Brentwood, Los Angeles
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|Neighborhood of Los Angeles|
Brentwood marker sign
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Originally part of a Mexican land grant, the neighborhood began its modern development in the 1880s and hosted part of the pentathlon in the 1932 Summer Olympics. It was the site of the 1994 O.J. Simpson murder case and of a disastrous fire in 1961. Brentwood is also home to many celebrities such as actors and actresses.
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Modern development began after the establishment of the 600-acre (2.4 km2) Pacific Branch of the National Home for Disabled Soldiers and Sailors in the 1880s. A small community sprang up outside that facility's west gate, taking on the name Westgate. Annexed by the City of Los Angeles on June 14, 1916, Westgate's 49 square miles (130 km2) included large parts of what is now the Pacific Palisades and a small portion of today's Bel-Air. Westgate Avenue is one of the last reminders of that namesake.
The preceding statement is incorrect and caused by a confusion of Olympic events & locations. Brentwood Country Club was known as Brentwood Country Club at the time of the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics. It appears as Brentwood Country Club at 590 Burlingame Avenue in the Los Angeles City Directory for 1933, which would have been compiled in 1932. A 1927 Los Angeles Times article describes the beginning of construction on Sunset Fields Golf Course near Crenshaw Boulevard between Vernon Avenue and Santa Barbara Avenue (now Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard). The book, Leimert Park, states, "The Sunset Fields Golf Course in Leimert Park was also the location of another official Olympic venue, the running portion of the modern pentathlon .... The close proximity of the Olympic games to the neighboring community of Leimert Park brought much attention to the development." The Xth Olympiad: Los Angeles, 1932 - Official Report says, "The Cross Country Run of the Modern Pentathlon was held at 9:00 A.M. on the course of Sunset Fields Golf Club of Los Angeles. The distance was 4000 metres, slightly less than two-thirds of which was laid on the fairways of the golf course, and over and through several of the natural washes and gullies to be found on the course. The remainder involved the climbing of a very steep hill, to the level of the Olympic Village, thence down a narrow draw by a winding path and across a wide ditch to the Golf Club property again. The start and finish were a short distance in front of the clubhouse." A map of the various Olympic venues and locations in the same report shows the Olympic Village as being located southwest of the intersection of Vernon Avenue and Crenshaw Boulevard, which lies exactly where Sunset Fields Golf Course was (an area now occupied by the Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza).
The confusion may have arisen because part of the route of the Equestrian Cross Country portion of Modern Pentathlon may have crossed Brentwood Country Club. This event used the route of Phase D of the Cross Country portion of the Equestrian Three-Day Event competition. Riviera Country Club in Bel-Air, east of Brentwood, served as the headquarters of all Olympic Equestrian Events, A map in the Official Report shows the equestrian course briefly following Burlingame Avenue in Brentwood. As in 1932, the address of Brentwood Country Club of Los Angeles is still 590 South Burlingame Avenue.
Local traditions include the annual decoration of San Vicente Boulevard's coral trees with holiday lights and a Maypole erected each year on the lawn of the Archer School for Girls, carrying on that set by the Eastern Star Home previously housed there. This building was the exterior establishing shot for the "Mar Vista Rest Home" that provided a key scene in the 1974 film Chinatown.
1961 Brentwood–Bel Air fireEdit
On November 6, 1961, a construction crew working in Sherman Oaks in the San Fernando Valley north of Brentwood on the far side of the Santa Monica Mountains noticed smoke and flames in a nearby pile of rubbish. Within minutes, Santa Ana winds gusting up to 60 mph (100 km/h) sent burning brush aloft and over the ridge into Brentwood.
More than 300 police officers helped evacuate 3,500 residents during the 12-hour fire, and some 2,500 firefighters battled the blaze, pumping water from neighborhood swimming pools to douse flames. Pockets of the fire smoldered for several days. Even as firefighters battled what was to become a Bel Air disaster, another fire erupted in Santa Ynez Canyon to the west. That blaze was contained the next day after consuming nearly 10,000 acres (40 km2) and nine structures and burning to within a mile of Bel Air and Brentwood.
