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Wellington East (New Zealand electorate)

Wellington East was a parliamentary electorate in the eastern suburbs of Wellington, New Zealand from 1887 to 1890 and from 1905 to 1946. It was succeeded by the Miramar electorate. The electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament.

Contents

Population centresEdit

In the 1887 electoral redistribution, although the Representation Commission was required through the Representation Act 1887 to maintain existing electorates "as far as possible", rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Ten new electorates were created, including Wellington East, and one former electorate was recreated.[1]

The initial electorate was located east of the suburb of Te Aro and included the suburb of Mount Victoria.[2] The polling booth for the 1887 election was located at the Lyceum Hall in Tory Street.[3]

In December 1887, the House of Representatives voted to reduce its membership from general electorates from 91 to 70. The 1890 electoral redistribution used the same 1886 census data used for the 1887 electoral redistribution. In addition, three-member electorates were introduced in the four main centres. This resulted in a major restructuring of electorates, and Wellington East became part of the City of Wellington electorate.[4]

Through the City Single Electorates Act, 1903, the three-member electorates of the four main centres were split again, and this became effective at the end of the 15th Parliament and was thus used for the 1905 election. The City of Wellington electorate was split into the Wellington East, Wellington Central, and Wellington North electorates.[5]

HistoryEdit

Members of ParliamentEdit

The electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament:[6]

Key

 Independent    Conservative    Ind. Labour League    Reform    Labour  
Election Winner
1887 election George Fisher
(Electorate abolished 1890-1905, see City of Wellington)
1905 election John Aitken
1908 election David McLaren
1911 election Alfred Newman
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election Alec Monteith
1925 election Thomas Forsyth
1928 election Bob Semple
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
(Electorate abolished in 1946, see Miramar)

Election resultsEdit

1943 electionEdit

1943 general election: Wellington East[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Semple 8,369 55.33 -10.61
National Leonard Theodor Jacobsen 5,781 38.22
Democratic Labour Walter Bishop 1,036 6.85
People's Movement Edwin Russell 462 3.05
Pacifist Archibald Barrington 252 1.67
Informal votes 125 0.83 +0.49
Majority 2,588 17.11 -15.36
Turnout 15,125 85.35 -6.14
Registered electors 17,721

1938 electionEdit

1938 general election: Wellington East[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Semple 9,618 65.94 +12.79
National William Long Barker 4,882 33.47
Informal votes 51 0.34 -0.21
Majority 4,736 32.47 +10.96
Turnout 14,585 91.49 +3.30
Registered electors 15,940

1935 electionEdit

1935 general election: Wellington East[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Semple 8,208 53.15 +1.00
United/Reform Ossie Mazengarb 4,885 31.63
Democrat William Duncan 1,189 7.69
Independent William Gaudin 657 4.25
Commonwealth Land Party Edward William Nicolaus 433 2.80
Communist Connie Rawcliffe 70 0.45
Informal votes 86 0.55 +0.08
Majority 3,323 21.51 +17.30
Turnout 15,442 88.19 +4.99
Registered electors 17,508

1931 electionEdit

1931 general election: Wellington East[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Semple 7,207 52.15 +8.75
Reform Thomas Forsyth 6,614 47.85 +12.04
Majority 593 4.29 -3.29
Informal votes 65 0.47 -0.53
Turnout 13,886 83.20 -5.27
Registered electors 16,690

1928 electionEdit

1928 general election: Wellington East[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Semple 5,527 43.40
Reform Thomas Forsyth 4,561 35.81 -19.53
Independent James John Clark 2,648 20.79
Majority 966 7.58 -3.10
Informal votes 128 1.00 -0.70
Turnout 12,864 88.47 -0.98
Registered electors 14,541

1925 electionEdit

1925 general election: Wellington East[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Thomas Forsyth 6,191 55.34 +18.61
Labour Alec Monteith 4,996 44.66 +3.36
Majority 1,195 10.68 +6.11
Informal votes 193 1.70 +0.72
Turnout 11,380 89.44 -1.43
Registered electors 12,723

