Anne Baxter (May 7, 1923 – December 12, 1985) was an American actress, star of Hollywood films, Broadway productions, and television series. She won an Academy Award and a Golden Globe, and was nominated for an Emmy.
|Born||May 7, 1923|
Michigan City, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||December 12, 1985 (aged 62)|
New York City, U.S.
|Resting place||Lloyd Jones Cemetery, Spring Green, Wisconsin|
(m. 1946; div. 1953)
(m. 1960; div. 1969)
(m. 1977; died 1977)
|Relatives||Frank Lloyd Wright (grandfather)|
Lloyd Wright (uncle)
John Lloyd Wright (uncle)
Eric Lloyd Wright (cousin)
Elizabeth Wright Ingraham (cousin)
|Awards||Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress (1947)|
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress (1947)
A granddaughter of Frank Lloyd Wright, Baxter studied acting with Maria Ouspenskaya and had some stage experience before making her film debut in 20 Mule Team (1940). She became a contract player of 20th Century Fox and was loaned to RKO Pictures for the role of Lucy Morgan in Orson Welles' The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), one of her earlier films. In 1947, she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as Sophie MacDonald in The Razor's Edge (1946). In 1951, she received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for the title role in All About Eve (1950). She worked with several of Hollywood's greatest directors, including Billy Wilder in Five Graves to Cairo (1943), Alfred Hitchcock in I Confess (1953), Fritz Lang in The Blue Gardenia (1953), and Cecil B. DeMille in The Ten Commandments (1956).
Baxter was born May 7, 1923, in Michigan City, Indiana, to Catherine Dorothy (née Wright; 1894–1979)—whose father was the architect Frank Lloyd Wright—and Kenneth Stuart Baxter (1893–1977), an executive with the Seagram Company. When Baxter was five, she appeared in a school play, and as her family had moved to New York when she was six years old, Baxter continued to act. She was raised in Westchester County, New York and attended Brearley. At age 10, Baxter attended a Broadway play starring Helen Hayes, and she was so impressed that she declared to her family that she wanted to become an actress. By the age of 13, she had appeared on Broadway in Seen but Not Heard. During this period, Baxter learned her acting craft as a student of actress and teacher Maria Ouspenskaya. In 1939, she was cast as Katharine Hepburn's little sister in the play The Philadelphia Story, but Hepburn did not like Baxter's acting style, and she was replaced during the show's pre-Broadway run. Rather than giving up, she turned to Hollywood.
20th Century FoxEdit
At 16, Baxter screen-tested for the role of Mrs. DeWinter in Rebecca. Director Alfred Hitchcock deemed Baxter too young for the role, but she soon secured a seven-year contract with 20th Century Fox. In 1940, she was loaned to MGM for her first film 20 Mule Team, in which she was billed fourth after Wallace Beery, Leo Carrillo, and Marjorie Rambeau. She worked with John Barrymore in her next film The Great Profile (1940) and appeared as the ingénue in the Jack Benny vehicle Charley's Aunt (1941). She received star billing in Swamp Water (1941) and The Pied Piper (1942), which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture.
Baxter was loaned to RKO to appear in director Orson Welles' The Magnificent Ambersons (1942). She was Tyrone Power's leading lady in Crash Dive (1943), her first Technicolor film. In 1943, she played a French maid in a North African hotel (with a French accent) in Billy Wilder's Five Graves to Cairo, a Paramount production. She became a popular star in World War II dramas and received top billing in The North Star (1943), The Sullivans (1944), The Eve of St. Mark (1944), and Sunday Dinner for a Soldier (1944), co-starring her future husband John Hodiak. Baxter later recalled, "I was getting almost as much mail as Betty Grable. I was our boys' idealized girl next door."
She was loaned to United Artists for the leading role in the film noir Guest in the House (1944), and appeared in A Royal Scandal (1945), with Tallulah Bankhead and Charles Coburn; Smoky (1946), with Fred MacMurray; Angel on My Shoulder (1946), with Paul Muni and Claude Rains.
Baxter co-starred with Tyrone Power and Gene Tierney in 1946's The Razor's Edge, for which she won both the Academy Award and the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress. Baxter later recounted that The Razor's Edge contained her only great performance, a hospital scene where the character Sophie "loses her husband, child and everything else." She said she relived the death of her brother, who had died at age three.
She was loaned to Paramount for a top-billed role opposite William Holden in Blaze of Noon (1947) and to MGM for a supporting role as Clark Gable's wife in Homecoming (1948). Back at 20th Century Fox, she played a wide variety of roles: a lawyer in love with Cornel Wilde in The Walls of Jericho (1948); Tyrone Power's Irish romantic interest in The Luck of the Irish (1948); a tomboy in Yellow Sky (1948), with Gregory Peck and Richard Widmark; a 1920s flapper in You're My Everything (1949), with Dan Dailey; and another tomboy in A Ticket to Tomahawk (1950), again with Dailey.
