Morovis, Puerto Rico

Morovis (Spanish pronunciation: [moˈɾoβis]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico located in the central region of the island, north of Orocovis, south of Manatí, Vega Baja and Vega Alta; east of Ciales, and west of Corozal. Morovis is spread over 13 wards and Morovis Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city).[1] It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Morovis

Municipio Autónomo de Morovis
Town and Municipality
Morovis 200 years.jpg
Flag of Morovis
Flag
Nickname(s): 
"La Isla Menos Morovis" ("The island but Morovis")
Anthem: "Oh Morovis, tu vives latente"
Location of Morovis in Puerto Rico
Location of Morovis in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°20′00″N 66°25′00″W / 18.33333°N 66.41667°W / 18.33333; -66.41667Coordinates: 18°20′00″N 66°25′00″W / 18.33333°N 66.41667°W / 18.33333; -66.41667
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
Founded1818
Government
 • MayorCarmen Maldonado González (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.3 - Arecibo
 • Representative dist.28
Area
 • Total100.3 km2 (38.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total32,610
 • Density330/km2 (840/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Moroveños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00687
Major routesPR secondary 137.svg PR secondary 145.svg PR secondary 155.svg PR secondary 159.svg Ellipse sign 160.svg

HistoryEdit

Morovis's local Taino Indian Cacique (Chief) was named Orocobix and his tribe was locally known as the Jatibonicu Taino.

 
Don Juan Evangelista Rivera Morovis, Puerto Rico

In 1815, a group of residents, under the leadership of Don Juan José de la Torre, began the process to separate Morovis from Manatí. In 1817, the government of Puerto Rico approved the separation, but it was not until 1818 that the requirements of a population of one thousand residents and the construction of a church and several other public buildings was fulfilled, that the town of Morovis was officially founded. In 1822, the mayorship was constructed and in 1823, the new church was built, dedicated to Nuestra Señora del Carmen on lands donated by Don Juan Evangelista Rivera. Its first mayor was Don Juan José de la Torre, with its second mayor being Don Juan Evangelista Rivera.[2] Morovis has a particular nickname. It was the only municipality in Puerto Rico that did not suffer from a cholera epidemic in 1853; as a result, a common phrase, "la isla menos Morovis" ("(all) the island but Morovis") was coined, which identifies the town informally in Puerto Rico. The phrase is believed by most Puerto Ricans to have a negative connotation against moroveños, while, in reality, it means the opposite.

In 1875, Abino Casellas was mayor of Morovis and in 1879, Cruz Maria Castro was mayor.[3]

The United States acquired Puerto Rico from Spain in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898 and conducted its first census of Puerto Rico, finding that the population of Morovis was 11,309.[4]

GeographyEdit

Morovis is slightly north of the center of the island.[5]

BarriosEdit

 
Barrios of Morovis.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Morovis is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located near the center of the municipality, in a small barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[6][7][8]

TransportationEdit

There are 15 bridges in Morovis.[9]

Energy consortiumEdit

An Energy Consortium was signed in late February, 2019 by the mayors of Villalba, Orocovis, Morovis, Ciales and Barranquitas municipalities. The consortium is the first of its kind for the island. It is intended to have those municipalities work together to safeguard and create resilient, and efficient energy networks, with backups for their communities. This is part of the hurricane preparedness plan of these municipalities, which were hit particularly hard by Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017.[10]

Morovis National (Veterans) CemeteryEdit

 
Morovis National Cemetery, construction Phase I

A new Puerto Rico National Cemetery for veterans is being built in Morovis within a 247.5-acre parcel of land that can be accessed from Highway 137 at Km. 11.2. It is being built to replace the existing Puerto Rico National Cemetery located in Bayamón and will open in late 2019.[11][12]

EconomyEdit

AgricultureEdit

  • Coffee and cattle
  • Hydroponics "Cilantro"

IndustryEdit

  • Light industry

Special Communities ProgramEdit

Spearheaded by then governor Sila María Calderón, Law 1-2001 was passed in 2001,[13] to identify Puerto Rico's marginalized communities.[14] In 2017, then governor Ricardo Rosselló created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[15][16] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Morovis: Vaga, Santo Domingo-Pellejas neighborhood, Ensanche, Parcelas Cuchillas Comunidad José Otero Claverol, Parcelas San Lorenzo, Parcelas Torrecillas, Patrón, Sector Invasiones, Sector Jobos, Sector Riachuelo, Sector Rosado, Unibón, Vietnam, and Villa Roca.[17]

TourismEdit

Landmarks and places of interestEdit

A well-known landmark in Morovis is "The Red Bridge" (Puente Colorao). It's an iron bridge which was built in 1912 and is located on PR-155 in barrio Morovis Norte. Cuevas Las Cabachuelas (Cabachuelas Caves) is a cave system in Puerto Rico which opened for tourism in 2019. It is located between the municipalities of Morovis and Ciales, Puerto Rico[18] in the Cabachuelas Natural Reserve, established in 2012[19] and is of natural, cultural, archaeological, hydrological and geomorphological importance to Puerto Rico.[20] Guided tours are offered by the Diógenes Colón Gómez Cultural Center in Morovis by reservation.[18][21]

La Patria Bakery, home of the Pan de La Patita Echa', which translates to the "bread with its little crossed leg", is a 150-year old bakery that uses a brick oven for making bread. The bread has a curious name and look, resembling crossed legs.[22][23]

 
Biblioteca electrónica Julia M. Chéverez Marrero, Morovis, Puerto Rico
  • Julia M. Cheverez Electronic Library[24]

