Nicole Brown Simpson (née Brown; May 19, 1959 – June 12, 1994) was the second wife of American football player O. J. Simpson. Brown met Simpson in 1977 and they married in 1985, five years after Simpson had retired from professional American football. Their marriage lasted seven years and they had a daughter and a son.

Nicole Brown Simpson
Brown in 1993
Born
Nicole Brown

(1959-05-19)May 19, 1959
DiedJune 12, 1994(1994-06-12) (aged 35)
Cause of deathStab wounds[1]
Resting placeAscension Cemetery, Lake Forest, California
33°39′04″N 117°41′37″W / 33.6512°N 117.6935°W / 33.6512; -117.6935
Spouse
(m. 1985; div. 1992)
Children2

Brown was emotionally, verbally, and physically abused by Simpson; she called the police multiple times to report his abuse but he was only arrested once, in 1989, pleading no contest to spousal abuse. Brown dropped the charges after her parents encouraged her to reconcile with Simpson. In 1992, Brown filed for divorce, citing irreconcilable differences. Simpson continued to abuse Brown after their separation and divorce.

On June 12, 1994, Brown was killed outside her Brentwood home, along with her friend, waiter Ron Goldman. Following a controversial and highly publicized criminal trial, Simpson was acquitted of all charges. In a civil lawsuit in 1997, he was found liable for both deaths.

Early life

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Brown was born on May 19, 1959, in Frankfurt, West Germany,[2][3] to Juditha Anne "Judy" Brown (née Baur) and Louis Hezekiah "Lou" Brown Jr.[4][5] Her mother was German, and her father American.[3][6] She was the second of four daughters (Denise, Dominique, and Tanya being the other three).[7] From her father's previous marriage, she also had two older half-sisters (Wendy and Margit) and one older half-brother (Tracy).[8] After moving to the United States, she attended Rancho Alamitos High School in Garden Grove, California.[9] She graduated from Dana Hills High School, in Dana Point, California, in 1976.[10] She was raised Catholic.[11]

In Brown's 1976 senior yearbook from Dana Hills High School, her nickname is "nick" and her quote is that she: "remembers Jr. Sr. prom, kissing a pumpkin at the homecoming dance '74, one of the semi-finalists for Homecoming, plans to ski Europe, go to Brooks photo school, get Scott, 'Be yourself, don't be phony, you don't have to do anything.'"[12] Brown's mention of "Brooks photo school" was referring to The Brooks Institute of Photography that operated from 1945–2016 in the Santa Barbara, California area, a two-hour drive from her high school.

Relationship with O. J. Simpson

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Early relationship

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Brown met American football player O. J. Simpson in 1977,[13] when she was an 18-year-old waitress at The Daisy, a Beverly Hills nightclub.[14][15][16][17] They began dating while Simpson was still married to his first wife, Marguerite, who was then pregnant with their daughter Aaren. Simpson and Marguerite divorced in March 1979.[18] Brown had a non-speaking acting part as "Passenger on Bus" in the 1980 TV film Detour to Terror, executive produced by Simpson who starred in the film.[19]

During the 1984 Summer Olympics torch relay, Simpson carried the torch on Santa Monica's California Incline road, running behind Brown.[20]

In the June 3, 2024 issue of People, Brown's older sister Denise revealed that Simpson was at times hostile to Nicole even during the early days of their relationship, including on one occasion in 1977 after she and her family went to upstate New York to attend a Buffalo Bills game which Simpson was playing in.[21] According to Denise, Simpson "flipped out" during this occasion after seeing Nicole kiss a mutual male friend on the cheek and "had her in the upstairs bathroom crying. He said, ‘You embarrassed me.’ "[21]

Marriage

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Brown and Simpson were married on February 2, 1985, five years after his retirement from professional football.[22] The couple had two children, Sydney Brooke Simpson (b. 1985) and Justin Ryan Simpson (b. 1988),[23] both delivered via caesarian section.[24] Additionally, she had three abortions[25] (one outside of wedlock).[26] The marriage lasted seven years.[27] According to Denise Brown, Nicole considered becoming a mom to be a crowning achievement, though Simpson became more volatile towards her afterwards.[21]

