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New Plymouth (New Zealand electorate)

Population centresEdit

In the 1927 electoral redistribution, the North Island gained a further electorate from the South Island due to faster population growth. Five electorates were abolished, two former electorates, including New Plymouth, were re-established, and three electorates were created for the first time.[3]

The electorate includes the following population centres:

HistoryEdit

The electorate was originally the Town of New Plymouth from 1853 to 1879. The name of the electorate was changed to New Plymouth from 1879 to 1896. The electorate was abolished in 1896, and was reconstituted under the same name in 1928.[4]

Oliver Samuel, Edward Metcalf Smith, Thomas Kelly (incumbent) and Charles Brown contested the electorate in the 1884 election; Samuel won the contest.[5][6]

The electorate has changed between National and Labour several times, and has been represented by two Christian ministers: Rev Fred Frost and then Rev Ernest Aderman.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.

Key

 Independent    Liberal    United    National    Labour  

Election Winner
1853 election Francis Gledhill
1855 election William Richmond
1860 election
1862 by-election Isaac Newton Watt[7]
1863 by-election Henry Hanson Turton[8]
1864 by-election Charles Brown
1865 by-election Henry Sewell
1866 election John Richardson
1867 by-election Harry Atkinson
1869 by-election Thomas Kelly[9]
1871 election
1875 election
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election Oliver Samuel
1887 election
1890 election Edward Metcalf Smith
1893 election
(Electorate abolished 1896–1928, see Taranaki)
1928 election Sydney George Smith
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election Fred Frost
1943 election Ernest Aderman
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election Ron Barclay
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election Tony Friedlander
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election Harry Duynhoven
1990 election John Armstrong
1993 election Harry Duynhoven
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Jonathan Young
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPsEdit

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the New Plymouth electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Roger Maxwell
2011 election Andrew Little
2014 election

Election resultsEdit

2017 electionEdit

2017 general election: New Plymouth[10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National  Y Jonathan Young 20,711 52.01 −5.74 19,517 48.63 −7.05
Labour Corie Haddock 12,978 32.59 +1.03 13,662 34.04 +12.90
NZ First Murray Chong 3,041 7.63 3,107 7.74 −1.26
Green Stuart Jeanne Bramhall 2,070 5.19 −0.23 1,798 4.47 −3.50
ACT Anneka Carlson 434 1.09 +0.54 222 0.55 +0.09
Independent Basil Lawrence 148 0.37
Opportunities   1,093 2.72
Māori   250 0.62 +0.09
Legalise Cannabis   163 0.40 −0.18
Conservative   65 0.16 −3.03
Ban 1080   39 0.09 −0.06
United Future   36 0.08 −0.10
Outdoors   26 0.06
People's Party   16 0.03
Democrats   8 0.01 −0.06
Mana   8 0.01 −0.69
Internet   7 0.01 −0.69
Informal votes 434 118
Total Valid votes 39,816 40,135
Turnout 40,365 80.68[11] +2.63
National hold Majority 7,733 19.42 −6.76

2014 electionEdit

2014 general election: New Plymouth[12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National  Y Jonathan Young 21,566 57.75 +4.14 20,969 55.65 +2.39
Labour Andrew Little 11,788 31.56 −8.85 7,947 21.10 −4.72
Green Sarah Roberts 2,025 5.42 +1.56 3,005 7.97 −1.68
Legalise Cannabis Jamie Dombroski 701 1.88 +0.55 218 0.58 +0.06
Conservative Angela Storr 633 1.69 +1.69 1,201 3.19 +1.22
ACT James Gray 205 0.55 +0.55 172 0.46 −0.56
NZ First   3,395 9.00 +2.70
Internet Mana   263 0.70 +0.49[a]
Māori   199 0.53 −0.08
United Future   66 0.18 −0.27
Ban 1080   57 0.15 +0.15
Civilian   57 0.15 +0.15
Democrats   28 0.07 +0.01
Independent Coalition   10 0.03 +0.03
Focus   10 0.03 +0.03
Informal votes 429 128
Total Valid votes 37,347 37,681
Turnout 37,681 77.51 +2.06
National hold Majority 9,778 26.18 +13.28

