Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport

Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport (IATA: MSP, ICAO: KMSP, FAA LID: MSP), also less commonly known as Wold-Chamberlain Field, is a joint civil-military public-use international airport located in Fort Snelling Unorganized Territory, Minnesota, United States. Although situated within the unorganized territory, the airport is centrally located within 10 miles (16 kilometers) of both downtown Minneapolis and downtown Saint Paul. In addition to primarily hosting commercial flights from major American airlines, the airport is also home to several United States Air Force and Minnesota Air National Guard operations. MSP is the busiest airport in the Upper Midwest.[2]

Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport
Wold–Chamberlain Field
Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport Logo.svg
Delta - Concourse C @ MSP Airport (8486514293).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorMetropolitan Airports Commission
ServesMinneapolis–Saint Paul
LocationFort Snelling Unorganized Territory, Minnesota, U.S.
Opened10 July 1920 (1920-07-10)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL841 ft / 256 m
Coordinates44°52′55″N 093°13′18″W / 44.88194°N 93.22167°W / 44.88194; -93.22167Coordinates: 44°52′55″N 093°13′18″W / 44.88194°N 93.22167°W / 44.88194; -93.22167
Websitemspairport.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4/22 11,006 3,355 Concrete
12R/30L 10,000 3,048 Concrete
12L/30R 8,200 2,499 Concrete
17/35 8,000 2,438 Concrete
Statistics (2021)
Passengers25,202,120
Traffic Movements303,850
Source: Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport[1]

A joint civil-military airport, MSP is home to the Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport Joint Air Reserve Station, supporting both Air Force Reserve Command and Air National Guard flight operations. Units stationed there include the 934th Airlift Wing (934 AW). The airport is located in Fort Snelling Unorganized Territory. Small sections of the airport border the city limits of Minneapolis and Richfield. However, under Minnesota state law, the parcel of land covered by the airport is not part of any city or school district.[3] MSP covers 2,930 acres (1,186 ha) of land.[4][5] The airport generates an estimated $15.9 billion a year for the Twin Cities' economy and supports 87,000 workers.[6]

MSP was a major hub for Northwest Airlines, and still is for its successor, Delta Air Lines.[7] It also serves as the home airport for Minnesota-based Sun Country Airlines.[8] Delta Air Lines and its regional affiliates account for about 70% of the airport's passenger traffic. The airport is operated by the Metropolitan Airports Commission, which also handles the operation of six smaller airports in the region.

HistoryEdit

What is now known as Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport started in 1919 as Speedway Field when several local groups came together to take control of the former bankrupt Twin City Speedway race track. The first hangar was a wooden structure, constructed in 1920 for airmail services.[9] The Minneapolis Park Board took possession of Wold–Chamberlain on June 1, 1928, and in 1929, passenger services began.[9][10] In 1923, the airport was renamed "Wold–Chamberlain Field" for the World War I pilots Ernest Groves Wold and Cyrus Foss Chamberlain. In 1944 the site was renamed to "Minneapolis–St. Paul Metropolitan Airport/Wold-Chamberlain Field", with "International" replacing "Metropolitan" four years later. Today it is rare to see the Wold–Chamberlain portion of the name used anywhere.

ExpansionsEdit

Ground was broken for the current Terminal 1 building on October 26, 1958.[11] The US $8.5 million, 600,000 square foot (56,000 m2) terminal with 24 gates on two concourses was designed by Lyle George Landstrom.[12] who worked for Cerny Associates. The terminal, then referred to as the New Terminal, was completed on January 13, 1962, and operations began on January 21.[11][13] Pier D (formerly the Gold Concourse, now Concourse C) was completed in 1971 and Pier A (formerly the Green Concourse, now Concourse G) was completed in 1972 as part of an expansion of the terminal designed by Cerny Associates.[13][14] This project also involved rebuilding the existing concourses into bi-level structures equipped with holding rooms and jet bridges.[13] The Gold Concourse was expanded in 1986 and included the airport's first moving walkway.[11] Concourses A and B opened on June 1, 2002, as part of a $250 million terminal expansion designed by Minneapolis-based Architectural Alliance.[15] The final component of the project included a $17.5 million extension of Concourse C consisting of six additional gates, which opened on October 31, 2002.[16]

Terminal 2 was first built in 1986 and then rebuilt in 2001. It is used mostly for charter and low cost airlines, including Minnesota-based Sun Country and Southwest, but is also used for Condor, Icelandair and JetBlue. The terminal has since been expanded and has a total of 14 gates. The colored labeling system for concourses in both terminals was replaced beginning in 2000 with the current system of lettered concourses.

