Los Angeles Public Library

The Los Angeles Public Library system (LAPL) serves the residents of the City of Los Angeles. The system holds more than six million volumes,[3] and with over 18 million residents in the Los Angeles Metropolitan area, it serves the largest population of any publicly funded library system in the United States.[4] The system is overseen by a Board of Library Commissioners with five members appointed by the mayor of Los Angeles in staggered terms in accordance with the city charter.[5]

Los Angeles Public Library
Lapllogo.png
Los-angeles-central-library.jpg
South entrance of the Richard J. Riordan Central Library at Hope Street
CountryUnited States
TypePublic
Established1872
LocationHeadquarters: 630 West 5th Street
Los Angeles, California
Branches72
Collection
Size6,393,429
Access and use
Circulation18 million
Population served
4,030,904 (city)

18,783,638 (metro)

Other information
BudgetUS$134,630,543
DirectorJohn F. Szabo (Fall 2012)
Staff944
Websitewww.lapl.org
Map
References: [1][2]

Circulation and servicesEdit

Library cards are free to California residents. Circulating books, zines, periodicals, computer access, and audiovisual materials are available to patrons. Books, magazines, and audiobooks are loaned for three weeks. Music cassettes, music CDs, documentary videos, and documentary DVDs are loaned for one week. Entertainment videos and entertainment DVDs are loaned for four days. Fines are charged only if materials are returned late. There is a loan limit of 10 books, 10 magazines, and 4 DVDs or videos at one time up to maximum of 30 items on the patron's record. Items checked out from Los Angeles Public Library may be returned to any of its 72 branches or to the Central Library. Most items may be renewed a maximum of two times. Entertainment DVDs and videos may be renewed one time.

The Los Angeles Public Library has many community support organizations which work with the library to raise funds and sponsor programs to enhance library service throughout the community. The Library's Rare Books Department is located in its downtown Los Angeles location. There is also an extensive selection of databases covering a wide variety of topics, many of which are available to remote users who hold an LAPL library card. Examples include full-text databases of periodicals, business directories, and language learning tools. The Central Library at 630 West 5th Street, between Grand Avenue and Flower Street in Downtown Los Angeles, remains an important research library, despite the development of accessible databases and public access to the Internet.

The library also offers an online program that allows adult patrons who have not completed high school to earn their high school diploma.[6]

HistoryEdit

The Los Angeles Library Association was formed in late 1872, and by early 1873, a well-stocked reading room had opened under the first librarian, John Littlefield.[7] Aggressive expansion and growth of the system began in the 1920s. Under Library Board of Commissioners Chairman Orra E. Monnette, the system was improved with a large network of branch libraries with new buildings. Thelma Jackman founded the Business & Economics section of the library sometime prior to 1970.

The original library consisted of two rooms. The larger room was called the “Book Room,” and the smaller room was called the “Conversation Room,” which contained newspapers, tables, chairs, and spittoons for the chess and checkers players who gathered there.[8]

Women were not initially involved in the conception and development of the Los Angeles Library Association. Mrs. John Downey was given an honorary membership out of “courtesy,” but otherwise, no women were listed in the association's founding documents, women were not represented on the board, and women were denied access to the library's reading room. However, this changed in 1876 when the association decided to implement a “Ladies Room.” While this new room did not offer any books, it did provide a number of magazines and comfortable sofa and chairs for local clubwomen to use.[8]

After Mary Foy was appointed as the first head woman librarian in 1880, her appointment was viewed as an act of charity by Mayor Toberman, who may have thought Foy to be in need of a job. Joanne Passet even postited that Foy's nomination, and librarian nominations in general, were seen as “an honorable means of assisting needy men and women in the community.” This notion was mostly confirmed when Foy was replaced by Jessie Gavitt, whose economic need was deemed greater than Foy's by the board.[8]

There was further speculation as to why the board decided on appointing Foy as the first head woman librarian. It may have been a political choice since she represented values that flourished in women's organizations, aiming to please the city's powerful women's clubs who may have been applying pressure. It's also suggested that Foy's nomination was a financial move; John Littlefield earned a salary of $100 while Mary Foy earned $75, which included janitorial work.[8]

As with all libraries worldwide, all of the branches had closed since mid-March 2020 caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

