Novokuznetsk (Russian: Новокузнецк, IPA: [nəvəkʊzˈnʲɛt͡sk], lit.'new smith's'; Shor: Аба-тура, romanized: Aba-tura) is a city in Kemerovo Oblast (Kuzbass) in southwestern Siberia, Russia. It is the second-largest city in the oblast, after the administrative center Kemerovo. Population: 537,480 (2021 Census);[9] 547,904 (2010 Russian census);[10] 549,870 (2002 Census);[11] 599,947 (1989 Soviet census).[12]

Novokuznetsk
Новокузнецк
View of Novokuznetsk
View of Novokuznetsk
Flag of Novokuznetsk
Coat of arms of Novokuznetsk
Location of Novokuznetsk
Map
Novokuznetsk is located in Russia
Novokuznetsk
Novokuznetsk
Location of Novokuznetsk
Novokuznetsk is located in Kemerovo Oblast
Novokuznetsk
Novokuznetsk
Novokuznetsk (Kemerovo Oblast)
Coordinates: 53°46′N 87°08′E / 53.767°N 87.133°E / 53.767; 87.133
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKemerovo Oblast[1]
Founded1618[2]
City status since1689[3]
Government
 • HeadSergey Kuznetsov [ru][4]
Elevation
190 m (620 ft)
Population
 • Total547,904
 • Rank29th in 2010
 • Subordinated toNovokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
 • Capital ofNovokuznetsky District,[1] Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
 • Urban okrugNovokuznetsky Urban Okrug[6]
 • Capital ofNovokuznetsky Urban Okrug,[6] Novokuznetsky Municipal District[6]
Time zoneUTC+7 (MSK+4 Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
654000–654103Edit this on Wikidata
Dialing code(s)+7 3843
OKTMO ID32731000001
Websitewww.admnkz.info

It was previously known as Kuznetsk until 1931, and as Stalinsk until 1961.

History

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Founded in 1618 by men from Tomsk as a Cossack ostrog (fort) on the Tom River, it was initially called Kuznetsky ostrog (Кузне́цкий острог).[2] It became the seat of Kuznetsky Uyezd in 1622.[3] Kuznetsk (Кузне́цк) was granted town status in 1689.[3] It was here that Fyodor Dostoevsky married his first wife, Maria Isayeva in 1857.[13] Joseph Stalin's rapid industrialization of the Soviet Union transformed the sleepy town into a major coal mining and industrial center in the 1930s. It merged with Sad Gorod in 1931. From 1931 to 1932, the city was known as Novokuznetsk and between 1932 and 1961 as Stalinsk (Ста́линск), after Stalin. As a result of de-Stalinization, it was renamed back to Novokuznetsk.

Demographics

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As of the 2021 Census, the ethnic composition of Novokuznetsk was:[14]

Ethnic group Population Percentage
Russians 438,507 95.5%
Tajiks 3,450 0.8%
Tatars 2,533 0.6%
Other 14,919 3.2%

City administration

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Administrative and municipal status

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Within the framework of administrative divisions, Novokuznetsk serves as the administrative center of Novokuznetsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[15] As a municipal division, Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as the Novokuznetsky Urban Okrug.[15][16]

The city consists of six non-municipal intra-city districts:[16]

District Area,
km2[17]
Population
(2021)
Zavodskoy District 109.10 92,620
Kuznetsky District 36.11 46,932
Kuibyshevsky District 92.49 75,174
Novoilyinsky District 22.49 77,593
Ordzhonikidzevsky District 95.62 78,533
Central District 66.52 166,628

Administrative bodies

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On 7 December 2009, by a resolution of the Novokuznetsk City Council of People's Deputies, a new version of the City Charter was approved,[16] according to which the authorities consist of:

  • Novokuznetsk City Council of People's Deputies (representative authority),
  • Mayors of the city of Novokuznetsk,
  • Administration of the City of Novokuznetsk (executive and administrative authority),
  • City Control Committee (permanent body of financial control),
  • Judicial institutions: district courts, courts of general jurisdiction, the Russian Agency for Legal and Judicial Information, the permanent judicial presence of the Kemerovo Oblast Court, judicial divisions of magistrates, and others.[18]

The Novokuznetsk City Council of People's Deputies is a representative body of power and consists of 18 deputies elected in 18 single-mandate constituencies and 18 deputies elected on party lists. The term of office of deputies is five years.