CultureEdit

Festivals and eventsEdit

  • Tribute to Don Felo - May
  • Marathon of the peasant (in Spanish: Maratón del Jíbaro) - June
  • Matron Celebrations - July
  • Cuatro Festival - July
  • The Island Except Morovis - December
  • Innocents' Day - December

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
190011,309
191012,44610.1%
192014,66017.8%
193017,33218.2%
194019,16710.6%
195019,2910.6%
196018,094−6.2%
197019,0595.3%
198021,14210.9%
199025,28819.6%
200029,96518.5%
201032,6108.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[25]
1899 (shown as 1900)[26] 1910-1930[27]
1930-1950[28] 1960-2000[29] 2010[7]
Race - Morovis, Puerto Rico - 2000 Census[30]
Race Population % of Total
White 27,917 93.2%
Black/African American 894 3.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 61 0.2%
Asian 21 0.1%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 0 0%
Some other race 643 2.1%
Two or more races 422 1.4%

GovernmentEdit

 
Town Hall in Morovis barrio-pueblo

Carmen Maldonado, the mayor of Morovis in 2017 managed the devastation in Morovis caused by Hurricane Maria, by galvanizing the people to action and working with the central government of Puerto Rico to bring aid to the citizens of Morovis. At the time, the bridge collapse in Morovis' San Lorenzo barrio was often featured on national news.[31]

SymbolsEdit

FlagEdit

The flag of Morovis is divided vertically in two equal parts. The immediate one to the mast is yellow and has the eagle of the coat of arms, in this case with the head facing right toward the pole. The other half is divided in seven vertical stripes of equal width, four red ones alternated with three yellow ones.

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms of the Municipality of Morovis is formed by an eagle in the left partition, which symbolizes San Juan Evangelista and sings in honor of the founder of the town, Don Juan Evangelista Rivera. The five "cuatros" (Puerto Rican instruments) observable in the right partition symbolize the fact that the town of Morovis is the main center of production of such typical Puerto Rican instruments. The shield in the center represents the Order of the Carmelite Nuns, and symbolizes as well the Virgen Carmen, matron of the town. The left half is a field of yellow color (yellow for gold) in which resides a saber (black) eagle, beak and claws in red, its head enclosed with a halo.

Notable moroveñosEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "MUNICIPIO AUTÓNOMO DE MOROVIS REVISIÓN PARCIAL AL PLAN TERRITORIAL" (PDF). Gobierno PR. Junta de Comunidad. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-12-02. Retrieved 2018-12-02.
  2. ^ Tamacas, Carmen Molina. "Morovis abraza la esperanza" (in Spanish). El Diario NY. Archived from the original on 2019-06-01. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
  3. ^ Tesauro de datos historicos: indice compendioso de la literatura histórica de Puerto Rico, incluyendo algunos datos inéditos, periodísticos y cartográficos. Tesauro de datos historicos: indice compendioso de la literatura histórica de Puerto Rico, incluyendo algunos datos inéditos, periodísticos y cartográficos (in Spanish). Impr. del Gobierno de Puerto Rico. 1949. p. 252. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  4. ^ Joseph Prentiss Sanger; Henry Gannett; Walter Francis Willcox (1900). Informe sobre el censo de Puerto Rico, 1899, United States. War Dept. Porto Rico Census Office (in Spanish). Imprenta del gobierno. p. 161.
  5. ^ "Morovis Municipality". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH). Archived from the original on 2019-06-21. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  6. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2019-08-02.
  8. ^ "Map of Morovis at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  9. ^ "Morovis Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on 20 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  10. ^ Vazquez, Priscilla. "Asociación de Industriales de Puerto Rico". Industriales Puerto Rico. Archived from the original on 2019-03-12. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  11. ^ "Puerto Rico National Cemetery Replacement Morovis, Puerto Rico" (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs. U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-05-13. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  12. ^ "A claim for better health services". El Nuevo Dia. 28 May 2019. Archived from the original on 25 June 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  17. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  18. ^ a b "Nueva opción al turismo para explorar cuevas en la isla" (in Spanish). Primera Hora. Archived from the original on 2019-05-07. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  19. ^ "Nuestras áreas naturales protegidas: tesoro ecológico de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). DRNA. 13 June 2017. Archived from the original on 7 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  20. ^ "Atractivo de clase mundial la Reserva Natural Las Cabachuelas" (in Spanish). 26 September 2013. Archived from the original on 7 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  21. ^ Ríos, Melissa Cruz. "Morovis apuesta al ecoturismo". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2019-06-01. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
  22. ^ "La tradición de La Patita Echá" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2019-05-11. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  23. ^ "El pan de la "pata echa" de Morovis". El Nuevo Dia. 14 July 2011. Archived from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  24. ^ "Morovis Municipality - Municipalities". EnciclopediaPR. Archived from the original on 2019-06-21. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  25. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  26. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  27. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  28. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  29. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  30. ^ "Ethnic/Racial demographics, 2000 census" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2008-02-16. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  31. ^ AP. "Iniciativa Hecho en Morovis para mercadear producción agrícola". El Vocero de Puerto Rico. Archived from the original on 2019-05-13. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  32. ^ "Julio Negrón-Rivera". NEA. 24 January 2013. Archived from the original on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  33. ^ "Puerto Rican; Julio Negron Rivera- Traditional Rosario from Area, Other Traditional Jibaro Music [sound recording]". Smithsonian Institution.

External linksEdit