Portal:Nevada

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Panorama of the Ruby Mountains from Lamoille Summit along Nevada State Route 227 (2013)
Panorama of the Ruby Mountains from Lamoille Summit along Nevada State Route 227 (2013)

Nevada (/nɪˈvædə/ niv-AD; Spanish: [neˈβaða]) is a state in the Western region of the United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast, and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th-most extensive, the 32nd-most populous, and the 9th-least densely populated of the U.S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area, including three of the state's four largest incorporated cities. Nevada's capital is Carson City while the largest city is Las Vegas.

Nevada is officially known as the "Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy. It is also known as the "Battle Born State" because it achieved statehood during the Civil War (the words "Battle Born" also appear on its state flag); as the "Sagebrush State", for the native plant of the same name; and as the "Sage-hen State". The name means "snowy" in Spanish, referring to Nevada's small overlap with the Sierra Nevada mountain range; however, the rest of Nevada is largely desert and semi-arid, much of it within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin are within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada lie on the western edge. About 86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U.S. federal government, both civilian and military.

American Indians of the Paiute, Shoshone, and Washoe tribes inhabit what is now Nevada. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish. They called the region Nevada (snowy) because of the snow which covered the mountains in winter similar to the Sierra Nevada in Spain. The area formed part of Alta California's territory within the Viceroyalty of New Spain, which gained independence as Mexico in 1821. The United States annexed the area in 1848 after its victory in the Mexican–American War, and it was incorporated as part of Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode in 1859 led to a population boom that became an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory out of western Utah Territory in 1861. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, as the second of two states added to the Union during the Civil War (the first being West Virginia). (Full article...)

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The Desert Inn, also known as the D.I., was a hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada, which operated from April 24, 1950, to August 28, 2000. Designed by architect Hugh Taylor and interior design by Jac Lessman, it was the fifth resort to open on the Strip, the first four being El Rancho Vegas, The New Frontier, the still-operating Flamingo, and the now-defunct El Rancho (then known as the Thunderbird). It was situated between Desert Inn Road and Sands Avenue.

The Desert Inn opened with 300 rooms and the Sky Room restaurant, headed by a chef formerly of the Ritz Paris, which once had the highest vantage point on the Las Vegas Strip. The casino, at 2,400 square feet (220 m2), was one of the largest in Nevada at the time. The nine-story St. Andrews Tower was completed during the first renovation in 1963, and the 14-story Augusta Tower became the Desert Inn's main tower when it was completed in 1978 along with the seven-story Wimbledon Tower. The Palms Tower was completed in 1997 with the second and final renovation. The Desert Inn was the first hotel in Las Vegas to feature a fountain at the entrance. In 1997, the Desert Inn underwent a $200 million renovation and expansion, but after it was purchased for $270 million by Steve Wynn in 2000, he decided to demolish it and build a new hotel and resort and casino. The remaining towers of the Desert Inn were imploded in 2004. Today, the Wynn and Encore are now where the Desert Inn once stood. (Full article...)
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Catherine Marie Cortez Masto (born March 29, 1964) is an American lawyer and politician serving as the senior United States senator from Nevada since 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, she was the 32nd attorney general of Nevada from 2007 to 2015.

Cortez Masto graduated from University of Nevada, Reno and Gonzaga University School of Law. She worked four years as a civil attorney in Las Vegas and two years as a criminal prosecutor for the U.S. Attorney's Office in Washington, D.C., before being elected Nevada attorney general in 2006, replacing George Chanos. Reelected in 2010, she was not eligible to run for a third term in 2014 because of lifetime term limits established by the Constitution of Nevada. (Full article...)
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Largest cities

Name Type County Population
(2020)
Population
(2010)
Change Land area
(2020)
Population density Incorporation date
sq mi km2
Boulder City City Clark 14,885 15,023 −0.9% 208.52 540.1 71.4/sq mi (27.6/km2) October 1, 1959
Caliente City Lincoln 990 1,130 −12.4% 1.87 4.8 529.4/sq mi (204.4/km2) October 1, 1959
Carlin City Elko 2,050 2,368 −13.4% 10.44 27.0 196.4/sq mi (75.8/km2) October 22, 1925
Carson CityIndependent City None 58,639 55,274 +6.1% 144.66 374.7 405.4/sq mi (156.5/km2) March 1, 1875
ElkoCounty seat City Elko 20,564 18,297 +12.4% 17.64 45.7 1,165.8/sq mi (450.1/km2) March 14, 1917
ElyCounty seat City White Pine 3,924 4,255 −7.8% 7.64 19.8 513.6/sq mi (198.3/km2) July 20, 1907
FallonCounty seat City Churchill 9,327 8,606 +8.4% 3.63 9.4 2,569.4/sq mi (992.1/km2) December 18, 1908
Fernley City Lyon 22,895 19,368 +18.2% 122.12 316.3 187.5/sq mi (72.4/km2) July 1, 2001
Henderson City Clark 317,610 257,729 +23.2% 107.73 279.0 2,948.2/sq mi (1,138.3/km2) June 8, 1953
Las VegasCounty seat City Clark 641,903 583,756 +10.0% 135.81 351.7 4,726.5/sq mi (1,824.9/km2) March 16, 1905

State capital  State capital and independent city

County seat  County seat

See List of cities in Nevada for a full list.

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