Canoga Park, Los Angeles
Canoga Park is a neighborhood in the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, California, United States. Its 60,000+ residents are considered to be "highly diverse" ethnically. Before the Mexican–American War, the district was part of a rancho, and after the American victory it was converted into wheat farms and then subdivided, with part of it named Owensmouth as a town founded in 1912. It joined Los Angeles in 1917 and was renamed Canoga Park on March 1, 1931, thanks to the efforts of local civic leader Mary Logan Orcutt.
Canoga Park, Los Angeles
|• Land||11.3 km2 (4.35 sq mi)|
|Elevation||200 m (800 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
91303, 91304, 91305, 91309
|Area code(s)||818 and 747|
The area of present-day Canoga Park was the homeland of Native Americans in the Tongva-Fernandeño and Chumash-Venturaño tribes, that lived in the Simi Hills and along to the tributaries of the Los Angeles River. They traded with the north Valley Tataviam-Fernandeño people. Native American civilizations inhabited the Valley for an estimated 8,000 years. Their culture left the Burro Flats Painted Cave nearby.
From 1797 to 1846 the area was part of Mission San Fernando Rey de España (Mission San Fernando). After the Mexican War of Independence from Spain the 'future Canoga Park' land became part of Rancho Ex-Mission San Fernando. In 1845, a land grant for the separate and historically rich Rancho El Escorpión was issued by Governor Pío Pico to three Chumash people, Odón Eusebia, his brother-in-law Urbano, and Urbano's son Mañuel. It was located in the area west of Fallbrook Avenue and later called Platt Ranch.
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In 1863 the syndicate San Fernando Homestead Association led by Isaac Lankershim and Isaac Van Nuys purchased the southern half of the historic San Fernando Valley. They established seven wheat ranch operations and were the first to ship wheat to Europe from California. In 1869 Alfred Workman acquired the westernmost ranch, a 13,000 acres (50 km2) wheat farm in future Canoga Park (for more: See Landmarks section below). Eucalyptus trees were introduced into the San Fernando Valley by Albert Workman, who imported seedlings from his native Australia and planted them on the Workman Ranch. In time, they spread though the Canoga Park area ranches, farms and beyond. It has been said that these trees are the parents of all eucalyptus trees in Southern California.
In 1909 the Suburban Homes Company, a syndicate led by H. J. Whitley, general manager of the Board of Control, along with Harry Chandler, H. G. Otis, M. H. Sherman and O. F. Brandt purchased 48,000 acres of the Farming and Milling Company for $2,500,000.  Henry E. Huntington, extended his Pacific Electric Railway (Red Cars) through the Valley to Owensmouth (now Canoga Park). The Suburban Home Company laid out plans for roads and the towns of Van Nuys, Reseda (Marian) and Canoga Park (Owensmouth). The rural areas were annexed into the city of Los Angeles in 1915.
The entire south San Fernando valley, from Roscoe Blvd south to the hills, with certain exceptions, were to be subdivided in anticipation of the Los Angeles aqueduct's completion in 1913. The purchasers of the land included Harry Chandler and Harrison Gray Otis of the Los Angeles Times, Moses Sherman (a Los Angeles Pacific Railroad streetcar line builder), and Hobart Johnstone Whitley, an all purpose real estate developer who, from a start in the Land Rush of 1889 in Oklahoma to platting out 140 towns, including Hollywood.
The area was originally named Owensmouth by Los Angeles Suburban Home Company by general manager Hobart Johnstone Whitley as a sales tactic in that the town would be the new mouth of the Owens River, after the Los Angeles Aqueduct would be completed the next year. The town was founded on March 30, 1912, and the Suburban Home Company contracted with the Janss Investment Company, to sell properties. A pre-development scheme brought Pacific Electric streetcars and an all purpose highway (Sherman Way) out all the way from Hollywood through Cahuenga Pass, through the previously subdivided Van Nuys (1911). Highlighting the "opening day barbecue" was the display of the "Owensmouth Baby", a racecar that could go up and down the paved Sherman Way at the incredible speed of 35 mph.
Owensmouth, as the junior San Fernando Valley city to Van Nuys, promoted itself with the "baby" motif—using storks in their advertisement. The "baby city" of the Valley remained a very small community.
The lack of an independent water supply made annexation to the City of Los Angeles inevitable, and on February 26, 1917, it joined with its larger neighbor. The name was changed to Canoga Park in 1931. Eventually, the area's zoning was rural/agricultural and its industry was small farms involved in the production of fruits, vegetables, and melons, some livestock, horses, a movie/television studio, and a stunt location.
The Canoga Park Airstrip occupied the area now known as "Warner Center" (as shown on the street map 1955 Thomas Guide).
