October 1950

<< October 1950 >>
Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  

The following events occurred in October 1950:

October 15, 1950: President Truman and General MacArthur meet at Wake Island
October 29, 1950: King Gustav V of Sweden dies after 42-year reign
October 2, 1950: Charles M. Schulz introduces Charlie Brown
October 8, 1950: China's "People's Volunteer Army" created

October 1, 1950 (Sunday)Edit

  • Led by Võ Nguyên Giáp, Communist troops in the northern section of the French Indochina colony of Vietnam began a campaign of attacks on French colonial fortresses along the border with China, Battle of Route Coloniale 4. The 10,000 French troops in the forts faced 14 infantry and three artillery battalions, and were separated from the main French armies by 300 miles of jungle, and all of them would fall by October 17.[1]

October 2, 1950 (Monday)Edit

  • The comic strip Peanuts, by Charles M. Schulz, was published for the first time, in seven U.S. newspapers, including the Washington Post, the Chicago Tribune, the Minneapolis Star Tribune and the Seattle Times. In the very first strip, the main character was introduced in a statement by Shermy (a character later dropped from the comic) who said, "Well! Here comes Ol' Charlie Brown! Good Ol' Charlie Brown.... Yes, sir! Good Ol' Charlie Brown.... How I hate him!".[8] Schulz's final installment would appear on February 13, 2000, the day after his death.
  • As United Nations forces continued to drive northward in North Korea, China's leader, Mao Zedong, convened a special session of the Communist Party Politburo and made the decision to enter the Korean War, sending a request for military assistance to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin the same day.[9]
Tom Corbett and Dr. Joan Dale
  • Tom Corbett, Space Cadet began a three-season run on CBS television, as a competitor to the DuMont network science fiction program Captain Video and His Video Rangers. With a larger budget than Captain Video, the 15-minute segments appeared on Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6:45 in the evening. The show was inspired by the Robert A. Heinlein science fiction novel, Space Cadet, and starred Frankie Thomas in the title role.[10]
  • Lux Video Theatre, a television adaptation of the popular US anthology, Lux Radio Theatre, began a seven-season run. Telecast live for its first three years, the show was premiered on CBS with a 30-minute adaptation of the Maxwell Anderson play Saturday's Children.[10]

October 3, 1950 (Tuesday)Edit

Ethel Waters
  • Renmin University of China was opened in Beijing as "New China's first new-style regular university". Initially, the Chinese People's University (Zhongguo renmin daxue) was referred to as Renda.[15]
  • Beulah, the first television series to star an African-American, premiered on the ABC television network, with actress and comedienne Ethel Waters as the title character, the Negro maid for a white family, the Hendersons. Beulah, now considered an example of the stereotype of African Americans that was popular prior to the 1960s, although Beulah herself was portrayed as smarter than her employers. The show had been adapted from a radio comedy series of the same name, and would run for three seasons.
  • Bellarmine University held its first classes, after having been established by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Louisville, Kentucky.[16]
  • Born: Phyllis Nelson, U.S. singer-songwriter; in Jacksonville, Florida (died 1998)

October 4, 1950 (Wednesday)Edit

  • General Peng Dehuai was in Xi'an when an airplane arrived and he was told to get on board to report for a meeting in Beijing with China's Communist Party Central Committee. Within four hours, he was present at the Zhongnanhai palace, and informed that Mao Zedong had selected him to command China's invasion of Korea. He led the invasion two weeks later.[17] Marshal Lin Biao who, like most of the Politburo, was opposed to the invasion, had been Mao's first choice but had declined.[18]
  • Snoopy, the most famous dog in comic strip history, made his first appearance in the comic strip Peanuts. He would not be identified by name until May 22, 1951. His thoughts would become a regular part of the story starting on May 27, 1952, and he would begin walking upright starting on January 9, 1956.[19]
  • Died: Marek Kubliński, 19, Polish student, was executed for anti-Communist activity

October 5, 1950 (Thursday)Edit

  • For the first time since the surrender of Germany at the end of World War II, the four Allied Powers allowed German citizens to charter and to fly civilian aircraft, subject to approval of each flight by the Allied Civil Aviation Board at Wiesbaden. For more than five years, West Germany and East Germany had been a "no fly zone" for domestic aircraft.[20]
  • Gas explosions at four sewers in the neighborhoods of Greenpoint, Brooklyn, set off rumors that an atomic war had started and set off a panic of thousands of New York City residents. The blasts sent manhole covers as high as five stories above the street and sent blue flames into the air, and emergency calls brought police, emergency and fire department squads to the seven-block area. Nobody was injured.[21]

October 6, 1950 (Friday)Edit

  • The United States reassured the United Kingdom that General Douglas MacArthur had been clearly instructed not to attack Manchuria or any other part of China, and that the orders would not change without consultation between the U.S. and its allies.[22]
  • Havana Senator Félix Lancís Sánchez became Prime Minister of Cuba, succeeding Manuel Antonio de Varona.[23]
  • UNCURK, the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea, was established by vote of the General Assembly of the United Nations.[24]

