, Oregon (KTVZ) 27 January 2021 at https://ktvz.com/news/government-politics/2021/01/27/oregon-house-republicans-sen-knopp-take-issue-with-state-gops-false-flag-claims/
  61. ^ Dirk VanderHart and Lauren Dake, "Oregon’s GOP party and House Republicans, divided," Jan. 29, 2021 at https://www.opb.org/article/2021/01/30/oregon-politics-republican-party-gop-house/
  62. ^ Russell Berman, "How a ‘False Flag’ Cry Has Divided Republicans in Oregon," The Atlantic February 10, 2021 at https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2021/02/republicans-oregon-capitol-riot-false-flag/617988/
  63. ^ John Tierney, "More than 6,000 Oregonians left the Republican Party in January," KGW.com (February 2, 2021) at https://www.kgw.com/article/news/politics/thousands-of-republicans-left-oregon-party-after-capitol-insurrection/283-43f0ce9a-eb1c-4077-91ed-277757be6345
  64. ^ Betsy Hammond, "More than 11,000 Oregonians have left the Republican party since Election Day," The Oregonian/OregonLive Feb 01, 2021 at https://www.oregonlive.com/politics/2021/02/more-than-11000-oregonians-have-left-the-republican-party-since-election-day.html
  65. ^ Betsy Hammond, "11,000 Republicans in Oregon leave the party," East Oregonian Feb 2, 2021 at https://www.eastoregonian.com/news/state/11-000-republicans-in-oregon-leave-the-party/article_333aae60-656d-11eb-8c1d-d77611a1e9ab.html
  66. ^ Annie Karni and Mike Baker, "An Emboldened Extremist Wing Flexes Its Power in a Leaderless G.O.P.," New York Times (1 Feb 2021) at https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/01/us/politics/republicans-trump-ronna-mcdaniel.html
  67. ^ "Oregon Republican Party Platform, 2015". Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  68. ^ Oregon Republican Party 2019 Platform as Amended August 24th, 2019 at https://hinessight.blogs.com/files/oregon-republican-party-platform.pdf
  69. ^ Oregon Republican Party, "Short History of the Oregon Republican Party," www.oregon.gop/
  70. ^ Oregon Presidential Voting History at https://www.270towin.com/states/Oregon
  71. ^ "Oregon Republican Party | United States | Home". Oregon Republicans. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
  72. ^ Oregonian/OregonLive, Jeff Mapes | The (2013-02-03). "Suzanne Gallagher wins Oregon Republican chairmanship on second ballot". oregonlive. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
  73. ^ "Vance Day". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
  74. ^ Press, Associated. "Mannix resigns GOP position". Longview Daily News. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
  75. ^ news, In the (2009-01-10). "Bob Tiernan wins GOP Chair. Russ Walker Vice Chair". The Oregon Catalyst. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
  76. ^ Oregonian/OregonLive, Jeff Mapes | The (2013-02-03). "Suzanne Gallagher wins Oregon Republican chairmanship on second ballot". oregonlive. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
  77. ^ See http://www.ci.medford.or.us/Members.asp?MemberID=1311 (accessed March 2021)
  78. ^ https://www.kdrv.com/content/news/Former-Medford-Police-Chief-running-for-Mayor-of-Medford-570663071.html
  79. ^ http://www.springfield-or.gov/city/mayor-and-city-council/mayor/

Further readingEdit

  • Tom McCall with Steve Neal, Tom McCall, Maverick: an Autobiography. Portland, OR; Binford and Mort, 1977.
  • Steve Neal, McNary of Oregon: A Political Biography. Portland, OR: Oregon Historical Society Press, 1985.
  • Brent Walth, Fire at Eden's Gate: Tom McCall & the Oregon Story. Portland, OR: Oregon Historical Society Press, 1994.
  • Republican League Register, a Record of the Republican Party in the State of Oregon. Portland, OR: Register Publishing Co., 1896.

External linksEdit