Cyril E. King Airport

Cyril E. King Airport (IATA: STT, ICAO: TIST, FAA LID: STT) is a public airport located two miles (3 km) west of the central business district of Charlotte Amalie on the island of St. Thomas in the United States Virgin Islands.[1] It is currently the busiest airport in the United States Virgin Islands, and one of the busiest in the eastern Caribbean, servicing 1,403,000 passengers from July 2015 through June 2016.[2] The airport also serves the island of St. John and is additionally often used by those travelling to the nearby British Virgin Islands.

Cyril E. King Airport
Cyril E. King Airport (terminal).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerVirgin Islands Port Authority
LocationSaint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands
Focus city forAir Sunshine
Elevation AMSL24 ft / 7 m
Coordinates18°20′14″N 064°58′24″W / 18.33722°N 64.97333°W / 18.33722; -64.97333Coordinates: 18°20′14″N 064°58′24″W / 18.33722°N 64.97333°W / 18.33722; -64.97333
Websiteviport.com
Map
STT is located in the U.S. Virgin Islands
STT
STT
Location in the Virgin Islands
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10/28 7,000 2,134 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Aircraft operations61,255
Based aircraft98
FAA airport diagram
The Cyril E. King Airport from an observation overlook

Although passports are not required for U.S. citizens who are visiting the U.S. Virgin Islands from other U.S. jurisdictions, all passengers bound for the continental United States and Puerto Rico must pass through U.S. Customs and Border Protection screening before boarding their flight. Private planes can either use CBP Preclearance or arrive in the continental United States or Puerto Rico as an international arrival.

The airport operates one main runway, 7,000 ft × 150 ft (2,134 m × 46 m) long. The terminal operates 11 gates.

HistoryEdit

In 1927, Charles Lindbergh landed the Spirit of St. Louis on a grassy swamp to the north of what was then called Mosquito Bay (now called Lindbergh Bay in his honor).[3]

During World War II, the United States Army Air Forces Sixth Air Force 23rd Fighter Squadron (36th Fighter Group) deployed P-40 Warhawk fighters to the airport from March 1942 to May 1943.[4][5][6] Also, during World War II, Virgin Islanders Herbert H. Heywood and Henry E. Rohlsen were part of a group of black pilots called Tuskegee Airmen[7] who helped the war effort.

Historically, a number of airlines operated scheduled passenger jet service into St. Thomas in the past. These air carriers included Air Florida with Douglas DC-9-10s, Caribair with McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30s, Eastern Airlines with Boeing 727-100s, 727-200s and 757-200s, Midway Airlines with Boeing 737-200s and McDonnell Douglas MD-87s, Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) with Boeing 727-100s and 727-200s as well as wide body Airbus A300B4s and Airbus A310s, and Trans Caribbean Airways with Boeing 727-200s. Trans Caribbean, Pan Am and Caribair were all operating jet service into St. Thomas by the late 1960s with the airport runway only being 4,658 feet (1,420 m) in length at the time.[8][9][10][11][circular reference]

One air carrier that has served St. Thomas for many years is American Airlines, which began serving St. Thomas in 1970 following its acquisition of and merger with Trans Caribbean Airways.[12] In 1975, American as well as Eastern and Pan Am were serving the airport with Boeing 727-100 jetliners, American and Pan Am with nonstop 727 flights from New York Kennedy Airport with American also operating direct one stop 727 service from Boston and Providence, RI, and Eastern with nonstop 727 flights from Miami and San Juan as well as direct 727 flights from Chicago O'Hare Airport, Cleveland and Dallas/Fort Worth.[13]

By 1994, American was operating wide body Airbus A300-600R jets into St. Thomas with nonstop service from Miami and San Juan with direct one stop A300 flights from Chicago O'Hare Airport, Orlando and Philadelphia and was also flying nonstop Boeing 757-200 service from New York Kennedy Airport.[14] Other airlines operating jet service into St. Thomas at this same time in 1994 included Continental Airlines with nonstop Boeing 727-200 service from New York Newark Airport, Delta Air Lines with nonstop Boeing 757-200 service from Atlanta and St. Croix as well as direct one stop 757 service from Washington Reagan National Airport, Private Jet Expeditions (operating as National Airlines at this time) with nonstops from Atlanta and direct one stop service from Chicago Midway Airport flown with McDonnell Douglas MD-80s, and USAir with nonstops from Baltimore and direct one stop service from Pittsburgh flown with Boeing 727-200s.[15]

Also historically the airport hosted Air Force One and Two, respectively, carrying Bill Clinton, Al Gore, and Joe Biden using Boeing 707s and later Boeing 757s.

