40th New Zealand Parliament
|40th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||6 April 1982 – 14 June 1984|
|Election||New Zealand general election, 1981|
|Government||Third National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Richard Harrison|
|Leader of the House||David Thomson|
|Prime Minister||Robert Muldoon|
|Leader of the Opposition||David Lange|
––Bill Rowling until 3 February 1983
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General||HE The Hon. Sir David Beattie|
The 40th Parliament was the third and final term of the third National Party government. Robert Muldoon, who served as both Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, remained in power. The Labour Party, led by former Prime Minister Bill Rowling, had made significant gains (actually winning the largest portion of the popular vote), but remained in opposition. The Social Credit Party was the only other opposition party in the 40th Parliament, holding two seats.
The 40th Parliament consisted of ninety-two representatives, the same as in the previous election. All of these representatives were chosen by single-member geographical electorates, including four special Māori electorates.
Electoral boundaries for the 40th ParliamentEdit
Overview of seatsEdit
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1981 election and at dissolution:
|At 1981 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||2||2|
- The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.
Initial composition of the 40th ParliamentEdit
The tables below shows the results of the 1981 general election:
- Wallbank was first on election night for Gisborne, but lost on a recount
- Courtney had withdrawn from the Labour caucus in March 1981
- McClay was declared elected by the High Court after an Electoral Petition
There were no by-elections held during the term of the 40th Parliament.
- Bohan, Edmund (2004). Burdon: a man of our time. Hazard Press. ISBN 978-1-877270-90-1. OCLC 62718931. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6.
- Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946-1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.