Sariwon

Sariwŏn (Korean pronunciation: [sa.ɾi.wʌn]) is the capital of North Hwanghae Province, North Korea.

Sariwŏn
사리원시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-ReischauerSariwŏn-si
 • Revised RomanizationSariwon-si
View of Sariwon
View of Sariwon
Map of North Hwanghae showing the location of Sariwon
Map of North Hwanghae showing the location of Sariwon
Sariwŏn is located in North Korea
Sariwŏn
Sariwŏn
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 38°30′28″N 125°45′16″E / 38.50778°N 125.75444°E / 38.50778; 125.75444
Country North Korea
ProvinceNorth Hwanghae Province
Population
 (2008)
 • Total307,764
 • Dialect
Hwanghae
Time zoneUTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

PopulationEdit

The city's population as of 2008 is 307,764.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Sariwŏn is divided into 31 tong (neighbourhoods) and 9 ri (villages):

  • Ch'ŏlsan-dong
  • Kuch'ŏn 1-dong
  • Kuch'ŏn 2-dong
  • Kuch'ŏn 3-dong
  • Kuch'ŏn 4-dong
  • Kwangsŏng-dong
  • Kyŏng'am-dong
  • Man'gŭm-dong
  • Ŏsu-dong
  • Puk 1-dong
  • Puk 2-dong
  • Puk 3-dong
  • Puk 4-dong
  • Sangha-dong
  • Sangmae 1-dong
  • Sangmae 2-dong
  • San'ŏp-tong
  • Sinch'ang-dong
  • Sinhŭng 1-dong
  • Sinhŭng 2-dong
  • Sinyang-dong
  • Sŏngmun-dong
  • Sŏri-dong
  • Taesŏng-dong
  • Tong 1-dong
  • Tong 2-dong
  • Torim-dong
  • Ŭnbyŏl-dong
  • Unha 1-dong
  • Unha 2-dong
  • Wŏnju-dong
  • Chŏngbang-ri
  • Haesŏ-ri
  • Kuryong-ri
  • Migong-ri
  • Munhyŏl-li
  • Pungŭi-ri
  • Sŏnch'ŏng-ri
  • Sŏngsal-li
  • Taeryong-ri

HealthcareEdit

Sariwŏn has the only pediatric hospital (founded by Hungarians in the 1950s) in the entire region; it serves 16 districts and 500,000 children and teens annually.

IndustryEdit

Sariwŏn has a Potassic/Potash Fertilizer Complex and a tractor factory.

EducationEdit

Educational institutions include the University of Agriculture, University of Geology, University of Medicine, University of Education nos. 1 & 2 and the Sariwŏn Pharmaceutical College of Koryŏ.

TourismEdit

The "Sariwŏn Folklore street" was constructed during Kim-Jong-il's rule. Built to display an ideal picture of ancient Korea, it includes buildings in the "historical style" and a collection of ancient Korean cannons. Although it is considered an inaccurate romanticized recreation of an ancient Korean street, it is frequently used as a destination for foreigners on official government tours. Many older style Korean buildings exist in the city.

TransportEdit

Sariwŏn is served by Sariwŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn and several other stations on both the P'yŏngbu and Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn lines of the Korean State Railway.

Sariwŏn has a trolleybus system with two Ikarus 280T articulated trolleybuses; they are converted from diesel Ikarus 280 buses due to the lack of roof equipment. Regular trolleybuses were mothballed at the depot from 2020. The service is supplemented by regular buses.[1]

ClimateEdit

Sariwŏn has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwa).

Climate data for Sariwŏn (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
2.9
(37.2)
9.2
(48.6)
17.5
(63.5)
22.9
(73.2)
27.0
(80.6)
28.5
(83.3)
29.3
(84.7)
25.5
(77.9)
19.2
(66.6)
9.9
(49.8)
2.6
(36.7)
16.2
(61.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.4
(22.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
3.6
(38.5)
11.0
(51.8)
16.8
(62.2)
21.5
(70.7)
24.3
(75.7)
24.6
(76.3)
19.7
(67.5)
12.9
(55.2)
4.8
(40.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
10.8
(51.4)
Average low °C (°F) −9.8
(14.4)
−6.8
(19.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
5.3
(41.5)
11.5
(52.7)
17.0
(62.6)
20.8
(69.4)
20.8
(69.4)
14.9
(58.8)
7.6
(45.7)
0.4
(32.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
6.2
(43.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.4
(0.49)
12.2
(0.48)
22.0
(0.87)
43.4
(1.71)
77.9
(3.07)
74.8
(2.94)
208.4
(8.20)
198.5
(7.81)
101.4
(3.99)
39.8
(1.57)
35.2
(1.39)
15.2
(0.60)
841.2
(33.12)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.7 3.5 4.3 5.8 7.4 7.7 12.3 10.2 6.6 5.1 6.6 5.6 79.8
Average snowy days 6.0 3.9 1.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.3 5.2 19.6
Average relative humidity (%) 71.8 68.2 65.1 62.1 66.9 73.7 83.2 82.6 76.7 72.3 72.5 71.9 72.3
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[2]

Sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sariwon". transphoto.org. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  2. ^ "30 years report of Meteorological Observations in North Korea" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. pp. 232–281. Archived from the original on 21 December 2020. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  3. ^ "No committee to develop ties with Lahore's twins". Daily Times of Pakistan. 2007-03-02. Archived from the original on 2013-09-29. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
  4. ^ "Sister City Ties Established between DPRK and Mexico". KCNA. 21 April 2004. Archived from the original on 8 September 2017. Retrieved 3 December 2017.

Further readingEdit

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 38°30′23″N 125°45′35″E / 38.50639°N 125.75972°E / 38.50639; 125.75972