1984 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election

The eighth legislative assembly election for Tamil Nadu was held on 24 December 1984. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) won the election and its general secretary, incumbent M. G. Ramachandran (M.G.R) was sworn in as Chief Minister, for the third time. The election victory was mainly attributed to the sympathy wave created by Indira Gandhi's assassination and M.G.R's illness coupled with Rajiv Gandhi's popularity. This is the last election M.G.R contested as he died in office in 1987. This is also the only General Election which M. Karunanidhi did not contest since 1957 until his death.

1984 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election

← 1980 24 December 1984 1989 →

All 234 seats in the Legislature of Tamil Nadu
118 seats needed for a majority
Turnout73.47%
  First party Second party
  MG Ramachandran 2017 stamp of India.jpg Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi.jpg
Leader M. G. Ramachandran M. Karunanidhi
Party AIADMK DMK
Alliance INC+ Lok Dal (Janata Secular)
Leader's seat Andipatti did not contest
Seats won 195 34
Seat change Increase29 Decrease25
Popular vote 11,681,221 8,021,293
Percentage 53.87% 37.00%
Swing Increase4.95% Decrease7.43%

1984 tamil nadu legislative election map.png
1984 election map (by constituencies)

Chief Minister before election

M. G. Ramachandran
AIADMK

Chief Minister

M. G. Ramachandran
AIADMK

BackgroundEdit

Indira Gandhi was assassinated on 31 October 1984. During the same time, M. G. Ramachandran was diagnosed with kidney failure and admitted in a hospital in New York City. Rajiv Gandhi assumed office immediately. Rajiv Gandhi felt that his Government required a fresh mandate from the people, and dissolved the Lok Sabha a year before its actual end of term, for fresh general elections. At the same time, Chief minister of Tamilnadu, M.G.R recommended dissolution of Tamil Nadu State Assembly a year ahead of end of term, to use the sympathy wave of Congress, and also check his popularity. Indian National Congress (Indira) and All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam formed an alliance and contested both general elections.[1][2]

PartiesEdit

National parties Bharatiya Janta Party, Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Indian National Congress and Janata Party, state parties All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Indian Congress (J), and registered unrecognised parties Ambedkar Kranti Dal, Gandhi Kamaraj National and Tamil Nadu Congress (K) contested the election.

Seat allocationEdit

The allocation of seats were done what was later dubbed, "The M.G.R formula". Where the regional party would contest 70% of the assembly seats and the national party would be given 70% of the Lok Sabha seats. This would be the last election M.G.R contested, due to his death during his chief ministership.

CampaigningEdit

M. G. Ramachandran was confined to the hospital. Video coverage of M.G.R recuperating in hospital along with Indira Gandhi's assassination were stitched together by AIADMK man in charge of campaigning R. M. Veerappan. The video was distributed and played across all over Tamil Nadu. Rajiv Gandhi visited cyclone-hit areas in Tamil Nadu which also boosted the alliance. The sympathy wave created by Indira's assassination, M.G.R's illness and Rajiv Gandhi's charisma helped the alliance sweep the election.[1][2] DMK leader M. Karunanidhi did not contest this election, due to the fact that the AIADMK founder M.G.R was admitted to a hospital in the U.S. and Indira Gandhi being assassinated.[3]

Seat allotmentsEdit

AIADMK FrontEdit

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam   M. G. Ramachandran 155
2. Indian National Congress M.Palaniyandi 73
3. Gandhi Kamaraj National Congress Kumari Ananthan 4

DMK FrontEdit

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M.Karunanidhi 176
2. Communist Party of India P.Manickam 17
3. Communist Party of India (Marxist) Nallasivam 16
4. Janata Party   16

Voting and ResultsEdit

Results by Pre-Poll AllianceEdit

 
Election map of results based on parties. Colours are based on the results table on the left
e • d Summary of the 1984 December Tamil Nadu legislative Assembly election results
Sources: Election Commission of India [4]
Alliance/Party Seats won Change Popular Vote Vote % Adj. %
AIADMK+ alliance 195 +29 11,681,221 53.9%
AIADMK 132 +3 8,030,809 37.0% 54.3%
INC 61 +30 3,529,708 16.3% 54.5%
GKC 2 -4 120,704 0.6% 40.4%
DMK+ alliance 34 -25 8,021,293 37.0%
DMK 24 -13 6,362,770 29.3% 40.8%
CPI(M) 5 -6 597,622 2.8% 39.6%
JNP 3 +1 493,374 2.3% 36.4%
CPI 2 -7 567,527 2.6% 35.5%
Others 5 -4 1,983,959 9.1%
IND 4 -4 1,619,921 7.5% 7.9%
AKD 1 47,212 0.7% 57.2%
TNC 0 152,315 0.7% 34.9%
ICJ 0 110,121 0.5% 3.2%
BJP 0 54,390 0.3% 3.7%
Total 234 21,686,473 100%

: Vote % reflects the percentage of votes the party received compared to the entire electorate that voted in this election. Adjusted (Adj.) Vote %, reflects the % of votes the party received per constituency that they contested.


