Comerío, Puerto Rico

Comerío (Spanish pronunciation: [komeˈɾi.o]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico located in the center-eastern region of island, north of Aibonito; south of Naranjito and Bayamón; east of Barranquitas; and west of Cidra and Aguas Buenas. Comerío is spread over 7 barrios and Comerío Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Comerío

Municipio Autónomo de Comerío
Town and Municipality
View of Comerío from Lazos Hill
View of Comerío from Lazos Hill
Flag of Comerío
Flag
Nicknames: 
"La Perla de Plata", "Pueblo de los Guabaleros"
Anthem: "Con alma henchida de amor y ensueño"
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Comerío Municipality
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Comerío Municipality
Coordinates: 18°13′05″N 66°13′34″W / 18.21806°N 66.22611°W / 18.21806; -66.22611Coordinates: 18°13′05″N 66°13′34″W / 18.21806°N 66.22611°W / 18.21806; -66.22611
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
FoundedJune 12, 1826
Barrios
Government
 • MayorJosé A. "Josian" Santiago Rivera (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.6 - Guayama
 • Representative dist.29
Area
 • Total28.24 sq mi (73.13 km2)
 • Land28 sq mi (73 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (.13 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total20,778
 • Density740/sq mi (280/km2)
Demonym(s)Comerieños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
ZIP Code
00782
Area code(s)787/939
Major routesPR secondary 156.svg PR secondary 167.svg PR secondary 172.svg PR secondary 779.svg
Websitewww.comerio.gobierno.pr

HistoryEdit

 
Comerío to Barranquitas Road c. 1900-1917

Comerío was founded on June 12, 1826. Originally named "Sabana del Palmar", but later changed to Comerío, named after a local Taino Cacique (Chief) Comerio.[1]

In 1854, nearly 1000 acres (1000 cuerdas) of land were being used for agriculture. In 1894, there was one sugar and two coffee plantations (estates) in Comerío.[2] In the early 20th century, Comerio residents, had a short but legendary territory war with residents of the city of Barranquitas.

Hurricane MariaEdit

 
Ohio National Guard in Comerío after Hurricane Maria, 2017

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Comerío with the significant amount of rainfall.[3][4] After the hurricane, the National Guard from Ohio were tasked with restoring water purification systems for the people of Comerío.

GeographyEdit

The rivers located in Comerío are Río de la Plata and Río Hondo.[5]

BarriosEdit

 
Subdivisions of Comerío.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Comerío is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a small barrio referred to as "el pueblo", near the center of the municipality.[6][7][8][9]

SectorsEdit

Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions)[10] and subbarrios,[11] in turn, are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.[12][13][14]

Special CommunitiesEdit

Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Comerio: Barriada Cielito, Sector Villa Brava in Piñas Abajo, El 26 in Palomas Abajo, El Higüero in Palomas Abajo, El Verde in Naranjo, La Juncia in Rio Hondo II, La Pietra Cedrito, Río Hondo, and Vuelta del Dos.[15][16]

TourismEdit

Landmarks and places of interestEdit

Some of the landmarks of Comerío include:[17]

  • La Tiza Peak
  • La Mora Caves
  • La Plata River
  • Las Pailas
  • Los Pilones
  • Media Luna Recreation Park
  • Tobacco Warehouse
  • Town Square
  • El Salto Hydroelectric Dams 1 and 2

EconomyEdit

AgricultureEdit

  • Tobacco (not as predominant lately). Comerío was known as "El Pueblo del Tabaco" (Tobacco Town), and its original flag had a tobacco plant in its center.[18]

CultureEdit

Festivals and eventsEdit

Comerío celebrates its patron saint festival in August. The Fiestas Patronales Santo Cristo de la Salud is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.[17]

Other festivals and events celebrated in Comerío include:

  • Spring Carnival - April
  • La Mora Cave Festival - June 1,2,3
  • Jíbaro Festival - June
  • El Jobo Festival - July
  • San Andrés Apóstol Festivities - November
  • El Seco Marathon - December
  • Christmas Fantasy - December

