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Naranjito (Spanish pronunciation: [naɾaŋˈxito]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.) located in the central region of the island, south of Toa Alta; north of Barranquitas and Comerío; east of Corozal; and west of Bayamón. Naranjito is spread over 15 wards and Naranjito Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Naranjito

Municipio de Naranjito
Town and Municipality
Skyline of Naranjito
Flag of Naranjito
Flag
Nicknames: 
"La Ciudad de los Colores", "El Pueblo de los Changos"
Motto(s): 
"Naranjito Brilla"
Anthem: Naranjito, mi hogar predilecto
Location of Naranjito in Puerto Rico
Location of Naranjito in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°18′03″N 66°14′42″W / 18.30083°N 66.24500°W / 18.30083; -66.24500Coordinates: 18°18′03″N 66°14′42″W / 18.30083°N 66.24500°W / 18.30083; -66.24500
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
FoundedDecember 3, 1824
Founded byBraulio Morales
Government
 • MayorOrlando Ortíz Chevres (PNP)
 • Senatorial DistrictVI - Guayama
Carlos J. Torres Torres (PNP)
 • Representative District28
Rafael Rivera Ortega (PNP)
Area
 • Total28.4 sq mi (73.54 km2)
 • Land28.2 sq mi (73.0 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.54 km2)
Elevation
2,997 ft (700 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total30,402
 • Density1,100/sq mi (410/km2)
Demonym(s)Naranjiteños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00719
Area code+1 (spec. +1-787 and +1-939)
Major RoutesPR primary 5.svg CR 148 jct wide.svg CR 152 jct wide.svg CR 164 jct wide.svg CR 165 jct wide.svg CR 167 jct wide.svg

Contents

HistoryEdit

The struggle to form the Naranjito town began in 1810. After a series of major incidents with powerful political interests of the time, on December 3, 1824, Don Braulio Morales successfully founded the town of Naranjito. The town was founded in the neighborhood of the same name, on a land donated by Doña Manuela Rivera and Don Braulio Morales. Morales was named "Captain Settler" and at the same time was appointed mayor of the town in development. The name "Naranjito" is derived from a small orange tree that served as a reference point for travelers looking for in the shortest way to the town of Toa Alta. At the time of its foundation, Naranjito consisted of five wards/districts, "Lomas", "Guadiana", "Achiote", "Nuevo" and "Cedro". "Cedro" was divided in 1853 in "Cedro Arriba" and "Cedro Abajo", also having the urban zone composed by "San Miguel", "San Antonio" and "San Cristobal" districts.

GeographyEdit

Naranjito[1] is located in the central region.

HydrographyEdit

Rivers and streams of Naranjito include Río Cañas, Río Cibuco, Río Grande de Manatí, Río Guadiana and Río Mavilla.[2]

Hurricane MariaEdit

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Naranjito with the significant amount of rain that fell.[3][4]

BarriosEdit

 
Subdivisions of Naranjito.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Naranjito is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[5][6][7]

  1. Achiote
  2. Anones
  3. Nuevo
  4. Cedro Abajo
  5. Cedro Arriba
  6. Guadiana
  7. Lomas, also known as Lomas Garcia[8]
  8. Naranjito barrio-pueblo[9]

TourismEdit

 
Puente Atirantado Jesús Izcoa Moure

Landmarks and places of interestEdit

  • Anones Park
  • Cancha Gelito Ortega
  • Cedro Abajo Falls (Las Lagrimas Falls)
  • La Marina Boardwalk
  • La Plata Lake
  • Las Avispas Hills
  • Municipal Swimming Pool
  • Trovador Plaza
  • Mirador de Anones
  • Puente Atirantado Jesús Izcoa Moure
  • El Cerro Community

EconomyEdit

Traditionally the main agricultural crops of Naranjito are coffee and the tobacco. In recent years have borne fruits such as bananas, oranges, papayas, and other tropical fruits; also in the town the poultry factory has been very popular, specifically the dairy cattle (fresh milk). Naranjito has many factories, most of these factories make garments (clothing).[10]

Special communitiesEdit

Since 2001, when law 1-2001 was passed,[11] measures have been taken to identify and address the high levels of poverty and lack of resources and opportunities affecting people living in specific places (barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods) of Puerto Rico. In 2002, San Cristóbal, San Antonio and San Miguel sectors, located to the south of the Central Plaza, were designated as "special communities" because of deteriorated buildings, inadequate infrastructure and their location in areas predisposed to landslides. There was a rehabilitation plan put in place by the Puerto Rico Department of Transportation and Public Works for this municipality.[12]

In 2004, the following places in Naranjito were on the list of Comunidades especiales de Puerto Rico or marginalized communities:[13][14]

