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Novokuznetsk (Russian: Новокузнецк, IPA: [nəvəkʊzˈnʲɛt͡sk]; literally: "new smith's") is a city in Kemerovo Oblast in south-western Siberia, Russia. Population: 547,904 (2010 Census);[5] 549,870 (2002 Census);[10] 599,947 (1989 Census).[11]

Novokuznetsk

Новокузнецк
View of Novokuznetsk
View of Novokuznetsk
Flag of Novokuznetsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Novokuznetsk
Coat of arms
Location of Novokuznetsk
Novokuznetsk is located in Russia
Novokuznetsk
Novokuznetsk
Location of Novokuznetsk
Novokuznetsk is located in Kemerovo Oblast
Novokuznetsk
Novokuznetsk
Novokuznetsk (Kemerovo Oblast)
Coordinates: 53°46′N 87°08′E / 53.767°N 87.133°E / 53.767; 87.133Coordinates: 53°46′N 87°08′E / 53.767°N 87.133°E / 53.767; 87.133
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKemerovo Oblast[1]
Founded1618[2]
City status since1689[3]
Government
 • HeadSergey Kuznetsov [4]
Area
 • Total424.27 km2 (163.81 sq mi)
Elevation
190 m (620 ft)
Population
 • Total547,904
 • Estimate 
(2018)[6]
553,638 (+1%)
 • Rank29th in 2010
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toNovokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
 • Capital ofNovokuznetsky District[1], Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
 • Urban okrugNovokuznetsky Urban Okrug[7]
 • Capital ofNovokuznetsky Urban Okrug[7], Novokuznetsky Municipal District[7]
Time zoneUTC+7 (MSK+4 Edit this on Wikidata[8])
Postal code(s)[9]
654000–654103Edit this on Wikidata
Dialing code(s)+7 3843
Twin townsZaporizhia, Pittsburgh, Haifa, Nizhny TagilEdit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID32731000001
Websitewww.admnkz.info

It was previously known as Kuznetsk (until 1931), Stalinsk (until 1961).

Contents

HistoryEdit

Founded in 1618 by men from Tomsk as a Cossack ostrog (fort) on the Tom River, it was initially called Kuznetsky ostrog (Кузне́цкий острог).[2] It became the seat of Kuznetsky Uyezd in 1622.[3] Kuznetsk (Кузне́цк) was granted town status in 1689.[3] It was here that Fyodor Dostoevsky married his first wife, Maria Isayeva (1857).[12] Joseph Stalin's rapid industrialization of the Soviet Union transformed the sleepy town into a major coal mining and industrial center in the 1930s. It merged with Sad Gorod in 1931. In 1931–1932, the city was known as Novokuznetsk and between 1932–1961 as Stalinsk (Ста́линск), after Stalin.

ClimateEdit

Novokuznetsk has a fairly typical southwest Siberian humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with warm summers during which most of the precipitation occurs, and severe, generally dry winters. Snowfall is very frequent during the winter, but its water content is generally very low due to the cold temperatures.

Climate data for Novokuznetsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
7.9
(46.2)
18.3
(64.9)
28.5
(83.3)
34.8
(94.6)
35.0
(95.0)
36.0
(96.8)
35.9
(96.6)
31.0
(87.8)
24.9
(76.8)
15.1
(59.2)
7.3
(45.1)
36.0
(96.8)
Average high °C (°F) −11.1
(12.0)
−8.0
(17.6)
−0.7
(30.7)
8.5
(47.3)
18.3
(64.9)
22.7
(72.9)
24.8
(76.6)
22.7
(72.9)
15.9
(60.6)
7.9
(46.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
−9.2
(15.4)
7.4
(45.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.2
(4.6)
−13.0
(8.6)
−5.9
(21.4)
2.8
(37.0)
11.5
(52.7)
16.4
(61.5)
18.8
(65.8)
16.4
(61.5)
9.9
(49.8)
2.9
(37.2)
−6.7
(19.9)
−13.2
(8.2)
2.1
(35.8)
Average low °C (°F) −18.5
(−1.3)
−16.7
(1.9)
−10.0
(14.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
5.8
(42.4)
11.1
(52.0)
13.7
(56.7)
11.2
(52.2)
5.3
(41.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
−9.6
(14.7)
−16.5
(2.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
Record low °C (°F) −47.7
(−53.9)
−42.2
(−44.0)
−33.9
(−29.0)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−8.9
(16.0)
−1.4
(29.5)
2.2
(36.0)
0.2
(32.4)
−6.1
(21.0)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−37.7
(−35.9)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−47.7
(−53.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4.4
(0.17)
4.5
(0.18)
8.9
(0.35)
20
(0.8)
38
(1.5)
72.9
(2.87)
83
(3.3)
69
(2.7)
39
(1.5)
22.2
(0.87)
10.5
(0.41)
4.5
(0.18)
376.9
(14.83)
Average rainy days 0.4 0 2 9 15 16 16 15 14 11 4 1 103
Average snowy days 20 18 15 11 3 0.1 0 0 1 11 19 23 121
Average relative humidity (%) 81 78 74 66 60 68 73 75 75 77 82 82 74
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[13]

