The neutrality of this article is disputed. (September 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Snickers is a brand name chocolate bar made by the American company Mars, Incorporated, consisting of nougat topped with caramel and peanuts that has been enrobed in milk chocolate. The annual global sales of Snickers was $2 billion as of 2004[update].
|Nutritional value per 47 g|
|Energy||220 kcal (920 kJ)|
|†Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. |
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
In the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man, and Ireland, Snickers was sold under the brand name Marathon until July 19, 1990. Snickers-brand Marathon energy bars have since been sold in some markets. On September 9, 2019, Marathon branded bars returned, sold as 4 bar multipacks for a limited 12 week run at Morrisons supermarkets in the UK.
This article is missing information about Initial development and public reception of the Snickers bar in its country of origin.January 2019)(
This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience. Specifically, too much focus on the UK and post 1990s history for an American candy bar invented in the 1930s.January 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)(
In 1930, Mars introduced Snickers, named after the favorite horse of the Mars family. The Snickers chocolate bar consists of nougat, peanuts, and caramel with a chocolate coating. The bar was marketed under the name "Marathon" in the UK and Ireland until 1990, when Mars decided to align the UK product with the global Snickers name (Mars had marketed and discontinued an unrelated bar named Marathon in the United States during the 1970s). There are also several other Snickers products such as Snickers mini, dark chocolate, ice cream bars, Snickers with almonds, Snickers with hazelnuts, Snickers peanut butter bars, Snickers protein and Snickers with Extra Caramel, as well as espresso, fiery, and sweet & salty versions.
A replacement for the king size Snickers bar was launched in the UK in 2004, and designed to conform to the September 2004 Food and Drink Federation (FDF) "Manifesto for Food and Health". Part of the FDF manifesto was seven pledges of action to encourage the food and drink industry to be more health conscious. Reducing portion size, clearer food labels, and reduction of the levels of fat, sugar, and salt were among the FDF pledges. Mars Incorporated pledged to phase out their king-size bars in 2005 and replace them with shareable bars. A Mars spokesman said: "Our king-size bars that come in one portion will be changed so they are shareable or can be consumed on more than one occasion. The name king-size will be phased out."
These were eventually replaced by the 'Duo', a double bar pack. Though this change to Duos reduced the weight from 3.5 to 3.29 ounces (99 to 93 g), the price remained the same. The packaging has step-by-step picture instructions of how to open a Duo into two bars, in four simple actions. As Mars stated fulfillment of their promise, the Duo format was met with criticism by the National Obesity Forum and National Consumer Council.
In December 2000, tens of thousands of Snickers and Mars Bars were removed from New South Wales store shelves due to a series of threatening letters which resulted in fears that the chocolate bars had been poisoned. Mars received letters from an unidentified individual indicating that they planned to plant poisoned chocolate bars on store shelves. The last letter sent included a Snickers bar contaminated with a substance which was later identified as rat poison. The letters claimed that there were seven additional chocolate bars which had been tampered with and which were for sale to the public. As a precautionary measure, Mars issued a massive recall. Mars said that there had been no demand for money and complaints directed to an unidentified third party.
The early (1939) ingredients list includes white sugar, sweet milk chocolate, corn syrup, peanuts, milk condensed with sugar, coconut oil, malted milk, whites of eggs and salt. By 2019 the ingredients for the original bar had been refined to milk chocolate (sugar, cocoa butter, chocolate, skim milk, lactose, milkfat, soy lecithin, artificial flavor), peanuts, corn syrup, sugar, palm oil, skim milk, lactose, salt, egg whites, artificial flavor.
The USDA lists the caloric value of a 2-ounce (57 gram) Snickers bar as 280 kilocalories (1,200 kJ). As of 2018, the United Kingdom bar has a weight of 48g, with 245 kcal, and the Canadian bar 52g with 250 kcal.
Over the years, the bar weight has decreased: Before 2009, in the UK a single Snickers bar had a weight of 62.5g. This weight was subsequently reduced to 58g in 2009, and to 48g in 2013. In the United States the listed weight in 2018 was 52.7 g.
