Birkenhead (New Zealand electorate)
Birkenhead was a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, from 1969 to 1996.
Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution. It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Birkenhead) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.
Norman King of the Labour Party had first been elected to the Waitemata electorate in the 1954 election. He was the first representatives for the Birkenhead electorate when it was created for the 1969 election. King was defeated in the 1975 election by Jim McLay of the National Party.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1969 election||Norman King|
|1975 election||Jim McLay|
|1987 election||Jenny Kirk|
|1990 election||Ian Revell|
|(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Northcote)|
|NZ First||Ruth Norman||1,681||7.90|
|Christian Heritage||Tony Brebner||364||1.71|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Ben Nicholson||164||0.77|
|Natural Law||Angela Wood||68||0.31|
|Workers Rights||Caroline Selwood-Hatt||45||0.21|
|Democrats||Richard George Midson||179||0.87||-1.05|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Katerina Jane Julian||161||0.78|
|Democrats||Richard George Midson||397||1.92|
|NZ Party||E R Yeoman||186||0.90|
|Libertarian||D I M Fraser||110||0.53|
|NZ Party||Janie Pearce||3,761||17.26|
|Social Credit||B R Sheppard||648||2.97|
|Social Credit||Mervyn Adair||3,552||17.08|
|Social Credit||Des Long||2,583||13.43|
|Social Credit||George Thew||907||4.31||-1.17|
|Independent||N J Hardie||14||0.06|
|Social Credit||George Thew||904||5.48|
|Values||A J Quaill||642||3.89|
|New Democratic||L S Inkster||47||0.28|
|Social Credit||John Robert Neil||1,236||6.58|
- McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
- McRobie 1989, p. 111.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 106, 111.
- Wilson 1985, p. 210.
- Wilson 1985, pp. 210, 216.
- Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
- Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
- Norton 1988, pp. 202.
- McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
- Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.