Cyril E. King Airport also hosted a number of charter jet airliners including the Boeing 757, Boeing 767 and the McDonnell Douglas DC-10. It was known as Harry S Truman Airport until 1984, when it was renamed to honor Cyril Emmanuel King, the second elected governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands.[16] A new passenger terminal opened in November 1990 and retained the name.

Facilities and aircraftEdit

Cyril E. King Airport covers an area of 280 acres (110 ha) which contains one asphalt paved runway (10/28) measuring 7,000 ft × 150 ft (2,134 m × 46 m). For the 12-month period ending September 30, 2017, the airport had 61,255 aircraft operations, an average of 167 per day: 58% air taxi, 14% scheduled commercial, 27% general aviation and 1% military. During the same period, there were 98 aircraft based at this airport: 59% multi-engine, 35% single engine, 3% helicopters, 2% jet engine and 1% ultralight.[1] There is also one flight school at the airport, Ace Flight Center. The St. Thomas Jet Center, on the north side of the runway, handles private aviation.

TerminalEdit

The two-story terminal has 11 gates in two departure areas. The main section serves flights bound for the United States and Puerto Rico. It contains a restaurant and bar, gift shop, and duty-free store. Three smaller departure lounges serve international and St. Croix departures.

Arriving passengers from the United States and Puerto Rico over the age of 18 are greeted with complimentary samples of Cruzan Rum.

Cyril E. King Airport Terminal Modernization and Expansion ProjectEdit

There are plans to expand the Cyril E. King Airport terminal to include a second departure lounge on the second floor as well as install jet bridges and move airport offices to the third floor.[17][18] A $230 million modernization plan for the airport was unveiled by Governor Kenneth E. Mapp in June 2019.[19][20]

The airport upgrades will include a pedestrian bridge as well as a ferry terminal to improve transportation.[21][22][23][24] The architectural firm awarded the task of redesigning and renovating the airport is Lemartec Corporation and Perez & Perez Architects and Planners.

On September 3, 2019 the VIPA board approved a $175 million budget for FY 2020.[25][26]

Delegate Plaskett announced three transportation grants for V.I. Airports to redesign the apron and improve lighting on the Cyril E. King airport runway, as well as to improve the runway at Henry E. Rohlsen Airport.[27][28]

On November 22, 2019, the Transportation Department awarded a $2 million grant for the Cyril E. King Airport's modernization.[29][30] VIPA said that phase one of construction would begin in April. Each of the four phases may take from 18 to 24 months to complete,[31] for a total of 6–8 years and a cost of $250 million.
Starting March, 2021, construction on the Cyril E. King Airport Parking Garage will commence[32][33][34][35] which means parking will be extremely limited.

Starting Monday, March 8, 2021, construction on the four level parking garage will start.[36][37][38]

May 23, 2021 will be the ceremony to kick off phase 1.[39][40]

On Wednesday, May 26, 2021, the Cyril E. King Airport began the groundbreaking for phase 1 [41][42]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Air Sunshine Anguilla, Dominica–Douglas-Charles, Nevis, Saint Croix, Saint Kitts, San Juan, Tortola, Virgin Gorda
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, New York–JFK
Cape Air Anguilla (resumes November 20, 2021),[43] Saint Croix, San Juan
Seasonal: Tortola
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Boston (resumes December 18, 2021)[44]
Frontier Airlines Miami, Orlando
Seasonal: San Juan
JetBlue Newark, New York–JFK, San Juan
Seasonal: Boston
Sea Flight Airlines Saint Croix
Silver Airways Saint Croix, San Juan
Spirit Airlines Fort Lauderdale, Miami (begins November 18, 2021),[45] Orlando
Sun Country Airlines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul
Tradewind Aviation Saint Barthélemy
United Airlines Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles
VI Airlink Anegada, Tortola

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Air Sunshine Saint Maarten, San Juan, Anguilla, Nevis, Tortola, Virgin Gorda
Amerijet International Miami
DHL Aviation San Juan
FedEx Express San Juan

Dolphin Water TaxiEdit

On February 8, 2020, Dolphin Water Taxi opened new facilities at the Cyril E. King Airport baggage claim east of Tropic Tours window as well as Red Hook Urman Victor Fredericks Marine Terminal.[46][47]