Recent historyEdit

Due in part to aircraft noise in south Minneapolis, the Highland Park neighborhood in St. Paul, and surrounding suburbs, proposals were made in the 1990s to build a new airport on the fringes of the Twin Cities metro in Dakota County to handle larger jets and more international traffic.[17] Minneapolis, St. Paul, and other neighboring cities were concerned that such a move would have a negative economic impact, so an arrangement was made where the Metropolitan Airports Commission would outfit many homes in the vicinity of the airport with sound insulation and air conditioning so that indoor noise could be reduced. A citizen group named ROAR (Residents Opposed to Airport Racket) was created in 1998 and helped push the MAC to make these concessions. Later, in 2004, the MAC voted to reduce funding for the soundproofing projects, saying in part that the economic climate had turned in the wake of the September 11 attacks. Minneapolis Mayor R. T. Rybak, who had been a founding member of ROAR, promised that the city would challenge the changes. In 2005, the cities of Minneapolis, Eagan, and Richfield and the Minneapolis Public Housing Authority filed a lawsuit against the MAC, which was settled with a Consent Decree in 2007. The terms in the Consent Decree specified levels of sound insulation for homes within a fixed boundary of projected aircraft noise exposure around MSP. Upon the completion of the noise mitigation program in 2014, more than 15,000 single-family homes and 3,303 multi-family units around MSP were provided noise mitigation at cost of $95 million.[18]

A 2022 J.D. Power survey concluded that with ranking the largest US and Canadian airports on a 1,000 point scale based on traveler satisfaction, the airport received a score of 800, ranking it the best airport in the US and Canada. Minneapolis' high ranking was accredited to its recently-updated facilities.[19]

 
Delta A220-300 landing at MSP.

FacilitiesEdit

 
Delta Airlines jets parked at Concourse C

TerminalsEdit

Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport has two terminals with a total of 131 gates.[20] International arrivals are processed in Concourse G in Terminal 1, and in Terminal 2.[20]

  • Terminal 1 contains 117 gates across seven concourses, lettered A–G.[20]
  • Terminal 2 contains 14 gates across one concourse, lettered H.[21]

Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport is the only major airport in the United States to have two terminals located on entirely separate roadway systems.[dubious ] Terminals 1 and 2 were originally named after Charles Lindbergh and Hubert Humphrey, respectively. In 2010, numeric designations were added to the names and highway signs and other way-finding aids related to MSP were updated in order to assist travelers in locating the terminals.[22][23]

Ground transportationEdit

The terminal buildings are directly located off of Minnesota State Highway 5. Several other major highways that border the airport are Minnesota State Highway 62, Minnesota State Highway 77, and Interstate 494.

Metro Transit operates bus route 54 to MSP. The bus stop is located at Terminal 1. Passengers arriving in Terminal 2 must take the light rail to the bus stop location.

The METRO light rail Blue Line[24] has stops at both the Hub Building Terminal 1 (Lindbergh Station) and Terminal 2 Humphrey Terminal (Humphrey Station). It connects the airport with downtown Minneapolis as well as with the Mall of America in nearby Bloomington and operates as a shuttle service between the two airport terminals. Travelers can use the rail line to go between the two sites at all times; it is the only part of the line that operates continuously through the night (the rest shuts down for about four hours early in the morning).[25] Two parallel tunnels for the line run roughly 70 feet (21 meters) below the airport and at 1.7 mi (2.7 km) in length are the longest tunnels on the route. The Terminal 1 station is the only underground station on the line, as the rails return to the surface near Terminal 2. Due to current concerns about terrorism, a great deal of effort went into ensuring that the tunnels are highly blast-resistant. The underground portion was the costliest section of the entire rail project.[26]

Military facilitiesEdit

The Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport Joint Air Reserve Station at MSP is home to the 934th Airlift Wing (934 AW), an Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) unit and the 133d Airlift Wing (133 AW) of the Minnesota Air National Guard. Both units fly the C-130 Hercules and are operationally-gained by the Air Mobility Command (AMC). The 934th consists of over 1,300 military personnel, of which approximately 250 are full-time Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) and Air Reserve Technician (ART) personnel. The 133rd is similarly manned, making for a total military presence of over 2,600 full-time and part-time personnel.

