Betty Marion White Ludden (known professionally as Betty White; born January 17, 1922) is an American actress, with the longest television career of a female entertainer. Regarded as a pioneer of television, she was one of the first women to have control both in front of and behind the camera; and is recognized as the first woman to produce a sitcom, which contributed to her receiving the honorary title Mayor of Hollywood in 1955.
White at the Time 100 gala in 2010
|Born||Betty Marion White
January 17, 1922
Oak Park, Illinois, U.S
|Other names||Betty White Ludden|
|Education||Horace Mann School|
|Alma mater||Beverly Hills High School|
|Home town||Beverly Hills, California, U.S.|
She is known for her Emmy Award-winning roles as Sue Ann Nivens on The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1973–77) and Rose Nylund on The Golden Girls (1985–92). The Writers Guild of America has included both sitcoms in its list of the 101 Best Written TV Series Of All Time. A staple guest of many American game shows such as Password, Match Game and The $25,000 Pyramid, White has been dubbed the 'First Lady of Game Shows' and became the first woman to receive an Emmy Award for Outstanding Game Show Host in 1983 for the show Just Men!. From 2010 to 2015, she starred as Elka Ostrovsky in the TV Land sitcom Hot in Cleveland, for which she has won two consecutive Screen Actors Guild Awards and she was nominated for an Emmy Award.
In a career that has spanned more than 75 years, she has received eight Emmy awards in various categories, three American Comedy Awards, three Screen Actors Guild awards, and a Grammy. She also has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, is a Television Hall of Fame inductee (class of 1995), and a Disney Legend (class of 2009).
Betty Marion White was born in Oak Park, Illinois, on January 17, 1922. She has stated that Betty is her legal name and not a shortened version of Elizabeth. She is the only child of Christine Tess (née Cachikis; July 25, 1899 – November 11, 1985), a homemaker, and Horace Logan White (May 30, 1899 – November 16, 1963), a lighting company executive. Her paternal grandfather was Danish and her maternal grandfather was Greek, with her other roots being English and Welsh (both of her grandmothers were Canadian). White's family moved to Alhambra, California and later to Los Angeles, during the Great Depression. To make extra money, her father would build radios and sell them wherever he could. Since it was the height of the Depression, and hardly anyone had a sizable income, he would trade the radios in exchange for dogs.
She attended Horace Mann School Beverly Hills and Beverly Hills High School and aspired to become a forest ranger. However during this time women were not allowed to become rangers. Instead, White pursued an interest in writing. She wrote and played the lead in a graduation play at Horace Mann School and discovered her interest in performing. This is where she decided to become an actress.
White made rounds to movie studios looking for work, but was always turned down because she was "unphotogenic". So then she started to look for radio jobs where being photogenic did not matter. Her first radio jobs included reading commercials and playing bit parts, and sometimes even doing crowd noises. She made about five dollars a show. She would do just about anything, like singing on a show for no money, or making an appearance on the local game show.
White began her television career in 1939, three months after high school graduation, when she and a classmate sang songs from The Merry Widow on an experimental Los Angeles channel. White found work modeling, and her first professional acting job was at the Bliss Hayden Little Theatre. White's career was disrupted immediately, as World War II broke out, causing her to join the American Women's Voluntary Services.
In the 1940s, she worked in radio, appearing on shows such as Blondie, The Great Gildersleeve, and This is Your FBI. She then got her own radio show, called The Betty White Show. In 1949, she began appearing as co-host with Al Jarvis on his daily live television variety show Hollywood on Television, originally called Al Jarvis' Make-Believe Ballroom on KFWB radio and on KLAC-TV in Los Angeles.
White began hosting the show by herself in 1952 after Jarvis' departure, spanning five and a half hours of live ad-lib television six days per week over a contiguous four-year span altogether. In all of her various variety series over the years, White would sing at least a couple of songs during each broadcast. In 1951, she was nominated for her first Emmy Award as "Best Actress" on television, competing with such legendary stars as Judith Anderson, Helen Hayes, and Imogene Coca (the award went to Gertrude Berg). This was the very first award and category in the new Emmy history designated for women on television.
In 1952, the same year that she began hosting Hollywood on Television, White co-founded Bandy Productions with writer George Tibbles and Don Fedderson, a producer. The trio worked to create new shows using existing characters from sketches shown on Hollywood on Television. White, Fedderson, and Tibbles created the television comedy Life with Elizabeth, with White portraying the title role. The show was originally a live production on KLAC-TV in 1951, and won White a Regional Los Angeles Emmy in 1952.
Life with Elizabeth was nationally syndicated from 1952 to 1955, allowing White to become one of the few women in television with full creative control in front of and behind the camera. The show was unusual for a sitcom in the 1950s because it was co-produced and owned by a twenty-eight-year-old woman who still lived with her parents. White said they didn't worry about relevance in those days, and that usually the incidents were based on real life situations that happened to her, the actor who played Alvin, and the writer.