In 1950, Baxter was chosen to co-star in All About Eve largely because of a resemblance to Claudette Colbert, who originally was cast but dropped out and was replaced by Bette Davis. The original idea was to have Baxter's character gradually come to mirror Colbert's over the course of the film. Baxter received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for the title role of Eve Harrington. She said she modeled the role on a bitchy understudy she had for her debut performance in the Broadway play Seen but Not Heard at the age of 13 and who had threatened to "finish her off."
Her next Fox film Follow the Sun (1951) co-starred Glenn Ford as champion golfer Ben Hogan; Baxter played Hogan's wife Valerie. She was top-billed in the western The Outcasts of Poker Flat (1950), with Dale Robertson, and was part of an ensemble cast in O. Henry's Full House (1952), her last project for Fox. The comedy My Wife's Best Friend, with MacDonald Carey, was her second and last Fox film released in 1952. Baxter left 20th Century Fox in 1953.
In 1953, Baxter contracted a two-picture deal for Warner Brothers. Her first was opposite Montgomery Clift in Alfred Hitchcock's I Confess; the second was the Fritz Lang whodunit The Blue Gardenia, in which she played a woman accused of murder.
In June 1954, Baxter won the part of the Egyptian princess and queen Nefertari in Cecil B. DeMille's award-winning The Ten Commandments. Her scenes were shot on Paramount's sound stages in 1955, and she attended the film's New York and Los Angeles premieres in November 1956. Despite criticisms of her interpretation of Nefertari, DeMille and The Hollywood Reporter both thought her performance was "very good," and The New York Daily News described her as "remarkably effective." For her work in The Ten Commandments, she won the Laurel Award for 5th Topliner Dramatic Female Performance. She later remembered the film in an interview:
"DeMille asked me to come in. His office at Paramount was bursting with books, props, rolls of linens. I told him I'd have to wear an Egyptian false nose and he pounded the table. "No. Baxter, your Irish nose stays in this picture." He acted out my part and I kept nodding, and I walked out with the part. The sound stage sets were magnificent. It was all corny, sure, but DeMille knew it was corny—that's what he wanted, what he loved. I loved slinking around—really, this was silent film acting but with dialogue."
Baxter worked regularly in television in the 1960s. She appeared as one of the mystery guests on What's My Line?. She also starred as guest villain Zelda The Great in episodes 9 and 10 of the Batman series. She appeared as another villain, Olga, Queen of the Cossacks, opposite Vincent Price's Egghead in three episodes of the show's third season. She also played an old flame of Raymond Burr on his crime series Ironside, as well as in an episode of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour.
Baxter made a guest appearance on My Three Sons season 8 episode 10, aired on November 4, 1967, called "Designing Woman", portraying a glamorous female engineer that wanted Steve Douglas Fred MacMurray as a love interest and possible future husband.
In the 1970s, Baxter was a frequent guest and guest host on The Mike Douglas Show. She portrayed a murderous film star on an episode of Columbo, titled "Requiem for a Falling Star". In 1971, she had a role in Fools' Parade as an aging prostitute who helps characters played by Jimmy Stewart, Strother Martin, and Kurt Russell escape from the villain, played by George Kennedy, before an act of betrayal seals her fate. In 1983, Baxter starred in the television series Hotel, replacing Bette Davis after Davis became ill.
Baxter married actor John Hodiak on July 7, 1946, at her parents' home in Burlingame, California. The couple had one daughter, Katrina, born in 1951. They divorced in 1953. At the time, she said they were "basically incompatible", but in her book she blamed herself for the separation: "I had loved John as much", she wrote. "But we'd eventually congealed in the longest winter in the world. Daily estrangement. Things unsaid. Even a fight would have warmed us. To my shame, I'd picked one at last in order to unfreeze the word 'divorce.'"
In the mid-1950s, Baxter began a relationship with her publicist Russell Birdwell, who took control of her career and directed her in The Come On (1956). The couple formed Baxter-Birdwell Productions to make films on a 10-year plan; Baxter would star in the films and Birdwell would work behind the camera. Princeton University Library has a collection of 175 letters by Baxter to Birdwell.
In 1960, Baxter married her second husband Randolph Galt, an American owner of a cattle station at Gloucester near Sydney, where she was filming Summer of the Seventeenth Doll. After the birth of their second daughter, Maginel, back in California, Galt unexpectedly announced that they were moving to a 4,452 hectare (11,000 acre) ranch south of Grants, New Mexico. They then moved to Hawaii (his home state) before settling back in Brentwood, California. Baxter and Galt were divorced in 1969. In 1976, Baxter recounted her courtship with Galt (whom she called "Ran") in a well-received book called Intermission. Melissa Galt, Baxter's first daughter with Galt, became an interior designer and then a business coach, speaker, and seminar provider. Maginel became a cloistered Catholic nun, reportedly living in Rome.
In 1977, Baxter married David Klee, a stockbroker. It was a brief marriage; Klee died unexpectedly from illness. The newlywed couple had purchased a sprawling property in Easton, Connecticut, which they extensively remodeled; however, Klee did not live to see the renovations completed. Although she maintained a residence in West Hollywood, Baxter considered her Connecticut home to be her primary residence.