The fires were the fifth-worst conflagration in the nation's history at the time, burning 16,090 acres (65 km2), destroying more than 484 homes and 190 other structures and causing an estimated $30 million in damage.
O.J. Simpson trialEdit
Brentwood was the site of the 1994 stabbing death of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman, outside Simpson's Bundy Drive condominium. Nicole's ex-husband, football player and actor O.J. Simpson, was acquitted of the murders, but was later found liable for the deaths in a civil trial.
The district is located at the base of the Santa Monica Mountains, bounded by the San Diego Freeway on the east, Wilshire Boulevard on the south, the Santa Monica city limits on the southwest, the border of Topanga State Park on the west and Mulholland Drive along the ridgeline of the mountains on the north.
Brentwood, like nearby Santa Monica, has a temperate climate influenced by marine breezes off the Pacific Ocean. Residents frequently wake to a "marine layer," a cover of clouds brought in at night which burns off by mid-morning. The topography is generally split into two characters, broadly divided by Sunset Boulevard: the area north of Sunset is defined by ridges and canyons of the Santa Monica Mountains; south of Sunset the area is hilly. The southern district features underground springs which bubble up into a small creek along "the Gully" near the Brentwood Country Club, and in the "Indian Springs" portion of the University High School campus, formerly the site of a Native American Tongva village.
The 2000 U.S. census counted 31,344 residents in the 15.22-square-mile Brentwood neighborhood—or 2,059 people per square mile, among the lowest population densities for the city and the county. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 33,312. In 2000 the median age for residents was 35, which was old for city and county neighborhoods. The percentages of residents aged 50 and older were among the county's highest.
The racial breakdown is whites, 84.2%; Asians, 6.5%; Latinos, 4.5%; blacks, 1.2%; and others, 3.6%. Iran (27.2%) and the United Kingdom (4.8%) were the most common places of birth for the 21.1% of the residents who were born abroad—which was a low percentage for Los Angeles as a whole.
The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $112,927, considered high for the city and the county. Renters occupied 48.4% of the housing stock, and house- or apartment-owners held 51.6%. The average household size of two people was considered low for Los Angeles. The 5.7% of families headed by single parents was low for city and county neighborhoods.
San Vicente Boulevard is divided by a wide median on which stand many large coral trees. This green belt replaced a Pacific Electric trolley track, and the trees have been named a City of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument.
Brentwood features a number of residential subdistricts:
- Brentwood Circle: gated community east of Barrington and north of Sunset
- Brentwood Glen: an area bounded by Sunset, the 405 Freeway and the Veterans Administration
- Bundy Canyon: Home to Mount St. Mary's College and the Getty Center (though the latter is accessible only from Sepulveda).
- Crestwood Hills: includes a cluster of architecturally significant mid-century modern residences located in the northern part of Kenter Canyon
- Kenter Canyon: the larger canyon containing Crestwood Hills, between Bundy Canyon and Mandeville Canyon. Home to Kenter Canyon Primary School.
- Mandeville Canyon: westernmost part of Brentwood, north of Sunset; extends about 3 miles towards the North
Brentwood's Barrington Recreation Center has an indoor gymnasium which converts into a small auditorium with a capacity of 250. Outdoors is a lighted baseball diamond, an unlighted baseball diamond, lighted indoor basketball courts, lighted outdoor basketball courts, a children's play area, a community room, a lighted football field, picnic tables, a lighted soccer field, lighted tennis courts, and lighted volleyball courts. The 1.5-acre (0.61 ha) Barrington Dog Park is on the grounds of the recreation center.
Economy and businessesEdit
Brent-Air Pharmacy, run by the founding Lassoff family from its inception until June 2007, has served Brentwood for more than 50 years. The drug store has been the scene of many famous scandals and, like its defunct West Hollywood cousin Schwab's, is known as the pharmacy to the stars, where many now-notable actors and actresses worked as delivery boys or "candy counter" girls.
Vicente Foods is an independently owned and operated grocery market that has served Brentwood since 1948. Other local markets include Whole Foods and Ralphs.