October 7, 1950 (Saturday)Edit

Missionaries of Charity hospice

October 8, 1950 (Sunday)Edit

  • Two United States Air Force F-80 fighter-bombers mistakenly flew more than 60 miles into the Soviet Union and, at 4:17 pm local time, strafed parked airplanes of the 821st Interceptor Aviation Regiment at the Sukhaya Rechka airbase. Fortunately, there were no injuries, and the regiment commander did not pursue the invaders.[32][33] The United States formally apologized to the Soviet Union on October 18, and offered to pay for the damage, but no response was made to the offer.[34]
  • The day after the United Nations had endorsed the unification of Korea, China's Mao Zedong ordered the creation of the People's Volunteer Army and directed General Peng Dehuai to prepare to invade North Korea.[35]
  • In the Haitian general election, Colonel Paul Magloire, recently resigned from the military junta governing the nation, was elected president against token opposition.[36][37]
  • Jogendra Nath Mandal, the Minister of Law and Labour for Pakistan and one of the nation's founders, resigned in protest over the treatment of Hindu minorities, and moved to India. Mandal had been the highest ranking Hindu official in the predominantly Muslim nation.[38]

October 9, 1950 (Monday)Edit

  • The Goyang Geumjeong Cave Massacre began. By the end of the month, over 153 unarmed civilians would be killed by police officers in Goyang, in the Gyeonggi-do district of South Korea.[39]
  • The Joint Chiefs of Staff sent a telegram to General MacArthur, advising him that "in the event of the open or covert employment anywhere in Korea of major Chinese Communist units, without prior announcement, you should continue the action as long as, in your judgment, action by forces now under your control offers a reasonable chance of success", but added that "you will obtain authorization from Washington prior to taking any military action against objectives in Chinese territory." [40]
U.S. Senator Taylor
  • The government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that the United Kingdom's nationalization of the British iron and steel industry would take effect on February 15, pursuant to legislation that had passed the previous December. The move affected 92 private companies.[41] The Iron and Steel Corporation would be dissolved in the denationalization of 1953, but renationalization would take place effective July 28, 1967.[42]
  • The conviction and 180-day jail sentence of incumbent U.S. Senator Glen H. Taylor of Idaho was upheld after the United States Supreme Court declined to review his case. Senator Taylor's crime had been to scuffle with police in Birmingham, Alabama, when he had walked through a door marked "Negro Entrance" in order to attend a meeting of African-American students.[43] Taylor did not serve any time, despite threats by Birmingham's police chief, Bull Connor, to have him extradited from Idaho to Alabama. Senator Taylor did, however, lose his bid for re-election 30 days later. On November 14, he paid off his $200 bond and $28.60 in court costs.[44]
  • Outnumbered 10 to 1, several battalions of French army troops in Vietnam were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner by Viet Minh guerrillas after retreating from the garrison at Cao Bằng.[45]
  • Born: Jody Williams, American teacher and aid worker, recipient of the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize; in Rutland, Vermont[46]

October 10, 1950 (Tuesday)Edit

Patriarch Kiril
General Kirpichnikov
  • The Politburo of Bulgaria's Communist Party issued its Statutes of the Church and declared the Metropolitan Kiril of Plovdiv to be its nominee to serve as the Patriarch of All Bulgaria upon the revision of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church.[47]
  • The National Academy of Sciences announced the discovery of keeping bread fresh for several months, without refrigeration, by irradiating it with "a beam of electrons of nearly a million volt power". According to the NAS press release, "The atomic preserver will work for any kind of bread." The statement did not include information about whether the bread would be safe to eat.[48]
  • The Boulton Paul P.111 experimental aircraft made its maiden flight, at Boscombe Down, UK.[49]
  • Born: Nora Roberts (pen name J. D. Robb), American romance novelist; as Eleanor Robertson in Silver Spring, Maryland
  • Died: General Vladimir Kirpichnikov of the Soviet Army, 47, was executed for treason after having been kept as a prisoner of war by Finland until 1944. He had been accused of collaborating with his Finnish captors about the location of Soviet forces in the area.[50]

October 11, 1950 (Wednesday)Edit

October 12, 1950 (Thursday)Edit

MacArthur, new administrator of occupied North Korea
Burns and Allen
  • U.S. President Harry S. Truman was provided with a top secret report from the CIA's Office of Research and Estimates. Threat of Full Chinese Intervention in Korea (ORE 58-50) stated that "Despite statements by Chou Enlai, troop movements to Manchuria, and propaganda charges of atrocities and border violations... there are no convincing indications of an actual Chinese Communist intention to resort to full-scale intervention in Korea", and that "such action is not probable in 1950" and that "the most favorable time for intervention in Korea has passed".[56]
  • The United Nations General Assembly voted for General MacArthur to be the administrator of all UN held territory in North Korea, while South Korea President Syngman Rhee would continue to have authority over territory below the 38th Parallel.[57]
  • Two U.S. Navy minesweepers were sunk in the course of attempting to clear floating sea mines from North Korea's Wonsan Harbor as part of Operation Wonsan , a squadron of U.S. Navy warships came into conflict with Korean People's Army (KPA) batteries. Six U.S. Navy men died, and 43 more were wounded in the blast that sank USS Pirate and USS Pledge. When carrier planes attempted to drop bombs as a method of clearing the mines, it was "discovered that even a 1,000-pound bomb will not set off a mine".[58] The remaining vessels and aircraft silenced the enemy guns.[59]
  • Turkey entered the Korean War with the arrival of an advance party of the Turkish Brigade at Pusan. The remaining 5,190 troops arrived five days later.[60]
  • The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show premiered on the CBS television network after the husband and wife comedy team became the latest to make a transition from radio. The radio program had run for 13 years as The Burns and Allen Show. Gracie Allen reportedly was "petrified" during the initial live broadcast because she had never had to memorize her lines before; on the radio, she was always able to read from her script without being seen by the home audience.[61]
  • Born:
  • Died: Bill Cannastra, 29, a central figure in the Beat Generation, was killed in a freak accident when he tried to leave a subway car by climbing through its window. The train departed the Bleecker Street station in New York before Cannastra could complete his exit, and he was killed by his impact with the subway tunnel.[62]