Simpson emotionally, verbally, and physically abused Brown throughout their relationship and continued after their divorce. According to Nicole's sister Dominique, Simpson referred to her as a "fat pig" during a pregnancy.[21] During an incident on New Year's Day 1989, a police report indicated Simpson said: "I don't want that woman [Brown] sleeping in my bed anymore! I got two women, and I don't want that woman in my bed anymore."[3] A family friend claimed that Simpson had told Brown's friends that if he ever "caught her with anyone, he would kill her".[28]

On December 31, Brown phoned the police, saying that she thought Simpson was going to kill her. She was found by officers hiding in the bushes outside their home, "badly beaten and half-naked". Authorities said Simpson had "punched, slapped, and kicked" her. Simpson pleaded no contest to spousal abuse.[27][28] Brown dropped the charges after her parents allegedly encouraged her to reconcile with Simpson, who was enabling her father, Louis, to invest in a lucrative Hertz car rental facility at The Ritz Carlton at Monarch Bay, California, which significantly benefited the Brown family financially.[29]

In the 2016 documentary O.J.: Made in America, it was revealed that in addition to the physical abuse, Simpson was also an avid womanizer who engaged in numerous infidelities while married to Nicole.[30] According to their old Brentwood friend Robin Greer, Simpson and Nicole constantly fought over his affairs with other women.[30] Greer even noted how Simpson made repeated advances towards her as well.[30]

Divorce

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At the time of their separation, Simpson informed Brown of his ongoing one-year extramarital affair with Tawny Kitaen.[31] In January 1992, Brown moved into a rental home in Brentwood, a neighborhood in Los Angeles, California – a 4-bedroom, Tudor-style house with 3,400 square feet on Gretna Green Way where she lived for 2 years.[32]

Simpson filed for divorce on February 25, 1992, citing irreconcilable differences.[33] They then shared custody of their children Sydney Brooke (age 7) and Justin Ryan (age 4).

Ongoing relationship and abuse

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Following the divorce, reports suggest that in 1993, after the divorce, Brown and Simpson made an attempt at reconciliation.[28] During this time Simpson continued his abuse of Brown.[34] Brown told her mother after the divorce that Simpson was following her, stating, "I go to the gas station, he’s there. I go to the Payless shoe store, and he’s there. I’m driving, and he’s behind me.'"[35]

On October 25, 1993, Brown called the police to report Simpson being violent again, after he allegedly found a photo of a man Brown had dated while they were broken up. Audio released during the murder trial of O.J. Simpson revealed that Brown called 911, crying and saying that Simpson was "going to beat the shit out of me".[36] Simpson angrily shouted in the background, "You did not give a shit about the kids when you were (having sex with him) in the living room! They were here! Didn't care about the kids then!"[37]

When the police arrived, Brown was secretly recorded by Sgt. Craig Lally. "He gets a very animalistic look in him," Brown stated. "All his veins pop out, his eyes are black and just black, I mean cold, like an animal. I mean very, very weird. And when I see it, it just scares me." Brown also stated Simpson had not hit her in four years.[38]

Several months after this incident, Brown moved out of their shared home and the relationship ended.[36]

Post-divorce life

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Brown met and became friends with Kato Kaelin on a skiing trip in Aspen, Colorado, in December 1992. He later moved into the guest house on Brown's property on Gretna Green Way and lived there for a year. He paid rent and helped take care of Sydney and Justin as part of the living arrangement.[39] She also entertained other suitors, including restaurateur Keith Zlomsowitch,[40][41][42] and became a recreational drug user.[43]