In 1954, she briefly hosted and produced her own daily talk show, The Betty White Show, on NBC (not to be confused with her 1970s sitcom of the same name). Following Life with Elizabeth, she appeared as Vicki Angel on the sitcom Date with the Angels from 1957 to 1958. The show later became another variety series before going off the air. White performed in commercials seen on live television in Los Angeles, including a rendition of the "Dr. Ross Dog Food" advertisement at KTLA during the 1950s.
She made her feature film debut as Kansas Senator Elizabeth Ames Adams in the 1962 drama, Advise & Consent. Although her performance was well received, it would be her only big-screen appearance for decades.
Through the 1950s and 1960s, White began a nineteen-year run as hostess and commentator on the annual Tournament of Roses Parade broadcast on NBC (often co-hosting with Lorne Greene), and appeared on a number of late night talk shows and daytime game shows. White made many appearances on the hit game show Password as a celebrity guest from 1961 through 1975. She married the show's host, Allen Ludden, in 1963. She subsequently appeared on the show's three updated versions Password Plus, Super Password, and Million Dollar Password, having been on versions of the game with five different hosts (Allen Ludden, Bill Cullen, Tom Kennedy, Bert Convy, and Regis Philbin). White made frequent game show appearances on What's My Line? (starting in 1955), To Tell the Truth (in 1961, 1990, and 2015), I've Got a Secret (in 1972–73), Match Game (1973–1982), and Pyramid (starting in 1982). Both Password and Pyramid were created by White's friend, Bob Stewart.
In 1973, White made several guest appearances in the fourth season of the CBS sitcom The Mary Tyler Moore Show. As a result of this appearance, she landed the regular role of the sardonic, man-hungry Sue Ann Nivens, "The Happy Homemaker", on the show. White would receive her second and third Emmys from her part on The Mary Tyler Moore Show. White considers her part as Sue Ann in the show one of the highlights of her professional career, but she describes her television image as "icky sweet." She felt that she was the very definition of feminine passivity, owing to the fact that White always seemed willing to satirize her own unique persona on screen in just such a way.
A running gag was that Sue Ann's hard-edged private personality was the complete opposite of how she presented herself on her show. "We need somebody who can play sickeningly sweet, like Betty White," Moore herself suggested at a production meeting, which resulted in casting White herself. White won two Emmy Awards back-to-back for her role in the hugely popular series.
In 1975, NBC replaced her as hostess and commentator on the Tournament of Roses Parade broadcast feeling she was too identified with rival network CBS due to her new found success on The Mary Tyler Moore Show. White admitted to People magazine it was difficult "watching someone else do my parade", although she soon would start a ten-year run as hostess of the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade for CBS.
Following the end of The Mary Tyler Moore Show in 1977, White got her own sitcom on CBS, her second series entitled The Betty White Show (the first having been broadcast a quarter century earlier), during the 1977–78 season, in which she co-starred with John Hillerman and former Mary Tyler Moore co-star Georgia Engel. It was canceled after one season.
White appeared several times on The Carol Burnett Show and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson appearing in many sketches, and began guest-starring in a number of television movies and television miniseries, including With This Ring, The Best Place to Be, Before and After, and The Gossip Columnist.
In 1983, she became the first woman to win a Daytime Emmy Award in the category of Outstanding Game Show Host, for the NBC entry Just Men!. Due to the amount of work she has done on them, she has been deemed the "First Lady of Game Shows".
From 1983 through 1985, she had a recurring role playing Ellen Harper Jackson on the series Mama's Family, along with future Golden Girls co-star Rue McClanahan. White had originated this character in a series of sketches on The Carol Burnett Show in the 1970s. When Mama's Family was picked up in syndication after being canceled by NBC in 1985, White left the show (with the exception of one final appearance in the show's syndicated version in 1986).
In 1985, White scored her second signature role and the biggest hit of her career as the St. Olaf, Minnesota-native Rose Nylund on The Golden Girls. The series chronicled the lives of four widowed or divorced women in their "golden years" who shared a home in Miami. The Golden Girls, which also starred Bea Arthur, Estelle Getty, and Rue McClanahan, was immensely successful and ran from 1985 through 1992. White won one Emmy Award, for Outstanding Actress in a Comedy Series, for the first season of The Golden Girls and was nominated in that category every year of the show's run (the only cast member to receive that distinction – Getty was also nominated every year, but in the supporting actress category).
White was originally offered the role of Blanche in The Golden Girls, and Rue McClanahan was offered the role of Rose (the two characters being similar to roles they had played in Mary Tyler Moore and Maude, respectively). Jay Sandrich, the director of the pilot, suggested that since they had played similar roles in the past, they should switch roles, Rue McClanahan later said in a documentary on the series. White originally had doubts about her ability to play Rose, until the show's creator took her aside and told her not to play Rose as stupid but as someone "terminally naive, a person who always believed the first explanation of something."
The show ended in 1992 after Arthur announced her decision to depart the series. White, McClanahan, and Getty reprised their roles Rose, Blanche, and Sophia in the spin-off The Golden Palace. The series was short-lived, lasting only one season. In addition, White reprised her Rose Nylund character in guest appearances on the NBC shows Empty Nest and Nurses, both set in Miami.
After The Golden Palace ended, White guest-starred on a number of television programs including Suddenly Susan, The Practice, and Yes, Dear where she received Emmy nominations for her individual appearances. She won an Emmy in 1996 for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series, appearing as herself on an episode of The John Larroquette Show. In that episode, titled "Here We Go Again", a spoof on Sunset Boulevard, a diva-like White convinces Larroquette to help write her memoirs. At one point Golden Girls co-stars McClanahan and Getty appear as themselves. Larroquette is forced to dress in drag as Beatrice Arthur, when all four appear in public as the "original" cast members. White comically envisions her Rose as the central character with the others as mere supporting players.
In December 2006, White joined the soap opera The Bold and the Beautiful in the role of Ann Douglas (where she would make 22 appearances), the long-lost mother of the show's matriarch, Stephanie Forrester, played by Susan Flannery. She also began a recurring role in ABC's Boston Legal from 2005 to 2008 as the calculating, blackmailing gossip-monger Catherine Piper, a role she originally played as a guest star on The Practice in 2004.
White appeared several times on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno and The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson appearing in many sketches and returned to Password in its latest incarnation, Million Dollar Password, on June 12, 2008, (episode #3), participating in the Million Dollar challenge at the end of the show. On May 19, 2008, she appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show, taking part in the host's Mary Tyler Moore Show reunion special alongside every surviving cast member of the series.
White appeared alongside Abe Vigoda in an advertisement for Snickers during the 2010 Super Bowl XLIV. The ad won the top spot on the USA Today Super Bowl Ad Meter. The slogan was, "You're not you when you're hungry".
A grassroots campaign on Facebook called "Betty White to Host SNL (Please)" began in January 2010. The group was approaching 500,000 members when NBC confirmed on March 11, 2010 that White would in fact host Saturday Night Live on May 8. The appearance made her, at age 88, the oldest person to host the show, beating Miskel Spillman, the winner of SNL's "Anybody Can Host" contest, who was 80 when she hosted in 1977. In her opening monologue, White thanked Facebook and joked that she "didn't know what Facebook was, and now that I do know what it is, I have to say, it sounds like a huge waste of time." The appearance earned her a 2010 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series, her seventh Emmy win overall.
In June 2010, White took on the role of Elka Ostrovsky the house caretaker on TV Land's original sitcom Hot in Cleveland along with Valerie Bertinelli, Jane Leeves and Wendie Malick. Hot in Cleveland was TV Land's first attempt at a first-run scripted comedy (the channel has rerun other sitcoms since its debut). White was only meant to appear in the pilot of the show but was asked to stay on for the entire series. In 2011, she was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series for her role as Elka, but lost to Julie Bowen for Modern Family.
A Betty White calendar for 2011 was published in late 2010. The calendar features photos from White's career and with various animals. She also launched her own clothing line on July 22, 2010, which features shirts with her face on them. All proceeds go to various animal charities she supports.
White also starred in the Hallmark Hall of Fame presentation of The Lost Valentine on January 30, 2011. This presentation garnered the highest rating for a Hallmark Hall of Fame presentation in the last four years and according to the Nielsen Media Research TV rating service won first place in the prime time slot for that date.
From 2012 to 2014, White hosted and executive produced Betty White's Off Their Rockers, in which senior citizens play practical jokes on the younger generation. For this show, she received three Emmy nominations.
A special Betty White's 90th Birthday Party aired on NBC a day before her birthday on January 16, 2012. The show featured appearances of many stars with whom White has worked over the years. Betty White's Off Their Rockers aired following the celebratory event, and returned in April 2012 as a recurring show which resulted in an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program.
White's success continued in 2012 with her first Grammy Award for a spoken word recording for her best seller If You Ask Me. She also won the UCLA Jack Benny Award for Comedy, recognizing her significant contribution to comedy in television, and was roasted at the New York Friars' Club. In January 2013, NBC once again celebrated Betty White's birthday with a TV special featuring celebrity friends, including former president Bill Clinton; the special aired on February 5.
On June 14, 1963, White married television host and personality Allen Ludden, whom she had met on his game show Password as a celebrity guest in 1961, and her legal name was changed to Betty White Ludden. He proposed to White at least twice before she accepted. The couple appeared together in an episode of The Odd Couple featuring Felix's and Oscar's appearance on Password. Ludden appeared as a guest panelist on Match Game, with White sitting in the audience. (She was prompted to criticize one of Ludden's wrong answers on camera during an episode of Match Game '74.) The two appeared together on the Match Game panel in 1974, 1975 and 1980.
Allen Ludden died from stomach cancer on June 9, 1981, in Los Angeles. They had no children together, though she is stepmother to his three children from his first marriage, when his wife had died. White has not remarried since Ludden's death. In an interview with Larry King, when asked whether she would remarry, she replied by saying "Once you've had the best, who needs the rest?"