Constituency wise resultsEdit

List of winners and runners-up by constituency
Assembly Constituency Winner Party Runner-up Party Margin
Acharapakkam K. Ethirajan AIADMK E. Ramakrishnan DMK 8,579
Alandur M. Abraham DMK R. Mohanarangam AIADMK 906
Alangudi A. Venkatachalam AIADMK A. Periyannan DMK 37,029
Alangulam N. Shanmugiah Pandian AIADMK P. Thambi Thurai DMK 21,033
Ambasamudram Balasubramanian AIADMK A. Nallasivan CPM 8,666
Anaicut V. R. Krishnasamy AIADMK P. N. Rajagopal IND 18,620
Andhiyur U. P. Mathaiyan AIADMK S. Lakshmi DMK 31,346
Andimadam Adhimoolam alias Gandhi AIADMK S. Sivasubramanian DMK 6,016
Andipatti M. G. Ramachandran AIADMK Thangaraj DMK 32,484
Anna Nagar S. M. Ramachandran DMK V. Kothandaraman AIADMK 7,726
Arakkonam V. K. Raju DMK M. Vijayasarathy AIADMK 6,313
Arantanki S. Thirunavukkarasu AIADMK S. Ramanathan DMK 29,904
Aravakurichi S. Jegatheesan AIADMK P. Ramasamy DMK 13,614
Aruppukottai M. Pitchai AIADMK V. Thangapandian DMK 3,434
Arcot T. Palani AIADMK Arcot N. Veerasamy DMK 17,713
Ariyalur S. Purushothaman AIADMK T. Arumugam DMK 17,770
Arni M. Chinnakulandai AIADMK R. Sivanandam DMK 11,033
Attur C. Palanimuthu INC A. M. Ramaswamy DMK 31,123
Athoor V. R. Nedunchezhiyan AIADMK K. Rajambal DMK 29,573
Avanashi P. Lakshmi AIADMK M. Arumugam CPI 34,173
Bargur T. M. Venkatachalam AIADMK P. V. Veeramani DMK 32,811
Bhavani P. G. Narayanan AIADMK N. K. K. Periasamy DMK 25,234
Bhavanisagar V. K. Chinnasamy AIADMK S. Vellingiri JNP 16,796
Bhuvanagiri V. V. Swaminathan AIADMK Durai Krishnamoorthy DMK 12,301
Bodinayakkanur K. S. M. Ramachandran INC Muthu Manoharan DMK 19,872
Chengalpattu Anoor G. Jegadeesan AIADMK V. Rudrakotti DMK 1,220
Chengam T. Swamikannu AIADMK P. Anbalagan JNP 24,731
Chepauk A. Rahman Khan DMK S. V. Marimuthu AIADMK 8,988
Cheranmadevi P. H. Pandian AIADMK P. S. Pandian DMK 29,673
Cheyyar K. Murugan AIADMK Babu Janarthanam DMK 16,540
Chidambaram K. R. Ganapathi AIADMK K. S. Subramanian DMK 9,243
Chinnasalem S. Sivaraman IND D. Peiyasamy DMK 22,997
Colachel F. M. Rajarathnam AIADMK M. R. Gandhi BJP 589
Coimbatore East K. Ramani CPM Kovai Thambi AIADMK 1,059
Coimbatore West M. Ramanathan DMK M. A. Hakkeem INC 6,892
Coonoor M. Sivakumar AIADMK M. Ranganathan DMK 12,123
Cuddalore V. G. Chellappa INC V. Krishnamurthy DMK 16,696
Cumbum S. Subburayar AIADMK N. Ramakrishnan DMK 5,223
Dharapuram A. Periasamy AIADMK R. Ayyasamy DMK 15,968
Dharmapuri R. Chinnasamy DMK S. Aranganathan AIADMK 8,454
Dindigul A. Premkumar AIADMK N. Varadarajan CPI 32,766
Edapadi Govindasamy INC P. Arumugam DMK 40,723
Egmore S. Balan DMK K. R. Sri Ramulu INC 2,549
Erode S. Muthusamy AIADMK Subbulakshmi Jegadeesan DMK 11,647
Gingee T. N. Muruganandam INC N. Ramachandran DMK 22,102
Gobichettipalayam K. A. Sengottaiyan AIADMK M. Andamuthu DMK 25,005
Gudalur K. Hutchi Gowder AIADMK K. Karuppusamy DMK 16,457
Gudiyatham R. Govindasamy INC A. K. Sundarajan IND 6,447
Gummidipundi R. S. Munirathinam AIADMK K. Vezhavendan DMK 12,047
Harbour A. Selvarasan DMK K. Liakath Ali Khan AIADMK 8,304
Harur R. Rajamanickam AIADMK M. Annamalai CPM 32,307
Hosur T. Venkata Reddy INC E. Venkatasamy JNP 20,197
Ilayankudi P. Anbalagan AIADMK V. Malaikannan DMK 4,203
Jayankondam N. Masilamani INC J. Pannirselvam JNP 34,690
Kadaladi A. Piranavanathan DMK V. Sivathavilli Thevar IND 6,702
Kadayanallur T. Perumal AIADMK Samsudeen Kathiravan DMK 7,602
Kalasapakkam M. Pandurangan AIADMK P. S. Thiruvengadam DMK 19,666
Kancheepuram K. Balaji AIADMK C. M. Palani Rajakumar DMK 13,001
Kandamangalam V. Subramaniyan AIADMK S. Alaguvelu DMK 14,697
Kangayam K. C. Palanisamy AIADMK M. Sivasabapathy DMK 16,757
Kanyakumari K. Perumal Pillai AIADMK M. Sankaralingam DMK 7,657
Kapilamalai P. Sengottaiyan INC K. A. Mani IND 11,143
Karaikudi S. P. Durairasu AIADMK C. T. Chidambaram DMK 9,659
Karur K. Vadivel AIADMK K. V. Ramasamy DMK 12,203
Katpadi G. Raghupathi AIADMK Durai Murugan DMK 16,238
Kattumannarkoil S. Jayachandran INC K. P. Thangaswamy DMK 1,132
Kaveripattinam K. Samarasam AKD V. C. Govindasamy DMK 15,679
Killiyur D. Kumaradas JNP A. Pauliah INC 11,486
Kinathukadavu K. V. Kandaswamy AIADMK M. Kannappan DMK 11,883
Kolathur T. Marimuthu AIADMK A. Tamilselvan Keerai DMK 27,847
Kovilpatti R. Rangasamy INC S. Alagarsamy CPI 17,296
Krishnagiri K. R. Chinnaraju AIADMK Kanchana Kamalanathan DMK 11,015
Krishnarayapuram P. M. Thangavelraj INC K. Krishnan DMK 40,315
Kulithalai P. Musiri Puppnan AIADMK B. Karuppaiah CPI 29,848
Kumbakonam K. Krishnamoorthy INC S. Kalyanasundaram DMK 36,668
Kurinjipadi A. Thangarasu AIADMK C. Kuppusamy DMK 10,966
Kuttalam Pappa Subramanian AIADMK R. Rajamanickam DMK 11,760