In January 1994, Brown moved just a few minutes away from her Gretna Green house to a three-story, rental townhome on Bundy Drive in Brentwood. It was a Mediterranean-style residence that was 3,400 square feet with multiple patios and a "rooftop sundeck."[44] In Brown’s Brentwood neighborhood, situated near the base of the Santa Monica mountains and four miles from the ocean, were country clubs, local and state parks, hiking trails, and popular attractions like the Santa Monica Pier. At the time she drove a Ferrari[45] - which she would later lend to Ron Goldman whom she had met some six weeks prior to their fate. The upscale area had shops, restaurants, and grocery markets near her home. Nicole’s sister Denise described this period in a 1994 interview, saying that Nicole "was just so vivacious, so full of life" and "I was so happy for her. For the first time in her life, she was able to have her own friends. We were talking about going to Yosemite, camping, taking the kids to Club Med. Everything was going to revolve around the kids."[46]

Death

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Final days

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On March 16, 1994, Brown and her children attended the premiere for Simpson's newest film, Naked Gun 33⅓: The Final Insult.[47]

Brown met 25-year-old restaurant waiter Ron Goldman six weeks prior to their deaths. According to police and friends, they had a platonic relationship, occasionally meeting for coffee and dinner. Goldman borrowed her Ferrari when he met a friend for lunch. The friend, Craig Clark, stated that Goldman told him it was his friend Nicole’s car.[48]

Just one day before the murders, Brown and her close friend Kris Jenner spoke on the phone, making plans to go to lunch the next day.[49] Kris said in an interview that Nicole wanted to confide in her about something "very important" and possibly reveal information about her "volatile" relationship with Simpson, but Brown was murdered before they could meet.[49]

June 12, 1994

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At the time of her death, Brown resided at 875 South Bundy Drive in Brentwood, Los Angeles, California, with her two children.[50][51][52] On the evening of June 12, Brown took Sydney and a friend out to dinner after the children's dance recital.[45] That night, Brown and Goldman were stabbed to death outside her home; their bodies were found shortly after midnight. Brown was lying in the fetal position in a pool of blood.[53] An autopsy determined that she had been stabbed seven times in the neck and scalp and had sustained a 14 cm-long (5.5 inches) gash across her throat, which had severed both her left and right carotid arteries and breached her right and left jugular veins.[53] The wound on Brown's neck penetrated 1.9 cm (0.75 inches) into her cervical vertebrae,[53] nearly decapitating her.[36][54] She also had defensive wounds on her hands.[53]

Brown's funeral was held on June 16 at the St. Martin of Tours Catholic Church in Brentwood,[55] with mourners including Simpson and their two children,[56] members of Brown's family, Al Cowlings, house guest Kato Kaelin, and Steve Garvey.[57] Brown is buried in Ascension Cemetery[58] in Lake Forest, California.[59]

Trials

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Criminal trial

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Simpson was tried for the murders of Brown and Goldman. In October 1995, after a public trial that lasted nearly nine months and presented circumstantial and forensic evidence that Simpson killed both, he was acquitted.

Civil trial

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In a 1997 civil trial filed by Fred Goldman, Ron Goldman's father, a jury found Simpson liable for the wrongful deaths of Brown and Goldman and awarded $33.5 million in damages to the Goldmans. However, Simpson never paid the "lion's share"[60] of this award to the Goldmans due to protections from his bankruptcy filing and pension income.[61]

Custody of children

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In 1996, after the conclusion of the criminal trial, a judge granted Simpson's petition to give him full custody of Sydney and Justin.[62] Brown's parents continued unsuccessfully to fight for custody[63][64][65] until 2006, when Justin turned 18 and legally became an adult (Sydney turned 18 in 2003).