October 13, 1950 (Friday)Edit

  • In Japan, the government announced the lifting of restrictions against 10,090 business, governmental and political leaders who had been purged from their positions of power after World War II, including future prime minister Nobusuke Kishi. In the ten months that followed, there would be three more waves of "depurging" of 83,287 more people.[63]
  • The Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party held an emergency meeting to reconsider its earlier decision to send Chinese forces into North Korea, in light of news that the Soviet Union was not going to provide its air force for at least a month. Eventually, Peng Dehuai and Gao Gang overcame the objections voiced by Prime Minister Zhou Enlai and the invasion continued.[35]
  • The drama film All About Eve starring Bette Davis, Anne Baxter, George Sanders and Celeste Holm was released.
  • Died:
    • Master Sergeant John R. Wilson became the first U.S. Counterintelligence Corps officer to be killed in the Korean War. Alerted to an attack by enemy guerrilla forces on the small town of Pangso-ri, Wilson organized his contingent of 30 Korean police and interpreters into a defensive force. Taking with him four Koreans, Wilson personally led an attack on a house containing enemy troops. Wilson would posthumously be awarded the Silver Star.[64]
    • Ernest Haycox, 51, author of Westerns, ten of which were adapted to cowboy films like Stagecoach and Union Pacific

October 14, 1950 (Saturday)Edit

October 15, 1950 (Sunday)Edit

  • East Germany held its first national elections, with voting to take place for the Parliament and for regional, local and communal legislative bodies. In what the propaganda referred to as "the most democratic" elections ever held in Germany, and various political parties were identified, voters were asked to vote "yes" or "no" on a slate of candidates that had already been drawn up by the Communist-dominated National Front. The choice was further limited to approving or rejecting all candidates on the ballot. According to official figures, there was an 87.44% turnout of eligible voters, and 99.72% of them voted "yes" for the candidates. Otto Grotewohl was made the nation's first Prime Minister following the election.[71]
  • U.S. President Truman and U.S. Army General MacArthur met for a conference at Wake Island, after Truman's plane arrived at 6:30 in the morning local time (1:30 pm Saturday in Washington). The two posed for photographs, then rode together in "a battered Chevrolet sedan" to the conference site at a "small, new one-story concrete and frame office hut", where they conferred for two hours.[72]
  • Appearing as a guest on NBC's Meet the Press, New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey announced that he would never run again for President of the United States, and that he would endorse General Dwight D. Eisenhower as the nominee of the Republican Party, even though Eisenhower had not declared his party affiliation. Dewey had been the nominee for president in both the 1944 and 1948 presidential elections.[73]
  • Across the River and into the Trees by Ernest Hemingway topped The New York Times Fiction Best Seller list.

October 16, 1950 (Monday)Edit

  • C. S. Lewis's novel The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, the first of The Chronicles of Narnia series, was first published, released by British publisher Geoffrey Bles, followed by Macmillan Publishers in the United States on November 7. Lewis had completed the book at the end of March, 1949.[74][75]
  • At 6:00 pm local time, a reconnaissance team from the 42nd Army of China's People's Volunteers crossed the Ji'an Bridge over the Yalu River and moved 60 miles into Korea, followed by the PVA's 370th regiment of the 124th Division that crossed the river at another bridge at Ji'an-Manpu, advancing 20 miles. Combined, these have been described as "the first Chinese combat troops to enter North Korea." [76]

October 17, 1950 (Tuesday)Edit

Australian soldiers in Sariwon
  • The Battle of Sariwon began in Korea when the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade under Brigadier Basil Coad—–comprising the 1st Battalion, the Argyll and Sutherland Highland Regiment, the 1st Battalion, the Middlesex Regiment and 3rd Battalion, the Royal Australian Regiment—–captured the town of Sariwon. North Korean casualties included 215 killed and more than 3,700 captured, whilst British-Commonwealth losses were 1 killed and 3 wounded (all from the Argylls).[77]
  • What North Korea now refers to as the Sinchon Massacre began in the North Korean provincial subdivision of Sinchon. North Korean histories claim that U.S. and United Nations military forces murdered more than 35,000 civilians— about one-fourth of Sinchon's population over the course of 52 days before a counterattack by Chinese and North Korean forces.[78]
  • The Battle of Pyongyang began.
  • The United States pledged to spend between 1.8 billion and 2.4 billion dollars in military aid to French forces in Europe and Indochina before the end of 1951. The money, agreed to in conferences between the U.S. Department of Defense and the French Ministries of Defense and Finance, would come from a six billion dollar fund that Congress had appropriated to rearm American allies to defend against Communist aggression.[79]
  • A British European Airways Douglas DC-3 airplane crashed shortly after takeoff at 3:00 pm, en route from London to Glasgow. The twin-engined plane lost power in the starboard engine and lost altitude as it flew back to Northolt Airport, clipping beech trees and telephone wires before crashing into a garden wall in the London suburb of Mill Hill. All 24 passengers and four of the five member crew were killed.[80]
  • Ivor Novello's latest musical, Gay's the Word, was premièred in Manchester, UK.