A popular area for dining and coffee for local residents is located in Brentwood Village at the intersection of Barrington and Sunset. More than a dozen restaurants and coffee shops are located within a two-block stretch offering a wide variety of cuisine.
Dutton's Brentwood Books, a local landmark called by Sunset magazine "the last of the truly independent bookstores," closed its doors in April, 2008.
Government and infrastructureEdit
Brentwood's representatives in the California State Assembly (Karen Bass, Michael Feuer and Fran Pavley) and U.S. House of Representatives (Henry Waxman) are noted for their socially liberal views. (Waxman scores 80 of 100 on the Americans for Democratic Action scorecard and 95 of 100 by the American Civil Liberties Union.)
Seventy percent of Brentwood residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a high percentage for the city and the county. The percentages of residents in that age range with a bachelor's degree or greater were high for the county.
Schools within the Brentwood borders are:
The Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) operates public schools.
Paul Revere Charter Middle School is Brentwood's middle school.
The following private schools are located in the Brentwood area:
Past and present notable residents include:
- James Arness – Actor (1923–2011)
- Bea Arthur – Actress (1922–2009)
- Tom Brady – Football quarterback
- Andrew Breitbart – Author, commentator and website publisher (1969–2012)
- Gisele Bündchen – Model and entrepreneur
- Dee Caruso – Screenwriter and producer
- Mickey Cohen – Gangster
- Dabney Coleman – Actor
- Bert Convy – Actor, game show host, singer and panelist (1933-1991)
- Joan Crawford – Actress
- Stephen W. Cunningham – UCLA graduate manager and Los Angeles City Council member
- Don DeFore – Actor (1913–1993)
- Glenn Frey – Musician, co founder of Eagles (1948–2016)
- James Garner – Actor (1928 -2014)
- Mark Harmon – Actor
- Leland Hayward – Entertainment industry agent and producer
- LeBron James – Basketball player
- Monica Lewinsky – White House intern who had an affair with President Bill Clinton
- Robert Loggia – Actor (1930-2015)
- Lea Michele - Actress
- Marilyn Monroe – Actress
- Ronald Reagan and Nancy Reagan - President and former actor, and First Lady lived in Brentwood from 1957 till 1981
- Faye Resnick - reality TV star
- Arnold Schoenberg – Composer
- Arnold Schwarzenegger – Bodybuilder, actor, former governor of California
- Maria Shriver – Journalist and author
- Nicole Brown Simpson – Murder victim and ex-wife of O.J. Simpson
- O.J. Simpson – Football player, broadcaster and actor
- Margaret Sullavan – Actress
- Robert Taylor – Actor
- 1932 Summer Olympics official report. p. 574.
- Los Angeles Directory Company's Los Angeles City Directory for 1933 (Los Angeles: Los Angeles City Directory Co., 1933) p. 90.
- Jack Tarrant, "Bell Busy with New Golf Set: Sunset Fields Public Course Will Be Open," Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, California, 23 January 1927, p. A6
- Cynthia E. Exum and Mary Guiza-Leimert, Leimert Park, Images of America Series (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub., c.2012), p. 53.
- 1932 Summer Olympics official report. image 80 (n.p., map & diagram section following p. 77)
- 1932 Summer Olympics official report. p. 77.
- 1932 Summer Olympics official report. p. 73.
- 1932 Summer Olympics official report. image 88 (n.p., map & diagram section following p. 77)
- "Eastern Star Home" entry, "Filming locations for Chinatown," Internet Movie Database website.
- Bozorgmehr, Mehdi, Claudia Der-Martirosian, and Georges Sabagh. "Middle Easterners: A New Kind of Immigrant" (Chapter 12). In: Waldinger, Roger and Mehdi Bozorgmehr (editors). Ethnic Los Angeles. Russell Sage Foundation, December 5, 1996. Start page 345. ISBN 1610445473, 9781610445474. Cited: p. 347. "[...]in Beverly Hills, Bel Air, and Brentwood, known in local parlance as "the three Bs.""
- Melton, Mary. "The Stars of Star Maps." Los Angeles Times. August 25, 1996. "Each map tends to cover the "three Bs": Brentwood, Bel-Air and Beverly Hills. A few toss in a Malibu sidebar."