2011 electionEdit

2011 general election: New Plymouth[13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National  Y Jonathan Young 17,644 53.31 +5.13 18,073 53.26 +2.79
Labour Andrew Little 13,374 40.41 -7.47 8,761 25.82 -5.60
Green Geoff Steedman 1,277 3.86 +3.86 3,276 9.65 +3.23
Legalise Cannabis Jamie Dombroski 439 1.33 +1.33 178 0.52 +0.05
Independent Rusty Kane 361 1.09 -1.11
NZ First   2,137 6.30 +2.25
Conservative   667 1.97 +1.97
ACT   347 1.02 -2.16
Māori   207 0.61 -0.14
United Future   154 0.45 -0.20
Mana   72 0.21 +0.21
Libertarianz   30 0.09 +0.01
Democrats   19 0.06 -0.07
Alliance   11 0.03 -0.06
Informal votes 808 235
Total Valid votes 33,095 33,932
National hold Majority 4,270 12.90 +12.60

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,973[14]

2008 electionEdit

2008 general election: New Plymouth[15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Jonathan Young 16,539 48.18 17,512 50.47
Labour  N Harry Duynhoven 16,434 47.88 10,901 31.42
Independent Rusty Kane 756 2.20
ACT Chris Albers 455 1.33 1,106 3.19
Libertarianz Mike Webber 141 0.41 27 0.08
Green   2,230 6.43
NZ First   1,404 4.05
Bill and Ben   301 0.87
Māori   260 0.75
Progressive   232 0.67
United Future   227 0.65
Legalise Cannabis   166 0.48
Family Party   141 0.41
Kiwi   78 0.22
Democrats   43 0.12
Alliance   31 0.09
Pacific   23 0.07
Workers Party   13 0.04
RAM   2 0.01
RONZ   2 0.01
Informal votes 349 175
Total Valid votes 34,325 34,699
National gain from Labour Majority 105 0.31

2005 electionEdit

Party Candidate Votes % Party Votes %
Labour  Y Harry Duynhoven 17,512 53.20 12,542 37.64
National Moira Irving 12,073 36.67 14,836 44.53
Green Sarah Brown 1,165 3.54 1,816 5.45
Destiny Keren Roberts 555 1.69 244 0.73
United Matt Collier 539 1.64 791 2.37
Māori Party Tony Ruakere 312 0.95 148 0.44
ACT Kerry O'Connor 301 0.91 394 1.18
IND Rusty Kane 252 0.77 - -
Democrats Kevin Smith 121 0.37 52 0.16
NZ First - - - 2,036 6.11
Progressive - - - 249 0.75
ALCP - - - 86 0.26
Christian Heritage - - - 36 0.11
Alliance - - - 18 0.05
Direct Democracy - - - 15 0.05
Libertarianz - - - 14 0.04
One NZ - - - 12 0.04
Family Rights PP - - - 11 0.03
Republic of NZ - - - 7 0.03
99 MP - - - 12 0.04
informal votes 338 126
total valid votes 32,919 33,319
Labour hold Majority 5,439