Legacy

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Foundation

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The Nicole Brown Simpson Foundation was established in 1994 in her memory.[66] Later renamed the Nicole Brown Charitable Foundation, it reportedly cut back on grantmaking in 1999 due to a drop in donations and questionable management practices.[67][68]

Tributes

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In a rare 1996 VHS video by her parents called A Tribute to Nicole, she is described as having had a "happy childhood" growing up in a "close family" and as "lov[ing] interior decorating."[69] Clips from the family's home movies show her as a young girl playing with stuffed animals, swimming in a pool, dancing, carrying school books, and blowing out birthday candles on cupcakes. Her mother calls Nicole "warm", "wonderful", and "free-spirited".[69]

Kato Kaelin described Nicole in a 2024 interview as a "beautiful" friend who was a "beacon of light, always bright, always fun".[70] Kris Jenner said Nicole was "one of [her] best friends"[71] with whom she often took family vacations.[72] Jenner also shared memories of a Los Angeles restaurant she used to frequent with Nicole and their mutual friend, Faye Resnick.[73]

Kris Jenner named her fourth daughter, Kendall Nicole Jenner, after Brown.[72] Kendall was born 17 months after Brown's death.

Filmmaker Ezra Edelman, who directed the documentary O.J.: Made in America, dedicated his Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature to both Brown and Goldman in his acceptance speech.

Death of parents

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On July 3, 2014, Brown's father, Louis Hezekiah "Lou" Brown Jr., died aged 90. He was interred next to Nicole in Ascension Cemetery in Lake Forest, California. Nicole's headstone (which had space on the headstone for an additional inscription) was altered to include her father.[74]

On November 8, 2020, Brown's mother, Juditha Anne "Judi" Baur Brown, died aged 89. She was interred in Ascension Cemetery next to her husband and daughter. Nicole's original headstone was replaced by a larger one that included the inscriptions for both of her parents on it.[75]

Property

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Two years after the deaths of Brown and Goldman, the townhouse at 875 South Bundy Drive[50][51][52] was extensively remodeled by a new owner, who also had the address changed.[76]

Media

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Book

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"Nicole. Jesus. I looked down and saw her on the ground in front of me, curled up in a fetal position at the base of the stairs, not moving. Goldman was only a few feet away, slumped against the bars of the fence. He wasn't moving either. Both he and Nicole were lying in giant pools of blood. I had never seen so much blood in my life. It didn't seem real, and none of it computed."

If I Did It: Confessions of the Killer, Simpson (2006), p. 81.

Simpson wrote a book, If I Did It, a first-person account of how he would have committed the murders if he had committed them. In Simpson's hypothetical scenario, he has an unwilling accomplice named "Charlie" who urges him to not engage with Nicole, whom Simpson plans to "scare the shit out of".[77] Simpson ignores Charlie's advice and continues to Nicole's condo, where he finds and confronts Ron Goldman. According to the book, Nicole falls and hits her head on the concrete, and Goldman crouches in a karate pose. As the confrontation escalates, Simpson writes, "Then something went horribly wrong, and I know what happened, but I can't tell you how."[78] He writes that he regained consciousness later with no memory of the actual act of murder.[77]

According to court documents, in August 2007, as part of the multi-million dollar civil jury award against Simpson to ensure he would not be able to profit from the book, the Goldman family were granted the proceeds from the book. The Goldman family still own the copyright, media rights, and movie rights[79] and have acquired Simpson's name, likeness, life story, and right of publicity in connection with the book. After renaming the book If I Did It: Confessions of the Killer, the Goldman family published it in September 2007 through Beaufort Books.[80] Denise Brown, Nicole Brown's sister, criticized the Goldmans for publishing the book and accused them of profiting from Nicole’s and Ron's deaths.[81]

Documentary

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Upon Simpson's death in 2024, Lifetime announced a two-part documentary about Brown was in development titled The Life and Murder of Nicole Brown Simpson, which aired on June 1 and 2, 2024.[82]

Portrayals

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Brown is portrayed by:

