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Corozal (Spanish pronunciation: [koɾoˈsal]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.) located in the central-eastern region, north of Orocovis and Barranquitas; south of Vega Alta; southwest of Toa Alta; east of Morovis and Orocovis; and west of Naranjito. Corozal is spread over 12 wards and Corozal Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Corozal
Town and Municipality
Statue in downtown Corozal.
Statue in downtown Corozal.
Flag of Corozal
Flag
Nicknames: 
"La Capital del Voleibol", "Los Plataneros"
Anthem: "Salve Perla de Sabana"
Location of Corozal in Puerto Rico
Location of Corozal in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°20′30″N 66°19′1″W / 18.34167°N 66.31694°W / 18.34167; -66.31694Coordinates: 18°20′30″N 66°19′1″W / 18.34167°N 66.31694°W / 18.34167; -66.31694
CountryUnited States
TerritoryPuerto Rico
Founded1795
Government
 • MayorSergio Torres Torres (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.6 - Guayama
 • Representative dist.28
Area
 • Total42 sq mi (109 km2)
 • Land42 sq mi (109 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total37,142
 • Density880/sq mi (340/km2)
Demonym(s)Corozaleños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00783
Area code787
Major RoutesCR 142 jct wide.svg CR 159 jct wide.svg CR 164 jct wide.svg

The city name is derived from the "palma de corozo" (grugru palm, Acrocomia media) which abounds in the central zone of the Island.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Corozal's local Taino Indian Cacique (Chief) was named Orocobix and his tribe was known as the Jatibonicu Taino.

Corozal was founded in 1795 and officially became a town in 1804. Commonly known as La Cuna del Volibol or Volleyball's Crib. It takes its name from the Acrocomia media, in Puerto Rican Spanish: palma de corozo.

When after the Treaty of Paris (1898), the U.S. conducted its first census of Puerto Rico, the population of Corozal was 11,508.[1]

Its population, as of the 2000 census, was 36,867, and it has a land area of 43 sq mi (111 km2).

GeographyEdit

 
Mountain view in Corozal. Photograph by Jack Delano (Circa1941).

Corozal[2] is a mountainous region near the center of the island. Quebrada Jacinta is a valley in Corozal.

Updated flood zone maps (as of 2019) show that Corozal is extremely vulnerable to flooding, along with Humacao, Rincón, Barceloneta, and Toa Baja. For its large number of rivers and streams, Corozal ends up being extremely vulnerable when hit by a major hurricane.[3]

HydrographyEdit

Rivers and streams of Corozal include Río Cibuco, Río Corozal, Río Dos Bocas, Río Grande de Manatí, Río Mavilla, Río Orocovis, and Río Unibón.[4]

Hurricane MariaEdit

 
Hurriane Maria relief work in Corozal by the Puerto Rico National Guard

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Corozal with the significant amount of rain that fell,[5][6] bridges and homes were destroyed,[7] and the people of Corozal had to resort to collecting spring water.[8]

BarriosEdit

 
Subdivisions of Corozal.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Corozal is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[9][10][11][12]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Corozal, Puerto Rico
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
90
(32)
95
(35)
97
(36)
98
(37)
98
(37)
99
(37)
98
(37)
98
(37)
98
(37)
93
(34)
91
(33)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 78
(26)
80
(27)
83
(28)
84
(29)
87
(31)
88
(31)
88
(31)
88
(31)
88
(31)
87
(31)
82
(28)
79
(26)
84
(29)
Average low °F (°C) 60
(16)
60
(16)
61
(16)
65
(18)
68
(20)
70
(21)
72
(22)
72
(22)
72
(22)
70
(21)
66
(19)
62
(17)
67
(19)
Record low °F (°C) 43
(6)
45
(7)
45
(7)
55
(13)
58
(14)
60
(16)
64
(18)
67
(19)
64
(18)
60
(16)
50
(10)
48
(9)
43
(6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.55
(90)
3.11
(79)
1.02
(26)
4.78
(121)
8.55
(217)
7.20
(183)
6.20
(157)
5.84
(148)
7.60
(193)
7.71
(196)
8.47
(215)
5.65
(144)
69.68
(1,769)
Source: The Weather Channel[13]

TourismEdit

Corozal is home to the Historical Center of Cibuco, a park and museum with relics from the Puerto Rican natives (Tainos) as well as objects, paintings and artifacts from the town's history.

Local interest: El Balalaika is a cafeteria / liquor store which opened its doors around 1962 and hasn't been closed since, with the exceptions of Hurricane Hugo and the occasional political elections. It also serves as a Municipal Police Outpost[citation needed].