Products containing SnickersEdit
Containing approximately 450 calories (1,900 J) per bar, deep fried chocolate bars (including Snickers and Mars bars) became a specialty in fish and chips shops in Scotland in 1995, and in the early 2000s, became popular at American state fairs.
In 2012, the British Food Commission highlighted celebrity chef Antony Worrall Thompson's "Snickers pie", which contained five Snickers bars among other ingredients, suggesting it was one of the unhealthiest desserts ever; one slice providing "over 1,250 calories (5,200 kJ) from sugar and fat alone", more than half a day's requirement for an average adult. The pie had featured on his BBC Saturday programme some two years earlier and the chef described it as an occasional treat only.
It's So SatisfyingEdit
In 1980, Snickers (and Marathon) ran ads which featured a variety of everyday people discussing why they like Snickers. The ads featured a jingle that said "It's so satisfying" and had the classic hand that would open and close showing a handful of peanuts converting to a Snickers bar. "Packed with peanuts, Snickers really satisfies" was shown in the commercials.
Mars paid $5 million to have Snickers and M&M's named the "official snack" of the 1984 Summer Olympics, outraging nutritionists. Sports promotions in international games continued to be a prominent marketing tool for Mars, that would keep Snickers as an international brand while also selling local bars in some markets.
Not Going Anywhere For a While? (Hungry? Grab a Snickers!/Why Wait?)Edit
Beginning in 1995, Snickers ran ads which featured someone making a self-inflicted mistake, with the voice-over saying "Not going anywhere for a while? Grab a Snickers!" The tag line at the end of each ad proclaimed, "Hungry? Why Wait?"
One such ad had a player for a fictional American football team showing off his new tattoo of the team's logo on his back to his teammates. He then shows it to his head coach who, after complimenting the tattoo, immediately tells him that he's been traded to Miami. The player then goes to have his old team's logo replaced with the new team's logo.
Some of the ads were done in conjunction with the National Football League, with whom Snickers had a sponsorship deal at the time. One ad featured a member of the grounds crew at Arrowhead Stadium painting the field for an upcoming Kansas City Chiefs game in hot, late-summer weather. After finishing one of the end zones, and visibly exhausted, one of the Chiefs players walks up to him and says the field looks great, "but who are the Chefs?", showing that despite all the hard work the painter accidentally omitted the "i" in Chiefs. Another had Marv Levy in the Buffalo Bills locker room lecturing his team that "no one's going anywhere" until the Bills figure out how to actually win a Super Bowl.
In 2007, Snickers launched a campaign which featured Henry VIII and a Viking among others who attend the "Snickers Feast". It consisted of various commercials of the gang and their adventures on the feast.
Super Bowl XLI commercialEdit
On February 4, 2007, during Super Bowl XLI, Snickers commercials aired which resulted in complaints by gay and lesbian groups against the maker of the candy bar, Masterfoods USA of Hackettstown, New Jersey, a division of Mars, Incorporated. The commercial showed a pair of auto mechanics accidentally touching lips while sharing a Snickers bar. After quickly pulling away, one mechanic says, "I think we just accidentally kissed.", and another mechanic exclaims, "Quick! Do something manly!" and in three of the four versions, they do so mostly in the form of injury, including tearing out chest hair, striking each other with a very large pipe wrench, and drinking motor oil and windshield washer fluid. In the fourth version, however, a third mechanic shows up and asks "Is there room for three in this Love Boat?"
"This type of jeering from professional sports figures at the sight of two men kissing fuels the kind of anti-gay bullying that haunts countless gay and lesbian school children on playgrounds all across the country."
Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) president Neil Giuliano said "That Snickers, Mars and the NFL would promote and endorse this kind of prejudice is simply inexcusable." Masterfoods has since pulled the ads and the website.