The 934 AW serves as the "host" wing for the installation, which also includes lodging/billeting, officers club, Base Exchange (BX) and other morale, welfare and recreation (MWR) facilities for active, reserve/national guard and retired military personnel and their families.

RunwaysEdit

Runways at MSP [27]
Runway Length / width Runway Surface Notes
04 → 11,006 by 150 ft
3,355 by 46 m
← 22 Concrete Runway 04/22 is equipped with Medium intensity runway edge lighting [AN(TE HI)]. Both equipped with a precision approach path indicator (PAPI) system.
RWY22 : RNAV, RNP, NDB // RWY04 : ILS, RNAV, RNP, NDB, VOR/DME
17 → 8,000 by 150 ft
2,438 by 46 m
← 35 Concrete Runway 17/35 is equipped with Touchdown and Centerpoint lights and a PAPI system. Runway 35 is equipped with ILS CAT I-III.
RWY35 : RNAV, RNP, NDB // RWY17 : RNAV, RNP
12R → 10,000 by 150 ft
3,048 by 46 m
← 30L Concrete Runway 12R/30L is equipped with a PAPI system. 12R is equipped with ILS CAT I-III. 30L is equipped with ILS CAT II.
RWY30L : RNAV, RNP, NDB // RWY12R : ILS, RNAV, RNP, NDB, VOR/DME
12L → 8,200 by 150 ft
2,499 by 46 m
← 30R Concrete 30R is equipped with medium intensity runway edge lighting [AN(TE HI)]. 12L equipped with ILS CAT I-III Both equipped with a PAPI system.
RWY30R : RNAV, RNP, NDB // RWY12L : ILS, RNAV, RNP, NDB, VOR/DME