October 18, 1950 (Wednesday)Edit

October 19, 1950 (Thursday)Edit

  • United Nations troops won the Battle of Pyongyang, as American troops from the United States Army's 1st Cavalry became the first U.S. forces to march into Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. After fighting a final battle with North Korean forces at Chunghwa, the cavalry drove the remaining ten miles to find that the city was nearly deserted.[84]
  • Hours later, General Peng Dehuai, accompanied by an assistant and two bodyguards, traveled across the Yalu River between Dandong, China, and Sinuiju, North Korea, then ordered the bulk of the People's Volunteer Army to advance. As dusk fell at 5:30 p.m., the mass invasion of North Korea from China got underway, with 255,000 Chinese troops crossing the Yalu River over three different bridges.[35]
  • Ngabo Ngawang Jigme, the Governor of Eastern Tibet and the commander of Tibetan troops, surrendered the Kham province to China's General Wang Chimi.[25]
  • Future Prime Minister Pierre Mendès France made the first of many speeches in the French National Assembly, advocating that France end its war in Vietnam and negotiate a cease fire with the Communists. He would end the French involvement shortly after taking office in 1954 as the premier.[85]
  • Died:

October 20, 1950 (Friday)Edit

  • Australia passed the Communist Party Dissolution Act, which would later be struck down by the High Court.[86]
  • In the first large-scale paratrooper mission of the Korean War, 2,800 men of the U.S. Army's 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team parachuted into the areas of Sukchon and Sunchon to the north of Pyongyang on a rescue mission, and killed or captured 6,000 North Koreans.[87] A group of 89 American prisoners of war, who had been removed to an area ten miles north of Sunchon, were taken to a cornfield for execution. Twenty-one were able to escape, but another 68 were machine-gunned to death.[88]
  • The foreign ministers of the Soviet Union and the other Eastern European nations met in Prague, Czechoslovakia, and proposed a German reunification plan that would have an equal number of delegates for East and West Germany as part of a temporary government. The plan would be rejected by the western nations on December 22.[89]
  • Born: Tom Petty, American rock musician; in Gainesville, Florida (d. 2017)[90]
  • Died: Henry L. Stimson, 83, U.S. Secretary of State (1929–1933), U.S. Secretary of War (1940–1945), and former Governor-General of the Philippines (1927–1929)

October 21, 1950 (Saturday)Edit

  • In the first clash between the armies of Communist China and South Korea, a division of the Chinese 40th Army encountered and overwhelmed a unit of Republic of Korea soldiers near Bukjin.[91]
  • The Battle of Yongju began as part of the United Nations offensive towards the Yalu River.
  • Various provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention (for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field; for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea; and relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War) all adopted on August 12, 1949, and eventually adopted by 192 nations, entered into force.[92]
  • The Saturday Evening Post ran an investigative report by William L. Worden, entitled "UCLA's Red Cell: Case History of College Communism". While not actually accusing the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) of being plagued by Communists, Worden reported that the "poor-boy's college" offered the opportunity for Communist infiltration, and cited student protests against racial discrimination as examples of the red influence. Worden conceded that there were "probably no more than 50 Communist Party members" in the 17,000 member school, but added that "this small group-- call it branch or cell or faction-- has been able to give the entire University a damaging reputation." The report added to calls for investigation of the entire California state university system.[93]
  • Born: Ronald McNair, African-American astronaut who was killed in the explosion of the Space Shuttle Challenger; in Lake City, South Carolina (d. 1986)

October 22, 1950 (Sunday)Edit

October 23, 1950 (Monday)Edit

  • Two surgeons from the University of Toronto College of Medicine, Dr. W. G. Bigelow and Dr. J. C. Callaghan, presented their findings of their successful development of a heart pacemaker that could be implanted into an individual. Their paper was presented in Boston at the annual meeting of the American College of Surgeons.[97]
  • Film actor Errol Flynn was served with a criminal summons on the day of his marriage to Patrice Wymore in Monaco, and charged with the rape of a 16-year-old girl a year earlier. The young lady, a resident of Monte Carlo, had accused Flynn of luring her aboard his yacht and then sexually assaulting her.[98] After more than a year, the Monocan court would dismiss the charges after concluding that there was no evidence to support the accusations.[99]
  • In an address at the United Nations, Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky called upon the world's nations to adopt a resolution outlawing nuclear weapons, as well as a declaration, that the leaders of any government that used the bomb first would be tried as war criminals.[100]
  • The government of the People's Republic of China officially accepted an invitation to send a representative to the United Nations Security Council, for the first time since the Communist government had been established at Beijing in 1949. General Wu Xiuquan would speak on behalf of the Communists.[35]
  • Died: Al Jolson, 64, American musician once known as "The World's Greatest Actor", best known for starring in the first sound film, The Jazz Singer. A month earlier, Jolson had become the first major entertainer to travel to Korea to boost the morale of U.S. soldiers there. Reportedly, Jolson was playing the card game gin rummy with friends at his suite at the Hotel St. Francis when he suffered his fatal heart attack [101]

October 24, 1950 (Tuesday)Edit

  • René Pleven, the Prime Minister of France, addressed the National Assembly in Paris and proposed the creation of a multinational "European Army" as part of what he described as the Communauté européenne de défense (European Defence Community).[102] The "Pleven Plan" would be rejected by the legislators, but in 2004, the various members of the European Union would agree upon cooperation of their nation's armed forces in conjunction with a European Defence Agency.
  • Without prior consultation with Washington, and in disregard of the Joint Chiefs of Staff order of September 30, General MacArthur ordered a general advance of the 8th and 10th U.S. Armies toward the border with China.[103]
  • The Netherlands entered the Korean War, as an advance party of the Netherlands Battalion arrived, with the remainder joining them on November 23. In all, there were two infantry companies and one heavy weapons company comprising 636 men, and a few nurses (→ Regiment van Heutsz). The Battalion soldiers would be assigned to the U.S. 38th Infantry Regiment in December.[104]
  • Daily television broadcasting began in Cuba, as Union Radio TV inaugurated its regular schedule on Channel 4 in Havana. President Carlos Prío Socarrás guided the ceremonies from his office at the Presidential Palace.[105]
  • In an Australian government reshuffle, Eric Harrison, MP, moved from Defence to the Interior, changing places with MP Philip McBride.