Lalgudi K. Venkatachalam INC A. Swamickan TNC 25,122
Madurai Central A. Deivanayagam INC P. Nedumaran TNC 2,260
Madurai East K. Kalimuthu AIADMK P. M. Kumar CPM 6,238
Madurai West Pon. Muthuramalingam DMK S. Pandian AIADMK 3,116
Maduranthakam G. Arumugam DMK Sachudanandam INC 2,360
Manamadurai K. Paramalai INC V. Gopal TNC 27,641
Mangalore S. Thangaraju AIADMK N. Muthuvel DMK 23,135
Mannargudi S. Gnanasundaram AIADMK P. Ramalingam CPI 4,427
Marungapuri K. Sholairaj AIADMK P. Ramasamy IND 38,521
Mayuram M. Thangamani AIADMK K. Sathyaseelan DMK 4,171
Melmalayanur P. U. Shanmugham AIADMK P. R. Aranganathan DMK 33,946
Melur D. V. Veeranambalam INC K. Thyagarajan AIADMK 27,046
Mettupalayam M. Chinnaraj AIADMK M. Mathiyan DMK 20,424
Mettur K. P. Nachimuthu Gounder AIADMK K. Gurusamy IND 17,830
Modakurichi S. Balakrishnan AIADMK A. Ganeshamurthy DMK 17,326
Morappur T. Theerthagiri Gounder INC V. Samikannu DMK 12,326
Mudukulathur K. Muthuvel IND Kather Bacha alias S. Vellachamy DMK 8,588
Mugaiyur M. Chandrasekar AIADMK A. G. Sampath DMK 14,735
Musiri S. Rathinavelu AIADMK R. Natarajan DMK 23,673
Mylapore B. Valarmathi AIADMK R. S. Bharathi DMK 5,474
Nagapattinam G. Veeraiyan CPM S. Thenkovan AIADMK 4,986
Nagercoil S. Retnaraj DMK S. Jagatheesan AIADMK 1,271
Namakkal R. Arunachalam AIADMK K. Veluchami DMK 17,290
Nanguneri M. John Vincent AIADMK E. Namdi DMK 14,018
Nannilam M. Manimaran DMK S. Anbarasan AIADMK 4,508
Natham M. Andi Ambalam INC T. Alagirisamy TNC 39,210
Natrampalli T. Anbazhagan AIADMK N. K. Raja DMK 29,210
Nellikuppam Anbarasan alias Ramalingam AIADMK Govindarajan CPM 21,377
Nilakottai A. Baluchamy AIADMK M. Arivazhagan DMK 29,849
Oddanchatram K. Kuppusamy AIADMK K. Chellamuthu IND 2,481
Omalur Anbalagan INC S. Kuppusamy CPI 28,742
Orathanad T. Veeraswamy AIADMK L. Ganesan DMK 4,069
Ottapidaram R. S. Arumugam INC M. Appadurai CPI 25,322
Padmanabhapuram V. Balachandran IND M. Vincent AIADMK 4,317
Palacode P. Theertharaman INC M. B. Munisami Gounder DMK 29,414
Palani A. S. Ponnammal INC N. Palanivel CPM 31,550
Palayamkottai V. S. T. Shamsulalam DMK V. Karuppasami Pandian AIADMK 4,205
Palladam p. N. Paramasiva Gounder AIADMK Sivasamy IND 10,573
Pallipet P. N. Narasimhan AIADMK A. Eakambaram IND 6,211
Panamarathupatti K. Rajaram AIADMK S. R. Sivalingam DMK 20,916
Panruti S. Ramachandran AIADMK K. Nandagopala Krishnan DMK 7,637
Papanasam S. Rajaraman INC S. Sachidanandam DMK 17,278
Paramakudi K. Baluchamy AIADMK T. M. Siraimeetan DMK 16,921
Park Town K. Anbazhagan DMK M. Jothi IND 2,927
Pattukottai P. N. Ramachandran AIADMK A. V. Subramanian AIADMK 15,117
Pennagaram H. G. Arumugam AIADMK N. Nanjappan CPI 19,098
Perambalur K. Nallamuthu INC T. Sarojini DMK 29,270
Perambur Parithi Elam Vazhuthi DMK Sathyavani Muthu AIADMK 7,204
Peravurani M. R. Govindhan AIADMK A. M. Gopu CPI 27,267
Periyakulam T. Mohammad Saleem AIADMK Maya Thevar DMK 26,467
Pernamallur R. Hari Kumar (politician) AIADMK A. Rajendaran DMK 11,992
Pernambut K. Thamizharasan AIADMK V. Govindan DMK 11,393
Perundurai A. Ponnusamy AIADMK T. K. Nallappan CPI 28,365
Perur A. Natarasan DMK K. Marudachalam AIADMK 7,061
Pollachi M. V. Rathinam AIADMK S. Raju DMK 6,810
Polur J. Rajababu INC T. K. Subramantan DMK 22,118
Pongalur P. Kandaswamy AIADMK N. S. Palanisamy IND 15,601
Ponneri K. P. K. Sekar alias K. P. Kulasekaran AIADMK K. Sundaram DMK 19,904
Poompuhar N. Vijayabalan AIADMK Jama Moideen Papa DMK 3,080
Poonamallee G. Ananthakrishnan INC D. Rajarathinam DMK 14,567
Pudukottai J. Mohammad Gani INC K. R. Subbiah CPI 37,663
Purasawalkam Nanjil K. Manoharan DMK K. Suppu AIADMK 4,510
Radhakrishnan Nagar S. Venugopal INC S. P. Sargunam DMK 3,851
Radhapuram Kumari Ananthan GKC B. Subramania Nadar IND 15,138
Rajapalayam K. Raman INC I. Paulraj CPI 9,746
Ramanathapuram T. Ramasamy AIADMK M. S. Abdul Raheem DMK 20,727
Ranipet M. Kadirvelu INC V. M. Abdul Jabbar DMK 22,731
Rasipuram K. P. Ramalingam AIADMK P. Kaliappan DMK 10,478
Rishivandiyam S. Sivaraj INC M. Natesha Udayar DMK 5,121
Royapuram P. Ponnurangam DMK K. Rajan GKC 1,295
Saidapet Saidai Duraisamy AIADMK D. Purushothaman DMK 190
Salem - I G. Krishnaraj AIADMK G. K. Subasu DMK 5,886
Salem - II Arumugam AIADMK Veerapandy S. Arumugam DMK 8,006
Samayanallur A. Sivakumar AIADMK S. Selvaraj DMK 20,137
Sankarankoil S. Sankaralingam AIADMK S. Thangavelu DMK 12,383
Sankarapuram S. Kalitheerthan AIADMK K. Venkatapathy DMK 24,031
Sankari P. Dhanabal AIADMK S. Murugesan DMK 16,370
Sathankulam S. N. Ramasami GKC M. A. Ganesapandian JNP 8,617
Sathyamangalam E. V. K. S. Elangovan INC T. K. Subramaniam DMK 25,719
Sattur K. K. S. S. R. Ramachandran AIADMK S. S. Karuppasamy DMK 7,407
