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Island Bay (New Zealand electorate)

Island Bay electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996.

Island Bay is a former New Zealand electorate, centred on Island Bay in the southern suburbs of Wellington.

Contents

Population centresEdit

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Island Bay.[1]

HistoryEdit

The electorate was held by five MPs from the Labour Party for the whole of its existence from 1946 to 1996.[2] Robert McKeen was the first representative; he had since the 1922 election represented the Wellington South electorate.[3] McKeen was the Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1947 to 1950.[4] He retired from Parliament in 1954.[3]

McKeen was succeeded by Arnold Nordmeyer in the 1954 election.[5] Nordmeyer was Minister of Finance in the Second Labour Government from 1957 to 1960,[6] and is remembered for the black budget which contributed to Labour's defeat in 1960.[7] Nordmeyer had moved to the Island Bay electorate when the Brooklyn electorate was abolished.[5]

Gerald O'Brien was deselected by Labour for the electorate in 1978, and ran against the new Labour candidate Frank O'Flynn. O'Flynn was Minister of Defence in the Fourth Labour Government from 1984 to 1987.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Key

 Labour  

Elections Winner
1946 election Robert McKeen
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election Arnold Nordmeyer
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election Gerald O'Brien
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election Frank O'Flynn
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election Elizabeth Tennet
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Rongotai)

Election resultsEdit

1993 electionEdit

1993 general election: Island Bay[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Elizabeth Tennet 10,110 49.02 +0.87
National Chris Shields 4,688 22.73
Alliance Vernon Tile 3,809 18.47
NZ First Paul Douche 926 4.49 +3.94
Christian Heritage Brian Fleming 479 2.32
McGillicuddy Serious Samuel Buchanan 451 2.18
Natural Law Bruce Brown 158 0.76
Majority 5,422 26.29 +6.92
Turnout 20,621 84.45 +2.59
Registered electors 24,417

1990 electionEdit

1990 general election: Island Bay[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Elizabeth Tennet 9,034 48.15 -16.19
National Ann Nolan 5,399 28.77
Green Gillian Hope 2,343 12.48
NewLabour Dallas Moore 1,342 7.15
McGillicuddy Serious C H Smith 205 1.09
Independent I R Bartram 125 0.66 -1.47
People's Party Warwick Taylor 115 0.61
Social Credit Paul Douche 104 0.55
Independent R J C Gilberd 37 0.19
Majority 3,635 19.37 -18.45
Turnout 18,761 81.86 -3.23
Registered electors 22,918

1987 electionEdit

1987 general election: Island Bay[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Elizabeth Tennet 12,439 64.34
National Sandra Clarke 5,126 26.51
Democrats E H Low 503 2.60
Independent I R Bartram 413 2.13
People's Party Christopher John Ellis 408 2.11
McGillicuddy Serious Katerina Jane Julian 214 1.10
NZ Party G T Parker 121 0.62
Imperial British Conservative K J Quinn 109 0.56
Majority 7,313 37.82
Turnout 19,333 85.09 -5.94
Registered electors 22,719

1984 electionEdit

1984 general election: Island Bay[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank O'Flynn 10,495 52.95 +0.04
National John Kananghinis 4,488 22.64
NZ Party Peter Button 4,048 20.42
Social Credit Paul Douche 477 2.40
Values Bruce Symondson 220 1.11
Independent Bill Maung 89 0.44
Majority 6,007 30.31 +8.88
Turnout 19,817 91.03 +3.67
Registered electors 21,768

1981 electionEdit

1981 general election: Island Bay[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank O'Flynn 9,723 52.91 +17.51
National Doug Catley 5,785 31.48
Social Credit Ron England 2,747 14.94
Private Enterprise Frank Moncur 120 0.65 +0.60
Majority 3,938 21.43 +17.91
Turnout 18,375 87.36 +30.56
Registered electors 21,032

1978 electionEdit

1978 general election: Island Bay[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank O'Flynn 6,524 35.40
National Bill Nathan 5,874 31.88 -8.73
Independent Labour Gerald O'Brien 3,632 19.71 -28.63
Social Credit Robyn Smith 1,502 8.15
Values Raewyn Good 751 4.07
Independent J C Bailey 65 0.35
Socialist Action Pat Starkey 33 0.17
Tory Anthony Catford 21 0.11
Independent National Frank Moncur 12 0.06 -0.09
Independent Robert Williamson 11 0.05
Majority 650 3.52
Turnout 18,425 56.80 -19.85
Registered electors 32,433

