The Portland metropolitan area is a metro area with its core in the U.S. states of Oregon and Washington. It has 5 principal cities the largest being Portland, Oregon. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) identifies it as the Portland–Vancouver–Hillsboro, OR–WA Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan statistical area used by the United States Census Bureau (USCB) and other entities. The OMB defines the area as comprising Clackamas, Columbia, Multnomah, Washington, and Yamhill Counties in Oregon, and Clark and Skamania Counties in Washington. The area had a population of 2,512,859 at the 2020 census, an increase of over 12% since 2010.
Portland metropolitan area
|Portland–Vancouver–Hillsboro, OR–WA Metropolitan Statistical Area|
|Largest city||Portland, Oregon (635,067)|
|Other cities||Vancouver (194,512)|
|• Total||6,684 sq mi (17,310 km2)|
|Highest elevation||11,249 ft (3,429 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||25th in the U.S.|
|• Density||367/sq mi (129/km2)|
|Gross Metropolitan Product|
|• Total||US$186.570 billion (2021)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|Area code(s)||360, 503 & 564|
The Oregon portion of the metropolitan area is the state's largest urban center, while the Washington portion of the metropolitan area is the state's third-largest urban center after Seattle and Spokane (the Seattle Urban Area includes Tacoma and Everett). Portions of the Portland metro area (Clackamas, Multnomah, and Washington Counties) are under the jurisdiction of Metro, a directly elected regional government which, among other things, is responsible for land-use planning in the region.
Metropolitan statistical area edit
|U.S. Decennial Census|
2020 census edit
As of the census of 2020, there were 2,512,859 people.
2010 census edit
- White: 76.3%
- Hispanic or Latino (of any race): 10.9% (8.5% Mexican, 0.4% Spanish or Spaniard, 0.3% Guatemalan, 0.3% Puerto Rican, 0.2% Cuban, 0.2% Salvadoran, 0.1% Peruvian)
- Asian: 5.7% (1.2% Chinese, 1.2% Vietnamese, 0.7% Indian, 0.6% Filipino, 0.6% Korean, 0.4% Japanese)
- Black or African American: 2.9%
- American Indian and Alaskan Native: 0.9%
- Pacific Islander: 0.5% (0.1% Native Hawaiian, 0.1% Guamanian or Chamorro, 0.1% Samoan)
- Two or more races: 4.1%
- Some other race: 4.9%
In 2010 the median income for a household in the MSA was $53,078 and the median income for a family was $64,290. The per capita income was $27,451.
The Portland–Vancouver–Hillsboro Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), the 23rd largest in the United States, has a population of 2,226,009 (2010 Census). Of them, 1,789,580 live in Oregon (46.7% of the state's population) while the remaining 436,429 live in Washington (6.7% of state's population). It consists of Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas, Columbia and Yamhill counties in Oregon, as well as Clark and Skamania counties in Washington. The area includes Portland and the neighboring cities of Vancouver, Beaverton, Gresham, Hillsboro, Milwaukie, Lake Oswego, Oregon City, Fairview, Wood Village, Troutdale, Tualatin, Tigard, West Linn, Battle Ground, Camas and Washougal.
Changes in house prices for the metro area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 20-city composite index of the value of the U.S. residential real estate market.