In 2006, Mr. T starred in a Snickers advert in the UK where he rides up in an army tank and shouts abuse at a football player who appears to be faking an injury, threatening to introduce him to his friend Pain. Another advert featured Mr. T launching bars at a swimmer who appeared to refuse to get in a swimming pool because of the cold temperature of the water. In 2008, a European Snickers commercial in which Mr. T uses a Jeep-mounted Minigun to fire Snickers bars at a speedwalker for being a "disgrace to the man race" was pulled after complaints from a US pressure group that the advertisement was homophobic. These adverts usually ended with Mr. T saying "Snickers: Get Some Nuts!"
In NASCAR racing, Snickers (and the rest of the Mars affiliated brands) sponsor Kyle Busch's #18 Toyota for Joe Gibbs Racing. Prior to that the brand served as a primary sponsor for Ricky Rudd's #88 Robert Yates Racing Ford as well as an associate sponsor for the team's #38 car driven first by Elliott Sadler and then by David Gilliland, and an associate sponsor for the MB2 Motorsports #36 Pontiac driven by Derrike Cope, Ernie Irvan, Ken Schrader, and others. In 1990, Bobby Hillin drove for Stavola Brothers Racing in the #8 Snickers Buick, marking the candy's first appearance as a sponsor; it had since been driven by Rick Wilson and Dick Trickle.
FIFA World Cup & UEFA Euro SponsorshipEdit
You're Not You When You're HungryEdit
In 2010, a new advertising campaign was launched, usually based around people turning into different people (usually celebrities) as a result of hunger (taking the new campaign's name "You're Not You When You're Hungry" quite literally). The tagline varied depending on the commercial's location or what variety the commercial is showing.
In 2010, Betty White and Abe Vigoda appeared in the first Snickers commercial in this campaign, playing American football. The commercial was ranked by ADBOWL as the best advertisement of the year. This commercial was also briefly spoofed in an episode of SportsNation on ESPN2 with Michelle Beadle playing the role instead of Betty White in 2011. Later that year, Snickers commercials featured singers Aretha Franklin and Liza Minnelli, and comedians Richard Lewis and Roseanne Barr. A 2011 commercial featured actors Joe Pesci and Don Rickles.
In 2013, the late Robin Williams and Bobcat Goldthwait also appeared in a Snickers football commercial. In March 2014, a commercial featuring Godzilla was released to promote the 2014 Godzilla film. In the commercial, Godzilla is shown hanging out with humans on the beach, riding dirt bikes, and water skiing; he only begins rampaging once he's hungry. After being fed a Snickers bar, he resumes having fun with the humans.
In February 2015, Snickers' Super Bowl XLIX commercial featured a parody of a scene from an episode of The Brady Bunch entitled "Subject Was Noses." In the commercial, Carol and Mike try to calm down a hungry and angry Danny Trejo. When the parents give Trejo a Snickers bar, he reverts into Marcia before an irate Jan (played by Steve Buscemi) rants upstairs and walks away.
In 2016, for Super Bowl 50, another Snickers commercial was made, featuring Willem Dafoe (as Marilyn Monroe) and Eugene Levy, where "Marilyn" complains about filming the iconic "subway grate" scene in The Seven Year Itch. After being given a Snickers, Marilyn goes ahead with the scene, with Levy operating the fan below, commenting that the scene won't make the movie's final cut, that nobody would want to see it.
The UK version of the campaign usually used British celebrities and, up until 2018, retained the slogan from the Mr. T. era. In the initial advert, Joan Collins and Stephanie Beacham featured as locker room footballers who had turned into them due to being hungry. In 2014, Rowan Atkinson as Mr. Bean returned on television by appearing on several UK Snickers commercials and cinema spots, in place of a martial arts master who had turned into him as a result of hunger. Later, in 2018, Elton John appeared in a new advert where he substituted American rapper Boogie who had turned into him due to hunger (the slogan appeared on a turntable in this advert).
Snickers has been an official sponsor of WWE's WrestleMania events, including WrestleMania 2000, 22, 32, 33, 34, and 35, while its Cruncher variant sponsored WrestleMania X-Seven, XIX, XX and 21. Since then, Snickers has sponsored superstars such as Enzo Amore and Big Cass with their signature term, SAWFT, which is labelled at the back of the chocolate bar.
