1908 New Zealand general election
The 1908 New Zealand general election was held on Tuesday, 17 November, 24 November and 1 December in the general electorates, and on Wednesday, 2 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 17th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 537,003 (79.8%) voters turned out to vote.
All 80 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
41 seats were needed for a majority
Changes to the electoral lawEdit
The Second Ballot Act 1908 provided for second or runoff ballots between the top two candidates where the top candidate did not get an absolute majority. The second ballot was held seven days after the first ballot except in ten large rural seats, where fourteen days were allowed. In 1908, 22 second ballots were held on 24 November and one (Bay of Plenty) on 1 December. At the 1911 election, all 30 second ballots were held seven days later. Two 1909 by-elections (in Rangitikei and Thames) also required second ballots.
The Second Ballot Act of 1908, which did not apply to the Maori electorates, was repealed in 1913.
Summary of resultsEdit
The following table gives party strengths and vote distribution.
|Party||Candidates||Total votes||Percentage||Seats won||Change|
|Ind. Labour League||11||16,974||3.1||1||+1|
The following are the results of the 1908 general election:
- † in Majority column depicts electorates in which a second ballot was held.
- Harry Ell was previously associated with the Liberal Party.
- For some biographical details of James Kerr refer to his father's article
- The affiliation of many of the Māori candidates is unknown or uncertain; note that the Second Ballot Act 1908 did not apply to Māori constituencies.
Summary of changesEdit
- A boundary redistribution resulted in the abolition of seven seats:
- At the same time, seven new seats came into being:
- "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
- McLintock, A. H. (1966). "Second Ballot System (1908–13)". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
- Wilson 1985, pp. 287–289.
- "The General Election, 1908". National Library. 1909. pp. 1–34. Retrieved 14 April 2012.