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Novokuznetsk serves as the administrative center of Novokuznetsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Novokuznetsky Urban Okrug.[7]

City districtsEdit

EducationEdit

  • Siberian State Industrial University
  • Novokuznetsk branch of Kemerovo State University
    • Kuzbass State Pedagogical Academy (at 2013 part NB KSU)
  • State Institute for Physicians Postgraduate Training (also known as Novokuznetsk Postgraduate Physician Institute), Russian Ministry of Health
  • Novokuznetsk Scientific Center of Medicosocial Expert Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Invalids, Federal Agency for Public Health and Social welfare
  • Institute of General Problems of Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences

IndustryEdit

Novokuznetsk is a heavily industrial city and is located in the heart of the Kuzbass region. Factories in the city include:

SportsEdit

Metallurg Novokuznetsk is an ice hockey team based in Novokuznetsk. Formerly a member of the Kontinental Hockey League, the team is currently a member of the Supreme Hockey League. The football team of the same name was recently promoted to the Russian first division below the premier.

RC Novokuznetsk compete in the Professional Rugby League, the highest division of rugby union in Russia.

Florida Panthers goaltender Sergei Bobrovsky was born in Novokuznetsk and played his first four professional seasons with Metallurg Novokuznetsk.

Washington Capitals defenseman Dmitry Orlov was born in Novokuznetsk and started his career with Metallurg Novokuznetsk.

TransportationEdit

The main airport is the Spichenkovo Airport. The city is also a major railway junction with both local and long distance trains. Local public transport is provided by trams, buses, and trolleybuses.

Twin towns and sister citiesEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #215-OZ
  2. ^ a b Добжанский В. Н., Ширин Ю. В. [Dobzhansky V. N., Shirin Yu. V.]. "Кузнецкий острог 1618 года и его перестройка в 1620 году [Kuznetsky ostrog in 1618 and its 1620 reconstruction]". Official site of Novokuznetsk municipal administration (in Russian). admnkz.ru. Retrieved October 5, 2012.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b c "Review of City History". Official site of Novokuznetsk municipal administration (in Russian). admnkz.ru. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  4. ^ http://www.kem.kp.ru/daily/26136.7/3026076/Сергей Кузнецов вступает в должность главы Новокузнецка
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  6. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d Law #104-OZ
  8. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. ^ "F. M. Dostoevsky Literary-Memorial Museum in Novokuznetsk". Fyodor Dostoevsky Literary Memorial Museum. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  13. ^ Климат Новокузнецка (in Russian). Погода и климат. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
  14. ^ Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя [Twin Cities Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). Шановні відвідувачі і користувачі сайту. Archived from the original on August 3, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2013.

SourcesEdit

  • Совет народных депутатов Кемеровской области. Закон №215-ОЗ от 27 декабря 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области», в ред. Закона №131-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кемеровской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований" и Закон Кемеровской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области"». Вступил в силу в день, следующий за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №243, 28 декабря 2007 г. (Council of People's Deputies of Kemerovo Oblast. Law #215-OZ of December 27, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #131-OZ of December 22, 2014 On Amending the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations" and the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast". Effective as of the day following the official publication date.).
  • Совет народных депутатов Кемеровской области. Закон №104-ОЗ от 17 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №123-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кемеровской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №242, 24 декабря 2004 г. (Council of People's Deputies of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Law #104-OZ of December 17, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations, as amended by the Law #123-OZ of December 22, 2015 On Amending the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations". Effective as of the official publication date.).

External linksEdit