sourced from electionresults.govt.nz

1999 electionEdit

1999 general election: New Plymouth
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour  Y Harry Duynhoven 22,118 68.48 +6.81 13,612 41.98 +12.80
National Len Jury 7,026 21.75 9,487 29.26 -6.90
Future NZ Tom Smithers 1,048 3.24 606 1.87
Alliance Bonnie Johnstone 870 2.69 2,425 7.48 -2.26
ACT Moira Irving 595 1.84 1,804 5.56 +1.13
NZ First Mae Neuman 515 1.59 1,201 3.70 -8.17
People's Choice Rusty Kane 80 0.25 48 0.15
Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata Shona Eriksen 25 0.08
Mauri Pacific Sharon Faloon 21 0.07 13 0.04
Green   1,734 5.35
Christian Heritage   678 2.09
Legalise Cannabis   426 1.31 -0.60
United NZ   126 0.39 -0.27
Libertarianz   104 0.32 +0.29
Animals First   67 0.21 -0.02
McGillicuddy Serious   45 0.14 -0.14
One NZ   14 0.04
Natural Law   12 0.04 -0.10
Mana Māori   7 0.02 -0.04
NMP   5 0.02
Freedom Movement   4 0.01
Republican   2 0.01
South Island   2 0.01
Informal votes 464 340
Total Valid votes 32,298 32,422
Labour hold Majority 15,092 46.73 +12.45

1996 electionEdit

1996 general election: New Plymouth[16][17][18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour  Y Harry Duynhoven 20,746 61.67 9,833 29.18
National  N Roger Maxwell 9,213 27.39 12,185 36.16
NZ First Harry Slaats 1,771 5.26 3,999 11.87
Alliance Sue Gaffy 1,277 3.80 3,282 9.74
ACT Tony Huston 391 1.16 1,492 4.43
Progressive Green Paul O'Neill 181 0.54 100 0.30
Natural Law Bruce Sowry 63 0.19 48 0.14
Christian Coalition   1,619 4.80
Legalise Cannabis   642 1.91
United NZ   223 0.66
McGillicuddy Serious   93 0.28
Animals First   77 0.23
Green Society   21 0.06
Mana Māori   20 0.06
Conservatives   19 0.06
Superannuitants & Youth   14 0.04
Libertarianz   11 0.03
Ethnic Minority Party 8 0.02
Advance New Zealand 7 0.02
Asia Pacific United 2 0.01
Te Tawharau 1 0.00
Informal votes 205 151
Total Valid votes 33,642 33,696
Labour hold Majority 11,533 34.28

1993 electionEdit

1993 general election: New Plymouth[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Duynhoven 10,481 48.9 +8.5
National John Armstrong 7,355 34.3 -6.1
Alliance Heather Smith 2,182 10.1
NZ First Lindsay Calvert 1,087 5.0
Christian Heritage H Starrenburgh 217 1.0
Natural Law Bruce Sowry 77 0.3
Majority 3,126 14.6
Turnout 21,399

1990 electionEdit

1990 general election: New Plymouth[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John Armstrong 9,883 48.8
Labour Harry Duynhoven 8,182 40.4 -8.9
Green Leon Roborgh 1,425 7.0
NewLabour P Mepham 476 2.3
Democrats Harry Alchin-Smith 179 0.8
McGillicuddy Serious M B Johnston 100 0.4
Majority 1,701 8.4
Turnout 20,245

1987 electionEdit

1987 general election: New Plymouth[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Duynhoven 10,320 49.3
National Tony Friedlander 9,883 47.7 +2.7
Democrats K D Steele 413 2.0
NZ Party B A McCready 131 0.6
Values G A McDonald 89 0.4
Majority 337 1.6
Turnout 23,229 91.6 -2.8

1984 electionEdit

1984 general election: New Plymouth[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tony Friedlander 9,900 45.0 -1.5
Labour Ida Gaskin 9,631 43.8
NZ Party Lloyd Horn 1,656 7.5
Social Credit George McPeak 645 2.9 -10.4
Values Janet Roborgh 154 0.7 -0.6
Republican M J K Petrie 17 0.1
Majority 269 1.2 -6.4
Turnout 23,717 94.4 +3.2

1981 electionEdit

1981 general election: New Plymouth[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tony Friedlander 9,649 46.5 +3.9
Labour Dennis Duggan 8,082 38.9 -4.2
Social Credit George McPeak 2,762 13.3
Values Janet Roborgh 266 1.3 -1.0
Majority 1,567 7.6 +7.1
Turnout 22,827 91.2 +16.3