Sedapatti R. Muthiah AIADMK N. S. Selvaraj INC 4,998
Sendamangalam S. Sivaprakasam AIADMK S. Kalavathi DMK 27,852
Singanallur R. Sengalippan JNP A. Subramaniam INC 4,931
Sirkazhi K. Balasubramaniam AIADMK K. Panneerselvam DMK 11,286
Sivaganga O. Subramanian INC V. R. Ayyadurai CPI 23,825
Sivakasi V. Balakrishnan AIADMK N. Perumal Samy IND 10,801
Sholavandan A. Chandrasekaran INC S. P. Rajangam JNP 17,772
Sholinghur N. Shanmugam AIADMK K. Moorthi DMK 4,049
Sriperumbudu D. Yasodha INC K. M. Panchatcharam DMK 11,820
Srirangam R. Soundararajan AIADMK C. Ramasamy Udayar JNP 20,462
Srivaikuntam S. Daniel Raj INC S. P. Muthu DMK 7,373
Srivilliputhur R. Tamaraikani AIADMK P. Seenivasan DMK 8,213
Talavasal T. Rajambal INC R. Ravichandar DMK 27,813
Tambaram Ella. Rajamanickam AIADMK M. A. Vaidialingam DMK 7,146
Taramangalam S. Semmalai AIADMK K. Arjunan DMK 37,978
Tenkasi T. R. Venkataraman INC M. Kuthalingam DMK 21,628
Thalli K. V. Venugopal INC D. C. Vijayendriah JNP 2,424
Thandarambattu E. Vachiravelu AIADMK D. Venugopal DMK 18,773
Thanjavur Durai Krishnamurthy INC P. S. Thangamuthu DMK 1,761
T. Nagar K. Sourirajan INC G. Kalivaradan JNP 8,884
Theni V. R. Jayaraman AIADMK K. T. K. Thangamani CPI 16,359
Thirumangalam N. S. V. Chithan INC A. Athiyanan DMK 10,842
Thirumayam T. Pushparaju INC R. Pawanan DMK 38,683
Thirunavalur T. N. G. A. Manoharan AIADMK A. V. Balasubramanian DMK 7,973
Thirupparankundram M. Marimuthu AIADMK A. Ayyanan Ambalam DMK 12,673
Thiruthuraipundi P. Uthirapathi CPI J. Arjunan AIADMK 10,815
Thiruvadanai K. Sornalingam INC M. Gnanaprakasam IND 18,817
Thiruvarambur N. Gurusamy alias Annadasan AIADMK Pappa Umanath CPM 4,479
Thiruvaiyaru Durai Govindarajan AIADMK A. Ramamurthy TNC 13,089
Thiruvarur M. Sellamuthu CPM P. Selvadurai INC 12,046
Thiruvattar J. Hemachandran CPM M. Mohandhas IND 4,089
Thiruvidaimarudur M. Rajangam INC S. Ramalingam DMK 13,464
Thiruvonam V. Sivagnanam INC M. Ramachandran DMK 11,070
Thondamuthur C. Aranganayakam AIADMK U. K. Vellingiri CPM 22,326
Thottiam Periasamy INC S. R. Vadivel DMK 39,516
Thousand Lights K. A. Krishnasamy AIADMK M. K. Stalin DMK 2,292
Tindivanam K. M. Thangamani INC Subramanya Gounder JNP 19,316
Tiruchendur S. R. Subramania Adithan AIADMK K. P. Kandasamy DMK 2,388
Tiruchengode C. Ponnaiyan AIADMK M. M. Kandasamy DMK 19,222
Tiruchy - I A. Malaramannan DMK R. Perumal INC 2,893
Tiruchy - II N. Nallusamy AIADMK Anbil Dharmalingam DMK 4,681
Tirunelveli S. Narayanan AIADMK A. L. Subramanian DMK 18,862
Tiruppattur (41) Y. Shanmugam INC B. Sundaram DMK 18,103
Tiruppattur (194) S. Madhavan AIADMK P. R. Algu DMK 21,908
Tirupporur Thamizhmani AIADMK G. Chockalingam DMK 6,434
Tiruppur K. Subbarayan CPI R. Manimaran AIADMK 1,240
Tiruttani R. Shanmugam AIADMK C. Chiranjeevulu Naidu JNP 3,929
Tiruvallur S. Pattabiraman AIADMK S. R. Munirathinam DMK 4,553
Tiruvannamalai A. S. Ravindran INC S. Murugaiyan DMK 5,373
Tiruvottiyur G. K. J. Baarathi INC T. K. Palaniswamy DMK 11,510
Triplicane Abdul Samd DMK K. S. G. Haja Sheriff INC 6,108
Tuticorin S. N. Rajendran AIADMK A. Ayyasamy DMK 22,073
Udagamandalam K. Kallan INC S. A. Mahalingam DMK 22,800
Udumalpet S. Thirumalaisamy Gounder INC R. T. Mariyappan DMK 9,478
Ulundurpet M. Anandan AIADMK K. Varadharajulu DMK 26,882
Uppiliapuram R. Saroja AIADMK R. Mookkayee DMK 22,098
Usilambatti P. K. M. Muthuramalingam IND S. Andi Thevar IND 20,741
Uthiramerur K. Narasimma Pallavan AIADMK C. V. M. A. Ponmozhi DMK 17,790
Valangiman Gomathi Srinivasan AIADMK Sithamalli N. Somasundaram DMK 12,271
Valparai V. Thangavelu INC A. T. Karuppiah CPI 22,670
Vandavasi A. Arumugham INC V. Rajagopal DMK 10,386
Vaniyambadi H. Abdul Majeed INC A. P. Abdul Majid DMK 1,285
Vanur K. N. Ramajayam AIADMK A. Poopalan DMK 26,216
Varahur A. Arunachalam AIADMK K. Kanaga Sabai DMK 12,710
Vasudevanallur R. Eswaran INC M. S. Periasamy CPM 22,428
Vedaranyam Meenakshi Sundaram DMK P. V. Rajendran INC 1,276
Vedasandur V. P. Balasubramaniam AIADMK P. Muthusamy IND 27,869
Veerapandi P. Vijayalakshmi AIADMK S. Subramaniam DMK 28,060
Vellakoil Durai Ramasamy AIADMK Appan Palanisamy DMK 11,307
Vellore V. M. Devaraj DMK A. K. Ranganathan AIADMK 10,023
Vilathikulam S. Kumara Kurubara Ramanathan DMK R. K. Perumal AIADMK 6,338
Vilavancode M. Sundaradas INC D. Mony CPM 12,293
Villivakkam V. P. Chintan CPM J. C. D. Prabakaran AIADMK 1,046
Villupuram M. Mani Rajarathinam AIADMK K. P. Palaniappan DMK 13,854
Virudhunagar A. S. A. Arumugam JNP M. Sundararajan AIADMK 7,076
Vridachalam R. Thiyagarajan INC D. Rasavelu DMK 18,122
Yercaud P. R. Thirugnanam INC K. Manickam DMK 32,002
* Elected as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