City LibrariansEdit

  • 1873 to 1879: John Littlefield
  • 1879 to 1880: Patrick Connolly
  • 1880 to 1884: Mary Foy
  • 1884 to 1889 : Jessie Gavitt
  • 1889 to 1889: Lydia Prescott
  • 1889 to 1895 : Tessa Kelso
  • 1895 to 1897: Clara Bell Fowler
  • 1897 to 1900: Harriet Child Wadleigh
  • 1900 to 1905: Mary Letitia Jones
  • 1905 to 1910: Charles Fletcher Lummis
  • 1910 to 1911: Purd Wright
  • 1911 to 1933: Everett Robbins Perry
  • 1933 to 1947: Althea Warren
  • 1947 to 1969: Harold Hamill
  • 1969 to 1990: Wyman Jones
  • 1990 to 1994: Elizabeth Martinez
  • 1995 to 2004: Susan Goldberg Kent
  • 2004 to 2008: Fontaine Holmes
  • 2009 to 2012: Martin Gomez
  • 2012 to present: John Szabo[9]

Mary Jones, who was appointed Librarian in 1905, was fired by the library board in favour of Charles Fletcher Lummis. This provoked 'The Great Library War'. Women in Los Angeles petitioned and marched in support of Jones but she was finally forced out; she took up a position as head of the library at Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania.[10][11]

Central LibraryEdit

 
Cornerstone of the original building of the Richard J. Riordan Central Library, laid in 1925
 
Los Angeles Central Library at Flower Street

The historic Central Library Goodhue building was constructed in 1926 and is a Downtown Los Angeles landmark.[12] The Central Library was designed by the architect, Bertram Goodhue.[13] The Richard Riordan Central Library complex is the third largest public library in the United States in terms of book and periodical holdings. Originally named the Central Library, the building was first renamed in honor of the longtime president of the Board of Library Commissioners and President of the University of Southern California, Rufus B. von KleinSmid. The new wing of Central Library, completed in 1993, was named in honor of former mayor Tom Bradley.[14] The complex (i.e., the original Goodhue building and the Bradley wing) was subsequently renamed in 2001 for former Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan, as the Richard Riordan Central Library. The building was damaged by fire in 1986.

BranchesEdit

Besides the Central Library in downtown Los Angeles, the system also operates 72 branch locations in the city's many neighborhoods. Eight of the larger branches are designated "regional branches":