Baxter suffered a stroke on December 4, 1985, while hailing a taxi on Madison Avenue in New York City. Baxter remained on life support for eight days in New York's Lenox Hill Hospital, until family members agreed that brain function had ceased. She died on December 12, aged 62. Baxter is buried on the estate of Frank Lloyd Wright at Lloyd Jones Cemetery in Spring Green, Wisconsin.
Awards and nominationsEdit
|1947||Golden Globe Award||Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture||The Razor's Edge||Won|
|1947||Academy Award||Best Supporting Actress||The Razor's Edge||Won|
|1951||Best Actress||All About Eve||Nominated|
|1969||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role||The Name of the Game ("The Bobby Currier Story")||Nominated|
|1945||Old Gold Comedy Theatre||Nothing but the Truth|
|1948||Lux Radio Theatre||The Luck of the Irish|
|1953||Theatre Guild on the Air||Trial by Forgery|
|1953||The Martin and Lewis Show||Episode #100 (May 5)|
- Obituary Variety, December 18, 1985.
- Anne Baxter genealogy. Rootsweb.com.
- "Anne Baxter Dies at 62, 8 Days After Her Stroke". Los Angeles Times. Times Wire Service. December 12, 1985. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Jean Stratton (March 27, 2007). "Long-time Princeton Resident Herbert W. Hobler Has Been in the Action and Shaped Events".
- David Lee Smith, Hoosiers in Hollywood (Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society Press, 2006), 177-178.
- Five Graves to Cairo at IMDb
- Bawden, James; Miller, Ron (2016). Conversations with Classic Film Stars: Interviews from Hollywood's Golden Era. University Press of Kentucky. p. 143. ISBN 9780813167121.
- Frances Ingram. "Anne Baxter: An Actress, Not a Personality". classicimages.com. Archived from the original on May 25, 2012. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- Bawden, James; Miller, Ron (2016). Conversations with Classic Film Stars: Interviews from Hollywood's Golden Era. University Press of Kentucky. p. 147. ISBN 9780813167121.
- Endres, Stacey; Cushman, Robert (2009). Hollywood at Your Feet: The Story of the World-Famous Chinese Theater. Pomegranate Press. ISBN 9780938817642.
- "'Commandments' Role For Anne Baxter". Variety. June 7, 1954.
- DeMille, Cecil Blount (1959). The Autobiography of Cecil B. DeMille. Prentice-Hall. p. 416.
- "The Ten Commandments: Read THR's 1956 Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
- "Flashback: Original 1956 review of The Ten Commandments in the Daily News". The New York Daily News. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
- "1956-1957 Laurel Award Winners". Motion Picture Exhibitor: SS-42. August 28, 1957. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
- Bawden, James; Miller, Ron (2016). Conversations with Classic Film Stars: Interviews from Hollywood's Golden Era. University Press of Kentucky. p. 148. ISBN 978-0813167121. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
- "Anne Baxter | Hollywood Walk of Fame". walkoffame.com. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
- "Wedding of Film Stars". The Central Queensland Herald. July 11, 1946. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
- "John Hodiak and Anne Baxter Marry". The Argus. AAP. July 9, 1946. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
- "Actor Hodiak Slept When Visitors Came". Illawarra Daily Mercury. January 29, 1953. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
- Baxter, Anne (1976). Intermission: A True Story. G. P. Putnam's Sons. p. 23. ISBN 0-345-25773-1.
- Bawden, James; Miller, Ron (2016). Conversations with Classic Film Stars: Interviews from Hollywood's Golden Era. University Press of Kentucky. p. 149. ISBN 9780813167121.
- Mosby, Aline (December 14, 1954). "Ann Baxter [sic] Emerges As Glamour Actress". Madera Tribune. United Press.
- "Anne Baxter Letters to Russell Birdwell". Princeton University Library. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
- Baxter, Anne (1976). Intermission: A True Story. G. P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 378–379. ISBN 0-345-25773-1.
- Philip Nutman (September 3, 2001). "Galt's heritage and history led to design career". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
- "Melissa Galt Website". Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- "An Ann Baxter Accolade". Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- Weller, Peter (March 28, 2007). "That Toddling Town! CHICAGO!". Cigar Aficionado. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- Thomas, Bob (October 24, 1948). "Hollywood Is Pitching Into Political Race". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- "Republicans in Hollywood Set Stage for Ike". The Owosso Argus-Press. Associated Press. October 9, 1952. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- "Anne Baxter Hospitalized". The New York Times. December 5, 1985.
- Reid, Alexander (December 13, 1985). "Anne Baxter is Dead at 62; Actress Won Oscar in 1946". New York Times. p. 1 – via ProQuest.
- AP (December 13, 1985). "Anne Baxter Succumbs at 62". The Victoria Advocate.
- "Radio's Golden Age". Nostalgia Digest. 40 (1): 40–41. Winter 2014.
- "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (1): 32–41. Winter 2013.
- Kirby, Walter (January 18, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 40. Retrieved June 20, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
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