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Port Waikato (New Zealand electorate)

Port Waikato was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that existed for four parliamentary terms from 1996 to 2008. It was held by Bill Birch for one term, and the remaining three terms by Paul Hutchison; both were members of the National Party.

Population centresEdit

The 1996 election was notable for the significant change of electorate boundaries, based on the provisions of the Electoral Act 1993.[1] Because of the introduction of the mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, the number of electorates had to be reduced, leading to significant changes. More than half of the electorates contested in 1996 were newly constituted, and most of the remainder had seen significant boundary changes. In total, 73 electorates were abolished, 29 electorates were newly created (including Port Waikato), and 10 electorates were recreated, giving a net loss of 34 electorates.

The Port Waikato electorate was formed from parts of the Franklin, Raglan, and Waikato electorates, all of which were abolished.[2] In its initial area, towns with more than one polling booth were Huntly, Pukekohe, Ngaruawahia, Tuakau, and Waiuku. Localities with a single polling booth were Aka Aka, Awhitu, Bombay, Buckland, Glen Massey, Glen Murray, Glenbrook, Horotiu, Mauku, Meremere, Naike, Ohinewai, Onewhero, Orini, Otaua, Paerata, Pokeno, Port Waikato, Pukekawa, Pukemiro, Pukeoware, Puni, Raglan, Rangiriri, Ruawaro, Taupiri, Te Akau, Te Hoe, Te Kauwhata, Te Kohanga, Te Kowhai, Te Pahu, Te Uku, Waerenga, Waikaretu, Waikokowai, Waingaro, Waipipi, Waiterimu, Waitetuna, Whatawhata, and Whitikahu.[3]

HistoryEdit

Bill Birch was the first representative of the Port Waikato electorate following the 1996 election. Throughout his long parliamentary career, which started in 1972, Birch always represented the electorate in which the town of Pukekohe was located, where he had established a business prior to entering parliament.[4] When Birch retired at the 1999 election, he was succeeded by Paul Hutchison, a medical specialist. When the Port Waikato electorate was abolished in 2008, Hutchison transferred to the reconstituted Hunua electorate, which he represented until his retirement from politics at the 2014 election.[5][6]

Members of ParliamentEdit

Key

 National    Labour  

Election Winner
1996 election Bill Birch
1999 election Paul Hutchison
2002 election
2005 election

List MPsEdit

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Port Waikato electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

Election Winner
2008 Louisa Wall1

1Wall was elected from the party list in March 2008 following the resignation of Ann Hartley.

Election resultsEdit

1999 electionEdit

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Port Waikato for a list of candidates.

1996 electionEdit

1996 general election: Port Waikato[3][7][8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Bill Birch 12,529 43.80 10,809 37.58
NZ First John Forbes 5,527 19.32 4,996 17.37
Labour Terry Hughes 4,888 17.09 6,354 22.09
Alliance Francis Petchey 2,922 10.22 2,452 8.52
ACT Marlene Lamb 804 2.81 1,796 6.24
Christian Coalition Rick Hayward 733 2.56 1,211 4.21
United NZ Diane Colson 720 2.52 319 1.11
McGillicuddy Serious David Sutcliffe 397 1.39 122 0.42
Natural Law Rhonda-Lisa Comins 84 0.29 27 0.09
Legalise Cannabis   441 1.53
Progressive Green   64 0.22
Animals First   51 0.18
Green Society 25 0.09
Superannuitants & Youth 23 0.08
Mana Māori   21 0.07
Ethnic Minority Party 18 0.06
Conservatives 17 0.06
Libertarianz   10 0.03
Advance New Zealand 8 0.03
Asia Pacific United 1 0.00
Te Tawharau 0 0.00
Informal votes 266 105
Total Valid votes 28,604 28,765
National win new seat Majority 7,002 24.48

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Electoral Act 1993". Act No. 87 of 17 August 1993. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ "Electorate Profile Port Waikato" (PDF). New Zealand Parliamentary Library. October 2005. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Port Waikato, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  4. ^ Birch, Bill (8 October 1999). "House: Valedictory of Rt. Hon. Sir William Birch" (Press release). Wellington. Scoop. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
  5. ^ Vance, Andrea (25 October 2013). "National MPs to retire". stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  6. ^ "Dr Paul Hutchison". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)