No. Name Photograph Address Zip Code Phone Area Neighborhood Served Notes
01 Benjamin Franklin 2200 E. First St. 90033-3902 323-263-6901 Northeast Boyle Heights
02 Lincoln Heights   2530 Workman St. 90031-2322 323-226-1692 Northeast Lincoln Heights
03 Pío Pico-Koreatown (피오 피코 코리아타운 도서관)   694 S. Oxford Ave. 90005-2872 213-368-7647 Hollywood Koreatown
04 Vernon 4504 S. Central Ave. 90011-3632 323-234-9106 Central Southern South Central
05 Arroyo Seco 6145 N. Figueroa St. 90042-3565 323-255-0537 Northeast Highland Park/Garvanza Regional Branch
06 Exposition Park   3900 S. Western Ave. 90062-1111 323-290-3113 Central Southern Exposition Park Regional Branch
07 Junipero Serra 4607 S. Main St. 90037-2735 323-234-1685 Central Southern South Park
08 Echo Park 1410 W. Temple St. 90026-5605 213-250-7808 Northeast Echo Park
09 San Pedro 931 S. Gaffey St. 90731-3606 310-548-7779 Central Southern San Pedro Regional Branch
10 Wilmington 1300 N. Avalon Blvd. 90744-2639 310-834-1082 Central Southern Wilmington
11 Goldwyn Hollywood 1623 Ivar Ave. 90028-6304 323-856-8260 Hollywood Hollywood Regional Branch
12 John C. Fremont 6121 Melrose Ave. 90038-3501 323-962-3521 Hollywood Hancock Park
13 Westchester-Loyola Village   7114 W. Manchester Ave. 90045-3509 310-348-1096 Western Westchester
14 Vermont Square   1201 W. 48th St. 90037-2838 323-290-7405 Central Southern Vermont Square
15 Pacific Palisades   861 Alma Real Dr. 90272-3730 310-459-2754 Western Pacific Palisades
16 Donald Bruce Kaufman Brentwood 11820 San Vicente Blvd. 90049-5002 310-575-8273 Western Brentwood
17 Jefferson-Vassie D. Wright   2211 W. Jefferson Blvd. 90018-3741 323-734-8573 Central Southern Jefferson Park
18 Malabar   2801 Wabash Ave. 90033-2604 323-263-1497 Northeast Boyle Heights
19 Robert Louis Stevenson   803 Spence St. 90023-1727 323-268-4710 Northeast Boyle Heights
20 Cahuenga   4591 Santa Monica Blvd. 90029-1937 323-664-6418 Hollywood East Hollywood
21 El Sereno 5226 S. Huntington Dr. 90032-1704 323-225-9201 Northeast El Sereno
22 Palms-Rancho Park   2920 Overland Ave. 90064-4220 323-840-2142 Western Palms & Rancho Park
23 Van Nuys 6250 Sylmar Ave. 91401-2707 818-756-8453 East Valley Van Nuys Closed for renovations until Summer 2020.
24 Canoga Park 20939 Sherman Way 91303-1744 818-887-0320 West Valley Canoga Park
25 Studio City 12511 Moorpark St. 91604-1372 818-755-7873 East Valley Studio City
26 Angeles Mesa   2700 W. 52nd St. 90043-1953 323-292-4328 Central Southern Hyde Park/Leimert Park
27 West Los Angeles 11360 Santa Monica Blvd. 90025-3152 310-575-8323 Western West Los Angeles Regional Branch
28 Cypress Park   1150 Cypress Ave. 90065-1144 323-224-0039 Northeast Cypress Park
29 Wilshire   149 N. St. Andrews Pl. 90004-4019 323-957-4550 Hollywood Mid-Wilshire
30 Ascot 120 W. Florence Ave. 90003-1805 323-759-4817 Central Southern Florence
31 Will & Ariel Durant 7140 W. Sunset Blvd. 90046-4416 323-876-2741 Hollywood Hollywood
32 Eagle Rock 5027 Caspar Ave. 90041-1901 323-258-8078 Northeast Eagle Rock Article on the former building
33 Hyde Park-Miriam Matthews 2205 W. Florence Ave. 90043-5101 323-750-7241 Western Hyde Park
34 John Muir   1005 W. 64th St. 90044-3605 323-789-4800 Central Southern Vermont-Slauson
35 Sunland-Tujunga 7771 Foothill Blvd. 91042-2137 818-352-4481 East Valley Sunland & Tujunga
36 Los Feliz 1874 Hillhurst Ave. 90027-4427 323-913-4710 Hollywood Los Feliz
37 North Hollywood Amelia Earhart 5211 Tujunga Ave. 91601-3119 818-766-7185 East Valley North Hollywood Regional Branch
38 Mar Vista 12006 Venice Blvd. 90066-3810 310-390-3454 Western Mar Vista
39 Panorama City 14345 Roscoe Blvd. 91402-4222 818-894-4071 East Valley Panorama City
40 Venice-Abbot Kinney 501 S. Venice Blvd. 90291-4201 310-821-1769 Western Venice
41 Washington Irving   4117 W. Washington Blvd. 90018-1053 323-734-6303 Hollywood Arlington Heights/Mid-City
42 Robertson Branch Library 1719 S. Robertson Blvd. 90035-4315 310-840-2147 Western Beverlywood/Cheviot Hills/Pico-Robertson Closed Saturday and open Sunday due to widespread observation of Shabbat in this neighborhood
43 Alma Reaves Woods-Watts 10205 Compton Ave. 90002-2804 323-789-2850 Central Southern Watts
44 Atwater Village 3379 Glendale Blvd. 90039-1825 323-664-1353 Hollywood Atwater Village
45 Mark Twain 9621 S. Figueroa St. 90003-3928 323-755-4088 Central Southern Vermont Vista
46 Baldwin Hills 2906 S. La Brea Ave. 90016-3902 323-733-1196 Western Baldwin Hills
47 Encino-Tarzana   18231 Ventura Blvd. 91356-3630 818-343-1983 West Valley Encino & Tarzana
48 Felipe de Neve   2820 W. 6th St. 90057-3114 213-384-7676 Hollywood Westlake
49 Memorial   4625 W. Olympic 90019-1832 323-938-2732 Hollywood Country Club Park
50 West Valley   19036 Vanowen St. 91335-5114 818-345-9806 West Valley Reseda Regional Branch