White had a strained relationship with her Golden Girls co-star Bea Arthur on and off the set of their television show, commenting that Arthur "was not fond of her" and that "she found me a pain in the neck sometimes. It was my positive attitude and that made Bea mad sometimes. Sometimes if I was happy, she'd be furious."  After Arthur's death in 2009, White said, "I knew it would hurt, I just didn't know it would hurt this much."
In a 2011 interview, White said that she always knew her close friend Liberace was gay and that she sometimes accompanied him to premieres. A supporter of gay rights, White said that "If a couple has been together all that time – and there are gay relationships that are more solid than some heterosexual ones – I think it's fine if they want to get married. I don't know how people can get so anti-something. Mind your own business, take care of your affairs, and don't worry about other people so much".
Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore, and her then-husband Grant Tinker were close friends with White and Ludden. When Valerie Harper left The Mary Tyler Moore Show producers felt the show needed another female character and created Sue Ann Nivens in the process. Nivens was described as an "icky sweet Betty White type", but they went against asking White to audition. In a 2010 Archive of American Television interview, Moore explained that producers, aware of Moore and White's friendship, were initially hesitant to audition White for the role, the fear being that if she hadn't been right, that it would create awkwardness between the two.
White is a pet enthusiast and an animal health advocate who works with animal organizations, including the Los Angeles Zoo Commission, the Morris Animal Foundation, African Wildlife Foundation, and Actors & Others for Animals. Her interest in animal rights and welfare began in the early 1970s while she was both producing and hosting the syndicated series, The Pet Set, which spotlighted celebrities and their pets.
As of 2009, White is the president emerita of the Morris Animal Foundation, where she has served as a trustee of the organization since 1971. She has been a member of the board of directors of the Greater Los Angeles Zoo Association since 1974. Additionally, White served the association as a Zoo Commissioner for eight years.
According to the Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Garden's ZooScape Member Newsletter, White hosted "History on Film" from 2000 to 2002. White donated nearly $100,000 to the zoo in the month of April 2008 alone.
In September 2011, she teamed up with English singer Luciana to produce a remix of her song "I'm Still Hot". The song was released digitally on September 22 and the video later premiered on October 6. It was made for a campaign for a life settlement program, The Lifeline. White served as a judge alongside Whoopi Goldberg and Wendy Diamond for the American Humane Association's Hero Dog Awards airing on The Hallmark Channel on November 8, 2011.
The American Veterinary Medical Association awarded White with its Humane Award in 1987 for her charitable work with animals. The City of Los Angeles further honored her for her philanthropic work with animals in 2006 with a bronze plaque near the Gorilla Exhibit at the Los Angeles Zoo. The City of Los Angeles named her "Ambassador to the Animals" at the dedication ceremony.
In September 2009, the Screen Actors Guild (SAG) announced plans to honor White with the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award at the 16th Screen Actors Guild Awards. Actress Sandra Bullock presented White with the award on January 23, 2010, at the ceremony, which took place at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. She is a Kentucky Colonel. In 2009, White and her now-deceased Golden Girls cast mates Bea Arthur, Rue McClanahan, and Estelle Getty were awarded honorary Disney Legend awards. Betty was inducted into the California Hall of Fame in December 2010. In 2010 she was chosen as the Associated Press's Entertainer of the Year.
On November 9, 2010, the USDA Forest Service, along with Smokey Bear, made Betty White an honorary forest ranger, fulfilling her lifelong dream. White said in previous interviews that she wanted to be a forest ranger as a little girl but that women were not allowed to do that then. When White received the honor, more than one-third of Forest Service employees were women.
In October 2011, White was awarded an honorary degree and white doctors coat by Washington State University at the Washington State Veterinary Medical Association's centennial gala in Yakima, Washington.
A 2011 poll conducted by Reuters and Ipsos revealed that White was considered the most popular and most trusted celebrity among Americans, beating the likes of Denzel Washington, Sandra Bullock, and Tom Hanks.
Awards and honors
White is the only woman to have received an Emmy in all performing comedic categories, and also holds the record for longest span between Emmy nominations for performances—her first was in 1951 and her most recent was in 2011, a span of 60 years. She is the fourth oldest winner of a competitive Grammy Award and the oldest nominee of a performing Emmy.
White has won five Primetime Emmy Awards, two Daytime Emmy Awards (including the 2015 Daytime Emmy for Lifetime Achievement), and received a Regional (LA) Emmy in 1952. She has also won three American Comedy Awards (including a Lifetime Achievement Award in 1990), and two Viewers for Quality Television Awards. She was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame in 1995 and has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6747 Hollywood Boulevard alongside the star of her late husband Allen Ludden.
White was the recipient of the Pacific Pioneer Broadcasters Golden Ike Award and the Genii Award from the American Women in Radio and Television in 1976. The American Comedy Awards awarded her the award for Funniest Female in 1987 as well as the Lifetime Achievement Award in 1990.
