Arthur Rhodes (politician)

Arthur Edgar Gravenor Rhodes OBE (20 March 1859 – 26 December 1922) was a New Zealand Member of Parliament and Mayor of Christchurch.

Arthur Rhodes
portrait photo of a man in his late 20s
Rhodes in ca 1887
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Gladstone
In office
Preceded byJames Sutter
Succeeded byelectorate abolished
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Geraldine
In office
Preceded byElectorate in abeyance
Succeeded byElectorate in abeyance
24th Mayor of Christchurch
In office
Preceded byWilliam Reece
Succeeded byHenry Wigram
Personal details
Born20 March 1859
The Levels near Timaru, New Zealand
Died26 December 1922(1922-12-26) (aged 63)
Resting placeBromley Cemetery, Christchurch
Rose Moorhouse
(m. 1892)
RelationsGeorge Rhodes (father)
William Barnard Rhodes (uncle)
Robert Heaton Rhodes (uncle)
Heaton Rhodes (cousin)
ResidenceTe Koraha

Early life edit

Rhodes was the son of George Rhodes.[1] He was born on his father's station, The Levels, near Timaru.[2] He received his education at Christ's College, Christchurch, where he captained the cricket and the football teams.[3] He then attended Jesus College, Cambridge. He graduated with a BA and L.L.B. from the English college in 1880. He was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1882 and in the same year, he returned to New Zealand.[1]

Professional career edit

Rhodes founded his own legal firm in Christchurch in 1884.[1][4] Later, Michael Godby and John Heaton Rhodes became partners and the firm was called 'Rhodes Ross'. Alan Fraser from Rangiora merged with the firm, from which 'Rhodes Godby and Fraser' resulted, later to be renamed 'Rhodes Fraser & Co'.[5] Today, the firm trades as 'Rhodes & Co' in Victoria Street, Christchurch, New Zealand.[4]

Rhodes had a number of commercial interests. He was chairman of the New Zealand Shipping Company and chairman of The Press.[3]

Rhodes was also variously president of the New Zealand Rugby Union,[6] president of the Canterbury Rugby Union, chairman of the board of governors of Canterbury College/University of Canterbury.[citation needed]

Te Koraha edit

Te Koraha in 1901

After Rhodes returned from his tertiary education in England, he purchased 9 acres (3.6 ha) of land in Merivale, setting himself up for having a family and demonstrating his ambitions. He called the property Te Koraha, which is Māori for 'the wilderness'. Development started in 1884, when he had cottages removed and stables and a coach house built. Construction of the homestead, designed by Armson, Collins and Harman, started in 1886. It was enlarged in 1894 and became a centre of the social life of Christchurch.[2]

Many important people stayed at Te Koraha, including Governors George Grey and Lord Islington. During his mayoralty, the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York were given use of Te Koraha while they stayed in Christchurch. Later in 1901, Robert Falcon Scott stayed there prior to leaving on the Discovery Expedition.[2]

Upon Rhodes' death, the house passed on to his son Tahu, who sold it.[2] It was leased by Rangi Ruru Girls' School, who used it as a boarding house until 2002, when it became their administration building.[7] Extensively damaged in the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, the building was restored and reopened in July 2012.[8]

Political career edit

Member of Parliament
New Zealand Parliament
Years Term Electorate Party
1887–1890 10th Gladstone Independent
1890–1893 11th Geraldine Independent

Rhodes represented the Gladstone (1887–1890) and Geraldine (1890–1893) electorates.[9] He was defeated in the 1893 general election for the Pareora electorate that replaced Geraldine by Frederick Flatman.[10] Rhodes contested the Geraldine electorate in the 1896 election, but was again beaten by Flatman.[11] He contested the Avon electorate in 1899 and was beaten by the incumbent, William Tanner.[12]

"The Member for Geraldine", wrote a brutally frank parliamentary reporter, "has few of the requisites for a public speaker. His manner is singularly awkward. Words do not come readily to his bidding and when they do come they are not always employed in the right place"[13] When he died, some obituaries stated that he was the first New Zealand-born member of parliament; this claim appeared, for example, in The New Zealand Herald and The Northern Advocate.[3][14] However, this was incorrect, as John Sheehan was also a New Zealand-born European, but entered a parliament via an 1872 by-election in the Rodney electorate.[15] The first New Zealand-born persons to enter parliament were Māori, though, and the first Māori elections were held in April 1868.[16]

Local body politics

Christchurch mayoral elections had so far been held in the second half of December, but in 1900, that would have clashed with the Canterbury Jubilee celebrations (the First Four Ships first arrived in December 1850). Mayoral elections were postponed until April 1901. The incumbent, William Reece, declared in December 1900 that he could not serve another term due to other commitments, and shortly afterwards Rhodes received a requisition asking him to be nominated as mayoral candidate.[17] At the nomination meeting on 16 April 1901, Rhodes was the only candidate and was thus declared elected unopposed.[18] He was Mayor for one year and was succeeded by Henry Wigram, who was elected unopposed in 1902.[19]

