41st New Zealand Parliament
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|41st Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||15 August 1984 – 29 July 1987|
|Election||1984 New Zealand general election|
|Government||Fourth Labour Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Gerard Wall|
––Basil Arthur until 1 May 1985 †
|Leader of the House||Geoffrey Palmer|
|Prime Minister||David Lange|
|Leader of the Opposition||Jim Bolger|
––Jim McLay until 26 March 1986
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General||HE The Rt Rev. Sir Paul Reeves|
––HE The Hon. Sir David Beattie until 22 November 1985
The 41st Parliament was the first term of the fourth Labour Party government. It marked the end of three terms of National Party administration under Robert Muldoon. David Lange become Prime Minister and Roger Douglas became Minister of Finance — the economic reforms undertaken by Douglas, nicknamed Rogernomics, would prove to be a defining feature of the fourth Labour government, and were deeply unpopular with Labour's traditional support base. The National Party, now in opposition, experienced a number of leadership disputes, replacing Muldoon first with Jim McLay and then with Jim Bolger.
The 41st Parliament consisted of ninety-five representatives, the highest number since the 10th Parliament (elected in 1887). All of these representatives were chosen by single-member geographical electorates, including four special Māori electorates.
Electoral boundaries for the 41st ParliamentEdit
Overview of seatsEdit
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1984 election and at dissolution:
|At 1984 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||17||15|
- The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.
Initial composition of the 41st ParliamentEdit
The tables below shows the results of the 1984 general election:
|Social Credit||Mana Motuhake||Independent|
By-elections during 41st ParliamentEdit
There were a number of changes during the term of the 41st Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Timaru||1985||15 June||Basil Arthur||Death||Maurice McTigue|