In January 2011, White received a SAG Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Comedy Series for her role as Elka Ostrovsky in Hot in Cleveland. The show itself was also nominated for an award as Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Comedy Series, but lost to the cast of Modern Family. She won the same award again in 2012, and has received a third nomination.
|1945||Time to Kill||Lou's Girl||Short film|
|1962||Advise & Consent||Senator Bessie Adams|
|1980||The Hollywood Knights||Herself|
|1986||Big City Comedy||Herself|
|1996||The Story of Santa Claus||Gretchen Claus||Voice|
|1998||Hard Rain||Doreen Sears|
|1998||Dennis the Menace Strikes Again||Martha Wilson|
|1999||Lake Placid||Mrs. Delores Bickerman|
|1999||The Story of Us||Lillian Jordan|
|2000||Whispers: An Elephant's Tale||Round||Voice|
|2000||Tom Sawyer||Aunt Polly||Voice|
|2001||The Retrievers||Mrs. Krisper|
|2001||The Wild Thornberrys: The Origin of Donnie||Grandma Sophie||Voice|
|2003||Bringing Down the House||Mrs. Kline|
|2003||Return to the Batcave: The Misadventures of Adam and Burt||Cameo|
|2005||The Third Wish||Lettie|
|2007||Your Mommy Kills Animals||Herself||Documentary|
|2007||In Search of Puppy Love||Herself||Documentary|
|2009||Love N' Dancing||Irene|
|2009||The Proposal||Grandma Annie|
|2009||Part Two: The Warm Mission||Betty||Short film|
|2010||You Again||Grandma Bunny|
|2010||Prep & Landing: Operation: Secret Santa||Mrs. Claus||Voice|
|2011||Betty White: Champion for Animals||Herself||Documentary|
|2012||The Lorax||Grammy Norma||Voice|
|2013||Letters to Jackie: Remembering President Kennedy||Narrator||Documentary|
|2013||Betty White Goes Wild||Herself||Documentary|
|1949–50||Hollywood on Television||Herself|
|1952||The Eddie Albert Show||Herself|
|1953–55||Life with Elizabeth||Elizabeth||Lead role, 65 episodes|
|1954||The Betty White Show||Herself||From February 8, 1954 to December 31, 1954|
|1955–56||What's My Line?||Herself||8 episodes|
|1956||The Millionaire||Virginia Lennart||Episode: "Millionaire Virginia Lennart"|
|1957–58||Date with the Angels||Vickie Angel||Lead role, 33 episodes|
|1958||The Betty White Show||Herself||Lead role, 14 episodes|
|1958–62||The Jack Paar Show||Herself||Recurring role, 36 episodes|
|To Tell the Truth||Herself||Appearances on CBS (Collyer), NBC (Moore), and ABC (Anderson) versions. Main panelist (2016)|
|1961–2008||(Super) (Million Dollar) Password (All Stars), (Plus)||Herself||Appeared on all versions of the show.|
|1962||The United States Steel Hour||Episode: "Scene of the Crime"|
|1963–82, 1991||Match Game||Herself||Recurring role, Appeared on the first three versions of the show.|
|1963–75||You Don't Say!||Herself||Recurring role, 10 episodes|
|1968||That's Life||Episode: "Buying a House"|
|1969||Petticoat Junction||Adelle Colby||Episode: "The Cannonball Bookmobile"|
|1971||The Pet Set||Herself||Recurring Role, 31 episodes|
|1972||O'Hara, U.S. Treasury||Herself||Episode: "Operation: Lady Luck"|
|1972||The Odd Couple||Herself||Episode: "Password"|
|1973–77||The Mary Tyler Moore Show||Sue Ann Nivens||Main cast, 46 episodes|
|1975||Lucas Tanner||Lydia Merrick||Episode: "The Noise of a Quiet Weekend"|
|1975||Ellery Queen||Louise Demery||Episode: "The Adventure of Miss Aggie's Farewell Performance"|
|1975||The Carol Burnett Show||Various||Recurring role, 3 episodes|
|1976–77||The Sonny and Cher Show||Herself||Guest role, 2 episodes|
|1976–79||Liar's Club Game Show||Herself||Recurring role, 48 episodes|
|1977–78||The Betty White Show||Joyce Whitman||Lead role, 14 episodes|
|1978||The Hanna-Barbera Happy Hour||Voice Teacher||1 episode|
|1978||With This Ring||Evelyn Harris||TV film|
|1979||The Best Place to Be||Sally Cantrell||TV film|
|1979||Before and After||Anita||TV film|
|1980||The Gossip Columnist||Herself||TV film|
|1980||The Love Boat||Various||Guest role, 5 episodes|
|1981||Best of the West||Episode: "Mail Order Bride"|
|1982||The $25,000 Pyramid||Herself||Recurring role, 85 episodes|
|1982||Love, Sidney||Charlotte||Episode: "Charlotte's Web"|
|1983||Just Men!||Herself||Lead role, 65 episodes|
|1983||Fame||Catherine||Episode: "Sunshine Again"|
|1983||Mama's Family||Ellen Harper Jackson||Recurring role, 15 episodes|
|1984||Hotel||Wilma Klein||Episode: "Outsiders"|
|1985||St. Elsewhere||Capt. Gloria Neal||2 episodes|
|1985||Who's the Boss?||Bobby Barnes||2 episodes|
|1985–92||The Golden Girls||Rose Nylund||Main role, 177 episodes|
|1987||Alf Loves a Mystery||Aunt Harriet||TV film|
