Tasman (New Zealand electorate)
Tasman is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996.
Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election, and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87. Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created (including Tasman). In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated, and six electorates were newly created. The Tasman and West Coast electorates replaced the former Buller and Westland electorates in 1972.
Population centres of the original Tasman electorate were Collingwood, Takaka, Motueka, Richmond, Havelock, Picton, Owen River, Murchison, Saint Arnaud, and Springs Junction. In the 1977 electoral redistribution, the city of Nelson had experienced population growth and many of the Nelson suburbs were transferred from the Nelson electorate to the Tasman electorate. To compensate for this, Springs Junction went to the West Coast electorate, and Picton was transferred to the Marlborough electorate. There were only minor boundary changes through the 1983 electoral redistribution. In the 1987 electoral redistribution, the remaining area of the Marlborough Sounds including Havelock transferred to the Marlborough electorate.
Labour's Bill Rowling had represented the Buller electorate since the 1962 Buller by-election and when Buller was abolished in 1972, Rowling transferred to the Tasman electorate. Rowling was leader of the Labour Party from 1974 to 1983, and was Prime Minister at the beginning of that period (September 1974 – December 1975) while representing Tasman. After Rowling lost a Labour leadership challenge by David Lange in 1983, he retired at the 1984 election and was succeeded by Ken Shirley in the Tasman electorate. Shirley was defeated in 1990 by Nick Smith of the National Party.
In 1996, the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election, the electorate was combined with the West Coast electorate to form the West Coast-Tasman electorate. At that time, Smith transferred to the Nelson electorate.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1972 election||Bill Rowling|
|1984 election||Ken Shirley|
|1990 election||Nick Smith|
|(Electorate abolished 1996; see West Coast-Tasman)|
|NZ First||A A Maisey||461||2.14|
|Christian Heritage||K van Maanen||235||1.09|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Grant Knowles||149||0.69||-0.35|
|Natural Law||Mark Rayner||76||0.35|
|Green||H P James||1,091||5.23|
|NewLabour||P G Mustow||704||3.37|
|Social Credit||C L Gazzard||159||0.76|
|Democrats||R D Paget||120||0.57|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Grant Knowles||72||0.34|
|NZ Party||Adrian Hayter||1,714||8.33|
|Social Credit||Pat King||1,551||7.53||-9.77|
|Social Credit||Pat King||3,664||17.30|
|Social Credit||R Muller||1,726||9.44||+3.81|
|Values||Patsy J McGrath||362||1.98||-1.84|
|Social Credit||R Muller||1,020||5.63|
|Values||Patsy J McGrath||693||3.82|
|Social Credit||J B Bundson||882||5.75|
|New Democratic||Gary Eggers||177||1.15|
- McRobie 1989, p. 111.
- McRobie 1989, p. 115.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 112, 116.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 115.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 113, 117.
- McRobie 1989, p. 117.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 117–121.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 121–125.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 125–129.
- Wilson 1985, p. 232.
- Henderson, John. "Rowling, Wallace Edward". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- Wilson 1985, p. 234.
- "Hon Dr Nick Smith". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. p. 112.
- Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. p. 116.
- Norton 1988, pp. 357.
- McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
- Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 266. OCLC 154283103.