October 25, 1950 (Wednesday)Edit

  • The 7th Regiment of the 6th Division of the Republic of Korea Army (and its American advisor, Lt. Col. Harry Fleming) reached the Yalu River at Ch'osan, becoming the first group from the south to arrive at the border with China. The soldiers began firing artillery shells into Chinese territory after their arrival.[106]
  • The Battle of Onjong, the first major battle in the Korean War between the Chinese and United Nations forces, began after Communist Chinese forces encountered a regiment of the 6th Division of the South Korean Army.[107]
  • The Festival Ballet, founded by Alicia Markova and Anton Dolin, and later to become the English National Ballet, gave its first public performance.[108][109]
  • The Battle of Kujin and the Battle of Unsan began.

October 26, 1950 (Thursday)Edit

  • The United Kingdom House of Commons building was used for the first time since its destruction in a German air raid on May 10, 1941.[110]
  • The government of India ruled out military intervention in the Chinese invasion of Tibet, and advised China that it would limit its response to diplomacy.[111]
  • The Battle of Kujin ended with the United Nations winning.

October 27, 1950 (Friday)Edit

  • Meeting in the territory of a former "princely state" that was claimed by both India and Pakistan after the breakup of British India, the Jammu & Kashmir National Conference approved a resolution for the election of a constituent assembly, elected by voters from both nations, to determine the future of the area. By 1954, the assembly would vote to become a state in India.[112]
  • Pedro Albizu Campos, an advocate of the independence of Puerto Rico from the United States, made the decision to begin a planned insurrection after police had rounded up four of his followers and had discovered a Thompson submachine gun, three handguns, and five Molotov cocktails. Campos, leader of the Nationalist Party, spent the rest of the morning ordering the action to begin ahead of schedule, before being arrested at his home.[113]

October 28, 1950 (Saturday)Edit

  • Radio and film comedian Jack Benny brought his show to television with the premiere of a live broadcast from New York of The Jack Benny Program, opening with the one-liner "I'd give a million dollars to know what I look like on television." He and his supporting cast would continue the radio show for five more years, and his TV program, sponsored by Lucky Strike cigarettes, would run until 1964, winning eight Emmy awards along the way.[114]
  • The Communist government of Poland carried out a currency reform, with every 100 złoty being replaced by one "new złoty" note from the National Bank of Poland. At the same time, prices and wages were adjusted at the rate of three of the new złoty for every 100 old złoty, effectively removing two-thirds of money from circulation.[115]
  • Near Bennington, Vermont, Freida Langer became the fifth and last victim in a series of "Bennington Triangle" disappearances of hikers at the base of Glastenbury Mountain. Starting on November 12, 1945, a 75-year-old hunting guide, an 18-year-old Bennington College student, a 65-year-old retired soldier and an 8-year-old boy (who had gone missing on October 12, 1950) [116] vanished, and their bodies were never found. Ms. Langer's decomposed remains would be discovered on May 12, 1951 ",[117] but the cause of her death would never be determined.[118]
  • In the Scottish League Cup Final, Motherwell F.C. defeated favourites Hibernian F.C. 3–0 to win the title for the first time in their history.[119]
  • Born: Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian journalist and women's rights and human rights activist; in La Marsa