51 Sherman Oaks 14245 Moorpark St. 91423-2722 818-205-9716 East Valley Sherman Oaks
52 Sun Valley 7935 Vineland Ave. 91352-4477 818-764-1338 East Valley Sun Valley
53 Pacoima 13605 Van Nuys Blvd. 91331-3613 818-899-5203 East Valley Pacoima
54 Sylmar 14561 Polk St. 91342-4055 818-367-6102 East Valley Sylmar
55 Playa Vista   6400 Playa Vista Dr. 90094-2168 310-437-6680 Western Playa Vista
56 Granada Hills 10640 Petit Ave. 91344-6452 818-368-5687 West Valley Granada Hills
57 Valley Plaza 12311 Vanowen St. 91605-5624 818-765-9251 East Valley Valley Glen/North Hollywood Formerly known as Vanowen Park Branch
58 Woodland Hills 22200 Ventura Blvd. 91364-1517 818-226-0017 West Valley Woodland Hills
59 Northridge 9051 Darby Ave. 91325-2743 818-886-3640 West Valley Northridge
60 Chatsworth 21052 Devonshire St. 91311-2314 818-341-4276 West Valley Chatsworth
61 Fairfax   161 S. Gardner St. 90036-2717 323-936-6191 Hollywood Fairfax
62 Lake View Terrace   12002 Osborne St. 91342-7221 818-890-7404 East Valley Lake View Terrace
63 Chinatown   639 N. Hill St. 90012-2317 213-620-0925 Northeast Chinatown
64 Little Tokyo   203 S. Los Angeles St. 90012-3704 213-612-0525 Northeast Little Tokyo
65 Platt 23600 Victory Blvd. 91367-1349 818-340-9386 West Valley West Hills
66 Mid-Valley Regional 16244 Nordhoff St. 91343-3806 818-895-3650 West Valley North Hills Regional Branch
67 Porter Ranch 11371 Tampa Ave. 91326-1729 818-360-5706 West Valley Porter Ranch
68 Harbor City-Harbor Gateway 24000 S. Western Ave. 90710-1741 310-534-9520 Central Southern Harbor City & Harbor Gateway
69 Edendale 2011 W. Sunset Blvd. 90026-3122 213-207-3000 Northeast Echo Park
70 Pico-Union   1030 S. Alvarado St. 90006-3712 213-368-7545 Hollywood Pico-Union
71 Westwood   1246 Glendon Ave. 90024-4914 310-474-1739 Western Westwood
72 Silver Lake   2411 Glendale Blvd. 90039-3217 323-913-7451 Northeast Silver Lake  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Martin Gomez (February 2010). "City Librarian's Report to Friends Groups". Los Angeles Public Library. Archived from the original (.PPS) on June 20, 2010. Retrieved March 26, 2010. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ "Los Angeles Library Foundation - Annual Report 2008-2009". Library Foundation of Los Angeles. 2009. Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  3. ^ "Los Angeles Public Library Facts 2013 (for fiscal year 2012-13) | Los Angeles Public Library". www.lapl.org. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  4. ^ Szabo, John (2015). "LAPL Strategic Plan 2015-2020" (PDF). Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  5. ^ "Board of Library Commissioners | Los Angeles Public Library". www.lapl.org. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  6. ^ Toppo, Greg (June 2, 2014). "Libraries' choice: Change or fade into oblivion". USA Today. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  7. ^ Soter, Bernadette Dominique (1993). The light of learning: an illustrated history of the Los Angeles Public Library. Los Angeles: Library Foundation of Los Angeles. pp. 19–20.
  8. ^ a b c d https://www.jstor.org/stable/25548763?Search=yes&resultItemClick=true&searchText=At&searchText=the&searchText=Pleasure&searchText=of&searchText=the&searchText=Board&searchText=Women&searchText=Librarians&searchText=and&searchText=the&searchText=Los&searchText=Angeles&searchText=Public&searchText=Library%2C&searchText=1880-1905&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FQuery%3DAt%2Bthe%2BPleasure%2Bof%2Bthe%2BBoard%253A%2BWomen%2BLibrarians%2Band%2Bthe%2BLos%2BAngeles%2BPublic%2BLibrary%252C%2B1880-1905%26amp%3Bacc%3Doff%26amp%3Bwc%3Don%26amp%3Bfc%3Doff%26amp%3Bgroup%3Dnone&ab_segments=0%2Fbasic_SYC-5152%2Ftest&refreqid=search%3Ab364c8dbcf2a47a700439dfca25747cd&seq=1
  9. ^ Orlean, Susan (2018). The Library Book. London: Atlantic Books. pp. 125, 129, 132, 139–143, 173, 174, 198, 203, 307. ISBN 9781782392255. OCLC 1084749272.
  10. ^ Orlean, Susan (2018). The Library Book. London: Atlantic Books. pp. 132, 139–143. ISBN 9781782392255. OCLC 1084749272.
  11. ^ Beyelia, Nicholas (March 21, 2018). "The Great Library War of 1905, Part 1: Have you met Miss Jones?". Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL) blog. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
  12. ^ "EARLY HISTORY, DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE GOODHUE BUILDING | Los Angeles Public Library". www.lapl.org. Retrieved March 7, 2016.
  13. ^ Orlean, Susan (2018). The Library Book. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-4767-4018-8.
  14. ^ "TOM BRADLEY WING: HISTORY AND DESIGN | Los Angeles Public Library". www.lapl.org. Retrieved March 7, 2016.

External linksEdit