In September 2021, elections were held for the Council of People's Deputies, following which the seats in the council were distributed as follows: 27 - United Russia, 2 - Liberal Democratic Party, 2 - A Just Russia, 2 - Communist Party. The representative of United Russia, Alexandra Shelkovnikova, was elected chairman.

The Youth Parliament of the city operates under the City Council of People's Deputies.[19]

 
Crossroads of Metallurgists Avenue and Ordzhonikidze Street

A whole network of bodies of territorial public self-government has been created in Novokuznetsk;[20] in total, 60 of them have been created in the city: in the Zavodskoy District - 7, Kuznetsky - 6, Kuibyshevsky - 13,[21][22][23] Novoilyinsky - 6, Ordzhonikidzevsky - 9, Central - 16.

Education

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  • Siberian State Industrial University
  • Novokuznetsk branch of Kemerovo State University
  • State Institute for Physicians Postgraduate Training (also known as Novokuznetsk Postgraduate Physician Institute), Russian Ministry of Health
  • Novokuznetsk Scientific Center of Medicosocial Expert Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Invalids, Federal Agency for Public Health and Social welfare
  • Institute of General Problems of Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences

Industry

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Novokuznetsk is a heavily industrial city and is located in the heart of the Kuzbass region. Factories in the city include:

Sports

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Metallurg Novokuznetsk is an ice hockey team based in Novokuznetsk. Formerly a member of the Kontinental Hockey League, the team is currently a member of the Supreme Hockey League. The football team of the same name was recently promoted to the Russian first division below the premier.

RC Novokuznetsk compete in the Professional Rugby League, the highest division of rugby union in Russia.

Florida Panthers goaltender Sergei Bobrovsky, Carolina Hurricanes defenseman Dmitry Orlov and Minnesota Wild winger Kirill Kaprizov were all born in Novokuznetsk and began their pro careers with Metallurg Novokuznetsk.

Novokuznetsk is also the birthplace of US chess Grandmaster Gata Kamsky.

Transportation

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The main airport is the Spichenkovo Airport. The city is also a major railway junction with both local and long-distance trains. Local public transport is provided by trams, buses, and trolleybuses.

Climate

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Novokuznetsk has a fairly typical southwest Siberian humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb) with warm summers during which most of the precipitation occurs, and severe, generally dry winters. Snowfall is very frequent during the winter, but its water content is generally very low due to the cold temperatures.

Climate data for Novokuznetsk (1991–2020, extremes 1955–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
7.9
(46.2)
18.3
(64.9)
30.6
(87.1)
34.8
(94.6)
36.7
(98.1)
36.0
(96.8)
35.9
(96.6)
34.7
(94.5)
24.9
(76.8)
17.4
(63.3)
7.3
(45.1)
36.7
(98.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −10.9
(12.4)
−6
(21)
1.3
(34.3)
11.8
(53.2)
19.2
(66.6)
24.5
(76.1)
25.5
(77.9)
24.1
(75.4)
16.8
(62.2)
9.1
(48.4)
−2.5
(27.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
8.7
(47.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.9
(3.4)
−12.9
(8.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
4.2
(39.6)
11.5
(52.7)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
16.5
(61.7)
9.9
(49.8)
3.0
(37.4)
−6.5
(20.3)
−13.2
(8.2)
2.3
(36.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −20.5
(−4.9)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−10.9
(12.4)
−3.0
(26.6)
4.0
(39.2)
9.1
(48.4)
12.5
(54.5)
9.5
(49.1)
4.6
(40.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
−10.0
(14.0)
−17.5
(0.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
Record low °C (°F) −47.7
(−53.9)
−42.2
(−44.0)
−33.9
(−29.0)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−8.9
(16.0)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.2
(36.0)
0.2
(32.4)
−6.7
(19.9)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−37.7
(−35.9)
−42.8
(−45.0)
−47.7
(−53.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25
(1.0)
17
(0.7)
19
(0.7)
28
(1.1)
43
(1.7)
56
(2.2)
73
(2.9)
62
(2.4)
42
(1.7)
38
(1.5)
40
(1.6)
31
(1.2)
474
(18.7)
Average rainy days 0.4 0 2 9 15 16 16 15 14 11 4 1 103
Average snowy days 20 18 15 11 3 0.1 0 0 1 11 19 23 121
Average relative humidity (%) 81 78 74 66 60 68 73 75 75 77 82 82 74
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[24]