October 29, 1950 (Sunday)Edit

Gustav VI

October 30, 1950 (Monday)Edit

National Guard responds to Jayuya

October 31, 1950 (Tuesday)Edit


  1. ^ Bernard B. Fall, Street Without Joy: The French Debacle in Indochina (Stackpole Books, 1961) p32
  2. ^ Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg Khlevniuk, Cold Peace : Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945–1953 (Oxford University Press, 2004) p114
  3. ^ Korea Mine Sinks Ship", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 6, 1950, p2
  4. ^ "Phils Win First Pennant In 35 Years; Fans Go Wild", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 1, 1950, p1; Stuart Miller, The 100 Greatest Days in New York Sports (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2006) p448
  5. ^ Institution of Mechanical Engineers (Great Britain) (1976). Rail Engineering - the Way Ahead: Papers Presented at the International Engineering Conference Held to Mark the 150th Anniversary of Passenger Railways. Mechanical Engineering Publications for the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. p. 225. ISBN 978-0-85298-340-9.
  6. ^ "Russian cosmonaut Boris Morukov, space station visitor and Mars sim leader, dies". Collectspace.com. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  7. ^ Paul T. Hellmann (14 February 2006). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 1060. ISBN 1-135-94859-3.
  8. ^ Beverly Gherman, Sparky: The Life and Art of Charles Schulz (Chronicle Books, 2013)
  9. ^ Edward R. Kantowicz, Coming Apart, Coming Together (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2000) p136
  10. ^ a b Tim Brooks and Earle F. Marsh, The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present (Random House Publishing Group, 2009) p823
  11. ^ Bevin Alexander, The Strange Connection: U.S. Intervention in China, 1944–1972 (Greenwood Publishing Group, 1992), p112-113
  12. ^ Simei Qing, From Allies to Enemies: Visions of Modernity, Identity, and U.S.-China Diplomacy, 1945–1960 (Harvard University Press, 2007) p162
  13. ^ Neill Lochery, Brazil: The Fortunes of War : World War II and the Making of Modern Brazil (Basic Books, 2014) p273
  14. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p173 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  15. ^ "Creating 'New China's First New-Style Regular University,' 1949–50, by Douglas A. Stiffler in Dilemmas of Victory: The Early Years of the People's Republic of China (Harvard University Press, 2010)
  16. ^ "Bellarmine College", in The Kentucky Encyclopedia (University Press of Kentucky, 2015) p68
  17. ^ Roy E. Appleman, Disaster in Korea: The Chinese Confront MacArthur (Texas A&M University Press, 2008)
  18. ^ "What China Learned from Its 'Forgotten War' in Korea", by Yu Bin, Chinese Warfighting: The PLA Experience Since 1949 (M.E. Sharpe, 2003), p124
  19. ^ United Feature Syndicate, Celebrating Peanuts: 60 Years (Andrews McMeel Publishing, 2009) p4
  20. ^ "Allies to Let Germans Fly in Civil Aircraft", Chicago Tribune, October 6, 1950, p4
  21. ^ "Sewer Blasts Set Off 'Atom Bomb' Terror", Chicago Tribune, October 6, 1950, p12
  22. ^ Thomas Risse-Kappen, Cooperation Among Democracies: The European Influence on U.S. Foreign Policy (Princeton University Press, 1995), p46
  23. ^ a b Harris M. Lentz, Heads of States and Governments Since 1945 (Routledge, 2014)
  24. ^ United Nations Forces: A Legal Study, pp58-59
  25. ^ a b Dawa Norbu, China's Tibet Policy (Routledge, 2012) p180
  26. ^ Chi Young Pak, Korea and the United Nations (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2000) p79
  27. ^ Renzo Allegri, Conversations with Mother Teresa: A Personal Portrait of the Saint, Her Mission, and Her Great Love for God (The Word Among Us Press, 2011)
  28. ^ "Yanks Sweep World Series; Win 4th Game, 5 to 2", Chicago Tribune, October 8, 1950, p2-1
  29. ^ Bruce A. Elleman, High Seas Buffer: The Taiwan Patrol Force, 1950–1979 (Government Printing Office, 2012) p60
  30. ^ S. J. Hamrick, Deceiving the Deceivers: Kim Philby, Donald Maclean, and Guy Burgess (Yale University Press, 2008) p191
  31. ^ "Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete". Huffington Post. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  32. ^ Igor Seidov and Stuart Britton, Red Devils over the Yalu: A Chronicle of Soviet Aerial Operations in the Korean War 1950–53 (Helion and Company, 2014) p38
  33. ^ "RUSS ACCUSE U.S. OF RAID", Chicago Tribune, October 10, 1950, p1
  34. ^ "United States Bombing of a Soviet Airfield", in The Korean War: A Historical Dictionary (Paul Edwards, ed.), Scarecrow Press, 2003
  35. ^ a b c d David Tsui, China's Military Intervention in Korea:: Its Origins and Objectives (Trafford Publishing, 2015)
  36. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p381 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  37. ^ Max Laudin, To Set the Record Straight, (Trafford Publishing, 2008) p201
  38. ^ Sekhar Bandyopadhyay, Decolonization in South Asia: Meanings of Freedom in Post-independence West Bengal, 1947–52 (Routledge, 2009) p60
  39. ^ Song Gyeong-hwa (2010-07-05). "'금정굴 학살사건' 국가상대 소송". Hankyoreh. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
  40. ^ Michael H. Hunt, Crises in U.S. Foreign Policy: An International History Reader (Yale University Press, 1996) p209
  41. ^ "Britain to Take over Steel Feb. 15, 1951", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 10, 1950, p1-4
  42. ^ Chris Cook and John Stevenson, The Longman Companion to Britain since 1945 (2d.Ed.) (Routledge, 2014)