Top destinationsEdit

Busiest domestic routes from STT
(August 2020 – July 2021)
[48]
Rank City Passengers Carrier
1   Atlanta, Georgia 114,090 Delta
2   Miami, Florida 92,630 American
3   Charlotte, North Carolina 63,480 American
4   Fort Lauderdale, Florida 48,950 Spirit
5   New York City, New York 41,410 American, Delta
6   Orlando, Florida 36,860 Spirit
7   Newark, New Jersey 31,340 United
8   San Juan, Puerto Rico 27,740 Air Sunshine, Cape Air, JetBlue, Seaborne
9   Christiansted, St. Croix 25,420 Air Sunshine, Cape Air, Seaborne, Sea Flight
10   Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 23,760 American

Airline market shareEdit

Largest airlines at STT
(August 2020 – July 2021)
[49]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 American Airlines 426,000 36.51%
2 Delta Air Lines 309,000 26.49%
3 Spirit Airlines 155,000 13.29%
4 United Airlines 124,000 10.66%
5 Cape Air 61,830 5.30%
6 Other 90,330 7.75%

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On December 28, 1970, Trans Caribbean Airways Flight 505 operated with a Boeing 727-200 jetliner made a hard landing and ran off the side of the runway. Two of the 48 passengers died in the subsequent fire, and the aircraft was then destroyed by the ensuing conflagration.[50]
  • On April 27, 1976, American Airlines Flight 625[51][52] operated with a Boeing 727-100 jetliner ran off the end of the runway, killing 37 of the 88 on board. The old St. Thomas runway was 4,658 feet long at the time. Following the crash, American Airlines (AA) suspended jet service to the airport and began operating Convair 440 propliners instead for service to nearby St. Croix (STX) for connections to American mainline jet flights until a new, longer 7,000 foot runway was constructed. These CV-440[53] flights were operated by a division of AA, American Inter-Island, as an interim service until American elected to resume mainline jet aircraft operations into St. Thomas with the advent of the longer runway. The American Inter-Island Convair 440 aircraft were owned by American Airlines and flown and maintained by Antilles Air Boats, a seaplane operator in the Virgin Islands.[54][55]
  • On March 25, 1977, Douglas C-53 N692A of Island Traders was damaged beyond economic repair in a heavy landing.[56]
  • On September 17, 1989, Douglas DC-3 N4425N, Douglas C-47s N100SD, N4471J and N4577Z; and Douglas C-49J N28346 of Aero Virgin Islands; along with Douglas C-47A N101AP of Four Star Air Cargo; were damaged beyond economic repair by Hurricane Hugo.[57][58][59][60][61][62]
  • On December 30, 2003, Douglas DC-3C N781T of Tol-Air Services was substantially damaged when the starboard undercarriage collapsed on landing after a flight that originated at San Juan, Puerto Rico.[63]
  • On July 19, 2006, Douglas DC-3C N782T of Tol-Air Services ditched into the sea off Charlotte Amalie after an engine failure shortly after take-off from Cyril E. King Airport.[64] All four people on board escaped as the aircraft floated for about ten minutes before sinking.[65] The aircraft now lies in 100 feet (30 m) of water and is a dive site.[66]
  • A Kestrel Convair C-131F, registration N8277Q performing a freight flight from St. Thomas (US Virgin Islands) to unknown destination with 2 crew, departed St. Thomas' runway 28 and was in the initial climb around 07:47L (11:47Z) when the tower observed smoke from the left-hand engine (P&W R-2800). The crew declared emergency reporting an engine fire and loss of hydraulics and initiated a return to St. Thomas' runway 10, where the aircraft touched down but could not slow. The airplane veered right off the runway, broke through the airport fence and came to a stop on a public road parallel to the runway (actually the airport access road). No injuries occurred, the airplane received substantial damage. The airport was closed for several hours. The FAA reported the aircraft went off the runway and received substantial damage.[67]
  • On October 13, 2012, a Piper Aztec, N5553Y, departing nearby St. Croix carrying three passengers, crashed approximately eight miles south of Cyril E. King Airport. There was one survivor. After a year-long investigation, it was determined that the pilot suffered spatial disorientation, descended before he needed to and then crashed into the water.
  • On June 17, 2015, an American Airlines Boeing 757 preparing to fly to John F. Kennedy International Airport was grounded due to a mechanical failure. After returning to the gate, an airport service vehicle collided with the aircraft, severely damaging one of the aircraft's jet engines. No injuries occurred.
  • On September 6, 2017, Hurricane Irma hit the U.S. Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands. There was severe damage to the terminal especially around gate 6. Hurricane Irma was a Category 5 hurricane when it hit the U.S. Virgin Islands. No injuries were reported.

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

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External linksEdit