|1988||Santa Barbara||Cameo||Guest role, 3 episodes|
|1988||Another World||Brenda Barlowe||Special Guest Star|
|1989–92||Empty Nest||Rose Nylund||Guest role, 3 episodes|
|1990||Carol & Company||Trisha Durant||Episode: "Trisha Springs Eternal"|
|1991||Chance of a Lifetime||Evelyn Eglin||TV film|
|1991||Nurses||Rose Nylund||Episode: "Begone with the Wind"|
|1993||The Golden Palace||Rose Nylund||Lead role, 24 episodes|
|1993||Bob||Sylvia Schmidt||Main cast, 8 episodes|
|1994||Diagnosis Murder||Dora Sloan||Episode: "Death by Extermination"|
|1995||The Naked Truth||Herself||2 episodes|
|1995||Maybe This Time||Shirley Wallace||Main role, 18 episodes|
|1996||A Weekend in the Country||Martha||TV film|
|1996||Suddenly Susan||Midge Haber||Episode: "Golden Girl Friday"|
|1998||The Lionhearts||Dorothy (voice)||5 episodes|
|1998||L.A. Doctors||Mrs. Brooks||Episode: "Leap of Faith"|
|1999||Hercules||Hestia (voice)||Episode: "Hercules and the Tiff on Olympus"|
|1999||Ally McBeal||Dr. Shirley Flott||Episode: "Seeing Green"|
|1999||Ladies Man||Mitzi Stiles||Main role, 30 episodes|
|1999||King of the Hill||Dorothy / Ellen / Delia (voice)||Guest role, 3 episodes|
|2000||The Wild Thornberrys||Sophie Hunter (voice)||3 episodes|
|2000||Intimate Portrait: Betty White||Herself|
|2000||The Simpsons||Herself||Episode: "Missionary: Impossible"|
|2001||The Ellen Show||Connie Gibson||Episode: "Missing the Bus"|
|2002||Teacher's Pet||Granny (voice)||Episode: "The Turkey That Came for Dinner"|
|2002||Yes, Dear||Sylvia||Episode: "Kim's New Nanny"|
|2002||Providence||Julianna||Episode: "The Heart of the Matter"|
|2002–03||That '70s Show||Bea Sigurdson||Recurring role, 4 episodes|
|2003||The Grim Adventures of Billy and Mandy||Mrs. Doolin (voice)||Episode: "Who Killed Who?"|
|2003||Gary the Rat||Gary's Mother (voice)||Episode: "This Is Not a Pipe"|
|2003||I'm with Her||Herself||Episode: "Meet the Parent"|
|2003||Stealing Christmas||Emily Sutton||TV film|
|2003–04||Everwood||Carol Roberts||2 episodes|
|2004||The Practice||Catherine Piper||3 episodes|
|2004||My Wife and Kids||Mrs. June Hopkins||Episode: "The Maid"|
|2004||Malcolm in the Middle||Sylvia||Episode: "Victor's Other Family"|
|2004–05||Complete Savages||Mrs. Riley||Episodes: "The Man Without a Ball" and "Saving Old Lady Riley"|
|2005||Joey||Margaret Bly||Episode: "Joey and the House"|
|2005||Annie's Point||Annie Eason||TV film|
|2005–08||Boston Legal||Catherine Piper||Main role, 16 episodes|
|2006||My Name Is Earl||Mrs. Weezmer||Episode: "The Witch Lady"|
|2006||Family Guy||Herself||Episode: "Peterotica"|
|2006–09||The Bold and the Beautiful||Ann Douglas||Recurring role, 23 episodes|
|2007||Higglytown Heroes||Grandma (voice)||Episode: Calling All Heroes|
|2007||Ugly Betty||Herself||Episode: "Bananas for Betty"|
|2007||The Simpsons||Herself||Episode: "Homerazzi"|
|2009||30 Rock||Herself||Episode: "Stone Mountain"|
|2009–10||Glenn Martin DDS||Grandma Shelia Martin (voice)||Guest role, 2 episodes|
|2010||The Middle||Mrs. Nethercott||Episode: "Average Rules"|
|2010||Saturday Night Live||Herself||Episode: "Betty White/Jay-Z"|
|2010||Community||Professor June Bauer||2 episodes|
|2010–15||Hot in Cleveland||Elka Ostrovsky||Main role, 128 episodes|
|2010–13||Pound Puppies||Agatha McLeish (voice)||Main cast, 13 episodes|
|2011||The Lost Valentine||Caroline Thomas||TV film|
|2012–14||Betty White's Off Their Rockers||Herself||Host|
|2012||The Client List||Ruth Hudson||Episode: "Past Is Prologue"|
|2013||Save Me||God||Episode: "Holier Than Thou"|
|2013||Mickey Mouse||Old Lady (voice)||Episode: "New York Weenie"|
|2014||The Soul Man||Elka Ostrovsky||Episode: "All the Way Live"|
|2015||Saturday Night Live||Grandmother||Episode: "Saturday Night Live 40th Anniversary Special"|
|2015||Fireside Chat with Esther||Rose|
|2015–17||Bones||Dr. Beth Mayer||2 episodes|
|2015–present||Betty White's Smartest Animals in America||Herself||Host|
|2016||SpongeBob SquarePants||Beatrice (voice)||Episode: "Mall Girl Pearl"|
|2016||Crowded||Sandy||Episode: "The Fixer"|
|2017||Young & Hungry||Ms. Wilson||2 episodes|
|2017||If You're Not in the Obit, Eat Breakfast||Herself||TV Film|
White has published several books during her career. In August 2010, she entered a deal with G.P. Putnam's Sons to produce two more books, the first of which, If You Ask Me (And of Course You Won't), was released in 2011. In February 2012, White received her first Grammy Award ("Best Spoken Word Recording") for the audio recording of the book.