In 1955, Rocketdyne, then a division of North American Aviation, moved into the area. It became a major employer along with the Atomics International and Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL) divisions. Other aerospace companies followed: including Atomics International, Thompson Ramo Wooldridge-TRW, Hughes Aircraft, Rockwell International, Boeing, and Teledyne. Small machine shops and other ancillary businesses also sprang up to service the aerospace industry. Currently the facility is operated by Aerojet Rocketdyne, and is the only remaining aerospace industry. The Santa Susana Field Lab property has been closed and will be undergoing an extensive environmental cleanup, and become an open-space park.
Bell and Dayton Creeks flowing from the Simi Hills, and Arroyo Calabasas (Calabasas Creek) from the Santa Monica Mountains are several of the headwaters of the Los Angeles River that originate in the western San Fernando Valley that flow through Canoga Park. The Los Angeles River itself begins at the confluence of Calabasas Creek and Bell Creek behind Canoga Park High School. These and other small creeks supply stormwater and suburban runoff water to the Los Angeles River, and several are considered year round creeks. Although the creeks are now channeled and run within concrete walls, they do form a significant urban wildlife landscape and contribute to the population of indigenous wildlife left within the San Fernando Valley.
|Climate data for Canoga Park, Los Angeles, CA (1981–2010 normals) (*note- the chart is actually from Woodland Hills, which is 5 miles south)|
|Record high °F (°C)||95
|Average high °F (°C)||68.9
|Daily mean °F (°C)||54.2
|Average low °F (°C)||39.4
|Record low °F (°C)||20
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.62
The 2000 U.S. census counted 53,227 residents in the 4.35-square-mile Canoga Park neighborhood—or 12,240 people per square mile, about an average population density for the city. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 60,578. In 2000, the median age for residents was 30, also about average for city and county neighborhoods.
The neighborhood was considered "highly diverse" ethnically within Los Angeles. The breakdown was Latinos, 50.9%; whites, 30.7%; Asians, 11.1%; blacks, 4.3%; and others, 3.1%. Mexico (45.8%) and El Salvador (11.6%) were the most common places of birth for the 42.8% of the residents who were born abroad—which was about an average percentage for Los Angeles as a whole.
The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $51,601, considered average for the city. Renters occupied 63.6% of the housing stock, and house- or apartment-owners held 36.4%. The average household size of three people was average for Los Angeles. The 18.1% of families headed by single parents was also average for city neighborhoods.
The percentage of residents aged 19 to 34 was among the county's highest, as was the percentage of never-married men (40.4%).
Los Angeles Police Department Topanga Community Police Station serves residents in Canoga Park, parts of Winnetka, West Hills and Woodland Hills. The Topanga Community Police Station opened in January 2009. The police department named the station after a village in the Tongva language of the historically local Tongva-Fernandeño Native Americans tribe. The department originally planned to name it the Northwest Station, but residents preferred a name linking to the town's history. Prior to the opening of the Topanga station, the Devonshire Community Police Station served addresses north of Roscoe Boulevard while the West Valley Police Station served addresses south of Roscoe Boulevard.
The United States Postal Service operates the Canoga Park Post Office at 8201 Canoga Avenue and the Challenger Post Office at 21801 Sherman Way. Challenger Station maintains a significant WPA mural by Western artist Maynard Dixon.
- Canoga Park is represented in the United States Senate by California's Senators Dianne Feinstein and Kamala Harris.
- Canoga Park is located within California's 30th congressional district represented by Democrat Brad Sherman.
Canoga Park is located within California's 45th State Assembly district represented by Democrat Jesse Gabriel  and California's 27th State Senate district represented by Democrat Henry Stern.
Parks and recreationEdit
- Lanark Recreation Center, formerly Orcutt Park, is an LA City park in Canoga Park (21816 Lanark Street and Topanga Canyon Boulevard, 91304). The center has a lighted baseball diamond, an unlighted baseball diamond, lighted indoor basketball courts, lighted outdoor basketball courts, a children's play area, a lighted football field, an indoor gymnasium (without weights), picnic tables, a lighted soccer field, lighted tennis courts, lighted volleyball courts, and an auditorium. It also serves as a Los Angeles Police Department drop-in site.
- Lanark Pool, an outdoor unheated seasonal pool, is on the park site.
Eighteen percent of Canoga Park residents age 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, an average figure for the city and the county.
Schools within the Canoga Park borders are:
Los Angeles Unified School District serves the community.