1975 electionEdit

1975 general election: Island Bay[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald O'Brien 7,964 48.34 -7.13
National Bill Nathan 6,690 40.61
Values Peter Rutherford 1,065 4.46
Social Credit Tom McLean 675 4.09
Socialist Action Kay Goodger 44 0.26
Feminist Ron Megget 29 0.17
Independent National Frank Moncur 26 0.15 -0.14
Majority 1,274 7.73 -15.48
Turnout 16,473 76.65 -11.98
Registered electors 21,489

1972 electionEdit

1972 general election: Island Bay[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald O'Brien 8,352 55.47 +5.08
National Bruce Farland 4,857 32.25
Values Tony Brunt 1,148 7.62
Social Credit Colin Whitmill 559 3.71 -0.61
New Democratic Donald McMillan 95 0.63
Independent National Frank Moncur 45 0.29
Majority 3,495 23.21 +14.00
Turnout 15,056 88.63 +4.14
Registered electors 16,986

1969 electionEdit

1969 general election: Island Bay[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald O'Brien 7,374 50.39
National Fairlie Fergus Curry 6,026 41.18
Social Credit Colin Whitmill 633 4.32
Independent Fay Lambert 598 4.08
Majority 1,348 9.21
Turnout 14,631 84.49 -5.60
Registered electors 17,316

1966 electionEdit

1966 general election: Island Bay[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 7,267 53.71 -1.25
National Saul Goldsmith 4,461 32.97
Social Credit K A Marshall 1,487 10.99
Ind. Social Credit John Albert Cameron 174 1.28 -3.38
Communist Ron Smith 139 1.02 -0.05
Majority 2,806 20.74 +5.07
Turnout 13,528 78.89 -8.54
Registered electors 17,147

1963 electionEdit

1963 general election: Island Bay[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 8,372 54.96 +1.70
National Fairlie Fergus Curry 5,984 39.28 -1.19
Social Credit John Albert Cameron 711 4.66 -0.68
Communist Ron Smith 164 1.07 +0.16
Majority 2,388 15.67 +2.88
Turnout 15,231 87.43 +1.47
Registered electors 17,419

1960 electionEdit

1960 general election: Island Bay[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 7,459 53.26 -7.90
National Fairlie Fergus Curry 5,668 40.47
Social Credit John Albert Cameron 748 5.34
Communist Ron Smith 128 0.91
Majority 1,791 12.79 -14.69
Turnout 14,003 85.96 -5.24
Registered electors 16,290

1957 electionEdit

1957 general election: Island Bay[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 9,368 61.16 +2.68
National Saul Goldsmith 5,159 33.68
Social Credit Eric Elliott 683 4.45
Communist Ray Nunes 105 0.68
Majority 4,209 27.48 +1.46
Turnout 15,315 91.20 +3.91
Registered electors 16,792

1954 electionEdit

1954 general election: Island Bay[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 8,594 58.48
National John Maurice Whitta 5,159 35.10
Social Credit Daniel Gardiner 821 5.58
Communist Ron Smith 120 0.81
Majority 3,824 26.02
Turnout 14,694 87.29 -1.37
Registered electors 16,833

1951 electionEdit

1951 general election: Island Bay[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert McKeen 6,735 56.64 -4.06
National J E Duncan 5,055 42.51
Communist Connie Birchfield 99 0.83
Majority 1,680 14.13 -8.79
Turnout 11,889 85.92 -2.82
Registered electors 13,837

1949 electionEdit

1949 general election: Island Bay[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert McKeen 7,335 60.70 -3.24
National Herbert Edward Childs 4,565 37.78 +4.38
Communist Ron Smith 184 1.52
Informal votes 86 0.71
Majority 2,770 22.92 -7.60
Turnout 12,170 88.74 -0.63
Registered electors 13,714

1946 electionEdit

1946 general election: Island Bay[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert McKeen 8,290 63.94
National Herbert Edward Childs 4,332 33.40
Communist Brian Berg 345 2.66
Majority 3,958 30.52
Turnout 12,967 89.37
Registered electors 14,509

NotesEdit

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 265.
  3. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 215.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 250.
  5. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 223.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 88.
  7. ^ Brown, Bruce. "Nordmeyer, Arnold Henry". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  8. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  9. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 256.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Norton 1988, pp. 255.
  12. ^ The General Election, 1949. National Library. 1950. p. 2. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.

ReferencesEdit

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.

External linksEdit