  43. ^ "Supreme Court Won't Save Sen. Taylor From Jail Term", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 10, 1950, 1-1
  44. ^ "Taylor Pays Off Alabama Bond", Ogden (UT) Standard-Examiner, November 14, 1950, p5A
  45. ^ "Indochina Reds Trap French", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 10, 1950, 1-1
  46. ^ {{Nobelprize}} template missing ID and not present in Wikidata., accessed 11 October 2020
  47. ^ "The Bulgarian Orthodox Church", by Daniela Kalkandjieva, in Eastern Christianity and the Cold War, 1945–91 (Routledge, 2010) p87
  48. ^ "How to Keep Bread Fresh: Just Give It a Dose of Atom Rays", Chicago Tribune, Oct 11, 1950, p1
  49. ^ Brew, Alec. Boulton Paul Aircraft since 1915. London: Putnam, 1993. ISBN 0-85177-860-7. p293
  50. ^ "Kirpichnikov, V.V.", in Sacrifice of the Generals: Soviet Senior Officer Losses, 1939–1953, by Michael Parrish (Scarecrow Press, 2004) p165
  51. ^ "CBS Color TV OK'd, Will Go on Air Soon", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 12, 1950, p1-1
  52. ^ "C.B.S. Color Video Starts Nov. 20; Adapters Needed by Present Sets". New York Times. 1950-10-12. p. 1.
  53. ^ Slotten, Hugh Richard (2000). Radio and Television Regulation: Broadcast Technology in the United States 1920–1960. JHU Press. ISBN 0-8018-6450-X.
  54. ^ Rolf Wiggershaus and Michael Robertson, The Frankfurt School: Its History, Theories, and Political Significance (MIT Press, 1995) p441
  55. ^ "Ko-Reds Spurn Surrender; 'We'll Fight to the Death!'", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 11, 1950, p1-1
  56. ^ I. C. Smith and Nigel West, Historical Dictionary of Chinese Intelligence (Scarecrow Press, 2012) p139
  57. ^ "UN APPOINTS MAC TO RULE N. KOREA", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 13, 1950, p1-1
  58. ^ Paul M. Edwards, Korean War Almanac (Infobase Publishing, 2006) p116
  59. ^ "C.O. Report". USS Pirate AM-275 Historical Website. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2010.
  60. ^ Paul M. Edwards, United Nations Participants in the Korean War: The Contributions of 45 Member Countries (McFarland, 2013) p113
  61. ^ Jim Von Schilling, The Magic Window: American Television, 1939–1953 (Routledge, 2013) p154
  62. ^ "Cannastra, Bill (1921–1950)", in Beat Culture: Lifestyles, Icons, and Impact, by William Lawlor (ABC-CLIO, 2005) p46
  63. ^ Kent E. Calder, Crisis and Compensation: Public Policy and Political Stability in Japan, 1949–1986 (Princeton University Press, 1988) p83
  64. ^ "MSG Wilson Became First CIC Casualty of Korean War, 13 October 1950", U.S. Army official website. Accessed 4 April 2015
  65. ^ Carter Malkasian, The Korean War 1950–1953 (Taylor & Francis, 2001) p32
  66. ^ "US Relations with the Dutch and German Services, 1945–50", by Matthew M. Aid, in Battleground Western Europe: Intelligence Operations in Germany and the Netherlands in the Twentieth Century (Het Spinhuis, 2007) p112
  67. ^ Wai-Fah Chen and Lian Duan, eds., Handbook of International Bridge Engineering (CRC Press, 2013) p98
  68. ^ "Tacoma Narrows Span Opened to Traffic", Medford (OR) Mail Tribune, October 15, 1950, p1
  69. ^ "Hermann Flade" (PDF). Youth Opposition in the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Robert Havemann Society (Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft e.V.) (Archiv der DDR-Opposition). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-01-15. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  70. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p524 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  71. ^ Peter Grieder, The German Democratic Republic (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) pp30-31
  72. ^ "Truman and MacArthur Plan Peace in 2 Hr. Talk", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 15, 1950, pp1-2; "WAKE ISLAND PARLEY TODAY", Chicago Tribune, October 14, 1950, p1
  73. ^ "DEWEY BACKS IKE FOR '52 GOP RACE-- I'll Never Run Again, N.Y. Chief Says", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 16, 1950, 1-1
  74. ^ Peter J. Schakel, The Way Into Narnia: A Reader's Guide (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2005)
  75. ^ "Lucy Barfield: The Real Lucy of Narnia". Into the Wardrobe. 27 May 2006. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
  76. ^ Xiaobing Li, China's Battle for Korea: The 1951 Spring Offensive (Indiana University Press, 2014) p30
  77. ^ Coulthard-Clark, Chris (1998). Where Australians Fought: The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles. St Leonards: Allen and Unwin. ISBN 1-86448-611-2. p 256.
  78. ^ "More Remains and Relics Displayed at Sinchon Museum". Archived from the original on 2014-10-12. Retrieved 2015-04-04.
  79. ^ "Pledge Billions for Rearming French", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 18, 1950, p2
  80. ^ "British Plane Dive Kills 28", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 18, 1950, p4; Aviation Safety Network
  81. ^ Philippe Sands, Jacqueline Peel, Principles of International Environmental Law (Cambridge University Press, 2012) p xl
  82. ^ Charles Isherwood (January 31, 2006). "Wendy Wasserstein Dies at 55; Her Plays Spoke to a Generation". The New York Times. Retrieved December 21, 2008.
  83. ^ Ryan Gilbey (January 6, 2017). "Om Puri Obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
  84. ^ "GIs SEIZE RED CAPITAL", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 19, 1950, p1
  85. ^ "Decolonizing France: The 'Indochinese Syndrome' (1946–1954)", by Daniel Hemery, in Colonial Culture in France since the Revolution (Indiana University Press, 2013) p360
