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Chamdo (officially Qamdo,[1][2] and known in Chinese as Changdu,)[3] is a prefecture-level city in the eastern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region, China. Its seat is the town of Chengguan in Karuo District. Chamdo is Tibet's third largest city after Lhasa and Shigatse.[4]

Qamdo

昌都市
ཆབ་མདོ་གྲོང་ཁྱེར།
Mekong River to the south of Chamdo Town
Mekong River to the south of Chamdo Town
prefecture (orange) in Tibet Autonomous Region (light-orange)
prefecture (orange) in Tibet Autonomous Region (light-orange)
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionTibet
Prefecture seatKarub District (Chengguan)
Area
 • Total110,154 km2 (42,531 sq mi)
Elevation
3,240 m (10,630 ft)
Population
 • Total657,505
 • Density6.0/km2 (15/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-XZ-03
Chamdo
Qamdo name.svg
Chinese name
Chinese昌都
Tibetan name
Tibetanཆབ་མདོ།

Chamdo is divided into 11 county-level divisions: one district and ten counties. The main district is Karuo District. Other counties include Jonda County, Gonjo County, Riwoche County, Dengqen County, Zhag’yab County, Baxoi County, Zognang County, Maarkam County, Lhorong County, and Banbar County.[5]

HistoryEdit

On 11 July 2014 Chamdo Prefecture was upgraded into a prefecture-level city.[6]

LanguagesEdit

Languages spoken in Chamdo include:

TransportationEdit

AirEdit

Qamdo Bamda Airport, opened in 1994, is located 126 kilometres (78 miles) from Chengguan Town in Karub District. The long commute (2.5 hours by mountain road) is the result of no flat land closer to the city being available to construct an airport.

RoadEdit

China National Highway 214 and China National Highway 317 are the main roads in and out of Chamdo.

SubdivisionsEdit

 
Aerial view of Banbar County, Chamdo.

The city is subdivided into 11 county-level divisions: 1 district and 10 counties

Map
 
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Population (2010 Census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Karuo District 卡若区 Kǎruò Qū མཁར་རོ་ཆུས། mkhar ro chus 116,500 10,794 10.79
2 Jomda County 江达县 Jiāngdá Xiàn འཇོ་མདའ་རྫོང་། 'jo mda' rdzong 76,026 13,164 5.77
3 Gonjo County 贡觉县 Gòngjué Xiàn གོ་འཇོ་རྫོང་། go 'jo rdzong 40,434 6,323 6.39
4 Riwoqê County 类乌齐县 Lèiwūqí Xiàn རི་བོ་ཆེ་རྫོང་། ri bo che rdzong 49,870 6,355 7.84
5 Dêngqên County 丁青县 Dīngqīng Xiàn སྟེང་ཆེན་རྫོང་། steng chen rdzong 69,888 12,408 5.63
6 Zhag'yab County 察雅县 Cháyǎ Xiàn བྲག་གཡབ་རྫོང་། brag g-yab rdzong 56,789 8,251 6.88
7 Baxoi County 八宿县 Bāsù Xiàn དཔའ་ཤོད་རྫོང་། dpa' shod rdzong 39,021 12,336 3.16
8 Zogang County 左贡县 Zuǒgòng Xiàn མཛོ་སྒང་རྫོང་། mdzo sgang rdzong 44,320 11,837 3.74
9 Markam County 芒康县 Mángkāng Xiàn སྨར་ཁམས་རྫོང་། smar khams rdzong 81,399 11,576 7.03
10 Lhorong County 洛隆县 Luòlóng Xiàn ལྷོ་རོང་རྫོང་། lho rong rdzong 47,491 8,048 5.90
11 Banbar County 边坝县 Biānbà Xiàn དཔལ་འབར་རྫོང་། dpal 'bar rdzong 35,767 8,774 4.07

ClimateEdit

Chamdo has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dwb) in the Karub District and an alpine subarctic climate (Köppen: Dwc) in other counties.

Climate data for Karub District,Chamdo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
21.4
(70.5)
26.1
(79.0)
28.1
(82.6)
29.5
(85.1)
32.7
(90.9)
32.0
(89.6)
30.8
(87.4)
30.5
(86.9)
27.7
(81.9)
22.3
(72.1)
20.2
(68.4)
32.7
(90.9)
Average high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
10.2
(50.4)
13.3
(55.9)
16.6
(61.9)
20.9
(69.6)
23.6
(74.5)
24.2
(75.6)
23.5
(74.3)
21.6
(70.9)
17.6
(63.7)
12.7
(54.9)
9.5
(49.1)
16.9
(62.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.6
(29.1)
1.0
(33.8)
4.7
(40.5)
8.1
(46.6)
12.2
(54.0)
15.3
(59.5)
16.3
(61.3)
15.5
(59.9)
13.1
(55.6)
8.4
(47.1)
2.4
(36.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
7.8
(46.1)
Average low °C (°F) −9.6
(14.7)
−6.8
(19.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
1.4
(34.5)
5.3
(41.5)
9.2
(48.6)
10.6
(51.1)
10.0
(50.0)
7.3
(45.1)
1.8
(35.2)
−5
(23)
−9.3
(15.3)
1.0
(33.9)
Record low °C (°F) −19.4
(−2.9)
−17.4
(0.7)
−13
(9)
−7.7
(18.1)
−4
(25)
1.1
(34.0)
2.9
(37.2)
1.1
(34.0)
−0.9
(30.4)
−7
(19)
−13.6
(7.5)
−20.7
(−5.3)
−20.7
(−5.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.2
(0.05)
3.3
(0.13)
11.3
(0.44)
24.4
(0.96)
39.3
(1.55)
85.9
(3.38)
106.5
(4.19)
100.5
(3.96)
74.6
(2.94)
34.6
(1.36)
5.7
(0.22)
2.0
(0.08)
489.3
(19.26)
Source: China Meteorological Administration,[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Guójiā cèhuìjú dìmíng yánjiūsuǒ 国家测绘局地名研究所: Zhōngguó dìmínglù 中国地名录 (Gazetteer of China; Beijing, SinoMaps Press 中国地图出版社 1997); ISBN 7-5031-1718-4, p. 27.
  2. ^ "New city to be established in China's Tibet". The State Council of the People's Republic of China. Xinhua. Archived from the original on 27 July 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  3. ^ Powers, John (2016). "Appendix B". The Buddha Party: How the People's Republic of China Works to Define and Control Tibetan Buddhism (1st ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199358151. PINYIN= Changdu Zhen
  4. ^ Buckley and Straus 1986, p. 215.
  5. ^ "Map of Chamdo Prefecture, the East Gate to Tibet". Tibet Travel and Tours - Tibet Vista. Retrieved 2019-11-10.
  6. ^ Yang, Shoude. "西藏东部昌都地区将撤地设市 已获国务院批复". qh.xinhuanet.com. Xinhua. Archived from the original on 6 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  7. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1981-2010年) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2011.

External linksEdit