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Air Canada Express Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson [28]
Air France Seasonal: Paris–Charles de Gaulle [29]
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Anchorage
[30]
Allegiant Air Asheville, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Knoxville, Phoenix/Mesa, Punta Gorda (FL), Sarasota (begins October 6, 2022)[31]
Seasonal: West Palm Beach
[32]
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor [33]
American Eagle Chicago–O'Hare, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National [33]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt [34]
Delta Air Lines Albuquerque, Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Billings, Boise, Boston, Bozeman, Calgary, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Duluth, Fargo, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grand Rapids, Hartford, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Las Vegas, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Louisville, Madison, Mexico City, Miami, Milwaukee, Missoula, Montréal–Trudeau, Nashville, Newark, New Orleans, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Omaha, Orange County, Orlando, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San Juan, Sarasota, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon,[35] Sioux Falls, Spokane, St. Louis, Tampa, Tokyo–Haneda (resumes March 25, 2023),[36] Toronto–Pearson, Tri-Cities (WA), Vancouver, Washington–National, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Appleton, Asheville, Belize City, Buffalo, Burlington (VT), Charleston (SC), Cleveland, Fairbanks, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Cayman, Green Bay, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Liberia (CR), Memphis, Montego Bay, Myrtle Beach, Palm Springs, Portland (ME), Providence, Puerto Vallarta, Rapid City, Reno/Tahoe, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Savannah, Tucson, West Palm Beach
[37]
Delta Connection Aberdeen (SD), Appleton, Baltimore, Bemidji, Billings, Bismarck, Bozeman, Brainerd, Calgary, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charlotte, Chicago–Midway, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Des Moines, Duluth, Escanaba, Fargo, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fort Wayne, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Forks, Grand Rapids, Green Bay, Hartford, Helena, Hibbing/Chisholm, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, International Falls, Iron Mountain, Kansas City, Knoxville, La Crosse, Louisville, Madison, Memphis, Milwaukee, Minot, Missoula, Moline/Quad Cities (ends October 5, 2022),[38] Mosinee/Wausau, Newark, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Rapid City, Rhinelander, Richmond, Rochester (MN), San Antonio, Sault Ste. Marie (MI), Sioux Falls, South Bend, St. Louis, Tri-Cities (WA), Washington–Dulles, Wichita, Williston
Seasonal: Buffalo, Harlingen, Traverse City
[37]
Denver Air Connection Ironwood, Thief River Falls [39]
Frontier Airlines Cancún, Denver, Las Vegas, Phoenix–Sky Harbor (begins January 13, 2023)[40]
Seasonal: Austin, Fort Myers, Orlando, Tampa
[41]
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík [42]
JetBlue Boston, New York–JFK [43]
KLM Amsterdam[44]
Southwest Airlines Austin, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Denver, Nashville, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, St. Louis
Seasonal: Dallas–Love (resumes March 11, 2023),[44] Fort Lauderdale (resumes March 11, 2023),[44] Fort Myers (resumes March 11, 2023),[44] Las Vegas, Orlando (resumes March 11, 2023),[44] Tampa (resumes March 11, 2023)[44]
[45][46]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Detroit, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, Orlando
Seasonal: Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Myrtle Beach, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Tampa
[47]
Sun Country Airlines Asheville, Cancún, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Eau Claire (begins December 1, 2022),[48] Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Nashville, Newark, Orange County, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), San Diego, San Francisco, San Juan, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa
Seasonal: Anchorage, Aruba, Austin, Baltimore, Belize City, Boston, Bozeman, Buffalo, Burlington (VT), Charleston (SC), Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cozumel, Destin/Fort Walton Beach (begins April 12, 2023),[49] Fort Lauderdale, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Cayman, Gulfport/Biloxi, Harlingen, Hartford, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Jackson Hole, Jacksonville (FL), Liberia (CR), Madison, Mazatlán, Miami, Milwaukee, Montego Bay, Myrtle Beach, Nassau, New Orleans, Palm Springs, Philadelphia, Phoenix/Mesa, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Providenciales, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Punta Gorda (FL), Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Roatán, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, Sarasota, Savannah, St. Petersburg/Clearwater, St. Thomas, Spokane, Tucson, Vancouver, West Palm Beach
[50]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Newark
Seasonal: Houston–Intercontinental
[51]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles [51]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Amazon Air Cincinnati, Fort Worth/Alliance, Lakeland, Wilmington
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Detroit, Omaha, Thief River Falls, Winnipeg
FedEx Express Appleton, Chicago–O'Hare, Fort Worth/Alliance, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Memphis, Milwaukee
Seasonal: Columbus–Rickenbacker, Los Angeles, Newark, Oakland, Rochester (MN), St. Louis
FedEx Feeder Bemidji, Duluth, Memphis, Thief River Falls
UPS Airlines Alexandria, Bemidji, Brainerd, Chicago/Rockford, Detroit Lakes, Duluth, Fergus Falls, Grand Rapids, International Falls, La Crosse, Louisville, Marshall, Philadelphia, Portland (OR), Rice Lake, Thief River Falls, Wadena, Winnipeg, Winona
Seasonal: Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Milwaukee, Ontario, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Sioux Falls

StatisticsEdit

 
A Sun Country 737-800 departing MSP

Top domestic destinationsEdit

Busiest domestic routes from MSP (July 2021 – June 2022)[52]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Denver, Colorado 713,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country, United
2 Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Arizona 642,000 American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country
3 Atlanta, Georgia 587,000 Delta, Spirit
4 Las Vegas, Nevada 554,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country
5 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 548,000 American, Delta, Sun Country, United
6 Orlando, Florida 527,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country
7 Los Angeles, California 483,000 Delta, Spirit, Sun Country
8 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 439,000 Alaska, Delta, Sun Country
9 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 421,000 American, Delta, Sun Country
10 Fort Myers, Florida 354,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country

Top international destinationsEdit

Busiest international routes to and from MSP (2021) [53]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1   Cancún, Mexico 220,991 Delta, Frontier, Sun Country
2   Amsterdam, Netherlands 116,602 Delta, KLM
3   Calgary, Canada 61,725 Delta
4   Paris, France 52,918 Air France, Delta
5   Reykjavík, Iceland 51,765 Delta, Icelandair
6   Mexico City, Mexico 45,573 Delta
7   Puerto Vallarta, Mexico 38,970 Delta, Sun Country
8   Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 33,957 Delta, Sun Country
9   San Jose Del Cabo, Mexico 28,383 Delta, Sun Country
10   Montego Bay, Jamaica 17,994 Delta, Sun Country