-  "Brentwood," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- "Barrington Recreation Center." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 22, 2010.
- "Barrington Dog Park." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 22, 2010.
- "Station 19." Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved on March 17, 2010.
- "West L.A. Community Police Station." Los Angeles Police Department. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
- "About Us." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Post Office Location – BARRINGTON." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
-  "Brentwood Schools," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- "Brentwood : Math-Science Magnet Center." Los Angeles Times. April 22, 1993. Retrieved on March 23, 2014. "A new math-science magnet center for Paul Revere Middle School in Brentwood has been approved by the school board."
- "Palisades Charter High School Attendance Zone." () Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 23, 2014.
- Robert D. McFadden (June 3, 2011). "James Arness, Marshal on 'Gunsmoke,' Dies at 88". The New York Times.
- Sherree R. Curry, "Rent Bea Arthur's Brentwood Home for $32,500," AOL Real Estate, March 25, 2011
- Lewis, Andy (January 20, 2012). "Gisele Bundchen and Tom Brady Move Into $20 Million Brentwood Mega-Mansion". Hollywood Reporter.
- "Big Breitbart: Andrew Breitbart is messing with you. – By Christopher Beam – Slate Magazine". slate.com. Archived from the original on March 22, 2010. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
- Alexander, Ella (2 June 2011). "Gisele The Billionaire". Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "Comedy writer Dee Caruso dies, Penned 'Get Smart,' 'The Monkees' episodes". Variety Magazine. 2012-05-29. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
- Palm Beach Post
- Dabney Coleman, The Movieland Directory, 2010, archived from the original on 2013-10-12
- "Bert Convy, 57, an Actor and Host Of Television Game Shows, Dies". The New York Times. 1991-07-16. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-12-28.
- Considine, Shaun (1989). Bette and Joan: The Divine Feud. New York, E. P. Dutton, a division of Penguin Books. ISBN 0-525-24770-X
- "Stephen Cunningham, Ex-Councilman, Dies," Los Angeles Times, July 28, 1956, page B-1
-  Internet Movie Data Base
- "Eagle Glenn Frey lands in $10.5 million house". SFGate. Retrieved 2016-03-06.
- "Actor Harmon Pulls 2 Youths From Burning Car". Los Angeles Times. LATimes. 4 January 1996. Retrieved 2012-02-03.
- "Hedda Hopper's Hollywood," April 2, 1938, quoted in www.CountyHistorian.com
- Morton, Andrew R. (1999). Monica's Story. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 357. ISBN 0-312-97362-4.
- "Robert Loggia, star of 'Scarface,' 'Big,' dies at 85 - Sacramento". Sacramento. Retrieved 2016-01-06.
- "Lea Michele Doubles Up with New Modern L.A. Pad". TMZ. July 7, 2015.
- Wolfe, Donald H. The Last Days of Marilyn Monroe. (1998) ISBN 0-7871-1807-9
- Crawford, Dorothy L. 2009. A Windfall of Musicians: Hitler's Émigrés and Exiles in Southern California. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300155488.
- Schiffman, Betsy (June 27, 2003). "Next Stop – Governor's Mansion?". Forbes. Retrieved April 18, 2008.
- Lacayo, Richard (August 10, 2003). "The Mind Behind the Muscles". Time. Retrieved April 18, 2008.
- Mark Z. Barabak (May 9, 2011). "Arnold Schwarzenegger, Maria Shriver announce separation". Los Angeles Times.
- Hax, Carolyn (May 10, 2011). "Arnold Schwarzenegger and wife of 25 years, Maria Shriver, say they're separating". Washington Post. Associated Press.
- Dan Whitcomb (May 10, 2011). "Arnold Schwarzenegger, wife Maria Shriver separate". Reuters.
- Schindehette, Susan. "To Live and Die in L.A. - Murder, Nicole Brown Simpson". People.com.
- Architectural Digest, cited in InternetMovieDataBas
- Groves, Martha (November 12, 2012). "Actor Robert Taylor's former ranch is set to go on auction block". latimes.com. Retrieved January 22, 2013.