See also

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References

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Citations

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  1. ^ Turvey, Brent E. (February 1995). "An Overview of the Medicolegal Evidence Regarding: The State of California v. Orenthal James Simpson, Case: BA097211" Archived August 4, 2018, at the Wayback Machine. Knowledge Solutions.
  2. ^ Schmalleger 1996, p. 2.
  3. ^ a b c Hubler, Shawn; Trounson, Rebecca (July 3, 1994). "Dreams of Better Days Died That Night". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ Schindehette, Susan (August 1994). "To Live and Die in L.A." People. Vol. 42, no. 5. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ Gates, Anita (July 6, 2014). "Louis Brown Jr., Nicole Simpson's Father, Dies at 90". The New York Times. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ Weller 1995, pp. 76–77.
  7. ^ Finn, Natalie (June 12, 2019). "Inside the Short, Tragic Life of Nicole Brown Simpson and Her Hopeful Final Days". eonline. Retrieved February 9, 2024.
  8. ^ Weller 1995, pp. 42–43.
  9. ^ Weller 1995, pp. 84, 122.
  10. ^ "Classmates - Dana Hills High School Yearbook 1976". secure.classmates.com. Retrieved October 7, 2021.
  11. ^ "The O.J. Simpson Trial: Nicole Brown Simpson Part 1". Listen Notes (Transcript). October 3, 2019. Retrieved August 25, 2022. She's [Nicole] an outdoor girl. And she's also raised Catholic because her mom is Catholic...
  12. ^ Dana Hills High School Yearbook (1976). p. 161. Worthpoint.com. https://thumbs.worthpoint.com/zoom/images4/1/1215/19/nicole-brown-simpson-high-school_1_e86f03c852af254e94a3e755bd97c708.jpg}
  13. ^ Bugliosi 1997, p. 175; Weller 1995, pp. 6, 123.
  14. ^ Weller 1995, p. 123.
  15. ^ "The Victims". O.J. Simpson Trial News. CNN. February 3, 1985. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  16. ^ Hubler, Shawn; Trounson, Rebecca (July 6, 1994). "Nicole Simpson Was Dominated by Her Husband Since She Was a Teenager". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  17. ^ Alison Martino (August 29, 2014). "The Daisy in Beverly Hills". Vintage Los Angeles.
  18. ^ Taylor Gibbs 1996, pp. 126–128.
  19. ^ Jeff Berg, New Mexico Filmmaking (2015), p. 82-83.
  20. ^ Higgins, Bill (August 11, 2016). "Olympics Flashback: When O.J. Simpson Carried the Torch in L.A." The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 17, 2022. Retrieved April 13, 2024.
  21. ^ a b c d Rubenstein, Janine; Acosta, Nicole (May 22, 2024). "Nicole Brown Simpson's Sisters Break Their Silence Over O.J.'s Death: 'It's Very Complicated' (Exclusive)". People. Retrieved May 22, 2024.
  22. ^ Lange, Tom; Moldea, Dan E.; Vannatter, Philip (1997). Evidence Dismissed: The Inside Story of the Police Investigation of O. J. Simpson. Pocket Books. p. 115. ISBN 0-671-00959-1.
  23. ^ "Child custody decision". courttv.com. Archived from the original on January 10, 2009. Retrieved March 10, 2009.
  24. ^ "Nicole Brown Simpson's sisters want you to remember how she lived, not how she died". AP News. May 31, 2024. Retrieved June 13, 2024.
  25. ^ Rutten, Tim; Weinstein, Henry (March 2, 1996). "Simpson Recounts Stormy Relationship With Ex-Wife". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 13, 2024.
  26. ^ Goldberg, Carey (October 25, 1996). "Simpson Defense Opens With Scathing Portrait of His Ex-Wife". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 13, 2024.
  27. ^ a b "Judge Allow Evidence of Domestic Violence In O.J. Simpson Murder Case". Jet. 87 (13): 51. February 6, 1995. ISSN 0021-5996.
  28. ^ a b c "OJ Simpson's slow-speed chase on June 17, 1994". Daily News. April 11, 2024. Archived from the original on April 11, 2024. Retrieved April 12, 2024.
