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Camas // is a city in Clark County, Washington, with a population of 19,355 at the 2010 census. The east side of town borders the city of Washougal, Washington, and the west side of town borders Vancouver, Washington. Camas lies along the Washington side of the Columbia River, across from Troutdale, Oregon, and is part of the Portland metropolitan area.
Aerial view of Camas, on the north side of the Columbia River
Location of Camas in Washington
|• Total||16.24 sq mi (42.06 km2)|
|• Land||14.07 sq mi (36.45 km2)|
|• Water||2.17 sq mi (5.61 km2)|
|Elevation||75 ft (23 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,734.85/sq mi (669.84/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1512059|
Officially incorporated on June 18, 1906, the city is named after the camas lily, a plant with an onion-like bulb prized by Native Americans. At the west end of downtown Camas is a large Georgia-Pacific paper mill from which the high school teams get their name, "the Papermakers". A paper mill was first established in the city in 1883 with the support of Henry Pittock, a wealthy entrepreneur from England who had settled in Portland, Oregon, where he published The Oregonian.
Pittock's LaCamas Colony bought 2,600 acres in 1883, forming the Columbia River Paper Company the following year to begin production in 1885, before merging with Oregon City's Crown Paper Company to form Crown Columbia Paper in 1905. Converting from steam to electricity in 1913, it then merged with Willamette Paper in 1914 and then again in 1928 with Zellerbach Paper to become the largest paper company on the west coast, Crown Zellerbach. Changing from newsprint to toilet tissue in 1930, it temporarily produced shipyard parts during the Second World War. In 1950 it was the first factory to produce folded paper napkins. "Crown Z" was the area's biggest employer in 1971, with 2,643 of approximately 3,700 Clark County paper-mill workers. Various other mergers took place, until Georgia-Pacific's mill was the sole property of Koch Industries. In 2018, Koch announced plans to lay off approximately 200–300 workers, shutting down all equipment related to communications paper, fine paper conversion and pulping operations.
The city is about 20 miles (32 km) east of Portland. Historically, the commercial base of the city was almost solely the paper mill; however, the diversity of industries has been enhanced considerably in recent years by the influx of several white-collar, high-tech companies. These include Hewlett-Packard, Sharp Microelectronics, Linear Technology, WaferTech and Underwriters Labs. Annual events include the summer "Camas Days", as well as other festivals and celebrations.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.25 square miles (39.50 km2) of which 13.49 square miles (34.94 km2) is land and 1.76 square miles (4.56 km2) is water.
There are numerous parks in Camas and within the Camas area, including:
- Crown Park
- Dorothy Fox Park
- Fallen Leaf Park
- Forest Home Park
- Goot Park
- Grass Valley Park
- Louis Bloch Park
- Oak Park
- Prune Hill Sports Park
- Skate Park
Lacamas Park encompasses Round Lake and runs against SR 500 on its west side. Across SR 500 is Lacamas Lake. The park is open year-round from 7 a.m. to dusk and includes barbecues, a playground, trails around the park and lake, and access to the Camas Potholes. The park features a network of trails which lead to the Camas Potholes and the Camas lily fields. A 1.2-mile (1.9 km) trail that loops around Round Lake starts and finishes near the parking lot. The park is a popular destination for geocachers, as it contains numerous caches scattered around the park. Young children may play in a small playground on the west side of the park. Tables are provided for picnicking, as are waste receptacles designed to receive hot coals from grilling. Water activities in Round Lake are also common around summer time. Bathrooms are available on a seasonal basis only.
Heritage Park has facilities for launching boats into Lacamas Lake, a playground for young children, much open field, and trails through the trees. The parking lot is large and includes numerous long parking stalls to accommodate vehicles with trailers.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 19,355 people, 6,619 households, and 5,241 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,434.8 inhabitants per square mile (554.0/km2). There were 7,072 housing units at an average density of 524.2 per square mile (202.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.4% White, 1.0% African American, 0.6% Native American, 6.0% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.
There were 6,619 households, of which 46.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.7% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 20.8% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.27.
The median age in the city was 36.9 years. 31.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.8% were from 45 to 64; and 8.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,534 people, 4,480 households, and 3,422 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,149.3 people per square mile (443.6/km2). There were 4,736 housing units at an average density of 434.3 per square mile (167.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.01% White, 0.69% African American, 0.69% Native American, 3.41% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 0.80% from other races, and 2.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.86% of the population. 18.8% were of German, 11.3% English, 9.6% American, 8.2% Irish and 5.6% Norwegian ancestry.
There were 4,480 households, out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.6% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 31.2% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $60,187, and the median income for a family was $64,885. Males had a median income of $51,470 versus $31,985 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,267. About 4.4% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
- Michael R. Barratt, NASA astronaut
- Jaime Herrera Beutler, U.S. Representative
- Shane Chen, inventor and entrepreneur
- Niko De Vera, professional soccer player for Portland Timbers
- Alexa Efraimson, professional runner for Nike
- Kenneth Fisher, Forbes columnist, financial author, money manager
- Joey Gibson (political activist), founder of Patriot Prayer
- Denis Hayes, environmental activist, coordinated first Earth Day
- Jimmie Rodgers, 1950s pop singer
- Taylor Williams, Major League Baseball player for the San Diego Padres
- Wendy Wilson, singer, member of 1990s girl group Wilson Phillips
Liberty Theatre in downtown Camas
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Washington: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019". United States Census Bureau. May 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Tweet from City of Camas account". March 6, 2017. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2012.[dead link]
- Boring Lava Field, vulcan.wr.usgs.gov
- Caldbick, John (February 8, 2010). "Camas -- Thumbnail History". History Link. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
- "Timeline of Paper Mill's Presence in Camas". The Columbian. Vancouver, Washington. The Columbian. 1 February 2018. pp. A2.
- Brynelson, Troy (1 February 2018). "May Day: Paper Cuts. Layoffs at Georgia-Pacific mill in Camas to start May 1, affect 280 to 300 workers". The Columbian. Vancouver, Washington. The Columbian. pp. A1–A2.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 2, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 19, 2013.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
- "Ken Fisher's Forbes 400 Profile". Forbes.
- "Wendy Wilson: Still Holding On". Pamplin Media Group.
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