  86. ^ H. P. Lee and George Winterton, eds., Australian Constitutional Landmarks (Cambridge University Press, Oct 7, 2003) p133
  87. ^ Michael J. Varhola, Fire and Ice: The Korean War, 1950–1953 (Da Capo Press, 2000) p290
  88. ^ "REDS MASSACRE 68 DEATH MARCH GIs", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 23, 1950, p1
  89. ^ "Germany and the Great Powers after World War II", in Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements, Edmund Jan Osmańczyk and Anthony Mango, eds. (Taylor & Francis, 2003) p815
  90. ^ Sweeting, Adam (October 3, 2017). "Tom Petty obituary". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 10, 2018. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  91. ^ Laurie Burkitt, et al., The Lessons of History: The Chinese People's Liberation Army at 75 (DIANE Publishing, 2003) pp299-300
  92. ^ Craig Barker and John Grant, International Criminal Law Deskbook (Routledge, 2013)
  93. ^ Kevin Starr, Embattled Dreams: California in War and Peace, 1940–1950 (Oxford University Press, USA, 2002)
  94. ^ Cindy I-Fen Cheng, Citizens of Asian America: Democracy and Race during the Cold War (NYU Press, 2013) pp124-125; Gerald Horne, Red Seas: Ferdinand Smith and Radical Black Sailors in the United States and Jamaica (NYU Press, 2009) pp202-203
  95. ^ "Ethiopian Orthodox (Tewahedo) Church", in Encyclopaedia Aethiopica (Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 2003), p424
  96. ^ "Norwegian cup 1950". RSSSF Norway. Archived from the original on 24 May 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  97. ^ "Device Revives Heart And Keeps It Beating", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 24, 1950, p1
  98. ^ "Here Are Both Sides of Story in Flynn Case", Chicago Tribune, November 22, 1951, p15
  99. ^ "Errol Flynn Cleared Of Rape Charge in Monaco", Brooklyn Daily Eagle, December 31, 1951, p1
  100. ^ "United Nations Atomic Energy News", by Francis W. Carpenter, in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (December 1950) p369
  101. ^ "AL JOLSON DIES OF HEART ATTACK", Miami News, October 24, 1950, p1; Goldman, Herbert G., Jolson – the Legend Comes to Life, (1988) Oxford University Press, p. 300.
  102. ^ Ludger Kuhnhardt, Crises In European Integration: Challenges and Responses, 1945–2005 (Berghahn Books, 2013) p39
  103. ^ David McCullough, ed., Affection and Trust: The Personal Correspondence of Harry S. Truman and Dean Acheson, 1953–1971 (Alfred A. Knopf, 2010) p114
  104. ^ Michael Varhola, Fire and Ice: The Korean War, 1950–1953 (Basic Books, 2000) pp127-147
  105. ^ "Cuba", in Encyclopedia of Television (Horace Newcomb, ed.) (Routledge, 2014) p636
  106. ^ Donald W. Boose, Jr. and James I. Matray, The Ashgate Research Companion to the Korean War (Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2014) p271; Raymond B. Lech, Broken Soldiers (University of Illinois Press, 2000)
  107. ^ Matthew J. Flynn, First Strike: Preemptive War in Modern History (Routledge, 2008) p171
  108. ^ The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
  109. ^ Meisner, Nadine (3 December 2004). "Dame Alicia Markova". The Independent. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
  110. ^ L. W. White and W. D. Hussey, Government in Great Britain the Empire, and the Commonwealth (Cambridge University Press, 1958) p53
  111. ^ R.P. Anand, Studies in International Law and History: An Asian Perspective (Springer, 2013) p128
  112. ^ Afsir Karim, Kashmir The Troubled Frontiers (Lancer Publishers LLC, 2013)
  113. ^ Lisa Pierce Flores, The History of Puerto Rico (ABC-CLIO, 2009) p99; Nelson Denis, War Against All Puerto Ricans: Revolution and Terror in America's Colony (Nation Books, 2015)
  114. ^ "Benny, Jack 1894–1974", in Encyclopedia of Radio (Christopher H. Sterling, ed.) (Routledge, 2004) p253
  115. ^ T. M. Podolski, Socialist Banking and Monetary Control: The Experience of Poland (Cambridge University Press, 1973) pp109-110
  116. ^ "Searchers Comb Bennington Area For Missing Youngster", (Troy NY) Times Record, October 13, 1950, p21
  117. ^ Fishermen Find Body of Huntress", Cumberland (MD) Sunday Times, May 13, 1951, p2
  118. ^ Thea Lewis, Haunted Inns and Ghostly Getaways of Vermont (The History Press, 2014) pp104-105; "Helicopter Aids in Search for Missing Woman", (Troy NY) Times Record, October 30, 1950, p14; "Vermont Has Area of Missing People-- 5 Persons In Five Years Vanish Near Bennington", Newport (RI) Daily News, November 30, 1950, p25;
  119. ^ Jeffrey, Jim (2007). Classic Matches: Hibernian Football Club. Stadia. ISBN 0-7524-4452-2. pp22-23
  120. ^ Racing Reference
  121. ^ "CRUSH PUERTO RICAN REVOLT AGAINST U.S.-- Worst Uprising In Isle History Kills 23", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 31, 1950, p1"
  122. ^ "Puerto Rico Toll Soars As Guard Blasts Rebels", Miami News, October 31, 1950, p1
  123. ^ Darrel Enck-Wanzer, The Young Lords: A Reader (NYU Press, 2010) p123
  124. ^ Coulthard-Clark, Chris (2001). The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles (Second ed.). St Leonards, New South Wales: Allen and Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-634-7. p 260
  125. ^ Michael G. Lacy, Critical Rhetorics of Race (NYU Press, 2011) p133
  126. ^ "Rochester Royals Open with Victory", (Hornell, New York) Evening Tribune, November 1, 1950, p12
  127. ^ "AIR CRASH IN FOG KILLS 28", Chicago Tribune, November 1, 1950 p1
  128. ^ Flight, 9 November 1950, p. 411; Aviation Safety Network
  129. ^ Jonathan B. Tucker, War of Nerves: Chemical Warfare from World War I to Al-Qaeda (Anchor Books, 2007)