1922 electionEdit

1922 general election: Wellington East[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alec Monteith 4,274 41.30
Reform Thomas Forsyth 3,801 36.73
Liberal Thomas William McDonald 1,860 17.97
Independent Annie McVicar 414 4.00
Majority 473 4.57
Informal votes 102 0.98
Turnout 10,451 90.88
Registered electors 11,500

1919 electionEdit

1919 general election: Wellington East[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Alfred Newman 4,375 42.77 -7.52
Labour Alec Monteith 3,317 32.43
Liberal Len McKenzie 2,441 23.86
Informal votes 94 0.91 +0.12
Majority 1,058 10.34 +9.75
Turnout 10,227 80.49 -4.23
Registered electors 12,705

1914 electionEdit

1914 general election: Wellington East[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Alfred Newman 4,062 50.29 -0.03
United Labour David McLaren 4,014 49.71 +0.26
Informal votes 64 0.79 +0.07
Majority 48 0.59 -0.27
Turnout 8,076 84.72 +11.21
Registered electors 9,532

1911 electionEdit

1911 general election: Wellington East, first ballot[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Alfred Newman 3,371 43.25
Labour David McLaren 2,969 38.09 -15.00
Liberal Frederick George Bolton 1,242 15.93
Independent Liberal John Brodie 132 1.69
Informal votes 80 1.02 +0.64
Turnout 7,794 76.26 +8.74
Second ballot result
Reform Alfred Newman 3,780 50.32 +7.07
Labour David McLaren 3,715 49.45 +11.36
Informal votes 18 0.23 0.79
Majority 65 0.86 +0.22
Turnout 7,513 73.51 -2.75
Registered electors 10,219

1908 electionEdit

1908 general election: Wellington East, first ballot[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Richmond Atkinson 2,400 35.30
Ind. Labour League David McLaren 1,741 25.61 +12.75
Liberal William McLean[20] 1,300 19.12 -24.29
Liberal George Winder[21][22][23] 1,071 15.75
Informal votes 286 4.20 +2.92
Turnout 6,798 70.75 -10.93
Second ballot result
Ind. Labour League David McLaren 3,446 53.09 +27.48
Conservative Arthur Richmond Atkinson 3,019 46.51 +11.21
Informal votes 25 0.38 3.82
Majority 427 6.57
Turnout 6,490 67.54 -3.21
Registered electors 9,608

1905 electionEdit

1905 general election: Wellington East[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Aitken 2,595 43.73
Liberal William McLean 2,576 43.41
Ind. Labour League David McLaren 763 12.86
Majority 19 0.32
Informal votes 77 1.28
Turnout 6,011 81.68
Registered electors 7,359

NotesEdit

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 50–53.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 50.
  3. ^ "The Elections". The Evening Post. XXXIV (49). 26 August 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 54f.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 66f.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 276.
  7. ^ "Public Notices". The Evening Post. CXXXVI (136). 6 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  8. ^ "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  9. ^ The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  10. ^ "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Wellington East". The Evening Post. CXII (140). 10 December 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  11. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 6. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  12. ^ "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Wellington East". New Zealand Truth (1200). 29 November 1928. p. 14. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  13. ^ The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 4. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  14. ^ Hislop, J. (1923). The General Election, 1922. Government Printer. p. 4. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  15. ^ "The General Election". The Press. LVIII (17612). 15 November 1922. p. 13. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  16. ^ Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  17. ^ Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  18. ^ "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 1–14. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  19. ^ "The General Election, 1908". National Library. 1909. pp. 1–34. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  20. ^ "The General Election". Hawera & Normanby Star. LVI. 10 November 1908. p. 10. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  21. ^ "Mr George Winder". Auckland Star. LXI (182). 4 August 1930. p. 10. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  22. ^ "Personal Items". The Evening Post. CX (29). 2 August 1930. p. 11. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  23. ^ "Mr George Winder's new Premises, Corner Cuba and Manners Streets". The Evening Post. LXXVII (100). 29 April 1909. p. 3. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  24. ^ "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. p. 3. Retrieved 8 March 2014.

ReferencesEdit