Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (born 7 October 1950) is a Tanzanian politician who was the fourth president of Tanzania, in office from 2005 to 2015. Prior to his election as president, he was the Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1995 to 2005 under his predecessor, Benjamin Mkapa. He has also served as the chairperson of the African Union in 2008–2009 and the chairman of the Southern African Development Community Troika on Peace, Defence and Security in 2012–2013.
Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete
|4th President of Tanzania|
21 December 2005 – 5 November 2015
|Vice President||Ali Mohamed Shein (2005–10)|
Mr. Mohamed Bilal (2010–15)
|Prime Minister||Edward Lowassa (2005–08)|
Mr. Mizengo Pinda (2008–15)
|Preceded by||Benjamin William Mkapa|
|Succeeded by||John Magufuli|
|6th Chairperson of the African Union|
31 January 2008 – 2 February 2009
|Preceded by||John Kufuor|
|Succeeded by||Muammar al-Gaddafi|
|11th Minister of Foreign Affairs|
27 November 1995 – 21 December 2005
|Preceded by||Joseph Rwegasira|
|Succeeded by||Asha-Rose Migiro|
|7th Minister of Finance|
7 August 1994 – 2 November 1995
|Preceded by||Kighoma Malima|
|Succeeded by||Mr. Simon Mbilinyi|
|Member of Parliament|
26 November 1995 – 20 January 2005
|Succeeded by||Ramadhani Manenoy|
|Born||7 October 1950|
|Political party||CCM (1977–present)|
TANU (before 1977)
|Residence||Msoga, The United Republic Of Tanzania|
|Alma mater||University of Dar es Salaam (BS)|
|Allegiance||United Rep. of Tanzania|
Between 1959 and 1963, Kikwete went to Karatu Primary School in Tanzania before continuing with middle school education at Tengeru School from 1962 to 1965. After Tengeru, Kikwete moved to Kibaha Secondary School for his O-levels, which took place between 1966 and 1969, and then he studied at Tanga Technical Secondary School for his advanced level education. He graduated from the University of Dar es Salaam in 1975 with a degree in Agrieconomics.
Leadership and political careerEdit
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As a party cadre, Kikwete moved from one position to another in the party ranks and from one location to another in the service of the party. When TANU and Zanzibar's Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) merged to form Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) in 1977, Kikwete was moved to Zanzibar and assigned the task of setting up the new party's organisation and administration in the islands. In 1980, he was moved to the headquarters as administrator of the Dar es Salaam head office and head of the Defence and Security Department before moving again up-country to the regional and district party offices in Tabora Region (1981–84) and Singida Region and Nachingwea (1986–88) and Masasi District (1988) in the country's southern regions of Lindi and Mtwara respectively. In 1988, he was appointed to join the central government.
In 1994, at 44, he became one of the youngest finance ministers in the history of The United Republic of Tanzania. In December 1995, he became Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, being appointed by President Benjamin William Mkapa of the third phase government. He held this post for ten years, until he was elected President of the United Republic of Tanzania in December 2005, hence becoming the country's longest serving foreign minister. During his tenure in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Tanzania played a significant role in bringing about peace in the Great Lakes region, particularly in The Democratic Republic Of Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Kikwete was also deeply involved in the process of rebuilding regional integration in East Africa. Specifically, several times, he was involved in a delicate process of establishing a customs union between the three countries of the East African Community (Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania), where, for quite some time, he was a chairman of the East Africa Community's Council of Ministers.
Kikwete also participated in the initiation, and became a co-chair, of the Helsinki Process on Globalisation and Democracy. On 4 May 2005, Kikwete emerged victorious among 11 CCM members who had sought the party's nomination for presidential candidacy in the general election. After a 14 December 2005 multiparty general election, he was declared the winner by the Electoral Commission on 17 December and was sworn in as the fourth president of the United Republic of Tanzania on 21 December.
On 26 May 2013, Kikwete said at a meeting of the African Union that if President Joseph Kabila of the DRC could negotiate with the March 23 Movement, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda and President Paul Kagame of Rwanda should be able to negotiate with the Allied Democratic Forces-National Army for the Liberation of Uganda and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, respectively. In response, Museveni expressed his willingness to negotiate.
On 31 January 2016, The chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr Nkosazana Zuma, appointed Jakaya Kikwete the African Union High Representative in Libya. Following the crisis in Libya, Kikwete's role is to lead the AU's efforts on achieving peace and stability in Libya. Later that year, he was appointed by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to serve as member of the Lead Group of the Scaling Up Nutrition Movement.
Kikwete is an avid sports enthusiast and played basketball competitively in school. He has been a patron of the Tanzania Basketball Federation for the past 10 years. He is married to Salma and they have five children.
As of 4 April 2013, Kikwete was the sixth most followed African leader on Twitter with 57,626 followers.
Honours and awardsEdit
|2007||Uganda||Most Excellent Order of the Pearl of Africa (Grand Master)|
|2009||Comoros||Order of the Green Crescent of the Comoros|
|2009||Saudi Arabia||Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud|
|2009||Jamaica||Order of Excellence|
|2012||Oman||Order of Oman (First Class)|
- Sullivan Honor
- 2007: The AAI African National Achievement Award (on behalf of Tanzania).
- 2009: US Doctors for Africa Award.
- 2011: Social Good Award from the United Nations Foundation
- 2011: South-South Award for Global Health, Technology and Development
- 2012: FANRPAN Policy Leadership Award from the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network.