M.G.R's Third CabinetEdit

After the General Elections held in December 1984, the Governor appointed Dr. M. G. Ramachandran as Chief Minister heading the new Government with effect from the forenoon of 10 February 1985. The Governor, on the advice of Hon. Chief Minister appointed 16 more Ministers on 14 February 1985. The names of the Ministers with their portfolios are given below: -

1. DR. M. G. RAMACHANDRAN, Chief Minister:- Minister in-charge of public, General Administration, Indian Administrative Service and other All-Indians Services, District Revenue Officers, Deputy Collectors, Police, Prevention of Corruption, Planning, Molasses, Archaeology, Prohibition excluding grant of liquor Permits, Electronics, Science and Technology, Commercial Taxes, Excise, Textile, Large Scale Industries, Mines and Minerals, Newsprint Control, Bonded Labour, Employment and Training and Passports.

2. DR. V. R. NEDUNCHEZHIYAN- Minister for Finance-Minister in-charge of Finance, Revenue, Legislature Elections, Statistics, Youth Service Corps and ExServicemen.

3. Thiru S. RAMACHANDRAN-Minister for Electricity- Minister in-charge of Electricity, Iron and Steel Control, Adi Dravidar Welfare , Stationery and Printing, Government Press and Hill Tribes.

4. Thiru K. A. KRISHNASWAMY-Minister for Labour-Minister in-charge Labour, Animal Husbandry, Milk, Dairy Development, Registration and Stamp Act.

5. Thiru R. M. VEERAPPAN- Minister for Information and Religious EndowmentsMinister in-charge of Information and Publicity, Film Technology, Tourism, Tourism Development Corporation, Cinematograph Act, Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments, Forest, Cinchona and grant of Liquor Permits.

6. Thiru C. ARANGANAYAGAM, Minister for Education: - Minister in-charge of Education, Official Language, Tamil Development and Culture.

7. Dr. K. KALIMUTHU, Minister for Agriculture-Minister in-charge of Agriculture, Agriculture Refinance, Agricultural Engineering Wing and Agro-Engineering, Agro Service Co-operative Societies, TWAD, Town Planning and Accommodation Control.

8. Thiru C. PONNAIYAN, Minister for Law-Minister in-charge of Law, Courts, Prisons, Legislation on Weights and Measures, Registration of Companies, Debt Relief including Legislation on Money Lending and Legislation on Chits.

9. Dr. H.V. HANDE, Minister for Health-Minister in-charge of Health and Environmental Pollution Control.

10. Thiru S.MUTHUSAMY, Minister for Transport-Minister in-charge of Transport, Nationalised Transport Motor Vehicles Act and Ports and Highways.

11. Thiru S.THIRUNAVUKKARASU, Minister for Food-Minister in-charge of Food, Price Control and Censes.

12. Thiru R. SOUNDARARAJAN-Minister for Housing and Local AdministrationMinister in-charge of Municipal Administration, Panchayats and Panchayats Unions, Community Development and Rural Indebtedness, Housing and Slum Clearance Board.

13. Thiru M.R. GOVENDHAN, Minister for Backward Classes-Minister in-charge of Backward Classes and Fisheries.

14. Thirumathi GOMATHI SRINIVASAN, Minister for Social Welfare and Nutritious Meals-Minister in-charge of Nutritious Meals, Social Welfare including Women and Children Welfare, Beggars Homes, Orphanages, Indians Overseas, Refugees and Evacuees, Correctional Administration, Bhoodan and Gramdhan.

15. Thirumathi VIJAYALAKSHMI PALANISAMY, Minister for Khadi and Handlooms-Minister in-charge of Khadi and Handlooms.

16. Thiru Y.S.M. Yusuf, Minister for Public Works and Minister in-charge of P.W.D. and Establishment matters relating to P.W.D, irrigation Minor Irrigation and Wakf.

