Kula Deivam (1956 film)

Kula Deivam (transl.Family deity) is a 1956 Indian Tamil-language drama film directed by Krishnan–Panju and written by Murasoli Maran. The movie is a remake of 1954 Bengali film Banga Kora which was based on the novel Bijila by Prabhavathi Devi Saraswathi.[1] The film stars S. V. Sahasranamam and Pandari Bai, while Rajagopal, S. S. Rajendran, Chandrababu, S. A. Ashokan and Vijayakumari play supporting roles. The film's soundtrack and background score were composed by R. Sudarsanam. Maruthi Rao and S. Panjabi handled cinematography and editing respectively. The film was released on 29 September 1956, and became a commercial success, winning the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil. Banga Kora went on to be remade in Hindi as Bhabhi and in Kannada as Jenu Goodu. Pandari Bai reprised her role in both the versions.

Kula Deivam
Kula Deivam (1956).jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byKrishnan–Panju
Screenplay byMurasoli Maran
Based onBanga Kora
StarringS. V. Sahasranamam
Pandari Bai
Music byR. Sudarsanam
CinematographyMaruthi Rao
Edited byS. Panjabi
SK Pictures
Release date
  • 29 September 1956 (1956-09-29)
Running time
168 minutes


Male support cast
  • P. S. Venkatachalam, Sethu, Kottapuli Jayaraman, A. S. Kannan, Ganapathi, Thiruvenkatam, Kittan and Pottai Krishnamoorthy.


Kula Deivam was remade from the 1954 Bengali film Banga Kora.[2] It was directed by the duo Krishnan-Panju, and the dialogues were written by Murasoli Maran, making his cinematic debut.[3] Stage actor V. R. Rajagopal, who appeared in this film, later adapted the film's title as a prefix to his name.[4]


Soundtrack was composed by R. Sudharsanam and lyrics were written by Mahakavi Subramania Bharathiyar, Bharathidasan, Pattukottai Kalyanasundaram, K. P. Kamatchi and M. K. Athmanathan. Playback singers are C. S. Jayaraman, T. M. Soundararajan, Seerkazhi Govindarajan, M. M. Muthu, M. L. Vasanthakumari, T. V. Rathinam & P. Suseela.

A Kriti composed by Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer, Thaaye Yasodha Undhan, was included in the film for a dance sequence of Kumari Kamala. It was sung by M. L. Vasanthakumari.

The album was released under the label "Saregama".[5]

No. Song Singers Lyrics Length (m:ss)
1 "Thaaye Yasodaa Undhan Aayar Kulatthudhittha" M. L. Vasanthakumari 05:42
2 "Kottupotta Pota Chinna Machane" P. Suseela 02:06
3 "Aanum Pennum" T. V. Rathinam 02:37
4 "Kaiyaale Kannai.... Mudiyadhu Nanba Mudiyadhu" T. M. Soundararajan 04:48
5 "Inba Vargamellaam.... Vetkamillai Vetkamillai" C. S. Jayaraman Bharathidasan 04:27
6 "Kaadhal Kaadhal Kaadhal" T. M. Soundararajan 03:34
7 "Vaarayo Ennai Paaraayo" T. V. Rathinam 03:10
8 "Adiyaargal Ullatthile" (Pathar Vellai kootthu) T. M. Soundararajan, Seerkazhi Govindarajan & M. M. Muthu 06:16
9 "Sathiram Paarkatheer" C. S. Jayaraman


Kula Dheivam was released on 29 September 1956.[6] The film was a commercial success, and ran for over 100 days in theatres.[3] Randor Guy of The Hindu noted that the film was "Remembered for the socially relevant storyline, excellent performances by Sahasranamam and Pandari Bai, pleasing music and touching on-screen narration".[4] The film won National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil.[7]


  1. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/tracking-indian-communities/tamil-cinemas-bong-connection/
  2. ^ Vamanan (23 April 2018). "Tamil cinema's Bong connection". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b "குலதெய்வம் படத்தில் விஜயகுமாரி அறிமுகம்". Maalai Malar (in Tamil). 8 January 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  4. ^ a b Guy, Randor (4 December 2010). "Blast from the past: Kula Deivam 1956". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  5. ^ "Kuladeivam songs". Saregama. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  6. ^ "Kuladeivam". The Indian Express. 29 September 1956. p. 1.
  7. ^ "4th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 2 September 2011.

External linksEdit