Hunua (New Zealand electorate)

The Hunua electorate existed three times for the New Zealand House of Representatives beginning in 1978, based at the south end of the Auckland urban area, and named for the Hunua Ranges. It covered different geographical areas over those periods. The electorate was last represented by Andrew Bayly of the National Party before its dissolution in 2020.

Hunua electorate boundaries used from the 2014 election until 2020

Population centresEdit

The 1977 electoral redistribution was the most overtly political since the Representation Commission had been established through an amendment to the Representation Act in 1886, initiated by Muldoon's National Government.[1] As part of the 1976 census, a large number of people failed to fill out an electoral re-registration card, and census staff had not been given the authority to insist on the card being completed. This had little practical effect for people on the general roll, but it transferred Māori to the general roll if the card was not handed in. Together with a northward shift of New Zealand's population, this resulted in five new electorates having to be created in the upper part of the North Island.[2] The electoral redistribution was very disruptive, and 22 electorates were abolished, while 27 electorates were newly created (including Hunua) or re-established. These changes came into effect for the 1978 election.[3]

Population centres of the original electorate included Cockle Bay in the north-west, East Tamaki in the west, the settlement of Hunua itself, Mangatawhiri in the south, and Kaiaua in the east.[2] The electorate existed for two parliamentary periods until the 1983 electoral redistribution, when boundary changes forced its abolition ahead of the 1984 election.[4][5] The north-west corner went to the newly established Otara electorate, and the remaining part was absorbed by the reconstituted Franklin electorate.[6]

HistoryEdit

The 1978 election was notable in that Labour candidate Malcolm Douglas held an election night majority of 301 votes. However, National candidate Winston Peters claimed irregularities in the vote, and in a 24 May 1979 ruling, a Court-ordered recount resulted in 500 votes being re-classed as informal, giving Peters a majority of 192. Peters was declared elected as of election night.[7][8]

The electorate was re-created due to the 1996 change to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting and the resulting reduction in the number of constituencies. The second historical Hunua electorate contained a selection of dormitory towns in south Auckland, of which Papakura was the largest. The Hunua electorate was abolished again in 2002 and replaced by Papakura.

The electorate was established again for the 2008 election. The new Hunua electorate was based around the southern and eastern fringes of the Auckland region, and contained the Franklin District towns of Pukekohe, Waiuku, Bombay, as well as Clevedon, Whitford and Maraetai from eastern Manukau. The resurrected Hunua electorate officially replaced the redrawn and renamed electorate of Port Waikato.

Hunua was abolished again for the 2020 general election, with the eastern half being incorporated into Papakura, a small section around Ormiston and Mission Heights becoming part of the new Takanini electorate, and the western half being merged into a recreated Port Waikato.[9]

Members of ParliamentEdit

Key

 National    Labour    ACT  

Election Winner
1978 election Malcolm Douglas
24 May 1979[note 1] Winston Peters
1981 election Colin Moyle
Electorate abolished 1984–1996; see Otara and Franklin
1996 election Warren Kyd
1999 election
Electorate abolished 2002–2008; see Clevedon and Port Waikato
2008 election Paul Hutchison
2011 election
2014 election Andrew Bayly
2017 election
Electorate abolished in 2020; see Papakura and Port Waikato
  1. ^ The election of Malcolm Douglas was overturned by the Electoral Court on 24 May 1979

List MPsEdit

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Hunua electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
2008 election Roger Douglas

Election resultsEdit

2017 electionEdit

2017 general election: Hunua[10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National  Y Andrew Bayly 26,825 65.91 −0.96 26,005 62.81 −0.89
Labour Baljit Kaur 7,382 18.14 +0.46 9,199 22.22 +9.16
NZ First Jon Reeves 3,077 7.56 −0.65 3,541 8.55 −1.00
Green Phil McCabe 2,002 +4.75 1,237 2.99 −2.78
Independent Ian Cummings 710 1.74
ACT Anthony Smith 274 0.67 −0.53 297 0.72 −0.15
Opportunities   611 1.48
Māori   103 0.25 −0.15
Legalise Cannabis   102 0.24 −0.14
Conservative   76 0.18 −4.84
United Future   35 0.08 −0.19
Ban 1080   33 0.08 −0.17
Outdoors   27 0.07
People's Party   24 0.06
Mana   8 0.02
Internet   7 0.02
Democrats   5 0.01 −0.04
Informal votes 427 91
Total Valid votes 40,697 41,401
National hold Majority 19,443 47.77 −1.42