- Canoga Park High School, 6850 Topanga Canyon Boulevard
- Owensmouth Continuation School, 6921 Jordan Avenue
- Christopher Columbus Middle School, 22250 Elkwood Street
- Multicultural Learning Center, charter, 7510 DeSoto Avenue
- N.E.W. Academy Canoga Park, 21425 Cohasset Street
- Hart Street Elementary School, 21040 Hart Street
- Canoga Park Preschool and Kindergarten, 7839 Topanga Canyon Boulevard
- Faith Baptist School, K-12, 7644 Farralone Avenue
- AGBU Manoogian-Demirdjian School, K-12, 6844 Oakdale Avenue
- Canoga Park Lutheran School, elementary, 7357 Jordan Avenue. Formed by the merger of Trinity Lutheran High School and Canoga Park Lutheran School
- Coutin School, Inc., (special needs learning) 7119 Owensmouth Avenue
- Our Lady of the Valley Elementary School, 22041 Gault Street
- Judith Barsi (1978–1988), child actress
- Dorsey Burnette (1932–1979), rockabilly/country singer-songwriter
- Bob Burns (1890–1956), musical comedian, radio/film actor, inventor of the "bazooka" instrument
- Bryan Cranston (b. 1956), actor
- Francis Lederer (1899–2000), actor, honorary mayor of Canoga Park
- Meghan Markle (b.1981), former actress, now Duchess of Sussex 
- James Arthur Osmond, (b.1963), singer, businessman, actor, entertainer
- Eugene Selznick (1930–2012), volleyball player
- Randy Wolf (1976–), baseball player
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- "Mercury News article".
-  SSPSHP link: pp.41–2
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rancho El Escorpión
- "Map of old Spanish and Mexican ranchos in Los Angeles County".
- Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Numa Hubert, San Francisco
- http://www.co-hs.org/ April 2007 Bulletin-Canoga/Owensmouth Historical Society
-  SSPSHP link: Ethnohistory
- "Historic | City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks". Laparks.org. Retrieved 2018-10-04.
-  "No. 9, Shadow Ranch," Big Orange Landmarks, March 30, 2007
- Mulholland, Catherine. The Owensmouth Baby - The Making of the San Fernando Valley Santa Susana Press, California, 1987; p. 18-20.
- George L. Henderson (1 February 2003). California and the Fictions of Capital. Temple University Press. p. 199. ISBN 978-1-59213-198-3. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
- Judith R. Raftery (1992). Land of Fair Promise: Politics and Reform in Los Angeles Schools 1885 – 1941. Stanford University Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-8047-1930-8. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
- Margaret Leslie Davis, Rivers in the Desert, 1993
- "Yahoo! Groups". tech.groups.yahoo.com.
- "DTSC - Santa Susana Field Laboratory Site Investigation and Cleanup - HOME". www.dtsc-ssfl.com.
- "Aerospace Contamination Museum of Education". acmela.org.
- "Canoga Park, California Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
- "WOODLAND HILLS PIERCE COLLEGE, CALIFORNIA - Climate Summary". www.wrcc.dri.edu.
-  "Canoga Park," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- Vives, Ruben. "LAPD opens new station in Canoga Park." Los Angeles Times. January 4, 2009. Retrieved on April 26, 2009.
- "Canoga Park Police Stations." Los Angeles Police Department. October 11, 2007. Retrieved on April 26, 2009.
- "Post Office Location – CANOGA PARK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Post Office Location – CHALLENGER." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Canoga Park Branch Library." Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- California Senators accessed November 7, 2018
- https://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/CA/30#q=Canoga%20Park%2C%20CA&marker_lng=-118.5978&marker_lat=34.2011 [Canoga Park U.S-Representative]
- https://a45.asmdc.org/district-map[Assembly District 45 Map]
- http://findyourrep.legislature.ca.gov [Canoga Park,CA 91303]
- http://navigatela.lacity.org/common/mapgallery/pdf/council_districts/CDindex_8.5_11.pdf%7Ctitle=Map of LA City Council Districts
- "Lanark Recreation Center." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 22, 2010.
- "Lanark Pool." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 22, 2010.
-  "Canoga Park Schools," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- Lin, C.J. "Valley private school options dwindling." August 17, 2011.
- "Judith Barsi". IMDb. Retrieved 2016-03-17.
- "BTTF# 19: The Tragic Death of Child Actress Judith Barsi in Canoga Park Remembered 25 Years Later". Retrieved 2016-03-17.
- "Dorsey, Tall Oak Tree". www.rockabillyhall.com. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- BLOOM, STEPHEN G. (1985-10-06). "Stories, Glories of Stars Are Reflected in Former Valley Homes". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
- "10 Things About... Bryan Cranston". 22 September 2013.
-  "No. 204, Lederer Residence and Immediate Environs," Big Orange Landmarks, January 10, 2009
- Kirsty.Oram (2018-05-18). "The Duchess of Sussex". The Royal Family. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
- Baxter Holmes, "Gene Selznick Dies at 82," Los Angeles Times, June 12, 2012
- "Randy Wolf Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2018-10-04.