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The Nevada Portal

Nevada state quarter

Nevada (About this sound /nəˈvæːdə/ ) is a state located in the western region of the United States. At 110,567 sq mi (286,367 km2), Nevada is the seventh-largest state, and includes parts of the Mojave Desert in the south and Great Basin in the north. Nevada is the "Silver State" due to rich deposits of silver discovered and mined there. In 1864, Nevada became the 36th state to enter the union, and the phrase "Battle Born" on the state flag reflects the state's entry on the Union side during the American Civil War. Its first historical settlement was Mormon Station.

Today, approximately 86% of the state's land is owned by the U.S federal government under various jurisdictions both civilian and military. In 2008 about 2.6 million people resided in Nevada, over 85% in the metropolitan areas of Las Vegas (the largest city) and Reno. The state capital is Carson City. The state is noted for its easy marriage and divorce proceedings, entertainment, legal gambling and, in 8 out of its 16 counties, legal brothels. (more...)

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Storax Sedan nuke.jpg
Storax Sedan was a shallow underground nuclear test conducted in Area 10 of Yucca Flat at the Nevada Test Site on 6 July 1962 as part of Operation Plowshare, a program to investigate the use of nuclear weapons for mining, cratering, and other civilian purposes. The radioactive fallout from the test contaminated more US residents than any other nuclear test, and the Sedan Crater is the largest man-made crater in the United States, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Sedan was a thermonuclear device with a fission yield less than 30% and a fusion yield about 70%. The timing of the test put it within the Operation Storax fiscal year, but Sedan was functionally part of Operation Plowshare, and the test protocol was sponsored and conducted by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory with minimal involvement by the United States Department of Defense. The explosive device was lowered into a shaft drilled into the desert alluvium 194 m (636 ft) deep. The fusion-fission blast had a yield equivalent to 104 kilotons of TNT (435 terajoules) and lifted a dome of earth 290 feet above the desert floor before it vented at three seconds after detonation, exploding upward and outward displacing more than 11,000,000 t (11,000,000 long tons; 12,000,000 short tons) of soil.

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A now-replaced sign warning about the dangers of burros in the Red Rock Canyon
Credit:
A now-replaced sign warning about the dangers of burros in the Red Rock Canyon

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Ruby Valley in northeast Nevada, looking north from a point near Overland Pass
Credit: User:Urban
Ruby Valley in northeast Nevada, looking north from a point near Overland Pass

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