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Raglan is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed for three periods between 1861 and 1996 and during that time, it was represented by 13 Members of Parliament.

Contents

Population centresEdit

In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of representatives by 12, reflecting the immense population growth since the original electorates were established in 1853. The redistribution created 15 additional electorates with between one and three members, and Raglan was one of the single-member electorates.[1] It was created by splitting the Southern Division electorate into two areas, and the eastern part was called Franklin, while the western part was called Raglan.[2] The electorates were distributed to provinces so that every province had at least two members. Within each province, the number of registered electors by electorate varied greatly.[1] The Raglan electorate had 482 registered electors for the 1861 election.[3] In 1861 it was named Raglan, but that town had the only polling station between the southern boundary of the Mokau River[4] and Waiuku, the majority being in the Auckland suburbs.[5] The northern boundary was close to the centre of Auckland, bordering on Newton District.[4]

The Raglan electorate was on the West coast of the Waikato region, and was based on the small town of Raglan.

In the 1911 electoral redistribution, the North Island gained a further seat from the South Island due to faster population growth. In addition, there were substantial population movements within each island, and significant changes resulted from this. Only four electorates were unaltered, five electorates were abolished, one former electorate was re-established (Raglan), and four electorates were created for the first time.[6] Raglan was created by the Franklin electorate moving north, and the Waikato electorate moving south.[7]

The 1981 census had shown that the North Island had experienced further population growth, and three additional general seats were created through the 1983 electoral redistribution, bringing the total number of electorates to 95.[8] The South Island had, for the first time, experienced a population loss, but its number of general electorates was fixed at 25 since the 1967 electoral redistribution.[9] More of the South Island population was moving to Christchurch, and two electorates were abolished, while two electorates were recreated. In the North Island, six electorates were newly created, three electorates were recreated (including Raglan), and six electorates were abolished.[10]

HistoryEdit

The Raglan electorate existed from 1860 to 1870, from 1911 to 1978, and then from 1984 to 1996.[11] The first election was held on 11 February 1861 and was won by Charles John Taylor, who had previously represented the Southern Division electorate.[12]

In 1996, Simon Upton who was then the MP for Raglan chose to become a list MP. He resigned in 2001.

Members of ParliamentEdit

The Raglan electorate was represented by 13 Members of Parliament.

Key

 Independent    Reform    Labour    National  

Election Winner
1861 election Charles John Taylor
1865 by-election William Thorne Buckland
1866 election Joseph Newman[13]
1867 by-election James Farmer
(Abolished 1870–1911; see Waikato and Franklin)
1911 election Richard Bollard
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1927 by-election Lee Martin
1928 election
1931 election Stewart Reid
1935 election Lee Martin (2nd period)
1938 election
1943 election Robert Coulter
1946 by-election Hallyburton Johnstone
1946 election Alan Baxter
1949 election Hallyburton Johnstone (2nd period)
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election Douglas Carter
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election Marilyn Waring
(Abolished 1978–1984)
1984 election Simon Upton
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Port Waikato)

Election resultsEdit

1946 electionEdit

1946 general election: Raglan[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Baxter 6,821 49.17 +0.74
National Hallyburton Johnstone 6,808 49.08 -2.49
Informal votes 241 1.73
Majority 13 0.09
Turnout 13,870

In an electoral court ruling Baxter gained 2 votes while losing 83, while Johnstone lost 61 votes from original result.[15]

1946 by-electionEdit

1946 Raglan by-election[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Hallyburton Johnstone 5,044 51.57
Labour Alan Baxter 4,735 48.43
Majority 309 3.15
Turnout 9,779 67.67
Registered electors 14,451

1943 electionEdit

1943 general election: Raglan[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Coulter 4,817 47.99
National Robert James Glasgow 4,709 46.92
Democratic Labour Alwyn Temple Dillon 289 2.87
Real Democracy Stanley Burton 221 2.20
Informal votes 90 0.89
Majority 108 1.07
Turnout 10,036

1938 electionEdit

1938 general election: Raglan[20][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lee Martin 5,062 52.54
National Andrew Sutherland 4,458 46.27
Country Party Albert James Gallichan 115 1.19
Majority 604 6.27
Informal votes 95 0.98
Turnout 9,730 92.40
Registered electors 10,530

1935 electionEdit

1935 general election: Raglan[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lee Martin 5,148 55.48 +10.81
Reform Stewart Reid 3,453 37.21 -18.12
Democrat J H Potter 581 6.26
Independent H Hampton 96 1.03
Informal votes 97 1.04 +0.37
Majority 1,695 18.26
Turnout 9,278 89.78 +9.38
Registered electors 10,334

