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Chief of the General Staff (Russia)

The Chief of the General Staff (Russian: Начальник Генерального штаба, romanizedNachal'nik General'nogo shtaba) is the chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces (Russian: Вооружённые Си́лы Росси́йской Федера́ции, romanizedVooruzhonnije Síly Rossíyskoj Federátsii). He is appointed by the President of Russia, who is the Supreme Commander-in-Chief. The position dates to the period of the Russian Empire. The current Chief of the General Staff is Army General Valery Gerasimov.

Chief of the General Staff
Russian: Начальник Генерального штаба
Flag of Russia's Chief of Staff.svg
Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
Генерал армии Герасимов Валерий Васильевич.jpg
Incumbent
Army General Valery Gerasimov

since 9 November 2012
Russian Armed Forces
Member ofGeneral Staff of the Armed Forces
Reports toMinister of Defence of the Russian Federation
SeatGeneral Staff Building (Moscow) [ru]
AppointerPresident of Russia
Term lengthNo fixed length
Formation9 August 1812 (historical)
10 June 1992 (current)
First holderGeneral-Adjutant Pavel Gavrilovich Gagarin [ru]
DeputyColonel General Nikolai Bogdanovsky [ru]
WebsiteOfficial Website

List of chiefs of the general staffEdit

Imperial Russian Army (1812–1917)Edit

No. Director of the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War Took office Left office Time in office
1Gagarin, PavelGeneral-Adjutant
Pavel Gavrilovich Gagarin [ru]
(1777–1850)
9 August 181213 December 18142 years, 126 days
2Kleinmikhel, AndreyLieutenant General
Andrey Kleinmikhel [ru]
(1757–1815)
13 December 181425 June 1815194 days
No. Chief of the Main Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1Geyden, FyodorGeneral-Adjutant
Lieutenant General
Fyodor Geyden
(1821–1900)
1 January 186622 May 188115 years, 141 days
2Obruchev, NikolaiLieutenant General
General of the Infantry
Nikolai Obruchev
(1830–1904)
10 June 188131 December 189716 years, 204 days
3Sakharov, ViktorLieutenant General
Viktor Sakharov
(1848–1905)
20 January 189811 March 19046 years, 51 days
4Frolov, PyotrLieutenant General
Pyotr Frolov
(1852–?)
11 March 190428 June 19051 year, 109 days
No. Chief of the General Directorate of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1Palitsin, FedorGeneral of the Cavalry
Fedor Palitsin
(1851–1923)
28 June 19052 December 1908157 days
2Sukhomlinov, VladimirGeneral of the Cavalry
Vladimir Sukhomlinov
(1848–1926)
2 December 190811 March 190999 days
3Myshlayevsky, AleksanderGeneral of the Infantry
Aleksander Myshlayevsky
(1856–1920)
11 March 1909September 19095 months
4Gerngross, EvgenyLieutenant General
Evgeny Gerngross
(1855–1912)
September 190922 February 19111 year, 5 months
5Zhilinskiy, YakovGeneral of the Cavalry
Yakov Zhilinsky
(1853–1918)
22 February 19114 March 19143 years, 10 days
6Yanushkevich, NikolaiMajor General
Nikolai Yanushkevich
(1868–1918)
5 March 19141 August 1914149 days
7Belyaev, MikhailMajor General
Mikhail Belyaev
(1863–1918)
1 August 191410 August 19162 years, 9 days
8Averyanov, PyotrLieutenant General
Pyotr Averyanov
(1867–1937)
10 August 191615 May 1917278 days
9Romanovsky, IvanLieutenant General
Ivan Romanovsky
(1877–1920)
18 July 191726 September 1917134 days
10Marushevsky, VladimirMajor General
Vladimir Marouchevsky
(1874–1952)
26 September 191723 November 191758 days

Council of People's Commissars on War and Navy Affairs (1917–1918)Edit

No. Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1Potapov, NikolayMajor General
Nikolay Potapov
(1871–1946)
23 November 19178 May 1918166 days

Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic (1918–1921)Edit

No. Chief of the All-Russian Main Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1Stogov, NikolaiLieutenant General
Nikolai Stogov
(1873–1959)
8 May 19182 August 19191 year, 86 days
2Svechin, Alexander AndreyevichMajor General
Alexander Andreyevich Svechin
(1878–1938)
2 August 191922 October 191981 days
3Rattel, NikolayMajor General
Nikolay Rattel
(1875–1939)
22 October 191910 February 19211 year, 111 days
No. Chief of the Field Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1Rattel, NikolayMajor General
Nikolay Rattel
(1875–1939)
6 September 191821 October 191845 days
2Kostyayev, FyodorMajor General
Fyodor Kostyayev
(1878–1925)
21 October 191818 June 1919240 days
3Bonch-Bruyevich, Mikhail DmitriyevichMajor General
Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch-Bruyevich
(1870–1956)
18 June 191922 July 191934 days
4Lebedev, PavelMajor General
Pavel Lebedev
(1872–1933)
22 July 191910 February 19211 year, 203 days

Red Army (1921–1946)Edit

† denotes people who died in office.

