Open main menu

Comerío (Spanish pronunciation: [komeˈɾi.o]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico located in the center-eastern region of island, north of Aibonito; south of Naranjito and Bayamón; east of Barranquitas; and west of Cidra and Aguas Buenas. Comerío is spread over 7 wards and Comerío Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Comerío

Municipio Autónomo de Comerío
Town and Municipality
Skyline of Comerío
Flag of Comerío
Flag
Nicknames: 
"La Perla de Plata", "Pueblo de los Guabaleros"
Anthem: "Con alma henchida de amor y ensueño"
Location of Comerío in Puerto Rico
Location of Comerío in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°13′05″N 66°13′34″W / 18.21806°N 66.22611°W / 18.21806; -66.22611Coordinates: 18°13′05″N 66°13′34″W / 18.21806°N 66.22611°W / 18.21806; -66.22611
CountryUnited States
TerritoryPuerto Rico
FoundedJune 12, 1826
Government
 • MayorJosé A. "Josian" Santiago Rivera (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.6 - Guayama
 • Representative dist.29
Area
 • Total28.24 sq mi (73.13 km2)
 • Land28 sq mi (73 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (.13 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total20,778
 • Density740/sq mi (280/km2)
Demonym(s)Comerieños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00782
Area code+1 (spec. +1-787 and +1-939)
Major RoutesCR 156 jct wide.svg CR 167 jct wide.svg CR 172 jct wide.svg
Websitewww.comerio.gobierno.pr

Contents

HistoryEdit

Comerío was founded on June 12, 1826. Originally named "Sabana del Palmar", but later changed to Comerío, named after a local Taino Cacique (Chief) Comerio.[1]

GeographyEdit

The rivers located in Comerío are Río de la Plata and Río Hondo.[2]

Hurricane MariaEdit

 
Ohio National Guard in Comerío after Hurricane Maria

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Comerío with the significant amount of rain that fell.[3][4] After the hurricane, the National Guard from Ohio were tasked with restoring water purification systems for the people of Comerío.

BarriosEdit

 
Subdivisions of Comerío.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Comerío is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a small barrio referred to as "el pueblo", near the center of the municipality.[5][6][7][8]

TourismEdit

Landmarks and places of interestEdit

Some of the landmarks of Comerío include:[10]

  • La Tiza Peak
  • La Mora Caves
  • La Plata River
  • Las Pailas
  • Los Pilones
  • Media Luna Recreation Park
  • Tobacco Warehouse
  • Town Square
  • El Salto Hydroelectric Dams 1 and 2

EconomyEdit

AgricultureEdit

  • Tobacco (not as predominant lately). Comerío was known as "El Pueblo del Tabaco" (Tobacco Town), and its original flag had a tobacco plant in its center.[11]

Special communitiesEdit

Since 2001 when law 1-2001 was passed,[12] measures have been taken to identify and address the high levels of poverty and the lack of resources and opportunities affecting specific communities in Puerto Rico. Initially there were 686 places that made the list.[13] By 2008, there were 742 places on the list of Comunidades especiales de Puerto Rico. The places on the list are barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods and in 2004 included the following areas in Comerío:[13][14]

  1. Barriada Cielito
  2. Sector Villa Brava in Piñas Abajo
  3. El 26 in Palomas Abajo
  4. El Higüero in Palomas Abajo
  5. El Verde in Naranjo
  6. La Juncia in Rio Hondo II
  7. La Pietra Cedrito
  8. Río Hondo
  9. Vuelta del Dos

In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to aid the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program and Jesús Vélez Vargas, its director stated that the program was evolving with more streamlined ways to help the residents of these marginalized communities.[15][16]

CultureEdit

Festivals and eventsEdit

  • Spring Carnival - April
  • La Mora Cave Festival - June 1,2,3
  • Jíbaro Festival - June
  • El Jobo Festival - July
  • Patron Festivities - August
  • San Andrés Apóstol Festivities - November
  • El Seco Marathon - December
  • Christmas Fantasy - December

ReligionEdit

First Methodist Church of Comerío was founded in 1904.

DemographicsEdit

Mestizos are typically born in this region due to tainos occupying this area heavily.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Comerío is José A. Santiago, of the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). He was elected at the 2000 general elections.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VI, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Miguel Pereira Castillo and Angel M. Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[17]

SymbolsEdit

FlagEdit

Quartered in cross, of green and white, and superimposed the right superior quarter is an anchored yellow cross.[1]

Coat of armsEdit

The Comerío coat of arms is made up quarters (4) bearing what is known as an escutcheon of displays a shield in the center. There's a green field with a golden cross in the left quarter which represents Holy Christ the Healer, the patron of the town. Green stripes on a silver field are on the lower left quarter, symbolizing the Comerío falls and the La Plata River. Three royal palms in the right quarter to remember the original name of the town, and an undulating line symbolizes the mist that often covers the town. A crown with Taino motifs represents the cacique. The tobacco plant is a reminder of what was once an important part of the economic activity of the municipality. Inscribed with “the pearl of La Plata” a reference is made to the location of Comerío, on the banks of the La Plata River and the turreted castle which is a symbol of municipalities of Puerto Rico.[1]

TransportationEdit

Public bus from Bayamón to Comerío at Centro de Estacionamiento de Bayamón is the main public transportation.

There are 16 bridges in Comerío.[18]

Notable ComerieñosEdit

  • Celestino J. Pérez - Pharmacist, lawyer and elected legislator
  • Claudio Torres - Composer
  • Juana Colón (1886–1967) - Founder of the Socialist Party in Comerío
  • Manuel A. Pérez (1890–1951) - Professor
  • María Arroyo - Teacher, President of the Teachers Association and Senator
  • Enrique Pérez Santiago - Hematologist
  • Arturo Perez, Mayor of Comerio elected by Partido Liberal

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Comerío Municipality Founding and History". enciclopediapr.org. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Comerío Municipality General Information, Geography". enciclopediapr.org. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  4. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  5. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  6. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  7. ^ Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  8. ^ "Map of Comerío at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  9. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on 2017-05-13. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  10. ^ "Comerío Municipality Places of Interest". enciclopediapr.org. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  11. ^ Comerio, Puerto Rico. Archived 2011-02-01 at the Wayback Machine Flags of the world. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  12. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  13. ^ a b "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  14. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza : Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 274, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  15. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ ElVocero.com, Por. "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  17. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived December 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  18. ^ "Comerio Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.

Further readingEdit

  • Levy, Teresita A. (2007). The History of Tobacco Cultivation in Puerto Rico, 1899--1940. ProQuest. ISBN 9780549267843.

External linksEdit