  29. ^ "Did Nicole Brown Simpson's Parents Push Her To Stay With O.J. Simpson? 'American Crime Story' Tackles The Rumors". Romper. March 2, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2021.
  30. ^ a b c Petersen, Nate (June 15, 2016). "O.J. Simpson allegedly had an affair with this 1980s music video vixen". CBS News. Retrieved May 22, 2024.
  31. ^ Surprise letter: Nicole wrote O.J. Simpson 'beat holy hell' out of her by Linda Deutsch (January 13, 1997) from Associated Press website|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210509165153/https://apnews.com/article/d6d0ac24e31e09deeb5ca1684fefe49e%7Carchive-date=May 9, 2021|url-status=dead
  32. ^ Lindsay (June 22, 2016). "Nicole Brown Simpson's Gretna Green House". IAMNOTASTALKER. Retrieved April 25, 2024.
  33. ^ Taylor Gibbs 1996, p. 136.
  34. ^ Weller, Sheila (June 12, 2014). "How O.J. and Nicole Brown's Friends Coped with Murder in Their Midst". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
  35. ^ Hesse, Monica (April 14, 2024). "Perspective | Nicole Brown Simpson's cries for help are still hard to hear". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved April 25, 2024.
  36. ^ a b c Anolik, Lili (June 2014). "It All Began with O. J.". Vanity Fair. Vol. 56, no. 6. New York: Condé Nast. pp. 108ff. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  37. ^ "SIMPSON'S EX-WIFE PLEADS FOR HELP ON POLICE TAPES". Washington Post. February 25, 2024. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved April 25, 2024.
  38. ^ "Trial Journal". sfgate.com. March 30, 1995.
  39. ^ Kato Kaelin's O.J. trial testimony. Retrieved April 25, 2024 – via www.youtube.com.
  40. ^ "Who Is Keith Zlomsowitch? Nicole Brown Simpson's Boyfriend Gave Upsetting Testimony". Bustle. June 15, 2016. Retrieved June 13, 2024.
  41. ^ "Nicole Brown Simpson's Ex Keith Zlomsowitch Smiling Over O.J. Death". TMZ. April 11, 2024. Retrieved June 13, 2024.
  42. ^ Streeter, Leslie Gray. "Nicole Simpson's ex: 'I felt guilty, that O.J. Simpson had beaten her, because of me'". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved June 13, 2024.
  43. ^ "CNN - Testimony on Nicole Simpson's alleged drug use barred - Jan. 8, 1997". www.cnn.com. Retrieved June 13, 2024.
  44. ^ Lindsay (March 7, 2016). "Nicole Simpson's Condo from "The People v. O.J. Simpson: American Crime Story"". IAMNOTASTALKER. Retrieved April 25, 2024.
  45. ^ a b Nicole Brown Simpson: The Final 24 (Full Documentary). Retrieved April 25, 2024 – via www.youtube.com.
  46. ^ Rimer, Sara. (June 23, 1994). "Nicole Brown Simpson: Slain At the Dawn of a Better Life." The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1994/06/23/us/simpson-case-victim-nicole-brown-simpson-slain-dawn-better-life.html
  47. ^ "O.J. Simpson & Nicole Brown Simpson attend the red carpet Hollywood premiere of ‘Naked Gun 33⅓: The Final Insult.’" RetroNewsNow. (March 16, 2019). X.https://twitter.com/RetroNewsNow/status/1106992266424528900/photo/1
  48. ^ Mosk, Matthew & Hall, Carla (June 15, 1994). "Victim Thrived on Life in Fast Lane, His Friends Recall". Los Angeles Times.
  49. ^ a b Kris Jenner Talks Bruce, Divorce, OJ Simpson & Ex Husband Robert Kardashian. Retrieved April 25, 2024 – via www.youtube.com.
  50. ^ a b Simpson & Fenjves 2006.
  51. ^ a b Margolick, David (July 25, 1995). "Simpson Expert Supports Conspiracy-Theory Defense". The New York Times. p. 9. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
  52. ^ a b Siegel, Jessica (June 13, 1995). "Gawkers Flock to Crime Scene on Bundy Avenue 1 Year Later". Chicago Tribune.
  53. ^ a b c d Bugliosi 1997, p. 19.