1978 electionEdit

1978 general election: New Plymouth[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tony Friedlander 8,650 42.6 -6.8
Labour Dennis Duggan 8,538 42.1
Social Credit R A Kirk 2,634 13.0
Values Janet Roborgh 476 2.3
Majority 112 0.5 -8.7
Turnout 27,167 74.9 -12.4

1975 electionEdit

1975 general election: New Plymouth[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tony Friedlander 10,330 49.4
Labour Ron Barclay 8,395 40.2 -10.4
Social Credit A J Swanney 1,381 6.6 +2.8
Values Edith Green 798 3.8
Majority 1,935 9.2
Turnout 24,027 87.3 -5.1

1972 electionEdit

1972 general election: New Plymouth[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ron Barclay 9,429 50.6 +0.2
National Terry Boon 8,133 43.7
Social Credit A J Swanney 715 3.8
Values W P Neilson 280 1.5
Liberal Reform D V Hannah 49 0.3
New Democratic M A Pinkney 16 0.1
Majority 1,296 6.9 +1.4
Turnout 20,212 92.4 -0.7

1969 electionEdit

1969 general election: New Plymouth[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ron Barclay 9,149 50.4 +3.5
National B E Clark 8,149 44.9 -1.6
Social Credit Stuart Dickson 763 4.2
Country Party Clifford Stanley Emeny 85 0.5
Majority 1,000 5.5 +5.1
Turnout 19,649 93.1 +1.5

1966 electionEdit

1966 general election: New Plymouth[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ron Barclay 8,073 46.9 -1.9
National B E Clark 7,995 46.5
Social Credit T G Mullins 1,129 6.6
Majority 78 0.4
Turnout 18,916 91.6 -1.0

1963 electionEdit

1963 general election: New Plymouth[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ernest Aderman 8,535 51.4 -0.4
Labour Ron Barclay 8,061 48.6 +6.5
Majority 474 2.8 -6.9
Turnout 18,095 92.6 +0.6
  • Social Credit candidate K G J Lattimer failed to lodge his name in time to contest the election.

1960 electionEdit

1960 general election: New Plymouth[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ernest Aderman 9,063 51.8 +1.9
Labour Ron Barclay 7,370 42.1 -3.9
Social Credit K G J Lattimer 1,068 6.1 +2.0
Majority 1,693 9.7 +3.8
Turnout 19,092 92.0 -2.6

1957 electionEdit

1957 general election: New Plymouth[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ernest Aderman 8,386 49.9 -0.3
Labour Ron Barclay 7,729 46.0
Social Credit K G J Lattimer 686 4.1
Majority 657 3.9 -3.7
Turnout 17,831 94.6 +0.1

1954 electionEdit

1954 general election: New Plymouth[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ernest Aderman 7,780 50.2 -7.4
Labour Clarence Robert Parker 6,602 42.6 +0.2
Social Credit C A Lattimer 1,114 7.2
Majority 1,178 7.6 -9.6
Turnout 16,542 94.5 +1.8

1951 electionEdit

1951 general election: New Plymouth[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ernest Aderman 8,816 57.6 +2.5
Labour Clarence Robert Parker 6,481 42.4 -2.7
Majority 2,335 15.2 +5.0
Turnout 16,448 92.7 -4.0

1949 electionEdit

1949 general election: New Plymouth[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ernest Aderman 8,250 55.1 +0.7
Labour Clarence Robert Parker 6,733 44.9
Majority 1,517 10.2 +7.4
Turnout 15,589 96.7 +0.4

1946 electionEdit

1946 general election: New Plymouth[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ernest Aderman 7,426 51.4
Labour George Nimmo 7,021 48.6
Majority 405 2.8
Turnout 14,985 96.3

