10th New Zealand Parliament
The 10th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Elections for this term were held in 4 Māori electorates and 91 European electorates on 7 and 26 September 1887, respectively. A total of 95 MPs were elected. Parliament was prorogued in October 1890. During the term of this Parliament, two Ministries were in power.
|10th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||6 October 1887 – 17 September 1890|
|Election||1887 New Zealand general election|
|Government||Fifth Atkinson ministry|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Maurice O'Rorke|
|Leader of the Opposition||John Ballance|
|Members||49 (at start) |
41 (at end)
|Speaker of the Council||William Fitzherbert|
|Governor||HE Rt. Hon. The Earl of Onslow from 2 May 1889 |
––HE Lt. Gen. Sir William Jervois until 23 March 1889
|first||6 October 1887||23 December 1887|
|second||10 May 1888||30 August 1888|
|third||20 June 1889||17 September 1889|
|fourth||19 June 1890||17 September 1890|
The Representation Act 1887 had major implication for the procedure of revising electoral boundaries. The revision task was transferred from committees formed by MPs to a permanent Representation Commission. The act specified that a country quota of 18% be applied to all designated districts that excluded boroughs with a population above 2,000 people, and that all electorates were to have the same nominal population within a tolerance of 750 people. It was also stipulated that electoral boundaries were to be reviewed after each New Zealand census.
In the 1887 electoral redistribution, although the Representation Commission was required through the Representation Act 1887 to maintain existing electorates "as far as possible", rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Ten new electorates were created: Auckland Central, Woodville, Wellington South and Suburbs, Masterton, Wellington East, Waimea-Picton, Linwood, Rangitata, Waihemo, and Ponsonby. One former electorate, Wairarapa, was recreated.
Political parties had not been established yet; this only happened after the 1890 election. Anyone attempting to form an administration thus had to win support directly from individual MPs. This made first forming, and then retaining a government difficult and challenging.
The second Stout-Vogel Ministry had been in power since 3 September 1884 until 8 October 1887, just after the 1887 general election to determine the composition of the 10th Parliament. The fourth Atkinson Ministry, known as the Scarecrow Ministry, lasted for the remainder of the term until 24 January 1891.
Initial composition of the 10th ParliamentEdit
95 seats were created across the electorates.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 68.
- McRobie 1989, p. 51.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 50–53.
- King 2003, p. ?.
- King 2003, p. 534.
- Scholefield 1950, pp. 39–40.
- "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2010.
- "City West". Auckland Star. XVIII (219). 19 September 1887. p. 5. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1906). "Mr. Sutherland John Maclister". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Nelson, Marlborough & Westland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Christchurch South". The Star (6034). 16 September 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1905). "Flourmillers, Grocers, Etc". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
- "Election Notes". Otago Daily Times (7972). 9 September 1887. p. 3. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1905). "Old Colonists". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- "Maori Electorates". Hawera & Normanby Star. IX (1724). 9 September 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
- "Election News". Ashburton Guardian. VII (1638). 17 August 1887. p. 3. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
- "The Maori Members". The Press. XLIV (6861). 20 September 1887. p. 6. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- "The Southern Native Member". The Press. XLIV (6856). 14 September 1887. p. 6. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1903). "Southland". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1906). "Present And Past Members Of Parliament". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Nelson, Marlborough & Westland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- King, Michael (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand (20 ed.). Auckland: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-301867-1. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
- Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.