  1. La Pajona (Los Alvarado) in Cedro Arriba
  2. Las Parcelas in Lomas García
  3. Los Pampers (Sico Martínez) in Lomas García[8]
  4. Sector Benito Nieves/Los Quilés in Lomas García
  5. Comunidad Lago La Plata
  6. La Colina, San Antonio y San Cristóbal, Casco Urbano (Las Barriadas)
  7. Parcelas Hevia
  8. Sector Mulitas
  9. Comunidad Cayito Ríos
  10. Lomas Jaguas
  11. Los Pelusa in Cedro Abajo
  12. Comunidades Riíto 1 y II in Cedro Arriba
  13. Comunidad El Palmar
  14. Los López in Cedro Abajo
  15. Fondo del Saco in Achiote
  16. La Sabana in Cedro Abajo

In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program and Jesús Vélez Vargas, its director stated that the program was evolving.[15][16]

CultureEdit

Festivals and eventsEdit

  • Mothers Day - May
  • San Antonio Day - June
  • Chango Festival - June
  • Anon Festival - June
  • Volleyball Tournament - February - June
  • San Miguel Arcangel Day - September
  • Patron Festivities - September - October
  • Turkey marathon - November

SportsEdit

The Naranjito Changos, better known as Los Changos De Naranjito, are a professional male volleyball team based in Naranjito. The team is one of the most successful sports franchises in Puerto Rico.[17]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. On November 4, 2008, Orlando Ortíz Chevres (of the New Progressive Party), won the elections.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VI, which is represented by two senators. In 2012, Miguel Pereira Castillo and Angel M. Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[18]

TransportationEdit

There are 19 bridges in Naranjito.[19]

SymbolsEdit

FlagEdit

Naranjito's flag consists of an orange flag crossed by two narrow green stripes close to the superior and inferior edges. The orange color in the flag symbolizes the town of Naranjito (little orange tree), while the green symbolizes its green mountains.

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is a red cross, the symbol of San Miguel de Arcángel, Patron of Naranjito. The globe with the cross symbolizes the power and sovereignty of God. The gold and red stripes that appear in the second and third quarters, constitute the primitive baton of the Guadiana lineage. The lily twigs are a tribute of San Antonio de Padua, confessor and doctor of the Church. The orange tree represents the small tree that gave the town's name, Naranjito. The crown is symbol of moral unit of the town.

EducationEdit

Naranjito includes several public and private schools distributed through several regions. Public education is handled by the Puerto Rico Department of Education

Elementary schoolsEdit

  • Bernarda Robles De Hevia
  • Don Manolo Rivera
  • Felipa Sanchez Cruzado
  • Jose Archilla Cabrera
  • Jose Fina Marrero
  • Francisco Roque Muñoz
  • Rosa Luz Zayas
  • Silvestre Martinez

Middle and junior high schoolsEdit

  • Coleen Vazquez Urrutia
  • Mercedes Rosado
  • S.U. Adolfo Garcia
  • S.U. Fidel G Padilla
  • S.U. Pedro Fernandez

High schoolsEdit

  • Francisco Morales
  • Vocacional Rubén Rodríguez Figueroa

Private schoolsEdit

  • Academia Santa Teresita (K-12)

MediaEdit

A foot pursuit of the movie Fast & Furious 5 in which Dominic Toretto (Vin Diesel), Mia Toretto (Jordana Brewster) and Brian O'Connor (Paul Walker) are chased across favela rooftops by Luke Hobbs (Dwayne Johnson) and his team was filmed over the course of a week in the small hillside town of Naranjito, Puerto Rico. The scene was considered difficult to shoot, as pathways were slippery from moist tropical heat and the scene involved actors and stunt doubles running while avoiding dogs, chickens and other stray animals loose in the area. To capture the scene, a 420-foot cable-camera rig was used to allow for a fast moving, birds-eye view of the action, and cameras on cranes were set up on rooftops and in alleyways.[40] Walker and Brewster made multiple takes of the conclusion of the scene, requiring them to jump nearly 30 feet from a building onto a waiting safety mat.[11] In total the production employed 236 technicians, 13,145 extras, and generated 16,824 room nights at hotels, contributing $27 million to the Puerto Rican community.[29]

Notable PeopleEdit

Books about NaranjitoEdit

  • El Chango. Apuntes Historicos del Pueblo de Naranjito-1824-1998, Author: Silvestre J. Morales 1999

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Naranjito Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  2. ^ "GNIS". geonames.usgs.gov.
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  4. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  5. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  6. ^ Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  7. ^ "Map of Naranjito at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  8. ^ a b "Asesinato en Naranjito". TuNoticiaPR (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  9. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  10. ^ Naranjito 2009: 2
  11. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Plan Territorial (2012)" (PDF). JP PR Gov (in Spanish). Gobierno Municipal de Naranjito -Oficina de Planificación y Ordenación Territorial. p. 43. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  14. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza : Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 276, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  15. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ ElVocero.com, Por. "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  17. ^ Naranjito 2009: 3
  18. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  19. ^ "Naranjito Adjuntas Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.

External linksEdit