1943 electionEdit

1943 general election: New Plymouth[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ernest Aderman 6,608 46.23
Labour Fred Frost 6,550 45.83 -7.22
Independent Havelock Victor McCready 689 4.82
Democratic Labour Leonard Arthur Jury 299 2.09
Informal votes 145 1.01 -0.49
Majority 58 0.40
Turnout 14,291 96.32 +0.36
Registered electors 14,836

1938 electionEdit

1938 general election: New Plymouth[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Frost 6,958 53.05 +13.52
National Sydney George Smith 6,089 46.43 +0.10
Informal votes 69 0.52 -0.87
Majority 869 6.62
Turnout 13,116 95.96 +3.91
Registered electors 13,668

1935 electionEdit

1935 general election: New Plymouth[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
United Sydney George Smith 5,662 46.33 -19.70
Labour Fred Frost 4,831 39.53
Independent Elsie Andrews 786 6.43
Democrat H Cave 676 5.53
Independent Labour William Sheat 264 2.16 -31.81
Informal votes 170 1.39 ±0.00
Majority 831 6.80 -25.25
Turnout 12,219 92.05 +5.34
Registered electors 13,273

1931 electionEdit

1931 general election: New Plymouth[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
United Sydney George Smith 7,152 66.03 +15.23
Labour William Sheat 3,680 33.97
Informal votes 153 1.39 +0.78
Majority 3,472 32.05 +18.69
Turnout 10,985 86.71 -4.86
Registered electors 12,668

1928 electionEdit

1928 general election: New Plymouth[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
United Sydney George Smith 5,577 50.79
Reform Charles Bellringer 4,110 37.43
Labour W G Simpson 1,293 11.78
Majority 1,467 13.36
Informal votes 68 0.62
Turnout 11,048 91.57
Registered electors 12,065

1893 electionEdit

1893 general election: New Plymouth[31][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Metcalf Smith 1,782 55.07 +15.21
Conservative Robert Trimble[33] 1,291 39.89
Independent Richard Price[34] 163 5.04
Majority 491 15.17 +13.47
Turnout 3,236 78.73 +16.60
Registered electors 4,110

1890 electionEdit

1890 general election: New Plymouth[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Metcalf Smith 539 39.86
Conservative John Elliot 516 38.16
Independent R C Hughes 297 21.96
Majority 23 1.70
Turnout 1,352 62.13
Registered electors 2,176

1869 by-electionEdit

1869 Town of New Plymouth by-election[36][37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Thomas Kelly 57 48.72
Independent Frederick Carrington 45 38.46
Independent James Thomas Upjohn 15 12.82
Majority 12 10.26
Turnout 117

Table footnotesEdit

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Jonathan Young". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  2. ^ New Zealand Parliament - Harry Duynhoven MP Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 83–88.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 161.
  5. ^ "The General Elections". Taranaki Herald. XXXII (6503). 15 July 1884. p. 2. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  6. ^ "The General Election, 1884". National Library. 1884. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  7. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  8. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  9. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  10. ^ "Official Count Results -- New Plymouth". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  11. ^ "Party Votes and Turnout by Electorate". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  12. ^ "2014 election results". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  13. ^ 2011 election results
  14. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  15. ^ 2008 election results[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - New Plymouth, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  17. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  18. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  19. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  20. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  21. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, p. 290.
  22. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, p. 289.
  23. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  24. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  25. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  26. ^ "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  27. ^ "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  28. ^ The General Election, 1935. Government Printer. 1936. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  29. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  30. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 4. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  31. ^ The General Election, 1893. Government Printer. 1894. p. 1. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
  32. ^ "The General Election". Otago Daily Times. 28 November 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  33. ^ "The General Election". Taranaki Herald. XLII (9840). 28 October 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  34. ^ "The General Election". Hawera & Normanby Star. XXVI (2586). 20 November 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  35. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  36. ^ "The Election for the Town". Taranaki Herald. 5 May 1869.
  37. ^ "Names of Candidates". Taranaki Herald. 28 April 1867.

ReferencesEdit

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.

External linksEdit