ReligionEdit

First Methodist Church of Comerío was founded in 1904.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
19008,249
191011,17035.4%
192014,70831.7%
193016,71513.6%
194018,53910.9%
195017,966−3.1%
196018,5833.4%
197018,8191.3%
198018,212−3.2%
199020,26511.3%
200020,002−1.3%
201020,7783.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
1899 (shown as 1900)[20] 1910-1930[21]
1930-1950[22] 1960-2000[23] 2010[8]

Mestizos are typically born in this region due to tainos occupying this area heavily.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Comerío is José A. Santiago, of the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). He was elected at the 2000 general elections.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VI, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Miguel Pereira Castillo and Angel M. Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[24]

SymbolsEdit

FlagEdit

Quartered in cross, of green and white, and superimposed the right superior quarter is an anchored yellow cross.[1][25]

Coat of armsEdit

The Comerío coat of arms is made up quarters (4) bearing what is known as an escutcheon of displays a shield in the center. There's a green field with a golden cross in the left quarter which represents Holy Christ the Healer, the patron of the town. Green stripes on a silver field are on the lower left quarter, symbolizing the Comerío falls and the La Plata River. Three royal palms in the right quarter to remember the original name of the town, and an undulating line symbolizes the mist that often covers the town. A crown with Taino motifs represents the cacique. The tobacco plant is a reminder of what was once an important part of the economic activity of the municipality. Inscribed with “the pearl of La Plata” a reference is made to the location of Comerío, on the banks of the La Plata River and the turreted castle which is a symbol of municipalities of Puerto Rico.[1][25]

TransportationEdit

Public bus from Bayamón to Comerío at Centro de Estacionamiento de Bayamón is the main public transportation.

There are 16 bridges in Comerío.[26]

Notable ComerieñosEdit

  • Celestino J. Pérez - Pharmacist, lawyer and elected legislator
  • Claudio Torres - Composer
  • Juana Colón (1886–1967) - Founder of the Socialist Party in Comerío
  • Manuel A. Pérez (1890–1951) - Professor
  • María Arroyo - Teacher, President of the Teachers Association and Senator
  • Enrique Pérez Santiago - Hematologist
  • Arturo Perez, Mayor of Comerio elected by Partido Liberal

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Comerío Municipality Founding and History". enciclopediapr.org. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b Puerto Rico. Office of Historian (1949). Tesauro de datos historicos: indice compendioso de la literatura histórica de Puerto Rico, incluyendo algunos datos inéditos, periodísticos y cartográficos (in Spanish). Impr. del Gobierno de Puerto Rico. p. 191. Archived from the original on 22 August 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  4. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  5. ^ "Comerío Municipality General Information, Geography". enciclopediapr.org. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  6. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969. Archived from the original on 2018-12-26. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  7. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  8. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  9. ^ "Map of Comerío at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-24. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  10. ^ a b "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  11. ^ "P.L. 94-171 VTD/SLD Reference Map (2010 Census): Comerío Municipio, PR" (PDF). www2.census.gov. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 August 2020. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  12. ^ "Agencia: Oficina del Coordinador General para el Financiamiento Socioeconómico y la Autogestión (Proposed 2016 Budget)". Puerto Rico Budgets (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 28 June 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  13. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza: Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (first ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  14. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  15. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza: Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (1st ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  16. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  17. ^ a b "Comerío Municipality Places of Interest". enciclopediapr.org. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  18. ^ Comerio, Puerto Rico. Archived 2011-02-01 at the Wayback Machine Flags of the world. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  19. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  20. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  21. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  22. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  23. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  24. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived December 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  25. ^ a b "COMERIO". LexJuris (Leyes y Jurisprudencia) de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). 19 February 2020. Archived from the original on 19 February 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  26. ^ "Comerio Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on 20 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.

Further readingEdit

  • Levy, Teresita A. (2007). The History of Tobacco Cultivation in Puerto Rico, 1899--1940. ProQuest. ISBN 9780549267843.

External linksEdit