  54. ^ Guerrasio, Jason (June 16, 2016). "O.J. Simpson Never-Before-Seen Crime-Scene Photos". Business Insider. Retrieved August 30, 2017.
  55. ^ Shapiro 2009.
  56. ^ Weller1995, cited in Dear 2012.
  57. ^ Cerasini 1994, p. 257.
  58. ^ Weller 1995, p. 36.
  59. ^ Hardesty, Greg. "Nicole Brown Simpson's little sister grows up". Orange County Register. Santa Ana, California: Freedom Communications. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
  60. ^ "If O.J. Simpson's assets go to court, Goldman, Brown families could be first in line". ABC News. Retrieved April 25, 2024.
  61. ^ "Goldman won't go after Simpson's pension." (August 28, 1997). CNN.com. http://www.cnn.com/US/9708/28/simpson.pension/}}
  62. ^ Goldberg, Carey (December 26, 1996). "Simpson Wins Custody Fight for 2 Children by Slain Wife". The New York Times. Retrieved March 10, 2009.
  63. ^ Okeke-Ibezim 1997, pp. 110ff.
  64. ^ Morello, Carol (December 21, 1996). "Judge Awards O.J. Simpson Custody of His Children". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A1. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  65. ^ "OJ Faces Further Battle over Child Custody". BBC News. November 11, 1998. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  66. ^ Reyes, David (July 19, 1995). "The O.J. Simpson Murder Trial: Nicole Simpson Foundation Gives Shelter $10,000". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
  67. ^ Reza, H. G. (January 4, 1999). "The Brown Foundation Cuts Back on Giving". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
  68. ^ "Nicole Brown Simpson Charit Foundation – GuideStar Profile". www.guidestar.org. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
  69. ^ a b A Tribute to Nicole (VHS, 1996) Nicole Brown Simpson. Retrieved April 25, 2024 – via www.youtube.com.
  70. ^ The OJ Simpson Saga From The Man Who Saw It All. Retrieved April 25, 2024 – via www.youtube.com.
  71. ^ EXCLUSIVE: Kris Jenner Remembers Her Last Trip With Nicole Brown Simpson. Retrieved April 25, 2024 – via www.youtube.com.
  72. ^ a b Kris Jenner Talks Regret and the O.J. Simpson Verdict | Oprah's Next Chapter | Oprah Winfrey Network. Retrieved April 25, 2024 – via www.youtube.com.
  73. ^ Kris Jenner & Faye Resnick Still Hurt Over Loss of Nicole Brown Simpson | KUWTK | E!. Retrieved April 25, 2024 – via www.youtube.com.
  74. ^ "Louis Brown, father of Nicole Brown Simpson, dies". 6abc Philadelphia. Retrieved April 25, 2024.
  75. ^ Staff, newsone (November 9, 2020). "OJ Simpson Says Ex-Wife Nicole Brown Simpson's Mother Has Died: 'God Bless Her Family'". NewsOne. Retrieved April 25, 2024.
  76. ^ Walker, Theresa (June 17, 2014). "Lingering Questions from the O.J. Simpson Chase". Orange County Register. Santa Ana, California: Freedom Communications. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  77. ^ a b Truth_Merciless. OJ Simpson - If I Did It.
  78. ^ Linder, Douglas O. (April 11, 2024). "Famous Trials: "IF I Did It": The Quasi-Confession of O. J. Simpson". Famous Trials by Professor Douglas O. Linder. UMKC School of Law. Archived from the original on January 12, 2024. Retrieved April 11, 2024.
  79. ^ Timothy Noah (November 22, 2006). "Defending If I Did It". Slate. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
  80. ^ The Goldman Family (September 13, 2007). If I Did It Confessions of the Killer. Dominick Dunne (Afterword), Pablo F. Fenjves (Foreword) (1st ed.). Beaufort Books. ISBN 978-0825305887.
  81. ^ "Victims' families feud over O.J.'s 'If I Did It' book". Today.com.
  82. ^ "Nicole Brown Simpson Lifetime Doc Gets Premiere Date and Trailer: "Her Life Was Stolen From Her"". The Hollywood Repoter.

Sources

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