Twin towns and sister cities

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Novokuznetsk is twinned with:

Notable people

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References

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Notes

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  1. ^ a b c d e f Law #215-OZ
  2. ^ a b Добжанский В. Н., Ширин Ю. В. [Dobzhansky V. N., Shirin Yu. V.]. Кузнецкий острог 1618 года и его перестройка в 1620 году [Kuznetsky ostrog in 1618 and its 1620 reconstruction]. Official site of Novokuznetsk municipal administration (in Russian). admnkz.ru. Archived from the original on November 9, 2016. Retrieved October 5, 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b c "Review of City History". Official site of Novokuznetsk municipal administration (in Russian). admnkz.ru. Archived from the original on March 28, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  4. ^ http://www.kem.kp.ru/daily/26136.7/3026076/Сергей[permanent dead link] Кузнецов вступает в должность главы Новокузнецка
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  6. ^ a b c Law #104-OZ
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Всероссийская перепись населения 2020 года. Том 1 [2020 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1] (XLS) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  11. ^ Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  12. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  13. ^ "F. M. Dostoevsky Literary-Memorial Museum in Novokuznetsk". Fyodor Dostoevsky Literary Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  14. ^ "Территориальный орган Федеральной службы государственной статистики по Кемеровской области - Кузбассу". Retrieved May 24, 2023.
  15. ^ a b "ОБ АДМИНИСТРАТИВНО-ТЕРРИТОРИАЛЬНОМ УСТРОЙСТВЕ КЕМЕРОВСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ (с изменениями на: 29.03.2017), Закон Кемеровской области от 27 декабря 2007 года №215-ОЗ" [ON THE ADMINISTRATIVE AND TERRITORIAL STRUCTURE OF THE KEMEROV OBLAST (as amended on: 29/03/2017), Law of the Kemerovo Oblast dated 27 December 2007 No. 215-OZ] (in Russian). docs.cntd.ru. Archived from the original on June 24, 2019. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  16. ^ a b c "Устав города Новокузнецка" [Charter of the city of Novokuznetsk] (in Russian). Official website of the administration of Novokuznetsk (admnkz.ru). Archived from the original on October 17, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  17. ^ "О внесении изменений и дополнений в Устав Новокузнецкого городского округа" [About modification and additions in the Charter of the Novokuznetsk city district]. gigabaza.ru/ (in Russian). April 29, 2016. Archived from the original on August 1, 2019. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  18. ^ "Cправочник организаций Новокузнецка" [Directory of Novokuznetsk organizations]. novokuznetsk.jsprav.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on August 1, 2019. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  19. ^ "Молодёжный парламент города Новокузнецка — общая информация" [Youth Parliament of the city of Novokuznetsk - general information] (in Russian). newparlament.ru. Archived from the original on July 13, 2013. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  20. ^ "Избранные депутаты и глава получили от населения лишь часть полномочий" [Elected deputies and the head received only part of the powers from the population] (in Russian). i2n.ru. October 25, 2010. Archived from the original on July 13, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  21. ^ Kuznetsky Rabochy, 2008, № 148
  22. ^ Kuznetsky Rabochy, 2009, № 16
  23. ^ Kuznetsky Rabochy, 2009, № 59
  24. ^ Климат Новокузнецка (in Russian). Погода и климат. Archived from the original on January 6, 2019. Retrieved November 5, 2021.

Sources

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  • Совет народных депутатов Кемеровской области. Закон №215-ОЗ от 27 декабря 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области», в ред. Закона №131-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кемеровской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований" и Закон Кемеровской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области"». Вступил в силу в день, следующий за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №243, 28 декабря 2007 г. (Council of People's Deputies of Kemerovo Oblast. Law #215-OZ of December 27, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #131-OZ of December 22, 2014 On Amending the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations" and the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast". Effective as of the day following the official publication date.).
  • Совет народных депутатов Кемеровской области. Закон №104-ОЗ от 17 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №123-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кемеровской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №242, 24 декабря 2004 г. (Council of People's Deputies of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Law #104-OZ of December 17, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations, as amended by the Law #123-OZ of December 22, 2015 On Amending the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations". Effective as of the official publication date.).
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