2014 electionEdit

2014 general election: Hunua[11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Andrew Bayly 23,621 66.87 +1.28 22,929 63.70 +1.12
Labour Arena Williams 6,245 17.68 +0.92 4,699 13.06 −3.05
NZ First Jon Reeves 2,900 8.21 +4.13 3,437 9.55 +2.13
Conservative Neville Hudson 1,433 4.06 +0.07 1,807 5.02 +1.29
ACT Ian Cummings 425 1.20 −0.08 313 0.87 −0.58
Māori Thomas T. T. Phillips 244 0.69 +0.13 144 0.40 −0.13
Democrats Huia Mitchell 96 0.27 +0.03 19 0.05 −0.03
Green   2,076 5.77 −1.11
Internet Mana   166 0.46 +0.25[a]
Legalise Cannabis   136 0.38 −0.05
United Future   82 0.23 −0.25
Ban 1080   46 0.13 +0.13
Civilian   14 0.04 +0.04
Independent Coalition   4 0.01 +0.01
Focus   4 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 360 117
Total Valid votes 35,324 35,993
Turnout 36,110 80.61 +5.18
National hold Majority 17,376 49.19 +0.36

2011 electionEdit

2011 general election: Hunua[12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National  Y Paul Hutchison 22,563 65.59 +1.18 22,161 62.58 +1.94
Labour Richard Hills 5,766 16.76 -1.05 5,705 16.11 -3.60
Green Charmaine A. Watts 2,576 7.49 +3.01 2,438 6.88 +3.52
NZ First Doug Nabbs 1,405 4.08 +1.15 2,626 7.42 +3.04
Conservative Kevin Campbell 1,373 3.99 +3.99 1,320 3.73 +3.73
ACT Ian Cummings 440 1.28 -7.74 515 1.45 -6.79
Māori Thomas Tuatu Toihau Phillips 194 0.56 +0.56 188 0.53 -0.01
Democrats Huia Mitchell 81 0.24 +0.24 30 0.08 +0.06
United Future   170 0.48 -0.34
Legalise Cannabis   154 0.43 +0.11
Mana   75 0.21 +0.21
Libertarianz   25 0.07 +0.04
Alliance   4 0.01 -0.03
Informal votes 699 204
Total Valid votes 34,398 35,411
National hold Majority 16,797 48.83 +2.23

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 47,215[13]

2008 electionEdit

2008 general election: Hunua[14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National  Y Paul Hutchison 21,920 64.41 21,032 60.64
Labour Jordan Carter 6,062 17.81 6,836 19.71
ACT Roger Douglas 3,068 9.02 2,859 8.24
Green Fiona Kenworthy (Shaw) 1,525 4.48 1,168 3.37
NZ First Helen Mulford 997 2.93 1,516 4.37
Kiwi Frank Naea 209 0.61 130 0.37
United Future Toni Driller 195 0.57 286 0.82
Libertarianz Bruce Whitehead 56 0.16 10 0.03
Bill and Ben   199 0.57
Progressive   194 0.56
Māori   189 0.54
Legalise Cannabis   112 0.32
Family Party   95 0.27
Pacific   21 0.06
Alliance   16 0.05
Workers Party   9 0.03
Democrats   7 0.02
RONZ   3 0.01
RAM   2 0.01
Informal votes 299 118
Total Valid votes 34,032 34,684
National win new seat Majority 15,858

