Open main menu
People's Republic of China (orthographic projection).svg
An enlargeable map of the People's Republic of China

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to China:

The People's Republic of China is the most extensive country in East Asia and the third or fourth most extensive country in the world.[1][note 1] With a population of over 1,300,000,000, it is the most populous country in the world.

The Communist Party of China (CPC) has led the PRC under a one-party system since the state's establishment in 1949. The PRC is involved in a dispute over the political status of Taiwan. The CPC's rival during the Chinese Civil War, the Kuomintang (KMT), fled to Taiwan and surrounding islands after its defeat in 1949, claiming legitimacy over China, Mongolia, and Tuva while it was the ruling power of the Republic of China (ROC). The term "Mainland China" is often used to denote the areas under PRC rule, but sometimes excludes its two Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macau.

Because of its vast population, rapidly growing economy, and large research and development investments, China is considered an "emerging superpower".[2][3] It has the world's second largest economy (largest in terms of purchasing power parity.) China is also a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.[4][5][6][7] Since 1978, China's market-based economic reforms have brought the poverty rate down from 53% in 1981 to 8% by 2001.[8] However, China is now faced with a number of other socioeconomic problems, including an aging population, an increasing rural-urban income gap, and rapid environmental degradation.[9][10]

China plays a major role in international trade. The country is the world's largest consumer of steel and concrete, using, respectively, a third and over a half of the world's supply of each.[11] Counting all products, China is the largest exporter and the second largest importer in the world.[12][13]


General referenceEdit

An enlargeable map of the administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China

Geography of ChinaEdit

An enlargeable topographic map of People's Republic of China
  Mongolia 4,677 km
  Russia 3,645 km
  India (excluding the territorial border disputes; McMahon Line) 3,380 km
  Myanmar 2,185 km
  Kazakhstan 1,533 km
  North Korea 1,416 km
  Vietnam 1,281 km
    Nepal 1,236 km
  Kyrgyzstan 858 km
  Pakistan 523 km
  Bhutan 470 km
  Laos 423 km
  Tajikistan 414 km
  Afghanistan 76 km
  • Coastline: 14,500 km

Environment of ChinaEdit

An enlargeable satellite image of People's Republic of China

Natural geographic features of ChinaEdit

Regions of ChinaEdit

Administrative divisions of ChinaEdit

Provinces of ChinaEdit
Cities of ChinaEdit
Villages of ChinaEdit

Demography of ChinaEdit

Government and politics of ChinaEdit

United frontEdit

Ruling partyEdit

Branches of governmentEdit

Ultimate authority and Legislative branchEdit

Administrative branchEdit

Judicial branchEdit

Procuratorial branchEdit

Supervisory branchEdit

Military branchEdit

Foreign relations of ChinaEdit

International organization membershipEdit

The People's Republic of China is a member of:[1]

Law and order in ChinaEdit

Military of ChinaEdit

Local government in ChinaEdit

Local government in China

History of ChinaEdit

Culture of ChinaEdit

Economy and infrastructure of ChinaEdit

Education in ChinaEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Area rank is disputed with the United States and is either ranked third or fourth. See List of countries and outlying territories by area for more information.
  2. ^ China has the longest total land boundaries of any country.
  3. ^ China and Russia each border 14 countries, more than any other countries.
  4. ^ Article 93 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China places the authority to direct the armed forces of the PRC in the Central Military Commission. However, Article 80 gives the President of the People's Republic of China the power to proclaim martial law, proclaim a state of war, and issue mobilization orders. Since the mid-1990s, it has been standard practice to have the President, the CMC Chairman, and the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China be the same person although the differences in the start of terms means that there is some overlap between an occupant and his predecessor.


  1. ^ a b "China". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 8, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  2. ^ Gordon, Peter. "Review of "China: The Balance Sheet -- What the World Needs to Know Now About the Emerging Superpower"". The Asia Review of Books. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2007-12-24.
  3. ^ Miller, Lyman. "China an Emerging Superpower?". Stanford Journal of International Relations. Retrieved 2007-12-24.
  4. ^ China Passes U.S. In Trade With Japan
  5. ^ Trade Policy Outlook for Second-term Bush Administration
  6. ^ China - Taiwan Economic Ties
  7. ^ Beijing's Growing Politico-Economic Leverage Over Ulaanbaatar
  8. ^ Fighting Poverty: Findings and Lessons from China’s Success (World Bank). Retrieved August 10, 2006.
  9. ^ Yardley, Jim (December 29, 2007). "Beijing's Olympic Quest: Turn Smoggy Sky Blue". The New York Times. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  10. ^ "China fails environment targets". BBC News. January 10, 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  11. ^ Center for International Trade in Forest Products Archived 2008-06-24 at the Wayback Machine China’s Building Boom. Retrieved December 2, 2006,
  12. ^ The World Factbook, Rank Order - Imports.
  13. ^ "WTO: China overtakes US as second biggest exporter". Geneva: China Daily. 2007-04-12. Retrieved 2016-09-16.

External linksEdit

  Wikimedia Atlas of China