17. Thiru K.K.S.S.R. RAMACHANDRAN, Minister for Co-operation and Rural Industries-Minister in-charge of Co-operation, Rural industries including Village, Cottage and Small Industries.


Thiruvalargal K. RAJARAM, V.V.SWAMINATHAN, T.VEERASAMY, N.NALLUSAMY, Anoor P.G. JAGADEESAN, T. RAMASAMY and A.ARUNACHALAM were appointed as additional Members of the Council of Minister; with effect from 3 March 1985. Consequently the business of the Government was re-collected among the Ministers as follows:

1. Thiru (Dr.) M.G. RAMACHANDRAN, Chief Minister:- Minister in-charge of public, General Administration, Indian Administrative Service and other All-Indians Services, District Revenue Officers, Deputy Collectors, Police, Prevention of Corruption, Planning, Molasses, Archaeology, Prohibition excluding grant of Liquor, Excise, Passports.

2. Thiru (Dr.) V.R. NEDUNCHEZHIYAN- Minister for Finance-Minister in-charge of Finance, Revenue, Legislature Elections, Statistics, Youth Service Corps and ExServicemen.

3. Thiru S.RAMACHANDRAN-Minister for Electricity- Minister in-charge of Electricity, Iron and Steel Control, News Print Control, Stationery and Printing, Government Press.

4. Thiru K.A. KRISHNASWAMY-Minister for Labour-Minister in-charge Labour, Animal Husbandry, Milk, Dairy Development, Registration and Stamp Act.

5. Thiru R.M. VEERAPPAN- Minister for Information and Religious EndowmentsMinister in-charge of Information and Publicity, Film Technology, Tourism, Tourism Development Corporation, Cinematograph Act, Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments, Forest, Cinchona and grant of Liquor Permits.

6. Thiru K. RAJARAM, Minister for Industries-Minister in-charge of Large Scale Industries, Mines and Minerals, Electronics Science and Technology.

7. Thiru C. ARANGANAYAGAM, Minister for Education: - Minister in-charge of Education, Official Language, Tamil Development and Culture.

8. Dr. K. KALIMUTHU, Minister for Agriculture-Minister in-charge of Agriculture, Agriculture Refinance, Agricultural Engineering Wing and Agro-Engineering, Agro Service Co-operative Societies, Water Supply and Drainage Boards.

9. Thiru C. PONNAIYAN, Minister for Law-Minister in-charge of Law, Courts, Prisons, Legislation on Weights and Measures, Registration of Companies, Debt Relief including Legislation on Money Lending and Legislation on Chits.

10. Dr. H.V. HANDE, Minister for Health-Minister in-charge of Health and Environmental Pollution Control.

11. Thiru S.MUTHUSAMY, Minister for Transport-Minister in-charge of Transport, Nationalised Transport Motor Vehicles Act and Ports and Highways.

12. Thiru S.THIRUNAVUKKARASU, Minister for Food-Minister in-charge of Food, Price Control and Censes.

13. Thiru V.V. SWAMINATHAN, Minister for Handlooms and Textiles- Minister incharge of Handlooms and Textiles.

14. Thiru R. SOUNDARARAJAN-Minister for Local Administration-Minister incharge of Municipal Administration, Panchayats and Panchayats Unions, Community Development and Rural Indebtedness.

15. Thiru T. VEERASAMY, Minister for Commercial Taxes-Minister in-charge of Commercial Taxes.

16. Thiru N.NALLUSAMY, Minister for Housing-Minister in-charge of Housing and Slum Clearance Boards, Town Planning and Accommodation Control.

17. Thiru Anoor P.G. JAGADEESAN, Minister for Rural Industries-Minister incharge of Rural Industries including Villages, Cottage and Small Industries.

18. Thiru T. RAMASAMY, Minister for Rehabilitation and Employment-Minister incharge of Employment and Training Indians Overseas, Refugees and Evacuees.

19. Thiru A. ARUNACHALAM, Minister for Adi Dravidar Welfare-Minister incharge of Adi Dravidar Welfare, Hill Tribes and Bounded Labour.

20. Thiru M.R. GOVENDHAN, Minister for Backward Classes-Minister in-charge of Backward Classes and Fisheries.

21. Thirumathi GOMATHI SRINIVASAN, Minister for Social Welfare and Nutritious Meals-Minister in-charge of Nutritious Meals, Social Welfare including Women and Children Welfare, Beggars Homes, Orphanages, Correctional Administration.

22. Thirumathi VIJAYALAKSHMI PALANISAMY, Minister for Khadi -Minister incharge of Khadi, Bhoodan and Gramdhan.

23. Thiru Y.S.M. Yusuf, Minister for Public Works-Minister in-charge of P.W.D.irrigation including Minor Irrigation and Wakf.

24. Thiru K.K.S.S.R. RAMACHANDRAN, Minister for Co-operation -Minister incharge of Co-operation.


The following Ministers were relived of their duties with effect from 21 October 1986: -

  1. Thiru R.M. Veerappan
  2. Thiru C. Aranganayagam
  3. Dr. K. Kalimuthu
  4. Dr. H.V. Hande
  5. Thiru T. Veerasamy
  6. Thiru N. Nallusamy
  7. Thiru M.R. Govendhan
  8. Thirumathi Gomathi Srinivasan
  9. Thirumathi Vijayalakshmi Palanisamy
  10. Thiru Y.S.M. Yusuf.

Thiru K.A. Krishnasamy, was appointed as additional Member of the Council of Minister with effect from 22 October 1986. The business of the Government was reallocated among the Ministers with effect from 22 October 1986 as follows: -

1. Dr. M.G. RAMACHANDRAN, Chief Minister: - Minister in-charge of Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and other All-Indians Services, District Revenue Officers and Home.

2. Dr. V.R. NEDUNCHEZHIYAN, Minister for finance- Minister in-charge of finance, General Administration, Revenue, Co-operation, Legislature, Elections, Statistics, Youth Service Corps and Ex-Servicemen.

3. Thiru S.RAMACHANRAN, Minister for Food-Minister in-charge of Food, Price Control, Censes, Employment and Training, Indian Overseas, Refugees and Evacuees, Iron and Steel Control, Newsprint Control, Stationery and Printing and Government Press.

4. Thiru K.A. KRISHNASAMY, Minister for Local Administration and LabourMinister in-charge of Municipal Administration, Panchayats and Panchayats Unions, Community Development and Rural Indebtedness and Labour.

5. Thiru K. RAJARAM, Minister for Industries and Agriculture-Minister in-charge of Large Scale Industries, Mines and Minerals, Electronics, Science and Technology, Agriculture, Agricultural Refinance, Agricultural Engineering Wing and Agro Engineering, Agro Service Co-operative Societies, Water supply and Drainage Boards.

6. Thiru P.U. SHANMUGAM, Minister for Health-Minister in-charge of Prevention of Corruption, Health, Environmental Pollution Control, Backward Classes and Fisheries.

7. Thiru C. PONNAIYAN, Minister for Education and Law- Minister in-charge of Education, Official language, Tamil Development and Culture, Law, Courts, Prisons, Deputy Collectors, Legislation on Weight and Measures, Debt Relief including legislation on Money Lending, Chits, Registration of Companies and Molasses.

8. Thiru S. MUTHUSAMY, Minister for Transport-Minister in-charge of Transport, Nationalised Transport, Motor Vehicles Act, Ports and Highways.

9. Thiru S. THIRUNAVUKKAARASU, Minister for Housing and HandloomsMinister in-charge of Handlooms and Textiles, Housing and Slum Clearance Boards, Town Planning and Accommodation Control.

10. Thiru V.V. SWAMINATHAN, Minister for Tourism, Prohibition and ElectricityMinister in-charge of Prohibition and Excise, Animal Husbandry, Milk Dairy Development, Registration and Stamp Act, Information and Publicity, Film Technology, Tourism, Tourism Development Corporation, Cinematograph Act, Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments, Forests, Cinchona, Planning, Archaeology, Passports and Electricity.

11. Thiru R.SOUNDARARAJAN, Minister for Noon Meal and Social Welfare and Khadi-Minister in-charge of Nutritious Meals, Social Welfare including Women and Children's welfare, Beggars' Home, Orphanages, Correctional Administrative, Khadi, Bhoodan and Gramdhan.

12. Thiru ANOOR P.G. JAGADEESAN, Minister for Rural Industries-Minister incharge of Rural Industries including Village, Cottage and Small Industries.

13. Thiru T.RAMASAMY, Minister for Commercial Taxes -Minister in-charge of Commercial Taxes.

14. Thiru A.ARUNACHALAM, Minister for Adi Dravidar Welfare-Minister incharge of Adi Dravidar Welfare. Hill Tribes and Bonded Labour.

15. Thiru K.K.S.S.R. RAMACHANDRAN, Minister for Public Works-Minister incharge of Public Works Department, Irrigation including Minor Irrigation and Wakf.


Thiru R.M. Veerappan, was appointed as additional Member of the Council of Ministers with effect from 5 November 1987 as among the Ministers with effect from 5 November 1987, as follows: -

1. Dr. M.G. RAMACHANDRAN, Chief Minister: - Minister in-charge of Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and other All-Indians Services, Home and Prevention of Corruption.

2. Dr. V.R. NEDUNCHEZHIYAN, Minister for finance- Minister in-charge of finance, General Administration, Revenue, Co-operation, Legislature, Elections, Statistics, Youth Service Corps and Ex-Servicemen.

3. Thiru S.RAMACHANRAN, Minister for Food-Minister in-charge of Food and Price Control.

4. Thiru R.M. VEERAPPAN, Minister for Local Administration-Minister in-charge of Municipal Administration, Panchayats and Panchayats Unions, Community Development and Rural Indebtedness and Labour, Censes Employment and Training, Indian Overseas, Refugees and Evacuees, Iron and Steel Control, News Print Control, Stationary and Printing and Government Press.

5. Thiru K. RAJARAM, Minister for Industries and Agriculture- Minister in-charge of Large Scale Industries, Mines and Minerals, Electronics, Science and Technology, Agriculture, Agricultural Refinance, Agricultural Engineering Wing and Agro Engineering, Agro Service Co-operative Societies, Water supply and Drainage Boards.

6. Thiru P.U, SHANMUGAM, Minister for Health-Minister in-charge of Health, environment Pollution Control, Backward Classes and Fisheries.

7. Thiru C. PONNAIYAN, Minister for Education and Law- Minister in-charge of Education, Official language, Tamil Development and Culture, Law, Courts, Prisons, Deputy Collectors, Legislation on Weight and Measures, Debt Relief including legislation on Money Lending, Chits, Registration of Companies and Molasses.

8. Thiru S. MUTHUSAMY, Minister for Transport-Minister in-charge of Transport, Nationalised Transport, Motor Vehicles Act, Ports and Highways, Public District Revenue Officers, Rural Industries including, Cottage and Small Industries.

9. Thiru S. THIRUNAVUKKAARASU, Minister for Housing and HandloomsMinister in-charge of Handlooms and Textiles, Housing and Slum Clearance Boards, Town Planning and Accommodation Control.

10. Thiru V.V. SWAMINATHAN, Minister for Tourism, Prohibition and ElectricityMinister in-charge of Prohibition and Excise, Animal Husbandry, Milk Dairy Development, Registration and Stamp Act, Information and Publicity, Film Technology, Tourism, Tourism Development Corporation, Cinematograph Act, Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments, Forests, Cinchona, Planning, Archaeology, Passports and Electricity.

11. Thiru R.SOUNDARARAJAN, Minister for Noon Meal and Social Welfare and Khadi-Minister in-charge of Nutritious Meals, Social Welfare including Women and Children's welfare, Beggars' Home, Orphanages, Correctional Administrative, Khadi, Bhoodan and Gramdhan.

12. Thiru T. RAMASAMY, Minister for Commercial Taxes-Minister in-charge of Commercial Taxes.

13. Thiru A.ARUNACHALAM, Minister for Adi Dravidar Welfare-Minister incharge of Adi Dravidar Welfare. Hill Tribes and Bonded Labour.

14. Thiru K.K.S.S.R. RAMACHANDRAN, Minister for Public Works-Minister incharge of Public Works Department, Irrigation including Minor Irrigation and Wakf.

Consequent on the sudden demise of Dr. M.G. Ramachandran, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu on 24thy December 1987, the Council of Ministers headed by him was dissolved with effect from thee forenoon of 24 December 1987. The Governor appointed Dr. V.R.Nedunchezhiyan, Senor Most Member of the outgoing Council of Ministers to act as Chief Minister till the election of new Leader by the Party in majority in the Assembly and on his advice appointed Council of Ministers. The subjects Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and other All India Services, Home, Prevention of corruption dealt with by the late Chief Minister Dr. M.G. Ramachandran were allocated to the Chief Minister in addition to the subjects held by him in the previous Cabinet.

The other Minister continued to be in charge of the subjects they had in the previous Cabinet.

Consequent on the election of Thirumathi Janaki Ramachandran, as the Leader of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Legislative Party, the interim Council of Ministers, headed by Dr. V.R. Nedunchezhiyan, resigned on the forenoon of 7 January 1988 and the Governor appointed a new Ministry headed by Thirumathi Janaki Ramachandran as Chief Minister with effect from forenoon of 7 January 1988. The names of the Minister with their portfolios are given below: -

1. Thirumathi JANAKI RAMACHANDRAN, Chief Minister-Minister in-charge of Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and other All Indian Services, Home Prevention of Corruption, Finance General Administration, Revenue, Co-operation, Legislature, Elections, Statistics, Youth Service Crops and Industries.

2. Thiru R.M. VEERAPPAN, Minister for Local Administration-Minister in-charge of Municipal Administration, Panchayats and Panchayats Unions, Community Development and Rural Indebtedness and Labour, Censes Employment and Training, Indian Overseas, Refugees and Evacuees, Iron and Steel Control, News Print Control, Stationary and Printing and Government Press, Food and Price Control.

3. Thiru P.U, SHANMUGAM, Minister for Health-Minister in-charge of Health, Environment Pollution Control, Backward Classes and Fisheries, Handlooms and Textiles, Housing and Slum Clearance Boards, Town Planning and Accommodation Control.

4. Thiru C. PONNAIYAN, Minister for Education and Law- Minister in-charge of Education, Official language, Tamil Development and Culture, Law, Courts, Prisons, Deputy Collectors, Legislation on Weight and Measures, Debt Relief including legislation on Money Lending, Chits, Registration of Companies and Molasses and Agriculture.

5. Thiru S. MUTHUSAMY, Minister for Transport-Minister in-charge of Transport, Nationalised Transport, Motor Vehicles Act, Ports and Highways, Public District Revenue Officers, Rural Industries including, Cottage and Small Industries, Water Supply and Drainage Board's, Public Works, Irrigation Minor Irrigation.

6. Thiru V.V. SWAMINATHAN, Minister for Tourism, Prohibition and ElectricityMinister in-charge of Prohibition and Excise, Animal Husbandry, Milk Dairy Development, Registration and Stamp Act, Information and Publicity, Film Technology, Tourism, Tourism Development Corporation, Cinematograph Act, Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments, Forests, Cinchona, Planning, Archaeology, Passports and Electricity and Wakf.

7. Thiru T. RAMASAMY, Minister for Commercial Taxes-Minister in-charge of Commercial Taxes, Nutritious Meals, Khadi, Bhoodan and Gramdhan.

8. Thiru A.ARUNACHALAM, Minister for Adi Dravidar Welfare-Minister in-charge of Adi Dravidar Welfare, Hill Tribes and Bonded Labour, Social Welfare including Women and Children's welfare, Beggars' Home, Orphanages, Correctional Administrative.

The President by a Proclamation issued on 30 January 1988, dissolved the Eighth Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly and imposed President's Rule in Tamil Nadu.

Janaki's CabinetEdit

After MGRS's death, VR Neduncheziyan was sworn in as Acting Chief Minister. But, one week later, the party majority led by R.M.Veerappan supported MGR's widow Janaki to become Chief minister and she was sworn in as Chief minister. Janaki doubled as the finance minister in her Cabinet. The Governor gave Janaki Ramachandran 30 days time to prove majority support in the house. This was a problem because, 30 MLAs of her own party were supporting J. Jayalalithaa to become the new Chief minister. Hence Janaki had the support of only 105 MLAs in the house of 234, as VR Neduncheziyan's 10 supporters chose to remain neutral and boycott the voting.

Hence, on the day of voting, Speaker PH pandiyan disqualified and dismissed 20 MLAs of opposition party DMK and 15 MLAs of AIADMK (Jayalalithaa faction ) from their MLA posts, due to demeaning behaviour in the house and thus announced that the majority was reduced to a mere 100, as the house then had only 199 members.

Before commencement of oral voting, violence erupted in the house and the speaker was injured. With bleeding head, he announced that Janaki had proved her majority with 105 MLAs and adjourned the house immediately. Then the members of the assembly were escorted out.

The Governor of state refused to accept this voting which was done under suspicious environment and recommended the Central government to dismiss the legislature and hold fresh general elections. The central government accepted the recommendation and the legislature was dissolved by the President.

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b G. Palanithurai (June 1991). Role Perception of the Legislators: A Case Study of Tamil Nadu. Stosius Inc/Advent Books Division. p. 27. ISBN 81-220-0227-7.
  2. ^ a b K. Mohandas (1992). MGR, the man and the myth. Panther Publishers. pp. 105–106. ISBN 978-81-85457-09-3.
  3. ^ TN Elections 2011: DMK releases candidates list for 119 seats-Karunanidhi from Tiruvarur, Stalin fielded in Kolathur
  4. ^ ECI: 1984 Election Statistical Report

External linksEdit