1931 electionEdit

1931 general election: Raglan[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Stewart Reid 4,180 55.33
Labour Lee Martin 3,374 44.67
Majority 806 10.67
Informal votes 51 0.67
Turnout 7,605 80.40
Registered electors 9,459

1927 by-electionEdit

1927 Raglan by-election[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lee Martin 2,200 36.36
Reform Arthur Henry Waring 2,025 33.47
Liberal Thomas Parker 1,095 18.09
Country Party Cornelius Augustus Magner 532 8.79
Independent William James Taylor 198 3.27
Majority 175 2.89
Informal votes 97 1.53
Turnout 6,050 98.47
Registered electors 6,147
Labour gain from Reform Swing

Waring (Reform) was the great-grandfather of Marilyn Waring.

1925 electionEdit

1925 general election: Raglan[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Richard Bollard 4,470 61.48
Labour Ernest Piggott[27] 1,614 22.20
Liberal Samuel Charles Gale Lye[28] 965 13.27
Country Party Robert Dickinson Duxfield[29] 222 3.05
Majority 2,856 39.28
Informal votes 56 0.76
Turnout 7,327 89.86
Registered electors 8,154

1914 electionEdit

1914 general election[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Richard Bollard 4,002 60.16
Liberal William Thompson 2,554 38.39
Social Democrat John Furniss 96 1.44
Majority 2,552 38.36
Informal votes 83 1.24
Turnout 6,652 89.96
Registered electors 7,394

1911 electionEdit

1911 general election: Raglan, first ballot[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Richard Bollard 2,435 46.02
Reform Allen Bell 894 16.90
Liberal James Charles Dromgool 750 14.18
Liberal William Duncan 742 14.02
Independent Liberal Basil Hewett[32] 470 8.88
Majority 1,541 29.12
Informal votes 99 1.84
Turnout 5,390 82.01
Registered electors 6,572
1911 general election: Raglan, second ballot[33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Richard Bollard 2,782 59.89
Reform Allen Bell[nb 1] 1,863 40.11
Majority 919 19.78
Informal votes 20 0.43
Turnout 4,665 70.98
Registered electors 6,572

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Richard Bollard was the official candidate endorsed by the Reform Party; Allen Bell was an unofficial candidate who also stood for the Reform Party.[34]

1867 by-electionEdit

1867 Raglan by-election[35][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent James Farmer 224 56.85
Independent Joseph Crispe 127 32.23
Independent Henry Chamberlin 43 10.91
Turnout 394
Majority 97 24.62

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 35.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 28, 32.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 33.
  4. ^ a b "Statutes Of New Zealand". New Zealander. 30 January 1861. p. 6. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  5. ^ "Local Memoranda". New Zealander. 9 February 1861. p. 2. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 71–76.
  7. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 70, 74.
  8. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 123f.
  9. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 123.
  10. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 119–124.
  11. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 270.
  12. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 239.
  13. ^ "The Elections". Otago Witness (747). 24 March 1866. p. 11. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  14. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  15. ^ Norton 1988, p. 323.
  16. ^ "The Herald". Alexandra Herald and Central Otago Gazette. 13 March 1946. p. 4. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Comparison". The New Zealand Herald. 27 November 1946. p. 11.
  18. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. 80 (24764). 11 December 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  19. ^ "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  20. ^ "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. p. 4. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  21. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. LXXV (23181). 29 October 1938. p. 25. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  22. ^ The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  23. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  24. ^ "The Raglan Seat". The Press. LXIII (19120). 1 October 1927. p. 14. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  25. ^ "Five Nominated". Auckland Star. LVIII (221). 19 September 1927. p. 9. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  26. ^ The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 2. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  27. ^ "Labour in Raglan". The New Zealand Herald. LXII (19149). 15 October 1925. p. 14. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  28. ^ "Election Candidates". The New Zealand Herald. LXV (19939). 7 May 1928. p. 10. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  29. ^ "Waikato Farmer". The New Zealand Herald. LXXV (23022). 27 April 1938. p. 17. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  30. ^ Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  31. ^ AtoJs 1911 election 1912, p. 2.
  32. ^ "Political". Waikato Times (12124). 7 November 1911. p. 4. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  33. ^ AtoJs 1911 election 1912, p. 6.
  34. ^ "Next Thursday's Poll". The New Zealand Herald. XLVIII (14854). 4 December 1911. p. 7. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  35. ^ "Election of Mr Farmer". Daily Southerrn Cross. 14 June 1867.
  36. ^ "Raglan Election". Daily Southern Cross. 24 May 1867.

ReferencesEdit

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Mansfield, F. W. (1912). The General Election, 1911. National Library. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.

External linksEdit