No. Chief of the Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1Lebedev, PavelMajor General
Pavel Lebedev
(1872–1933)
10 February 1921April 19243 years, 1 month
2Frunze, MikhailMajor General
Mikhail Frunze
(1885–1925)
April 1924January 19259 months
3Kamenev, SergeiKomandarm 1st rank
Sergei Kamenev
(1881–1936)
January 1925November 192510 months
4Tukhachevsky, MikhailMarshal of the Soviet Union
Mikhail Tukhachevsky
(1893–1937)
November 1925May 19282 years, 6 months
5Shaposhnikov, BorisKomandarm 1st rank
Boris Shaposhnikov
(1882–1945)
May 1928April 19312 years, 11 months
6Triandafillov, VladimirGeneral
Vladimir Triandafillov
(1894–1931)
[a]
May 193112 July 1931 †2 months
7Yegorov, AlexanderMarshal of the Soviet Union
Alexander Yegorov
(1883–1939)
July 1931September 19354 years, 2 months
No. Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1Yegorov, AlexanderMarshal of the Soviet Union
Alexander Yegorov
(1883–1939)
September 193510 May 19371 year, 8 months
2Shaposhnikov, BorisMarshal of the Soviet Union
Boris Shaposhnikov
(1882–1945)
10 May 1937August 19403 years, 2 months
3Shaposhnikov, BorisArmy General
Kirill Meretskov
(1897–1968)
August 1940January 19415 months
4Zhukov, GeorgyArmy General
Georgy Zhukov
(1896–1974)
February 194129 July 19415 months
(2)Shaposhnikov, BorisMarshal of the Soviet Union
Boris Shaposhnikov
(1882–1945)
29 July 194111 May 1942286 days
5Vasilevsky, AleksandrMarshal of the Soviet Union
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
(1895–1977)
26 June 1942February 19452 years, 7 months
6Antonov, AlekseiArmy General
Aleksei Antonov
(1896–1962)
February 194522 March 19461 year, 1 month

Soviet Armed Forces (1946–1991)Edit

† denotes people who died in office.

No. Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1Vasilevsky, AleksandrMarshal of the Soviet Union
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
(1895–1977)
22 March 1946November 19482 years, 7 months
2Shtemenko, SergeiArmy General
Sergei Shtemenko
(1907–1976)
November 1948June 19523 years, 7 months
3Sokolovsky, VasilyMarshal of the Soviet Union
Vasily Sokolovsky
(1897–1968)
June 1952April 19607 years, 10 months
4Zakharov, MatveiMarshal of the Soviet Union
Matvei Zakharov
(1898–1972)
April 1960March 19632 years, 11 months
5Biryuzov, SergeyMarshal of the Soviet Union
Sergey Biryuzov
(1904–1964)
[a]
March 196319 October 1964 †1 year, 7 months
(4)Zakharov, MatveiMarshal of the Soviet Union
Matvei Zakharov
(1898–1972)
November 1964September 19716 years, 9 months
6Kulikov, ViktorMarshal of the Soviet Union
Viktor Kulikov
(1921–2013)
September 19717 January 19775 years, 4 months
7Ogarkov, NikolaiMarshal of the Soviet Union
Nikolai Ogarkov
(1917–1994)
[1]
7 January 19776 September 19847 years, 238 days
8Akhromeyev, SergeyMarshal of the Soviet Union
Sergey Akhromeyev
(1923–1991)
[1]
6 September 19842 November 19884 years, 62 days
9Moiseev, MikhailColonel General
Army General
Mikhail Moiseev
(born 1939)
December 198823 August 19912 years, 8 months
10Lobov, VladimirArmy General
Vladimir Lobov
(born 1935)
25 August 199125 December 1991122 days

Russian Armed Forces (1992–present)Edit

† denotes people who died in office.

No. Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1Dubynin, ViktorArmy General
Viktor Dubynin
(1943–1992)
10 June 199222 November 1992 †165 days
2Kolesnikov, MikhailArmy General
Mikhail Kolesnikov
(1939–2007)
22 November 199218 October 19963 years, 331 days
3Samsonov, ViktorArmy General
Viktor Samsonov
(born 1941)
18 October 199622 May 1997216 days
4Kvashnin, AnatolyColonel General
Army General
Anatoly Kvashnin
(born 1946)
22 May 199719 July 20047 years, 58 days
5Baluyevsky, YuriArmy General
Yuri Baluyevsky
(born 1947)
19 July 20043 June 20083 years, 320 days
6Makarov, NikolaiArmy General
Nikolai Makarov
(born 1949)
3 June 20089 November 20124 years, 159 days
7Gerasimov, ValeryColonel General
Army General
Valery Gerasimov
(born 1955)
9 November 2012Incumbent7 years, 6 days

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Died in a plane crash.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Garthoff, Raymond L. (1994). The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. p. 186. ISBN 0-8157-3060-8. The decision was taken at the regular Politburo meeting [on 6 September] and appeared to have been sudden

Further readingEdit

  • V.I. Feskov, K.A. Kalashnikov, V.I. Golikov, The Soviet Army in the Years of the Cold War 1945–91, Tomsk University Publishing House, Tomsk, 2004 (for Soviet era list of CGSs).

External linksEdit