1999 electionEdit

1999 general election: Hunua
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National  Y Warren Kyd 15,072 48.07 +9.14 12,118 38.23 -3.71
Labour Paul Schofield 9,877 31.50 +15.06 9,430 29.75 +8.45
Alliance Janice Graham 1,878 5.99 1,778 5.61 -0.68
ACT John Thompson 1,713 5.46 3,543 11.18 +4.14
NZ First John Geary 1,479 4.72 1,561 4.93 -8.81
Christian Heritage Ken Andrew 784 2.50 780 2.46
Future NZ Bill Henderson 383 1.22 266 0.84
Natural Law Raylene Lodge 170 0.54 41 0.13 +0.04
Green   1,363 4.30
Legalise Cannabis   340 1.07 -0.53
United NZ   183 0.58 -2.03
Libertarianz   96 0.30 +0.25
McGillicuddy Serious   56 0.18 -0.10
Animals First   54 0.17 -0.05
One NZ   25 0.08
NMP   21 0.07
Mana Māori   14 0.04 +0.02
Mauri Pacific   11 0.03
Republican   7 0.02
Freedom Movement   3 0.01
South Island   2 0.01
The People's Choice   2 0.01
Informal votes 606 268
Total Valid votes 31,356 31,694
National hold Majority 5,195 16.57 -0.03

1996 electionEdit

1996 general election: Hunua[15][16][17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Warren Kyd 11,953 38.93 12,932 41.94
United NZ John Robertson 6,855 22.33 805 2.61
Labour Paul Schofield 5,049 16.44 6,569 21.30
NZ First Patra de Coudray 3,267 10.64 4,237 13.74
Alliance Huia Mitchell 1,682 5.48 1,938 6.29
Christian Coalition Enosa Auva'a 1,017 3.31 1,328 4.31
ACT Simon Harding 739 2.41 2,170 7.04
Natural Law Mike Dunn 103 0.34 27 0.09
Republican Sophie James 40 0.13
Legalise Cannabis   492 1.60
McGillicuddy Serious   86 0.28
Progressive Green   83 0.27
Animals First   69 0.22
Ethnic Minority Party 31 0.10
Green Society   18 0.06
Superannuitants & Youth   15 0.05
Libertarianz   15 0.05
Advance New Zealand 7 0.02
Mana Māori   6 0.02
Conservatives   3 0.01
Asia Pacific United 2 0.01
Te Tawharau 1 0.00
Informal votes 225 96
Total Valid votes 30,705 30,834
National win new seat Majority 5,098 16.60

1981 electionEdit

1981 general election: Hunua[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Colin Moyle 9,343 43.85
National Winston Peters 8,347 39.17 -3.88
Social Credit Geoff Morell 3,519 16.51 +3.06
Independent National Ian Sampson 96 0.45
Majority 996 4.67
Turnout 21,305 90.01
Registered electors 23,669

1978 electionEdit

1978 general election: Hunua[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Winston Peters 7,507 43.05
Labour Malcolm Douglas 7,315 41.95
Social Credit Geoff Morell 2,346 13.45
Values Peter Bruce Robinson 268 1.53
Majority 192 1.10
Turnout 17,436 N/A
Registered electors N/A
Initial result
1978 general election: Hunua[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Malcolm Douglas 7,935 43.46
National Winston Peters 7,634 41.82
Social Credit Geoff Morell 2,410 13.20
Values Peter Bruce Robinson 275 1.50
Informal votes 213 1.16
Majority 301 1.64
Turnout 18,254 N/A
Registered electors N/A

Table footnotesEdit

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 8–9, 51, 119.
  2. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 119.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 115–120.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 265.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 119, 123.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 118–123.
  7. ^ "New Zealand Labour Party. Hunua Electorate (B478)". National Archive of Manuscripts and Records. 1 May 2000. Retrieved 6 November 2008.[dead link]
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 193, 226.
  9. ^ "Report of the Representation Commission 2020" (PDF). 17 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Official Count Results -- Hunua (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  11. ^ Electoral Commission (10 October 2014). "Official Count Results – Hunua". Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  12. ^ 2011 election results
  13. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  14. ^ 2008 election results Archived December 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Hunua, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  16. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  17. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  18. ^ a b Norton 1988, p. 249.
  19. ^ "Declaration of Result of Poll". The New Zealand Herald. 14 December 1978. p. 13.

ReferencesEdit

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)