Nevada ( /nəˈvæːdə/ (help·info)) is a state located in the western region of the United States. At 110,567 sq mi (286,367 km2), Nevada is the seventh-largest state, and includes parts of the Mojave Desert in the south and Great Basin in the north. Nevada is the "Silver State" due to rich deposits of silver discovered and mined there. In 1864, Nevada became the 36th state to enter the union, and the phrase "Battle Born" on the state flag reflects the state's entry on the Union side during the American Civil War. Its first historical settlement was Mormon Station.
Today, approximately 86% of the state's land is owned by the U.S federal government under various jurisdictions both civilian and military. In 2008 about 2.6 million people resided in Nevada, over 85% in the metropolitan areas of Las Vegas (the largest city) and Reno. The state capital is Carson City. The state is noted for its easy marriage and divorce proceedings, entertainment, legal gambling and, in 8 out of its 16 counties, legal brothels. (more...)