|County||2022 Estimate||2020 Census||Change||Area||Density|
|Clackamas County, Oregon||423,177||421,401||+0.42%||1,870.32 sq mi (4,844.1 km2)||224/sq mi (86/km2)|
|Columbia County, Oregon||53,588||52,589||+1.90%||657.36 sq mi (1,702.6 km2)||80/sq mi (31/km2)|
|Multnomah County, Oregon||795,083||815,428||−2.50%||431.30 sq mi (1,117.1 km2)||1,885/sq mi (728/km2)|
|Washington County, Oregon||600,176||600,372||−0.03%||724.23 sq mi (1,875.7 km2)||831/sq mi (321/km2)|
|Yamhill County, Oregon||108,226||107,722||+0.47%||715.86 sq mi (1,854.1 km2)||150/sq mi (58/km2)|
|Clark County, Washington||516,779||503,311||+2.68%||629.00 sq mi (1,629.1 km2)||956/sq mi (369/km2)|
|Skamania County, Washington||12,460||12,036||+3.52%||1,655.68 sq mi (4,288.2 km2)||7/sq mi (3/km2)|
|Total||2,509,489||2,512,859||−0.13%||6,683.75 sq mi (17,310.8 km2)||367/sq mi (142/km2)|
Portland-Vancouver-Salem Combined Statistical Area edit
As of July 2022, the Portland–Vancouver–Salem, OR–WA Combined Statistical Area (CSA) consists of five Metropolitan Statistical Areas, covering nine counties in Oregon and three counties in Washington:
- Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area (five counties in Oregon - Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas, Yamhill, Columbia; two counties in Washington State - Clark and Skamania); population 2,509,289 (2022 estimate)
- Salem, OR Metropolitan Statistical Area (Marion and Polk counties); population 436,317 (2022 estimate)
- Albany-Lebanon, OR Metropolitan Statistical Area (Linn county); population 130,467 (2022 estimate)
- Longview, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area (Cowlitz county); population 111,956 (2022 estimate)
- Corvallis, OR Metropolitan Statistical Area (Benton county); population 97,630 (2022 estimate)
The 2022 population estimate is 3,285,275, ranked 19th largest in the United States (3,280,736 based on the 2020 Census).
This area includes the Portland–Vancouver–Hillsboro, OR–WA Metropolitan Statistical Area; Salem, OR Metropolitan Statistical Area, and other surrounding areas.
Cities and other communities edit
Major cities in the region in addition to Portland include Beaverton, Gresham, Hillsboro in Oregon, and Vancouver in Washington. The area also includes the smaller cities of Corbett, Cornelius, Fairview, Forest Grove, Gladstone, Happy Valley, King City, Lake Oswego, Milwaukie, Oregon City, Sherwood, Tigard, Troutdale, Tualatin, West Linn, Wilsonville, Wood Village in Oregon, as well as Battle Ground, Camas, Washougal, Ridgefield, La Center and Yacolt in Washington.
It includes the unincorporated suburban communities in Oregon of Aloha, Beavercreek, Boring, Cedar Mill, Clackamas, Damascus, Dunthorpe, Garden Home, Raleigh Hills, and West Slope, as well as Hazel Dell, Minnehaha, Salmon Creek, Walnut Grove and Orchards in Washington.
- Battle Ground
- Columbia City
- Forest Grove
- Happy Valley
- Johnson City
- King City
- La Center
- Lake Oswego
- Maywood Park
- North Bonneville
- North Plains
- Oregon City
- St. Helens
- West Linn
- Wood Village
Portland is where Interstate 84 starts at Interstate 5, both major highways in the Pacific Northwest. Other primary roads include Interstate 205, an eastern bypass of the urban core, U.S. Route 26, which heads west and southeast, U.S. Route 30, which follows the Oregon side of the Columbia River northwest and east, mirrored by Washington State Route 14 east from Vancouver, and Oregon Route 217, which connects US 26 with I-5 in the south, travelling through Beaverton. Both US 26 and US 30 go to the Oregon Coast. SR 500 runs from Interstate 5 to SR 503. Padden Parkway runs from NE 78th St and east to NE 162nd Ave.
Transit service on the Oregon side is generally provided by TriMet. In addition, Sandy Area Metro serves Sandy, South Clackamas Transportation District serves nearby Molalla, Canby Area Transit serves Canby and South Metro Area Regional Transit serves Wilsonville. Service in Clark County is provided by C-Tran. In Columbia County, the Columbia County Rider provides transit service on weekdays connecting St. Helens with downtown Portland and connecting Scappoose and St. Helens with certain points in urban Washington County, including the PCC Rock Creek campus, Tanasbourne and the Willow Creek MAX light rail station.