|1983||Betty White's Pet-Love: How Pets Take Care of Us|
|1987||Betty White In Person|
|1991||The Leading Lady: Dinah's Story|
|1995||Here We Go Again: My Life In Television|
|2008||Together: A Novel of shared vision|
|2011||If You Ask Me (And of Course You Won't)|
|2011||Betty & Friends: My Life at the Zoo|
- on YouTube[dead link]
- Biography.com Editors (March 3, 2016). "Betty White Biography". A&E Television Networks. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- Dawn, Randee (September 6, 2013). "Betty White, 'Breaking Bad' earn 'Guinness World Records' titles". Today.com. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- Kilday, Gregg (September 15, 2009). "Betty White to receive SAG lifetime award". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 5, 2009.
- "Pioneers of Television: Sitcoms: TV Programs on Iowa Public Television". Iptv.org. Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- Hollywood.com, LLC (January 17, 2011). "Happy Birthday Betty White! - General News". Hollywood.com. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- "'101 Best Written TV Series Of All Time' From WGA/TV Guide: Complete List". Deadline. June 2, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- Stacy Conradt, Mental Floss (February 23, 2010). "10 reasons we love Betty White - CNN.com". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- "Betty White". emmys.com. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "Betty White Biography (1922–)". Film Reference. Advameg, Inc. Retrieved November 1, 2008.
- "Betty White". She Made It. The Paley Center for Media. Archived from the original on April 8, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- Lipton, James (host) (September 28, 2010). "Betty White". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 16. Episode 1606. Bravo.
- "Person Details for Betty Marion White, "Illinois, Cook County Birth Certificates, 1878-1938" —". Familysearch.org. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- O'Dell, Cary (January 1, 1997). Women Pioneers in Television: Biographies of Fifteen Industry Leaders. McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-0167-3. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "Hollywoodland Category: Betty White in the 1930 Census Posted by Allen Ellenberger on April 14, 2014". Allanellenberger.com. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- Smolenyak Smolenyak, Megan (June 16, 2010). "Betty White: White-Hot in Cleveland or Not". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- Scott, Walter (December 21, 1986). "Personality Parade". Pittsburgh Press. Archived from the original on January 10, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- Nolasco, Stephanie (May 5, 2010). "Betty White Draws Line With Nudity & Marijuana But Hopes For Beer Pong Rematch On 'SNL'". StarPulse. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- Jacobs, Matthew (January 17, 2013). "Betty White's 91st Birthday: 10 Facts About America's Golden Girl". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
- "Betty White". Saturday Night Live. Season 35. Episode 679. May 8, 2010. NBC.
- "Betty White Interview - Part 1 of 5". Youtube. September 8, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
- Green, John (November 9, 2010). "U.S. Forest Ranger Betty White". ABC. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
- France, Lisa Respers (February 9, 2010). "Cool Betty White is red-hot". CNN. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
According to an oral history interview White conducted in 1994 for the Archive of American Television, she broke into the business three months after graduating from Beverly Hills High School in 1938 at an early age, as part of an experimental television show.
- O'Neil, Tom (June 17, 2010). "Betty White reflects on a golden career". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "Betty White honored with 2009 Screen Actors Guild Lifetime Achievement Award". Screen Actors Guild Awards. Los Angeles. January 23, 2010. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- Gomes, Patrick (September 3, 2015). "Betty White Remembers Her First Emmys - in 1951!". People. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Windeler, Robert (December 20, 1976). "MTM Is Ending and Stumpers Is Dumped, but Betty White & Allen Ludden Still Have Each Other". People. 6 (25). Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "It's Evening in America". Vanity Fair. May 2012. Page 157.
- Conradt, Stacy (February 23, 2010). "10 reasons we love Betty White". CNN. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
- "Seven Things You Didn’t Know About Birthday Girl Betty White". radar. January 17, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- "Returning". Soap Opera Weekly. February 13, 2007. p. 5.