- 2013: Africa's Most Impactful Leader of the Year by the Africa Leadership Magazine
- 2013: ICCF Mengha Award by the International Conservation Caucus Foundation
- 2014: Icon of Democracy Award, from The Voice Magazine (Netherlands)
- 2015: Leadership Excellence Award by the Pan-African Youth Union.
- 2015: African Achievers Award by the Institute for Good Governance in Africa.
- 2015: African Statesman of the Year by The African Sun Times.
Honorary academic awardsEdit
|2006||University of St. Thomas, Minnesota||United States||Doctor of Law|
|2008||Kenyatta University||Kenya||Doctor of Humane Letters|
|2010||Fatih University||Turkey||Doctorate in International Relations|
|2010||Muhimbili University||Tanzania||Doctor of Public Health|
|2010||University of Dodoma||Tanzania||Honoris Causa|
|2011||University of Dar es Salaam||Tanzania||Doctor of Law|
|2013||University of Guelph||Canada||Doctor of Law|
|2014||China Agricultural University||China||Honorary Professor|
|2014||Nelson Mandela–AIST||Tanzania||Honoris causa|
|2015||University of Newcastle, New South Wales||Australia||Doctor of Laws|
|2016||Open University of Tanzania||Tanzania||Honorary doctorate in leadership.|
- Kikwete Bridge, across the Malagarasi River in western Tanzania (275 metres)
- Jakaya M Kikwete Youth Park, a multi-sport facility in Dar es Salaam.
- Jakaya Kikwete Cardiac Institute (JKCI), at the Muhimbili National Hospital.
- Kikwete Friendship Highway, a 12 km highway in Dar es Salaam that will be constructed between Ukonga Banana in Ilala District and Chamazi in Temeke District.
- "Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete". Huffington Post. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- "Wajue Marais wa Zamani wa Tanzania". Deustche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
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- "Africa fights to free itself of malcontents", IOL News, reported by Peter Fabricius, 27 May 2013
- Secretary-General Appoints 29 Global Leaders to Spearhead Fight against Malnutrition United Nations, press release of 21 September 2016.
- President Mahama among top ten African Presidents most followed on Twitter, Ghana Business News, 4 April 2013, archived from the original on 17 September 2013CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Museveni honours Nyerere". New Vision. 10 July 2007. Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Rais Kikwete, Jenerali Mwamunyange, Waziri Membe Watunukiwa Anjoun" [President Kikwete, General Mwamunyange, Minister Membe honoured in Anjoun] (in Swahili). Ikulu. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "JK akiwa Saudia" [JK in Saudi Arabia] (in Swahili). Michuzi Blog. 16 April 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
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- "HM confers Oman Civil Order on Tanzania leader". Oman News Agency. October 2012. Archived from the original on 4 December 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "AAI'S 23rd Annual Gala Dinner". Africa-America Institute. 19 September 2007. Archived from the original on 22 September 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- "US Doctors for Africa award goes to JK". IPP Media. 22 May 2009. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- "Social Good Award". United Nations Foundation. September 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "South-South Awards Journal 2011" (PDF). southsouthawards.com. Retrieved 7 February 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "FANRPAN salutes the best in agriculture" (PDF). fanrpan.org. 19 September 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
- "Kikwete Receives Most Impactful Leader of Year Award". Daily News (Tanzania). 9 April 2014. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Letter from the President of the Republic of Tanzania" (PDF). ICCF. 26 September 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Big up for Kikwete as he lands top Africa democracy award". Daily News (Tanzania). 31 July 2014. Archived from the original on 5 August 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- "President Kikwete conferred leadership award in Arusha". Michuzi Blog. 29 March 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- "JK wins African Achievers Award". The Citizen. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Goodluck Jonathan Named International Person of the Year". The African Sun Times. 31 December 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- "President of Tanzania to speak here 28 Sept". University of St. Thomas (Minnesota). 25 September 2006. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- Swallehe Msuya (30 September 2006). "Tanzania's president touts country's progress at St. Thomas appearance". Twin Cities Daily Planet. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Kenyatta University Newsletter Vol. 4, Issue 15 (Special Graduation Edition)" (PDF). Kenyatta University. 26 January 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Honorary Doctorate to the president of Tanzania from our university" (Press release). Turkey: Fatih University. 19 February 2010. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "MUHAS Annual Report 2010-2011". Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences. 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "JK, late Kawawa honoured at UDOM colourful, maiden graduation". The Guardian. 27 November 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "JK atunukiwa udaktari wa sheria UDSM" [JK awarded docotorate of law at UDSM] (in Swahili). Michuzi Blog. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "U of G to Welcome Tanzanian President to Campus" (Press release). Guelph, Canada: University of Guelph. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
- "President of Tanzania at War Memorial Hall". Youtube. 20 September 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Barasa, Chaby (25 October 2014). "Kikwete: Agricultural transformation key to economic development". Daily News. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- "President Kikwete awarded honorary professorship". Michuzi Blog. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- "JK atunukiwa PhD". Michuzi Blog. 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
- "Rais Kikwete atunukiwa shahada ya Uzamivu na NM-AIST". Youtube. 18 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "President of Tanzania receives honorary doctorate from UoN" (Press release). Newcastle, Australia: University of Newcastle. 30 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Kikwete picked UDSM Chancellor". Daily News. 22 January 2015. Archived from the original on 24 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- Barasa, Chaby (24 October 2014). "China pacts to bring jobs boom". Daily News. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014.