Rose Rhodes was President of Victoria League Canterbury between 1910 and 1917. The inaugural meeting of the Canterbury branch was held at Te Koraha.[20]

Family and death edit

Rose Rhodes

On 10 February 1892, he married Rose Moorhouse. She was the youngest daughter of James William Moorhouse, who in turn was brother of William Sefton Moorhouse, the second Superintendent of Canterbury Province.[21][22] The Rhodes had two children.[1]

Their son, Arthur Tahu Gravenor (Tahu) Rhodes, was born on 2 August 1893. He served in World War I in Gallipoli and Egypt, before he was released due to ill health.[23] On 24 January 1916, he married Helen Cecil Olive Plunket, the daughter of The Lord Plunket, who had been Governor of New Zealand in 1904–1910. Tahu Rhodes died in Kent, England, on 11 March 1947.[24]

Their daughter, Rose Mairehau (Maire) Rhodes, was born on 23 July 1894 at Te Koraha. She married George Frederick Hutton at Christ Church, Down Street, Piccadilly.[25] Maire Rhodes died in 1991. The Christchurch suburb of Mairehau is named after her; her father had land holdings in the area.[26][27]

Rhodes died on 26 December 1922. He was buried the following day at Bromley Cemetery.[28] Rose Rhodes died ten years later by falling 60 feet (18 m) from the window of her son's flat in Chelsea, London.[29]

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b c d Cyclopedia Company Limited (1903). "Mr. Arthur Edgar Gravenor Rhodes". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Canterbury Provincial District. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d "Te Koraha". New Zealand Heritage List/Rārangi Kōrero. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "Personal". The Northern Advocate. 28 December 1922. p. 5. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Rhodes & Co Lawyers". Rhodes & Co. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  5. ^ "History". Williams McKenzie Lawyers. Archived from the original on 23 April 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  6. ^ "N.Z. Rugby Union". Wellington – via National Library of New Zealnd.
  7. ^ "The House & House Life". Rangi Ruru. Archived from the original on 6 August 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Rangi Ruru Girls' School's homestead restored". The Press. Christchurch. 12 July 2012. p. A4. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  9. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 229.
  10. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 271.
  11. ^ "Geraldine". The Star. No. 5739. 5 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  12. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  13. ^ "PARLIAMENTARY PORTRAITS". Lyttelton Times. 20 August 1892. p. 5. Retrieved 28 October 2021 – via Papers Past.
  14. ^ "Obituary". The New Zealand Herald. Vol. LIX, no. 18283. 27 December 1922. p. 6. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  15. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 234.
  16. ^ "First three Maori MPs elected to Parliament". New Zealand History Online. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  17. ^ "The City Mayoralty". The Press. 4 December 1900. p. 5. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  18. ^ "City Council". The Press. Vol. LVIII, no. 10941. 17 April 1901. p. 10. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  19. ^ Ogilvie, Gordon. "Wigram, Henry Francis – Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  20. ^ "Victoria League". The Press. Vol. LXVI, no. 13725. 5 May 1910. p. 8. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  21. ^ "Marriage". The Press. Vol. XLIX, no. 8097. 13 February 1892. p. 4. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  22. ^ "Untitled". St Augustine's Anglican Church. Archived from the original on 6 February 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  23. ^ "Arthur Tahu Gravenor Rhodes". Auckland War Memorial Museum. Retrieved 9 July 2022 – via Online Cenotaph.
  24. ^ "Obituary". The Press. Vol. LXXXIII, no. 25132. 13 March 1947. p. 6. Retrieved 29 January 2024.
  25. ^ "Women in print". The Evening Post. Vol. CXI, no. 25. 31 January 1916. p. 9. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  26. ^ Harper, Margaret (April 2008). "Christchurch Place Names" (PDF). Christchurch: Christchurch City Libraries. p. 108. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  27. ^ Reed 2010, p. 229.
  28. ^ "Christchurch City Council Cemeteries Database". Christchurch City Council. Archived from the original on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  29. ^ "Mystery Death". Auckland Star. Vol. LXIII, no. 245. 15 October 1932. p. 9. Retrieved 13 July 2012.

References edit

  • Reed, A. W. (2010). Peter Dowling (ed.). Place Names of New Zealand. Rosedale, North Shore: Raupo. ISBN 9780143204107.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.

External links edit

New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Gladstone
Electorate abolished
In abeyance
Title last held by
William Rolleston
Member of Parliament for Geraldine
In abeyance
Title next held by
Frederick Flatman
Political offices
Preceded by Mayor of Christchurch
Succeeded by
Academic offices
Preceded by Chairman of the Board of Governors of Canterbury College
Succeeded by