- "1-800-PetMeds and Betty White Team Up to Promote Pet Health". 1-800-PetMeds (Press release). January 3, 2007. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Horovitz, Bruce (February 8, 2010). "Betty White and Snickers score top ad honors". USA Today. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Elliott, Stuart (February 19, 2013). "Candy Aims Print Ads at Consumers 'Hungry' for Redemption". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Silverman, Stephen M. (March 11, 2010). "Betty White to Host Saturday Night Live May 8". People. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
- Rice, Lynette (May 9, 2010). "'Saturday Night Live' with Betty White attracts big ratings". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Hinckley, David (June 19, 2013). "'Hot in Cleveland' to return with live episode". Daily News. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- Seidman, Robert (March 1, 2010). "TV Land First Original Sitcom "Hot in Cleveland With Valerie Bertinelli and Betty White Premieres in June". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "Golden Girl Betty White poses for calendar". BBC News. July 8, 2010. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "Betty White, 88, Debuts New Clothing Line". Us Weekly. July 21, 2010. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "CBS's 'The Lost Valentine' starring Betty White wins time". Radio & Television Business Report. January 31, 2011. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Roxborough, Scott (March 31, 2011). "Betty White to Host 'Off Their Rockers' for NBC". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
- "Betty White and Betty Crocker celebrate 90th birthday". On the Red Carpet. January 16, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Dougherty, Barry (November 3, 2012). "The Roast of Betty White". New York Friars Club. Archived from the original on July 20, 2013. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Harnick, Chris (January 16, 2013). "Betty White Honored By NBC With New Birthday Special Featuring Bill Clinton". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Gliatto, Tom (June 12, 1999). "Forever Betty". People. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- White, Betty (1995). Here We Go Again: My Life In Television 1949–1995. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-684-80042-X.
- "Allen Ludden, TV Host, Is Dead; On 'College Bowl' and 'Password'". The New York Times. June 10, 1981. p. B6.
- Crawford, Setrige (January 17, 2012). "Betty White Remembers Late Husband Allen Ludden on 90th Birthday". The Christian Post. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Weiss, Shari (April 9, 2011). "Betty White: Charlie Sheen and Lindsay Lohan are 'ungrateful' actors who 'abuse' their fame". Daily News. New York. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "CNN Official Interview: Betty White: Bea Arthur was not fond of me". CNN. May 4, 2011. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Musto, Michael (May 5, 2011). "BETTY WHITE REVEALS WHY BEA ARTHUR HATED HER!". villagevoice. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- Kaufman, Gil (April 27, 2009). "Bea Arthur Remembered By 'Golden Girls' Co-Stars". MTV News. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- Moritz, Robert (October 31, 2010). "Life Is a Scream for Betty". Parade. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "Mary Tyler Moore & Betty White on how Betty White was cast on the MTM Show - EMMYTVLEGENDS.ORG". youtube. May 18, 2010. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- "30 Fun Facts About Birthday Girl Betty White!". Tv.yahoo.com. January 17, 2014. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- "It's Hotter in Hollywood with Betty White at the American Humane Association Hero Dog Awards Presented by CESAR Canine Cuisine". American Humane Association. June 2, 2011. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "I'm Still Hot (feat. Betty White) – Single by Luciana". iTunes. Apple Inc. September 22, 2011. Retrieved January 17, 2012.
- "Betty White, Ewan McGregor, More To Judge New 'Hero Dog Awards' Show". The Huffington Post. Reuters. July 28, 2011. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Huriash, Lisa J. (February 7, 2010). "Mayor becomes 'Kentucky Colonel'". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Coyle, Jake (December 20, 2010). "Betty White Voted AP Entertainer of the Year". The Huffington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
- "Forest Service makes actress Betty White honorary ranger". United States Forest Service. November 9, 2010. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Green, John (November 9, 2010). "U.S. Forest Ranger Betty White". ABC News. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
- "America loves Betty White best". CNN. August 19, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- "The 17th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards". Screen Actors Guild Award. SAG-AFTRA. 2011. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Bibel, Sara (December 12, 2012). "Betty White Nominated for Third Consecutive Screen Actors Guild Award for TV Land's 'Hot in Cleveland'". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Nichols, Michelle (August 18, 2010). "Betty White books to reflect on sex, aging, animals". Reuters. Retrieved November 5, 2010.
- Wloszczyna, Susan (February 14, 2012). "Betty White takes 'ego trip' with Grammy, SAG". USA Today. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Tucker, David C. The Women Who Made Television Funny: Ten Stars of 1950s Sitcoms. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Betty White.|
- Betty White on Internet Movie Database
- The Allen Ludden & Betty White Archive
- Betty White News on Twitter
- Betty White is Hot in Cleveland
- Betty White interview video at the Archive of American Television
- The Early Betty White by Kliph Nesteroff
- Betty White on The Museum of Broadcast Communications
- Betty White to Star on Hot in Cleveland
- Video of TV Academy's Salute to Betty White