Six Flags Fright FestEdit
- "About Mars:History". Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "Snickers Candy Bar". Zeer.com. Archived from the original on February 26, 2010. Retrieved January 15, 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- McCarthy, Michael (January 31, 2005). "Women sweet on humorous Snickers ads". USAToday.com. Archived from the original on December 8, 2005. Retrieved June 16, 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "The Marathon candy bar". Christian Science Monitor. March 18, 1999. Archived from the original on July 6, 2006. Retrieved July 19, 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Snickers Marathon - Long Lasting Energy Bar, Snickers Marathon corporate website. Retrieved January 31, 2007. Archived June 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- "Welcome to Mars". MARS Corporation. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- "[UPDATED] Snickers' Three New Flavors Are Now In Stores". Delish. June 14, 2018. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- "Food Facts & Trivia: Snickers Candy Bar".
- Fleming, Nic (article author), Chocolate bars cut down to size[dead link], telegraph.co.uk. Article dated September 27, 2004, retrieved December 8, 2006. Quote is from Michael Jenkins (external affairs director at Masterfoods, as parent company was then known).
- h2g2 (editors)The Rise and Fall of 'King-Size' Chocolate Bars (UK), h2g2 at bbc.co.uk. Article retrieved December 8, 2006.
- Hickman, Martin, "Chocolate makers eat their words on king-size snacks", The Independent (London). Article written January 6, 2006. Retrieved December 8, 2006.
- "Mars, Snickers Recalled Due to Poison Threat", health.dailynewscentral.com. Article dated July 1, 2004. Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- "Mars Inc. History". Made-in-Chicago Museum. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- "SNICKERS® ORIGINAL SINGLE". marschocolate.com. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- "Candies, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS Bar (NDB No. 19155)". USDA Nutrient Database. USDA. Archived from the original on March 3, 2015. Retrieved November 14, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Snickers 48g - Nutrition, marsnutrition.co.uk
- Wilkerson, Becky (June 3, 2009). "Mars and Snickers reduce bar sizes but not prices". Marketing Magazine. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
- Agencies (December 16, 2013). "Mars and Snickers shrink but prices stay the same". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
- "Fat Festival? Calories in Food at the Fair". Retrieved August 13, 2009.
- "Deep-fried Mars myth is dispelled". BBC News. December 17, 2004. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
- "Food - Recipes - Snickers pie". BBC. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
- "Celebrity recipe 'most unhealthy'". BBC News. February 5, 2006. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
- "Nutritionists soured by Olympic candy endorsement". UPI. December 6, 1983.
- Richard Varey (September 11, 2002). Marketing Communication: A Critical Introduction. Routledge. pp. 141–. ISBN 978-1-134-58159-7.
- "Snickers Adverts And Commercials Archive CHEFS". AdvertoLog.com. March 15, 2015. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Pollack, Jordan (June 30, 1997). "THE MARKETING 100: SNICKERS: SANTA CRUZ HUGHES". Advertising Age. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- Snickers Ad of Men Accidentally Kissing Pulled After Complaints From Gay Groups Archived February 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, FOX Business. Article retrieved 17 October 2007.
- Super Bowl Controversy Archived February 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, FOX sports. Article retrieved February 6, 2007.
- Thulasi Srikanthan (February 7, 2007). "entertainment | Snickers bicker feeds ad flap". Toronto: TheStar.com. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
- Sweney, Mark (August 4, 2008). "Don't give us none of that jibba jabba". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
- "Super Bowl Ad FAIL by ESPN2 SportsNation's Michelle Beadle". February 2, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
- "Anahí se transforma en "Carlos" para comercial de chocolate". People en Español (in Spanish). Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- "Snickers TV Spot, 'Godzilla'". ISpot.tv. March 13, 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- Chitwood, Adam (February 2, 2015). "Watch This Year's Best Super Bowl Commercials". Collider.com. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- "Brazilian Ronaldo Featured In Snickers Campaign". Sports Business Daily. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
- "Snickers TV Spot, 'Godzilla'". ISpot.tv. October 6, 2014.