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List of protected areas of China

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This is a list of the nationally protected areas of China. There are many forms of protected areas in China. Based on their relative importance, each type of protected area can be further graded into two to three levels (national, provincial and prefectural/county level). Nevertheless, the highest rank for "pocket nature reserve" (social and mass-based), "no-hunting area", "no-fishing area", "no-logging area", "wild medicinal material resources conservation area", "crop germplasm resources conservation area", "forest tree germplasm resources conservation area" or "source water protection area" is practically restricted to provincial level. The local government at county level is also responsible for the delimitation and declaration of "basic farmland protection area" and "basic grassland". Qinling National Botanical Garden, said to be the world's largest (639 km2), was opened (Phase 1) to the public on September 27, 2017.

Take note that many protected areas in China have multiple official designations, and the statutory boundaries of these multi-designated PAs may be identical or may vary one from the other. For instance, the boundaries of Huangshan NP coincide with those of the Huangshan NGP, whereas Fujian province's Wuyi Mountains NNR, NP and NFP are adjacent to each other. In Heilongjiang, 27,642.14 hectares out of 115,340.27 hectares of Huzhong NFP are intersected with the experiment zone of Huzhong NNR.

National Nature Reserves of ChinaEdit

  • Ratified by: State Council
  • Number of NNRs (unit): 474 (as at May 31, 2018)
  • Area of NNRs (10,000 ha): 9,745 (as of 2017)
  • Total Number of NRs (unit): 2,750 (as of 2017)
  • Area of NRs (10,000 ha): 14,717 (as of 2017)
  • Percentage of Terrestrial NR in the Land Area (%): 14.86 (as of 2017)

BeijingEdit

TianjinEdit

HebeiEdit

ShanxiEdit

Inner MongoliaEdit

LiaoningEdit

JilinEdit

HeilongjiangEdit

ShanghaiEdit

JiangsuEdit

ZhejiangEdit

AnhuiEdit

FujianEdit

JiangxiEdit

ShandongEdit

HenanEdit

HubeiEdit

HunanEdit

GuangdongEdit

GuangxiEdit

HainanEdit

ChongqingEdit

SichuanEdit

GuizhouEdit

YunnanEdit

TibetEdit

ShaanxiEdit

GansuEdit

QinghaiEdit

NingxiaEdit

XinjiangEdit

National Parks est. 1982~2017 ("国家级风景名胜区", lit. National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas*)Edit

  • Ratified by: State Council
  • Number of NPs (unit): 244 (as at March 21, 2017)
  • Area of NPs (10,000 km²): 10.36 (as of 2013)
  • Total Number of Parks (national + provincial) (unit): 1,051 (as of 2018)
  • Area of Parks (national + provincial) (10,000 km²): 19.56 (as of 2013)
  • Percentage of Parks (national + provincial) in the Land Area (%): 2.03 (as of 2013)

Note: The official emblem (ver. 2) with both Chinese and corresponding English phrases of “中国国家级风景名胜区” and "National Park of China" on it is still in used. Thus the authorative English name for this type of protected area is yet to be confirmed.

State Key Protected Fossils' Concentration Origins of ChinaEdit

National Typical Earthquake Sites of ChinaEdit

†: The official name is yet to be verified.

National Geoparks of ChinaEdit

†: From May 23, 2009 onwards, the approval process for awarding the NGP qualifications and naming the NGPs are treated separately by the State Forestry and Grassland Administration. Each NGP-prequalified unit is required to complete a site development within the three-year time limit before gaining formal status as a NGP.

††: Current status unknown.

National Mining Parks of ChinaEdit

National Ecoparks of ChinaEdit

National Forest Parks of ChinaEdit

National Wood (Flower) Parks of ChinaEdit

State Key Parks of ChinaEdit

National Urban Wetland Parks of ChinaEdit

National Wetland Parks of ChinaEdit

National Water Parks of ChinaEdit

National Desert (Rocky Desert) Parks of ChinaEdit

Note 1: The above-mentioned "desert" generally refers to "sandy desert", unless otherwise noted.

Note 2: The above-mentioned "rocky desert" generally refers to "karst rocky desert", unless otherwise noted.

National Closed Sandified Land Protected Areas of ChinaEdit

National Special Marine Protected Areas (Marine Parks) of ChinaEdit

+1/+2/+3/+4/+5: one identical institution under two different names.

+i: partially overlapped.

National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Areas of ChinaEdit