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Murasoli Maran (17 August 1934 – 24 November 2003) was an Indian politician and an important leader of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) party which was headed by his maternal uncle and mentor, M. Karunanidhi. A Member of Parliament for 36 years, he was made a Union Minister in three separate central governments, in charge of Urban Development in the V.P. Singh government, Industry in the Gowda and Gujral governments, and finally Commerce and Industry under Vajpayee. Apart from being a politician, Maran was a journalist and scriptwriter for films too.
|Minister of Urban Development|
2 December 1989 – 10 November 1990
|Prime Minister||V. P. Singh|
|Minister of Commerce and Industry|
|Prime Minister||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
1 June 1996 – 19 March 1998
|Prime Minister||H. D. Deve Gowda|
I. K. Gujral
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
|Preceded by||Era Anbarasu|
|Succeeded by||Dayanidhi Maran|
|Preceded by||C. N. Annadurai|
|Succeeded by||R Venkatraman|
|Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha|
17 August 1934
Thirukkuvalai, Madras Presidency, British India (now in Tanjavur district, Tamil Nadu), India
|Died||24 November 2003 (aged 69)|
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
|Political party||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
|Relations||M. Karunanidhi (maternal uncle)|
|Parents||Father : Shanmugasundaram|
Mother : Shanmugasundari
|Residence||Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India|
|As of 23 November, 2003|
Murasoli Maran born on 17 August 1934 was son of Shanmugasundaram and Shanmugasundari, the elder sister of M. Karunanidhi. He was born at Thirukkuvalai Village Thiruvarur in Tamil Nadu. After completing his basic education in his hometown he headed to Madras to get a master's degree in Arts (M.A) from Pachaiyappa's College and Law College, Madras. Before joining politics Mr. Maran worked as a Journalist and later served as a social worker. Since his student life at Madras he was closely associated with the DMK. On 15 September 1963 he married Mallika and has two sons and a daughter. His younger son Dayanidhi Maran was an MP (Ex-Union Minister) and his elder son Kalanithi Maran heads and owns the popular TV Network Sun TV. His daughter Anbukarasi Maran is a cardiologist.
He was very vocal against Hindi being introduced in Tamil Nadu and for this he was arrested in 1965 during anti-Hindi agitations for his articles. He was detained for a year under Maintenance of Internal Security Act during emergency.
Career as journalistEdit
Maran edited a daily newspaper in Tamil Murasoli published from Chennai. He was also an editor of www.therisingsun.in, a weekly in English. He published Kunguman, Muththaram, Vannathirai and Sumangali in Tamil language.
Murasoli Maran provided screen play and dialogues for more than twenty films in Tamil. He has produced five and directed two films in Tamil
The Sangeet Natak Academy conferred the title Kalai-Mamani in 1975. He was awarded the President's Certificate of Merit and Tamil Nadu Government Award for three best feature films.
- Kula Dheivam (1957)
- Annaiyin Aanai (1958)
- Anbu Engey (1958)
- Thalai Koduthaan Thambi (1959)
- Sahodhari (1959)
- Nalla Theerpu (1959)
- Marakka Mudiyumaa? (1966)
Major contribution in DohaEdit
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One of the major contributions by Maran was the consolidation of all developing nations into a single front in Doha rounds of WTO to stand up against G7 developed nations imposition of WTO rules. These WTO rules were meant to benefit the developed countries and further impoverish developing nations. Maran successfully and forcefully built a single united front of developing nations and successfully prevented the G7 from imposing any conditions.
- 1967: Elected to Lok Sabha
- 1971: Re-elected to Lok Sabha
- 1977–1995: Member, Rajya Sabha
- 1977–1995: As a Member of Rajya Sabha he was on The Committee on Public Undertakings for three terms as a Member
- 1980–1982: Member, General Purposes Committee
- 1980–1982 and 1991-1995: Member, Public Accounts Committee
- 1982–1983 and 1987-1988: Member, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
- 1988–1989: Member, Committee on Subordinate Legislation
- 1989-1990: Union Cabinet Minister, Urban Development
- 1992–1993: Member, Joint Parliamentary Committee to enquire into irregularities in the securities and banking transactions
- 1996: Elected to Lok Sabha (Eleventh) for the third time
- 1996-1998: Union Cabinet Minister, Industry
- 1998: Elected to Lok Sabha (Twelfth) for the fourth time
- 1999: Elected to Lok Sabha (Thirteenth) for the fifth time
- 1999-2002: Union Cabinet Minister, Industry
Murasoli Maran died aged 69 on 23 November 2003 at Apollo Hospital in Chennai. He was in coma for many weeks. Before treatment at Apollo Hospital, on 14 November 2002, he was admitted to the Methodist Hospital in Houston, Texas, for ailments related to heart (Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy=HTCM=HCM) and kidney. At the time of his death he was a Cabinet Minister, Government of India, without any portfolio. Prime Minister Vajpayee, and an array of leaders attended his funeral in Chennai.
- "RAJYA SABHA MEMBERS BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 1952 - 2003" (PDF). Rajya Sabha. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
- T. S. Subramanian (December 2003). "A man of many parts". Frontline Magazine. Archived from the original on 21 February 2007. Retrieved 9 September 2006.
- "MURASOLI MARAN, 1934–2003". The Hindu. 25 November 2003. Retrieved 9 September 2006.
- MR. MURASOLI MARAN. UNION MINISTER FOR COMMERCE & INDUSTRY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA NEW DELHI. nic.in
- Helene Cooper and Geoff Winestock (15 November 2001) WTO Members Agree on Agenda For New Round of Trade Talks. The Wall Street Journal
- Murasoli Maran dies after prolonged illness. Rediff.com (23 November 2003). Retrieved on 14 November 2018.