Airline market shareEdit

Largest airlines at MSP
(July 2021 - June 2022)
[54]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 Delta Air Lines 14,984,000 53.95%
2 SkyWest Airlines 3,901,000 14.05%
3 Endeavor Air 1,419,000 5.11%
4 Southwest Airlines 1,241,000 4.47%
5 American Airlines 1,134,000 4.08%
6 Others 5,095,000 18.35%

Annual trafficEdit

Annual passenger traffic at MSP airport. See Wikidata query.
Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at MSP, (2001–2021)[55]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
2001 33,733,725 2011 33,118,499 2021 25,202,120
2002 32,629,690 2012 33,170,960
2003 33,201,860 2013 33,897,335
2004 36,713,173 2014 35,152,460
2005 37,663,664 2015 36,582,854
2006 35,612,133 2016 37,517,957
2007 35,157,322 2017 38,034,431
2008 34,056,443 2018 38,037,381
2009 32,378,599 2019 39,555,036
2010 32,839,441 2020 14,851,289

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On March 7, 1950, Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 307, a Martin 2-0-2 diverted from Rochester International Airport crashed 5 km northwest of MSP after first hitting a 70 foot high flagpole with its left wing on final approach, 8/10 of a mile from the touchdown point, in blinding snow. The left wing eventually detached and the aircraft dived and crashed into a house. All 13 passengers and crew and two children in the house were killed. A loss of visual reference to the ground on approach was the probable cause.[56]
  • On January 21, 1985, Galaxy Airlines Flight 203, a Lockheed L-188 Electra 4-engine turboprop, registration N5532, operating as a non-scheduled charter flight from Reno, Nevada to MSP, crashed shortly after takeoff. All but one of the 71 on board died.
  • On May 10, 2005, Northwest Flight 1495, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9, suffered a valve fracture and lost hydraulic pressure in its right engine shortly after takeoff from John Glenn Columbus International Airport en route to MSP. The aircraft performed a successful emergency landing, but began experiencing steering problems and a loss of the brakes while taxing to the gate, resulting in it colliding with the wing of an Airbus A319-114 at approximately 16 mph. Eight injuries were reported among the crew and passengers of both planes and the ground crew.[57]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Operations Reports". Metropolitan Airports Commission. January 2019. Archived from the original on April 11, 2019. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  2. ^ "List of Top 40 Airports in US - World Airport Codes". World Airport Codes. Archived from the original on April 30, 2019. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  3. ^ "2012 Minnesota Statutes". State of Minnesota. 2012. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
  4. ^ FAA Airport Form 5010 for MSP PDF, effective December 30, 2021.
  5. ^ "MSP airport data at skyvector.com". skyvector.com. Retrieved August 24, 2022.
  6. ^ "Minneapolis–St. Paul International Airport named Best Airport in North America for second consecutive year". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on March 6, 2018. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  7. ^ Lora, Sara. "and Aeromexico launch new service between Queretaro, Mexico, and Detroit". Delta. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  8. ^ Radka, Ricky (December 23, 2021). "Airline Hub Guide: Which U.S. Cities Are Major Hubs and Why it Matters". airfarewatchdog.com. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  9. ^ a b "MinneapolisHistory". Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
  10. ^ Minneapolis-St. Paul Metropolitan Airports Commission History, Volume I: Early Aviation, Metropolitan Area, 1911-1943
  11. ^ a b c "Fun Facts". Metropolitan Airports Commission. Archived from the original on June 9, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  12. ^ "Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport, Lindbergh Terminal, 4300 Glumack Drive, Minneapolis, Minnesota". Archived from the original on July 29, 2018. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  13. ^ a b c "Architecture Minnesota". Architecture Minnesota. Minnesota Society American Institute of Architects. 28 (1): 49. 2002.
  14. ^ Hogan, Patrick (2013). "Minneapolis/St. Paul International Airport: Looking Back and Moving Forward" (PDF). Metropolitan Airports Commission. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 12, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
  15. ^ Torbenson, Eric (May 31, 2002). "Two New Concourses to Debut at Minneapolis–St. Paul International Airport". St. Paul Pioneer Press. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
  16. ^ Wascoe Jr., Dan (November 1, 2002). "New Concourse Opens at Minneapolis Airport's Main Terminal". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
