M. K. Stalin

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Muthuvel Karunanidhi Stalin (முத்துவேல் கருணாநிதி ஸ்டாலின்) (born 1 March 1953) is an Indian Tamil politician serving as the 8th and current Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. He is the son of the former Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi, He has also served as president of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) party since 28 August 2018. He was the 37th Mayor of Chennai from 1996 to 2002 and 1st Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 2009 to 2011.[1][2] M.K. Stalin was placed 30th on the list of India's Most powerful Personalities in 2019 by the Indian Express.[3]

M. K. Stalin
M K Stalinn.jpg
8th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Assumed office
7 May 2021
GovernorBanwarilal Purohit
Preceded byEdappadi K. Palaniswami
1st Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
In office
29 May 2009 – 15 May 2011
GovernorSurjit Singh Barnala
Chief MinisterM. Karunanidhi
Preceded byposition established
Succeeded byO. Panneerselvam
Leader of the Opposition in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
In office
25 May 2016 – 5 May 2021
DeputyDurai Murugan
Chief Minister
Preceded byVijayakanth
Succeeded byEdappadi K. Palaniswami
Minister of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj of Tamil Nadu
In office
13 May 2006 – 15 May 2011
Chief MinisterM. Karunanidhi
Preceded byVeerapandy S. Arumugam
Succeeded byP. Mohan
37th Mayor of Chennai
In office
25 October 1996 – 6 September 2002
Preceded byR. Arumugam
Succeeded byM. Subramaniam
Member of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
23 May 2011
Chief Minister
Preceded byconstituency established
ConstituencyKolathur
In office
13 May 1996 – 15 May 2011
Chief Minister
Preceded byK. A. Krishnaswamy
Succeeded byB. Valarmathi
ConstituencyThousand Lights
President of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Assumed office
28 August 2018
General Secretary
Preceded byM. Karunanidhi
Working President of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
In office
4 January 2017 – 28 August 2018
General Secretary
Preceded byM. Karunanidhi
Treasurer of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
In office
27 December 2008 – 27 August 2018
General Secretary
Preceded byM. Karunanidhi
Deputy General Secretary of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
In office
2003–2008
General Secretary
Preceded byM. Karunanidhi
youth wing Secretary of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
In office
1982–2017
General Secretary
Preceded byM. Karunanidhi
Personal details
Born
Muthuvel Karunanidhi Stalin

(1953-03-01) 1 March 1953 (age 68)
Madras, Madras State, India
(present-day Chennai, Tamil Nadu)
Political partyDravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Spouse(s)
Durga Stalin
(m. 1976)
Children
Parents
RelativesKarunanidhi family
Residence25/9, Chittaranjan Road, Alwarpet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
EducationBachelor of Arts
Alma materPresidency College, Chennai
Occupation
  • Politician
Signature
Websitemkstalin.in
Nickname(s)MK Stalin

Early life and familyEdit

Stalin is the third son of 2nd Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and DMK Chief M. Karunanidhi, and was born to his wife, Dayalu Ammal. Stalin was born in Madras, now Chennai, on 1 March 1953. Karunanidhi was addressing a condolence meeting for Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, who died only four days after his child was born, and thus decided to name his son after Stalin.[4][5]

Stalin studied at the Madras Christian College Higher Secondary School.[6] He completed a pre-university course at Vivekananda College, and obtained a history degree from Presidency College, Chennai of University of Madras in 1973. M. K. Stalin was conferred Honorary Doctorates by Anna University on August 1, 2009.[7][8][9][10]

Stalin married Durga (alias Shantha) on August 20 , 1975 and has two children. His son is Udhayanidhi Stalin, an actor and politician.

Like his father, Stalin has also publicly disclosed that he is an atheist. But he also said that he is not against any religious beliefs.[11][12][13]

PoliticsEdit

His political career began in his early teens when he started the DMK Gopalapuram Youth Wing in a tea shop with several friends.[14] As a 14 year old, he campaigned for his uncle, Murasoli Maran, in the 1967 elections.[15][16] In 1973, Stalin was elected to the General committee of the DMK.[17]

He came to limelight when he was jailed in Central Prison, Madras under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) for protesting against the Emergency in 1976.[18][19][20] He was beaten up in custody and a fellow DMK prisoner C. Chittibabu died of injuries and police torture while protecting him.[21][22][23] He wrote his final year BA exams while in prison.[5] Stalin formed the DMK youth wing. In 1982 Stalin became the youth wing secretary of DMK, a post he held for more than four decades.[24]

Stalin contested the Assembly polls unsuccessfully from Thousand Lights constituency in Chennai. In 1989 Stalin contested Assembly polls from Thousand Lights Constituency again, but won this time.[25] But the DMK government got dismissed in 1991 before completing its full five-year term. He contested for the third time from the same Assembly constituency, but lost to the AIADMK under Jayalalithaa. Again in 1996, Stalin won the election as an MLA from the Thousand Lights constituency.

In 2011 Stalin changed his constituency for the first time in his political career, moving from Thousand Lights to Kolathur constituency on the outskirts of Chennai city.[5]

Mayor of ChennaiEdit

Stalin became the city's first directly elected mayor in 1996.[26] He privatised conservancy operations in the city and constructed nine flyovers and coined a pet project called Singara Chennai (Beautiful Chennai), lauded for improving Chennai's infrastructure.[5] Popularly known as Managara Thanthai (father of the city). Stalin was reelected mayor in 2001.[27] However, Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa enacted the Tamil Nadu Municipal Laws (Amendment) Act, in 2002, which prevents a person from holding two elected posts in the government. This law was applied retroactively to Stalin's case (he was elected Thousand Lights MLA) in a move widely seen as aimed at removing him as Chennai's mayor.[28] However, the Madras High Court struck down the law stating that legislative bodies were not "prevented" from making laws affecting the "substantive rights" of persons retrospectively. However, the court held that under Madras (now Chennai) City Municipal Corporation Act, 1919, a person cannot be mayor for two consecutive terms, though unlike Stalin, earlier mayors were not directly elected. Stalin did not appeal in the Supreme Court.[29] In 2003, Stalin became Deputy General Secretary of the DMK.[14]

Deputy Chief MinisterEdit

In the 2006 Assembly Elections, the DMK regained control of the state assembly, partly due to Stalin's efforts. Stalin became the Minister for Rural Development and Local Administration in the Government of Tamil Nadu and retained this office throughout his term. During his tenure, he developed his skills as an administrator, helping to strengthen self-help groups in the state.[16] In 2008, he became treasurer of DMK.[14]

On 29 May 2009, Stalin was nominated as Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu by Governor Surjit Singh Barnala.[30]

On 3 January 2013, Karunanidhi named Stalin as his heir apparent, thus ending a long time confusion about who would take over the party reins after Karunanidhi's death.[31]

Opposition leaderEdit

 
Prime Minister, Narendra Modi consoling and sharing few words with M.K. Stalin during M. Karunanidhi's funeral, in Chennai on August 08, 2018

During the 2016 Assembly election, Stalin went on a statewide tour titled Namakku Naame to appeal to the youth. Stalin won the Kolathur constituency and was appointed as the opposition leader.[32] In 2017, Stalin went on another Namakku Naame tour.[33] In 2018, his father Karunanidhi died, leaving Stalin the president of the DMK.[16]

Secular Progressive Alliance (2019 general election - present)Edit

M.K. Stalin formed the Secular Progressive Alliance in Tamil Nadu under the national United Progressive Alliance and led the alliance in 2019 general election in the state.[34][35] The Secular Progressive Alliance won 39 out of 40 Parliament seats, and 12 out of 21 in the Assembly by-election, with 52% of the vote. It was his first victory since taking charge as DMK President.[36][37]

Chief Minister of Tamil NaduEdit

In the 2021 Assembly elections, Stalin led the campaign for the Secular Progressive Alliance. They won 159 seats out 234, with the DMK itself winning an absolute majority with 132 seats. Stalin took his oath as chief minister on 7 May 2021 along with the rest of his cabinet.[38][39]

Elections contestedEdit

Elections Constituency Party Result Vote percentage Opposition Candidate Opposition Party Opposition vote percentage
1984 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Lost 47.94 K.A. Krishnaswamy AIADMK 50.44[40]
1989 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Won 50.59 Thambidurai SSR ADK JL 30.05[41]
1991 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Lost 39.19 K.A. Krishnaswamy AIADMK 56.5[42]
1996 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Won 69.72 Zeenath Sheriffdeen AIADMK 22.95[43]
2001 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Won 51.41 S. Sekar TMC 43.78[44]
2006 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Won 46.0 Adi Rajaram AIADMK 43.72[45]
2011 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Kolathur DMK Won 47.7 Saidai Sa. Duraisamy AIADMK 45.78[46]
2016 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Kolathur DMK Won 54.3 J.C.D.Prabhakar AIADMK 31.8[47][48]
2021 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Kolathur DMK Won 60.86 Aadhi Rajaram AIADMK 20.27

FilmographyEdit

Actor

Producer

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Karunanidhi makes Stalin Deputy Chief Minister". TheHindu.com.
  2. ^ Stalin appointed Tamil Nadu Deputy CM
  3. ^ "IE100: The list of most powerful Indians in 2019". The Indian Express. 30 September 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  4. ^ Thangavelu, Dharani (1 March 2017). "Will DMK's Stalin gain from the political feud in Tamil Nadu?". Mint. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d "M.K. Stalin timeline: Slow, steady rise of DMK's new president". The Week. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Star-studded 175th b'day for MCC school". The Times of India. 7 October 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  7. ^ http://www.bharatstudent.com. "M K Stalin, A. R. Rahman & Mylswamy Annadurai|A.R.RAHMAN Awarded Doctorate by Anna University Photo Gallery, A.R.RAHMAN Awarded Doctorate by Anna University Stills, A.R.RAHMAN Awarded Doctorate by Anna University Gallery, A.R.RAHMAN Awarded Doctorate by Anna University Photos". Bharatstudent. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Rahman, Stalin get honorary doctorates". Hindustan Times. 1 August 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  9. ^ "Stalin, Rahman, Annadurai conferred honorary doctorates | Asian Tribune". www.asiantribune.com. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  10. ^ "A R Rahman to be awarded honorary doctorate". News18. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Not in the name of God: Why MK Stalin's atheism is par for the course". cnbctv18.com. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  12. ^ DelhiAugust 8, India Today Web Desk New; August 8, 2018UPDATED; Ist, 2018 14:35. "M Karunanidhi: An atheist who ruled even as religion ruled politics". India Today. Retrieved 8 May 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ "M Karunanidhi (1924-2018): An atheist who spoke of God in the smile of the poor". The Indian Express. 8 August 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  14. ^ a b c "MK Stalin's Big Test In First Tamil Nadu Polls Since Father Karunanidhi's Death". NDTV.com. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  15. ^ "Waiting in the wings". B. Kolappan. The Hindu. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  16. ^ a b c "From Ilaya Thalapathi to DMK chief, Stalin comes out of Karunanidhi's shadows". The Indian Express. 28 August 2018. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  17. ^ "M K Stalin: Finally, the prince becomes the king". The Times of India. 3 May 2021. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  18. ^ "MK Stalin: The new charioteer of Dravida Munnetra Kazagham". Nikhil Jha. Times Now. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  19. ^ "MK Stalin: From a gritty teenage campaigner to mature DMK boss". DT Next. 28 August 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  20. ^ Ravindra Padalkar (14 February 2021). Ruling Dynasties of Independent India - Volume 2. Notion Press. pp. 170–. ISBN 978-1-63781-546-5. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  21. ^ A. R. Venkatachalapathy (24 January 2019). Tamil Characters. Pan Macmillan. pp. 56–. ISBN 978-1-5290-2259-9. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  22. ^ R Kannan (28 June 2017). MGR: A Life. Random House Publishers India Pvt. Limited. pp. 207–. ISBN 978-93-86495-88-4.
  23. ^ "Stalin takes family on nostalgia trip around Central jail". The Times of India. 17 March 2009. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  24. ^ Bureau, Our. "Udayanidhi Stalin appointed DMK youth wing secretary". @businessline. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  25. ^ "Stalin files nomination papers, set to become DMK president". The Economic Times. 26 August 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  26. ^ Towards Singara Chennai - Interview with the Mayor - www.chennaibest.com
  27. ^ rediff.com: Stalin re-elected mayor of Madras
  28. ^ Mayor's office slips out of Stalin's hand-Cities-The Times of India
  29. ^ The Telegraph - Calcutta: Nation
  30. ^ "Stalin named JP deputy CM". Archived from the original on 31 March 2004. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
  31. ^ "After me, it's Stalin: DMK chief Karunanidhi". Zee News. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  32. ^ Ramakrishnan, Deepa H. (4 November 2015). "AIADMK sees 'Namakku Naame' as a vain exercise". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  33. ^ "Stalin plans another 'Namakku Naame' tour". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 20 October 2017. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 11 August 2019.CS1 maint: others (link)
  34. ^ "Secular Progressive Alliance will romp home in Lok Sabha polls". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  35. ^ "DMK Alliance Announces Constituencies, Calls It Secular Progressive Alliance". NDTV.com. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  36. ^ May 24, D. Govardan | TNN |; 2019; Ist, 6:31. "M K Stalin wins big but gains little in Tamil Nadu | Chennai News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 December 2019.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  37. ^ ""Amazed North, United South, Astounded India": MK Stalin On DMK Poll Wins". NDTV.com. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  38. ^ "Tamil Nadu Election Results 2021 Live: DMK leader Stalin to take oath as CM on May 7". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  39. ^ "MK Stalin, DMK Chief, Takes Oath As Tamil Nadu Chief Minister". NDTV.com. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  40. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1984" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1984. p. 25. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  41. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1989" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1989. p. 254. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  42. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1991" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1991. p. 27. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  43. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1996" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1996. p. 261. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  44. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 2001" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 2001. p. 257. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  45. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 2006". Election Commission of India. 2006. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  46. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 2001" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 2011. p. 36. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  47. ^ "The verdict 2016". The Hindu. Chennai. 19 May 2016. p. 6.
  48. ^ "Green cover". The Times of India. Chennai. 19 May 2016. p. 2.
Party political offices
Preceded by
M. Karunanidhi
Leader of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
28 August 2018 – Present
Incumbent

External linksEdit