Landmarks and places of interestEdit

  • El Rancho Recreation Center
  • El Jíbaro Centro Recreativo

EconomyEdit

 
"Corozal, Puerto Rico (vicinity). In the home of a FSA (Farm Security Administration) borrower who raises some tobacco and a little sugar cane on his small farm between Corozal and Orocovis."- photo credit: Jack Delano, 1941.

AgricultureEdit

One of Puerto Rico's major plaintain producers. New small businesses producing eggs and hydrophonic crops (lettuce, recao) are emerging.

BusinessEdit

Crafts, Artisans, services. Several manufacture enterprises have reduced or moved operations in recent years.

Special Communities ProgramEdit

In 2001, law 1-2001 was passed[14] to identify communities with high levels of poverty in Puerto Rico.[15] In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[16][17] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods are in Corozal: Aldea Vázquez, Comunidad Los Indios, Cuba Libre-EI Idilio, El Guarico, La Escalera, La Mina, and Parcelas Medina.[18]

CultureEdit

Festivals and eventsEdit

 
Catholic church in downtown Corozal
  • Patron Festivities - January
  • Corozal Carnival - June
  • San Juan Bautista Carnival - June
  • Plantain Festival - September
  • Corozo Festival - October

SportsEdit

VolleyballEdit

SwimmingEdit

The Gold Fish Swim Team for kids and youth and a new Master's Swim Team created in 2008 under the direction of Arlene Ortiz.

DemographicsEdit

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Corozal is Sergio Torres Torres, of the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). He was elected at the 2012 general elections.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VI, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Miguel Pereira Castillo and Angel M. Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[19]

TransportationEdit

There are 26 bridges in Corozal.[20]

SymbolsEdit

FlagEdit

Consists of three horizontal stripes of equal width, yellow the top, green the middle and blue the bottom, and in some instances the middle stripe could have embroidered or printed the Coat Of Arms.

The flag is very similar to the provincial flag of Islas del Caró (I.D.C.) of neighbour country of El Conquistador except that the yellow stripe is half the size as the green and blue stripes much like the flag of Colombia except that the red stripe is replaced by the green one at the bottom. It is unknown whether the flag was made to coincide with the densely populated province of El Conquistador or was created by natural and neutral causes.

Coat of armsEdit

On a gold background three Corozo Palms, with clusters in their original color, planted on a green landscape and in front of a mountain range. At the bottom, blue and silver water waves sprinkled with gold nuggets. The three towercrown is gold with black stones. It also has another flag the colors are red and white the white star and the blue outline. The Corozo Palms represent the name of the town and its river,whose margins were populated with this palms. The mountains represent the high and striking Mountains of Corozal. The waves represent the Corozal River and gold nuggets, metal that until recently was panned in its rivera. The gold background represents the hard labor and alludes to the gold of Corozal, so appreciated long ago for its purity. The crown is an emblem used to designate the cities and towns.

EducationEdit

Public high schools in Corozal include Escuela Superior Emilio R. Delgado and Escuela Superior Porfirio Cruz García High School in Barrio Cuchillas. The only private high school is Colegio Sagrada Familia in Barrio Pueblo.

Notable "Corozaleños"Edit

Books about CorozalEdit

  • Bubu, un canino de mitos y leyendas (Un dia de Perro (titulo Mexico))" por Gollo Costra
  • Puertoriqueña en Nueva York: Mujer de Armas Tomas" por El Instituto de Cultura Puertoriqueña
  • Cuando El Rio de Corozal Cruzaba El Paralelo 38, por Gilberto Rivera

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Joseph Prentiss Sanger; Henry Gannett; Walter Francis Willcox (1900). Informe sobre el censo de Puerto Rico, 1899, United States. War Dept. Porto Rico Census Office (in Spanish). Imprenta del gobierno. p. 161.
  2. ^ "Corozal Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  3. ^ Alvarado León, Gerardo E. "Sobre 250,000 estructuras están en zonas inundables" (PDF). Junta de Planificación - Gobierno de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). El Nuevo Día. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  4. ^ "GNIS". Geonames.
  5. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  6. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  7. ^ "Photos: Scenes of devastation in Puerto Rico after Maria". WTOP. 26 September 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  8. ^ Baez, Alvin (October 18, 2017). "The search for water in Puerto Rico". Reuters. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  9. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  10. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  11. ^ Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  12. ^ "Map of Corozal at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  13. ^ "Corozal, Puerto Rico Weather". The Weather Channel.
  14. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  17. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  18. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  19. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived December 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  20. ^ "Corozal Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  21. ^ "District 17". Rafael Salamanca Jr.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-22. Retrieved 2015-03-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit