List of Russian flags

This is a list of flags used in Russia.

Flag of the Russian FederationEdit

Flag Symbol Date Use Description
 
 
1705–1920;
1993–present
State flag of Russia A tricolour consisting of three equal horizontal fields, white on the top, blue in the middle and red on the bottom. Used as a commercial and civil maritime ensign from the 1690s (allegedly from 1668) on. Since 1700, tricolor has been used as the flag of the Tsar of Moscow by Peter the Great. Also this flag was a national trade and it was raised on Russian merchant ships.[1] It existed before the introduction in 1858 of a black-yellow-white tricolor. Since 1896, it again became the national flag of the Russian Empire.[2][3] It was also used by the Russian state during the Civil War in Russia.

Flags of the Armed Forces of the Russian FederationEdit

A majority of the flags of the Russian Armed Forces mimic the flag designs of the Imperial Russian Army and Navy, while some flags are directly based on Soviet-era flags. Most notably, the flag of the Russian Airborne troops is based on the flag of the Soviet Airborne troops, and the flag of the Russian Aerospace forces is based on the Soviet Air Force flag. Many Russian military flags and regiment banners employ the Cross of Saint George within their design, which was heavily in use by the Imperial Russia Army up to the early 20th century. These military banners shared many similarities to the regiment banners of the Prussian Army, which in some cases looked almost identical to each other. Around 2006, many traditional Russian banners replaced Soviet-era regiment banners in favor of moving away from Communist oriented iconography.

Flags of service branchesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  2003–present Flag of the Ministry of Defence
  2004–present Flag of the Russian Ground Forces
  1712–1917 Ensign of the Imperial Russian Navy A dark blue saltire on a white field. The so-called Andreevskiy (St. Andrew's) flag was inspired by the flag of Scotland and was designed by Peter the Great in need of a naval flag for the newly created Russian Navy.
2000–present Ensign of the modern day Russian Navy The ensign of the imperial Russian Navy was revived in 2000 for usage in the modern day Russian Navy. The previous variant of the ensign was revived in 1992, but in a light blue color that did not conform to the historical specifications of the original. It was finally decided on December 29, 2000, to update all existing flags to the original dark blue, rather than the light blue.
  2015–present Flag of the Russian Aerospace Forces
  2004–present Flag of the Russian Airborne Forces A bicolour of horizontal stripes, blue and green defaced with the Russian Airborne Forces emblem
  2004–present Flag of the Strategic Missile Forces

Flags of the Ground ForcesEdit

Flags of the arms of the Ground Forces of the Russian Federation

Flag Date Use Description
  2005–present Flag of the Engineer Troops
  2005–present Flag of the Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Protection Troops of the Russian Armed Forces
  2006–present Flag of the Missile troops and artillery of the Russian Federation
  2007–present Flag of the Air Defence Troops of the Russian Ground Forces
  2007–present Flag of the Communication Troops of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation

Flags of the Aerospace ForcesEdit

The Aerospace Forces are a branch of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, it has three arms, the Russian Air Force, the Air Defense Forces, and the Russian Space Forces. The Air Defense Forces does not have a flag.

Flag Date Use Description
  2004–present Flag of the Russian Air Force
  2015–present Flag of the Russian Space Forces

Flags of the Rear of the Russian Armed Forces (1992–2010)Edit

Flag Date Use Description
  2004–2009 Flag of the Rear of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation
  2005–2011 Flag of military units and organizations of cantonment and military equipment

Military district flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  2016–present Flag of Western Military District
  2016–present Flag of Southern Military District
  2016–present Flag of Central Military District
  2016–present Flag of Eastern Military District

Banners of the Armed Forces of the Russian FederationEdit

Each branch of the Armed Forces has a representative banner, one for the Ground Forces, the Aerospace Forces, the Navy, and one to represent the entire Armed Forces as a whole.

Obverse (Front) Reverse (Back) Date Use Description
    2000–2003 Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation The first banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation was introduced on 8 December 2000, later confirmed by Federation Council on 20 December and signed by Vladimir Putin on 29 December. It was a plain red field, it symbolized the traditional red color of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union.
    2003–present Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation The present banner of the Armed Forces of Russian Federation is introduced under a resolution by State Duma in June 2003. This banner consists of two double-headed eagles, on the obverse side is the coat of arms of the Russian Federation, and on the reverse side is the middle emblem of the armed forces of the Russian Federation. The banner follows the principles and format of historically older Russian military flags that were last used prior to the Russian Revolution in 1917. It also contains four stars in each corner of the banner to symbolize the heritage of the Soviet Armed Forces. The reverse side also contains two pieces of text written in old style Slavic typeface, the top side of the banner contains the inscription "Fatherland" ("Отечество") and on the bottom side the inscription reads "Debt of Honor" ("Долг Честь")[4]
    2002–present Banner of the Russian Ground Forces The banner of the Russian Ground Forces was introduced by decree No. 141 on February 4, 2002 by Vladimir Putin. It is similar to the above banner, but doesn't have stars and inscriptions, on the reverse side is the middle emblem of the Russian Ground Forces.
    2002–present Banner of the Russian Air Force/Aerospace Forces The banner of the Russian Air Forces was introduced by decree No. 141 on February 4, 2002 by Vladimir Putin.[5] It became the banner of the newly created Aerospace Forces branch, which saw the merger between the Russian Air Forces and the Air Defence Forces on August 1, 2015.
    2000–present Banner of the Russian Navy The ensign of the Russian Navy is used as the banner of the Russian Navy. On December 29, 2000, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a federal law making the naval ensign of the Russian navy the official banner of the Russian Navy.[6]

Victory BannerEdit

The Victory Banner was a historical banner raised atop of the Reichstag building in Berlin, by the Red Army, on May 1, 1945. It signified the victory over Nazi Germany, and served as the main symbol of victory of the Soviet people. It was amended in Russian law in 1996, but with a new design to distance the new Russian state from any usage of Communist iconography. In 2007, following pressure from Red Army veterans, the original Victory Banner design replaced the 1996 variant, and has since then served its usage in virtually every single Victory Day parade held across Russia.
Banner Date Use Description
  1996–2007   Symbol of Victory Banner The Symbol of Victory Banner was an alternative to using the historic Victory Banner, which contained the hammer and sickle.
  2007–present     Banner of Victory The Banner of Victory raised on the Reichstag in 1945. Replicas of the Victory Banner can be used alongside the national flag on Victory Day.

Command StandardsEdit

Standard Date Use Description
  2003–present Standard of the Minister of Defence
  –present Standard of the Chief of the General Staff
  –present Standard of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Ground Forces
  –present Standard of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy
  2015–present Standard of the Commander-in-Chief of the Aerospace Forces
  –present Standard of the Commander of the Air Force – Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Aerospace Forces
  –present Standard of the Commander of the Strategic Missile Forces
  –present Standard of the Commander of the Space Forces
  –present Standard of the Commander of the Airborne Forces

Flags of paramilitary organizationsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1992–present Flag of the Ministry of Emergency Situations
  1992–present Departmental flag of the Ministry of Emergency Situations
  2003–present Flag of the Border Service of the Federal Security Service
  2008–present Ensign of the Russian Coast Guard A blue and white Saltire on a light green background.
  1827-1871 Flag of the Customs Service of the Russian Empire A white Saltire on a dark green background.
1994–present Flag of the Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation
  2001–present Flag of the Courier Service of the Russian Federation (GFS)
  2005–present Flag of Federal Penitentiary Service
  Flag of the Main Directorate of Special Programs of the President of the Russian Federation
  2008 Flag of the Office of the Prosecutor General of Russia
  Flag of Investigative Committee of Russia
  2006–present Flag of Federal service of bailiffs
  Flag of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation
  2007–2016 Flag of Federal Migration Service of Russia
  2000–2016 Flag of the Federal service of special construction of the Russian Federation

Flags of special servicesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  2001–2003 Flag of Federal agency of the governmental communication and the information at the President of the Russian Federation
  2002–present Flag of the Federal Protective Service
  2010–present Flag of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation
  2009–present Flag of Foreign Intelligence Service
  2015–2016 Flag of the Internal Troops of Russia
  2016–present Flag of National Guard Forces Command
  2016–present Flag of the National Guard of Russia

Historical flags of RussiaEdit

Prior to the creation of the first official flag of Russia in 1858, several merchant flags were used to represent Russia, the most notable being the White, Blue, and Red tricolor devised by Tsar Peter the Great.

Flag Date Use Description
  1668–1693 Ensign of the ship Oryol First naval flag of the Tsardom of Russia.
  1693–1700 Flag of the Tsar of Russia
  1705–1917 Merchant flag Peter the Great's tricolour was the merchant flag of the Russian Empire. However, the flags used by the Russian Army were regimental flags with the Double-Headed Eagle, the official Imperial symbol, in the centre. The Imperial Standard was the black Double-Headed Eagle displayed on a golden banner, represented the Empire and the Emperor, the absolute ruler of Russia. [7] When the black-yellow-white flag was in use between 1858 and 1896, the red-blue-white flag was still used as a merchant ensign.[7]
  1914–1917 Flag for private use; also planned State Flag A tricolour of horizontal stripes, white, blue and red, with a yellow canton with the coat of arms.

Historical State Flags of RussiaEdit

The historical State Flags of Russia were signed by decree to officially represent the country as a whole. The Black, Yellow, and White tricolor became the first official flag of Russia in 1858, with previous flags being de facto unofficial flags of Russia.

Flag Date Use Description
  1858–1896 First official State Flag of the Russian Empire and Flag for "Celebrations"[8][9][10][11][12] On June 11, 1858, by decree of Alexander II, the heraldic colors of the empire were approved for flags, banners and other items (draperies, rosettes, etc.). It became the national flag in 1865. The white-blue-red flag was reintroduced in 1883 but the black-yellow-white remained in use until it was fully replaced in all circumstances in 1896.
  1883–1917 National flag On April 28, 1883, Alexander III amended the 1858 decree to be replaced exclusively with the white-blue-red colours. This meant that the white-blue-red flag was now to be used on land in addition to at seas. It fully replaced the black-yellow-white flag when it became the only official National flag in time for the coronation of Nicholas II in 1896.
1917–1920 The Russian Provisional Government and the Russian Republic kept using the same flag after the monarchy was overthrown in the February Revolution. During the Russian Civil War, it was also used by Admiral Kolchak's Russian State and the White movement overall.
  1918 First flag of the Russian SFSR The first flag of the RSFSR was established by decree on April 13th, 1918. The description of the decree stated that the "flag of the Russian Republic is set on a red banner with the inscription: Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic." The decree however did not specify the exact shade of red used on the flag, nor the exact placement of the inscription, the ratio of the flag itself and the color and font of the words. There is no evidence to suggest such a flag was ever used.
  1918–1937 Second flag of the Russian SFSR Red banner with stylized "RSFSR" abbreviation in gold Cyrillic letters in the golden bordered honour canton
  1937–1954 Third flag of the Russian SFSR Red banner with stylized "RSFSR" abbreviation in gold Cyrillic letters in the honour canton
  1954–1991 Fourth flag of the Russian SFSR The flag of the Soviet Union with a blue band at the hoist
  1991 Fifth flag of the Russian SFSR Flag of Russian SFSR from 1 November 1991 (de facto from 22 August 1991, after the August Putsch) to 25 December 1991
1991–1993 First flag of the Russian Federation National flag of the Russian Federation from 25 December 1991 to 11 December 1993, when it was replaced by the present version
  1993–present Second flag of the Russian Federation The current flag of Russia is the second flag in the Russian Federation's history, it subsequently replaced the first flag of the Russian Federation, which was a modified variant of the first civil flag of Russia. The current flag of the Russian Federation revived the historical tri-color flag of the Tsardom of Russia after 288 years since its inception as the first civil flag of Russia. Its usage was discarded and even illegal after the Bolsheviks took control of Russia in 1917. However, during the Russian Civil War, the tri-color continued its usage by the Russian White Movement and White army until their defeat in 1923. The tri-color became a symbol of opposition, and a relic of tsarist rule, and thus it was punishable to wield the tri-color in public. During perestroika, the tri-color was no longer a punishable offense, and its usage was used by opposition parties and democratic movements prior to the collapse of the Soviet Union.


Historical banners of RussiaEdit

Banner Date Use Description
  c. 1385 Banner of the Novgorod Republic Banner used by the Novgorod Republic, depicting a white castle on a red field.
  c. 1400 Banner of the Principality of Polotsk Reconstructed banner used by Polotsk in the Battle of Grunwald (1410) as a part of Lithuania.
  1552 Banner of the Russian Tsardom Banner used by Ivan IV during the Siege of Kazan.
  1696 Armorial Banner of Peter the Great The armorial banner of Peter the Great was created in 1696. Made from red taffeta with a white border, the banner depicted a golden eagle hovering over the sea. On the chest of the eagle in the circle is the Savior, next to the Holy Spirit and the holy apostles Peter and Paul. The banner was likely made for the second Azov campaign.

Historical standards of RussiaEdit

Standard Date Use Description
  1703–1742 Imperial Standard at sea The Standard of the Tsar of Russia at sea, adopted under the rule of Peter the Great.[13][14]
  1742-1799 Imperial Standard Russian Imperial Standard used at palaces.[13]
  1799-1801 Imperial Standard Russian Imperial Standard introduced by Paul I. This flag is depicted on many documents of that era [15]
  c. 1835 Imperial Standard on land In the album of flags of 1835, an Imperial Standard used at palaces was reported.[13]
  1858–1917 Imperial Standard on land Standard of the Tsar of Russia on land, adopted in 1858.[13][14]
  1991 Presidential Standard (unofficial) De facto unofficial Standard of the President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, used during the inauguration of Boris Yeltsin on July 10, 1991.[16][17]
  1994–present Presidential Standard Current Presidential Standard of the Russian Federation.

Flags of Russian citiesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1997–present Flag of Astrakhan A crown above sword on a white background with a blue wave pattern at the bottom.
  1995–present Flag of Barnaul The arms of the city of Barnaul on a blue background.
  2002–present Flag of Chelyabinsk A camel in front of a wall on a green and yellow background.
  2002–present Flag of Cherepovets A blue pall on a golden background.
  1996–present Flag of Irkutsk
  2003–present Flag of Ivanovo a woman using a spindle on an all blue background.
  2000–present Flag of Izhevsk
  1996–present Flag of Kaliningrad a coat of arms in front of a ship on an all blue background.
  2000–present Flag of Kaluga
  2004–present Flag of Kazan A dragon walking on a mostly white background with a thin green line at the bottom.
  2010–present Flag of Kirov A hand holding a bow above a cross on an all yellow background.
  2006–present Flag of Krasnodar
  1995–present Flag of Krasnoyarsk
  2000–present Flag of Kursk
  2004–present Flag of Magnitogorsk A black triangle on a silver‐colored background.
  1995–present Flag of Moscow
  2006–present Flag of Nizhny Novgorod A bright red deer on a white-colored background.
  2006–present Flag of Nizhny Tagil The coat of arm of Nizhny Tagil on a Maroon Background.
  Flag of Norilsk A polar bear holding a key on a vertically divided blue and red background.
  Flag of Novokuznetsk
  Flag of Novosibirsk
  Flag of Omsk
  Flag of Orenburg
  Flag of Oryol
  Flag of Perm A bear carrying a book beneath a cross on an all red background.
  Flag of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
  Flag of Petrozavodsk
  Flag of Pskov
  Flag of Rostov-on-Don
  Flag of Ryazan A crown sitting above and to the left of a man holding a sword on an all yellow background.
  1992–present Flag of St Petersburg An anchor and a hook crossing each other with a scepter in the of the two, all on a red background.
  Flag of Samara A coat of arms above the name of the city in front of a horizontally divided red white and blue background.
  Flag of Saratov A coat of arms in front of a horizontally divided blue and white background.
  Flag of Sergiyev Posad The walls of a city with two axes floating above it on a blue background.
  Flag of Stavropol
  Flag of Sochi
  Flag of Suzdal A bird wearing a crown on a horizontally divided blue and red background.
  Flag of Tolyatti
  Flag of Tomsk a rearing horse on a 2/3 green 1/3 white background.
  Flag of Tula
  Flag of Tver
  Flag of Ufa
  Flag of Ulan-Ude
  Flag of Ulyanovsk A vertical triband of blue, white, and blue, with a golden crown in the middle of the white stripe.
  Flag of Veliky Novgorod
  Flag of Vladimir A lion holding a cross and wearing a crown on an all red background.
  Flag of Vladivostok A Coat of arms in front of a blue Saltire on a red background.
  1999–present Flag of Volgograd The arms of the city of Volgograd on a red background.
  Flag of Vologda God reaching out from the clouds holding a sword and cruciger on a red background.
  Flag of Voronezh
  Flag of Yakutsk
  1996–present Flag of Yaroslavl The arms of the city of Yaroslavl on a blue background.
  Flag of Yekaterinburg A furnace and well on a horizontally divided green, yellow and blue background.

Historical flags of the short-lived states during the Russian Civil WarEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1918-1920 Flag of the Kuban People's Republic Flag of the short-lived Kuban People's Republic, an anti-Bolshevik Cossack state in the Kuban during the Russian Civil War.
  1919-1920 Flag of South Russia Flag of the so-called South Russia, a short-lived anti-Bolshevik military state under the Armed Forces of South Russia led by General Anton Denikin during the Russian Civil War.
  1920–1922 Flag of the Far Eastern Republic Flag of the short lived Far Eastern Republic, a puppet state of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. It later merged with the RSFSR on November 15, 1922.

Historical flags of the Soviet UnionEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1923 First flag of the Soviet Union The first flag of the Soviet Union is a red flag with the state emblem in the center and fimbriated in white.
  1923–1924 Second flag of the Soviet Union The second flag of the Soviet Union with the golden fimbriated canton, adopted shortly after the end of the Russian Civil War.
  1924–1936 Third flag of the Soviet Union The third flag of the Soviet Union.
  1936–1955 Fourth flag of the Soviet Union The fourth flag of the Soviet Union, this design was prominently used during the Second World War.
  1955–1991 Fifth flag of the Soviet Union The fifth and final flag of the Soviet Union.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Цвета Русского Государственного национального флага (in Russian).
  2. ^ "Высочайшее повеление о признании во всех случаях бело-сине-красного флага национальным — Викитека". ru.wikisource.org (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  3. ^ Свод морских постановлений. Книга десятая. Морской устав. Издание 1901 года. С.-Петербург: Типография Морского Министерства в Главном Адмиралтействе. 1902. pp. 340.
  4. ^ "Флаги России-VEXILLOGRAPHIA". www.vexillographia.ru.
  5. ^ "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 04.02.2002 № 141". sbornik-zakonov.ru.
  6. ^ "Федеральный закон о знамени ВСРФ, знамени ВМФ, знаменах иных видов ВСРФ и знаменах других войск". Российская газета.
  7. ^ a b "флаги Российской империи". www.vexillographia.ru.
  8. ^ Bonnell, Victoria E. Russia at the barricades: eyewitness accounts of the August 1991 coup. M.E. Sharpe, 1994, p92
  9. ^ Condee, Nancy. Soviet hieroglyphics: visual culture in late twentieth-century Russia. Indiana University Press, 1995, p49
  10. ^ Saunders, Nicholas J. Matters of conflict: material culture, memory and the First World War. Routledge, 2004, p129
  11. ^ National Museum of Science and Technology (Canada). Material history review. Canada Science and Technology Museum, 2000, p46
  12. ^ "Russia, 1914-1917". www.crwflags.com.
  13. ^ a b c d Russian Institute for Heraldry and Vexillology. "штандарты императорской семьи". www.vexillographia.ru. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  14. ^ a b "Tsar's personal flags". FOTW. CRWFLAGS. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  15. ^ Cite error: The named reference http://projects.rusarchives.ru/statehood/06-47-gosudarstvenny-gerb.shtml was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  16. ^ "Как спасали Знамя РСФСР". rambler.ru. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  17. ^ "Первый президент России Борис Николаевич Ельцин принимает присягу (1991)". Ельцин Центр.

External linksEdit