Major airports edit
- Portland International Airport
- Portland-Hillsboro Airport
- Salem Municipal Airport
- Portland-Troutdale Airport
Passenger rail edit
Major highways edit
The Portland MSA is home to a number of professional and semi-professional sports teams, including the NBA's Portland Trail Blazers, the Portland Timbers of Major League Soccer, the Portland Thorns FC of the National Women's Soccer League and the Portland Loggers of the North American Rugby League. Other teams include the Portland Pickles and the Hillsboro Hops. Portland is also home to two NCAA Division 1 universities, the Portland State Vikings and the Portland Pilots.
The Portland MSA also hosts a number of amateur sports, including college and high school sports. The high school rugby championships are held annually in the Portland MSA, and draw crowds of 8,000 to 10,000 supporters.
|2020||63.6% 900,757||33.1% 469,466||3.2% 45,300|
|2016||57.8% 672,364||31.9% 371,379||10.3% 119,802|
|2012||60.0% 632,945||36.6% 386,323||3.3% 34,862|
|2008||62.6% 657,076||34.9% 366,490||2.5% 26,202|
|2004||57.0% 587,901||41.7% 430,401||1.3% 13,357|
|2000||53.0% 443,629||41.3% 345,293||5.7% 47,440|
|1996||51.4% 380,537||35.6% 264,044||13.0% 96,411|
|1992||45.7% 357,117||30.5% 238,124||23.9% 186,437|
|1988||54.7% 343,172||43.4% 272,346||1.8% 11,547|
|1984||46.5% 290,504||52.9% 330,464||0.5% 3,228|
|1980||41.5% 246,639||44.8% 266,198||13.7% 81,212|
|1976||47.8% 255,813||48.0% 256,598||4.2% 22,531|
|1972||45.6% 226,237||50.1% 249,015||4.2% 21,040|
|1968||48.1% 211,351||46.7% 205,269||5.2% 22,887|
|1964||65.2% 273,608||34.5% 144,745||0.4% 1,545|
|1960||48.0% 198,802||51.9% 214,980||0.1% 511|
The Portland metropolitan area is heavily Democratic and has voted for that party's presidential candidate in every election since 1988. This is helped by Multnomah County, which has given the Democratic nominee over 70% of the vote in every election since 2004.
- "GDP by county in 2021" (PDF). www.bea.gov.
- "2020 Census Urban Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2023.
- "Federal Register/Vol. 75, No. 123/Monday, June 28, 2010/Notices" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2023.
- "PRINCIPAL CITIES OF METROPOLITAN AND MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS, MARCH 2020". US census bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2023.
- "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget. November 20, 2007. p. 45. Retrieved September 5, 2008 – via National Archives.
- "2020 Census Metropolitan Statistical Area Profiles" (PDF). Retrieved February 13, 2023.
- "2010 Census Urban Area Reference Maps". USCB, Geography Division. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- "A national, state-sorted list of all 2010 urbanized areas and urban clusters for the U.S., Puerto Rico, and Island Areas first sorted by state FIPS code, then sorted by UACE code". USCB, Geography Division. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- "Jurisdictional Boundaries". Metro. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 26, 2013.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". factfinder2.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019.
- "Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2010". factfinder2.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 4, 2020.
- US Census Bureau. Factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved on October 5, 2013.
- "OMB Bulletin No. 10-02: Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget. December 1, 2009. Retrieved January 18, 2010 – via National Archives.
- "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2020-2022". Retrieved September 12, 2023.
- "Schedules & Routes". Columbia County Rider. Archived from the original on August 16, 2014. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- Young, Bob (March 9, 2005). "Highway to Hell". Willamette Week. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- USA Rugby, High school state championships gain rugby exposure Archived June 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, June 4, 2013
- "Our Campaigns". Retrieved July 6, 2020.
- Metro government website
- Portland MSA 2010 Census numbers from the Population Resource Center
- pdx.edu/media/p/r/PRC_2007_Population_Report2_rev.pdf of key urban planning documents on the Portland Metropolitan area, at Portland State University