  17. ^ "MSP Intl. Airport Final ROD" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on May 1, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  18. ^ 2020 Annual Noise Contour Report (Report). Metropolitan Airports Commission (MAC). February 2021. p. 2.
  19. ^ CNN, By Marnie Hunter. "Study reveals the North American airports that travelers find the most -- and least -- satisfying". CNN. Retrieved September 21, 2022.
  20. ^ a b c "Terminal 1 Map" (PDF). Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  21. ^ "MSP Terminal 2 Map" (PDF). Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  22. ^ The Metropolitan Airports Commission (July 26, 2010). Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport Long Term Comprehensive Plan Update (Report).
  23. ^ "A case of terminal confusion at Minn. airport". NBC News. Associated Press. July 20, 2009. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  24. ^ "These routes will change May 18". Metro Transit. Archived from the original on July 15, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  25. ^ "Light Rail Transit". Metropolitan Airports Commission. Archived from the original on May 13, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  26. ^ "Hiawatha Line Before and After Study" (PDF). Metro Transit. August 2010. p. 23. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 19, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  27. ^ "MSP Runways". Retrieved October 20, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ^ "Flight Schedules" (PDF). Retrieved July 25, 2021.
  29. ^ "Air France Network". Archived from the original on April 28, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  30. ^ Airlines, Alaska. "Flight Timetable". Alaska Airlines. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  31. ^ "Allegiant to Begin Nonstop Service to Minneapolis from SRQ".
  32. ^ @MSPAirport (June 29, 2021). "We're excited to announce that a new airline is ready to join the flock! Allegiant Air will debut at MSP in October with service to Asheville (AVL), Punta Gorda (PGD), and Palm Beach (PBI)" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  33. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  34. ^ "Wow: Condor Begins 3 US Routes in Less Than 1 Week". May 26, 2022.
  35. ^ "Delta Air Lines : Restores U.S.-Korea network with Minneapolis-Incheon relaunch as global demand grows | MarketScreener".
  36. ^ "Delta delays several nonstop Tokyo flights until Spring 2023". Thrifty Traveler. August 15, 2022. Retrieved September 8, 2022.
  37. ^ a b "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Archived from the original on June 21, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  38. ^ "Nonstop no more: Delta 'indefinitely' suspends service from Moline to Minneapolis this fall". August 9, 2022.
  39. ^ "Denver Air Connection to take over for Boutique Air at Thief River Falls Airport". February 27, 2020.
  40. ^ Salerno, Michael. "Frontier Airlines just added a slew of new flights from Phoenix. Here's where you can go". AZCentral. Retrieved August 26, 2022.
  41. ^ "Frontier". Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  42. ^ "Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport". Icelandair. Archived from the original on May 7, 2019. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  43. ^ "JetBlue Airlines Timetable". Archived from the original on July 13, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  44. ^ a b c d e f https://wieck-swa-production.s3-us-west-1.amazonaws.com/page-3b00a21770a21c5c30a52599d18aed48/attachment/562083c97b2493e09a2e00b955ed8671dd7292e8[bare URL]
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  46. ^ "Southwest Airlines - Route Map". www.southwest.com.
  47. ^ "Where We Fly". Archived from the original on December 23, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  48. ^ "Sun Country to provide new service to Eau Claire, Wi. | Sun Country Airlines".
  49. ^ "Sun Country Airlines NW22 Network Additions". Aeroroutes. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  50. ^ "Route Map". Archived from the original on August 15, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  51. ^ a b "Timetable". Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  52. ^ "Minneapolis–St Paul International (MSP) Summary Statistics". Bureau of Transportation Statistics, US Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 27, 2022.
  53. ^ "International_Report_Passengers | Department of Transportation - Data Portal". data.transportation.gov. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  54. ^ "RITA | BTS | Transtats". Transtats.bts.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2022.
  55. ^ "About MSP". Archived from the original on January 27, 2021. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  56. ^ Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network
  57. ^ National Transportation Safety Board (April 25, 2007). Aviation Accident Final Report - CHI05MA111A (Report).

External linksEdit

  Media related to Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport at Wikimedia Commons