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Marlborough (New Zealand electorate)

Population centresEdit

The 1931 New Zealand census had been cancelled due to the Great Depression, so the 1937 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth into account. The increasing population imbalance between the North and South Islands had slowed, and only one electorate seat was transferred from south to north. Five electorates were abolished, one former electorate (Onehunga) was re-established, and four electorates were created for the first time, including Marlborough.[1] The Marlborough electorate replaced the Wairau electorate, which had more or less the same shape as Wairau had had since the 1927 electoral redistribution.[2] For the purposes of the country quota, the 1936 census had determined that some 27% of the population lived in urban areas, and the balance in rural areas.[3]

Settlements that were covered by the original electorate included Havelock, Picton, Blenheim, and Kaikoura.[4] The area is noted for growing grapes for white wine.

HistoryEdit

The electorate was created in 1938, replacing the Wairau electorate. Edwin Meachen of the Labour Party, who had previously represented Wairau, was the first representative.[5] In the 1946 election, Meachen was defeated by National's Tom Shand.[6]

In 1996 with the advent of mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation the electorate was included into the Kaikōura electorate. The then MP Doug Kidd was the first MP for Kaikōura.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Key

 Labour    National  

Election Winner
1938 election Edwin Meachen
1943 election
1946 election Tom Shand
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1970 by-election Ian Brooks
1972 election
1975 election Edward Latter
1978 election Doug Kidd
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996)

Election resultsEdit

1987 electionEdit

1987 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Doug Kidd 11,189 53.7 +11.0
Labour Ms P B Hutchison 8,787 42.2 +2.3
Democrats R S MacArthur 650 3.1 -1.7
Christian Independent D J Bell 109 0.5 +0.3
Independent S W Yealands 97 0.5 +0.1
Majority 2,402 11.5
Turnout 91.7
Registered electors 22,937

1984 electionEdit

1984 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Doug Kidd 9,472 42.7 -0.6
Labour G MacDonald 8,860 39.9 +4.5
NZ Party P Calcott 2,656 12.0 +12.0
Social Credit Miss H M Smith 1,062 4.8 -16.2
Independent S W Yealands 87 0.4 +0.4
Independent D J Bell 43 0.2 -0.1
Majority 612 2.8
Turnout 95.1
Registered electors 23,590

1981 electionEdit

1981 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Doug Kidd 8,998 43.3 -0.4
Labour Graeme Macann 7,355 35.4 -6.7
Social Credit R A Cullum 4,353 21.0 +9.0
Independent D J Bell 66 0.3 +/-0
Majority 1,643 7.9
Turnout 92.0
Registered electors 22,543

1978 electionEdit

1978 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Doug Kidd 8,614 43.7 -10.3
Labour Ian Brooks 8,291 42.1 +4.3
Social Credit G R Kerr 2,365 12.0 +7.0
Values Mrs A W Litchfield 381 1.9 -1.3
People's Representative D J Bell 66 0.3 +0.3
Majority 323 1.6
Turnout 79.5
Registered electors 24,905

1975 electionEdit

1975 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Edward Latter 10,047 54.0 +10.4
Labour Ian Brooks 7,037 37.8 -13.7
Social Credit G R Kerr 928 5.0 +0.4
Values R H Belton 607 3.2 +3.2
Majority 3,010 16.2
Turnout 89.2
Registered electors 20,936

1972 electionEdit

1972 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ian Brooks 8,469 51.5 +12.9
National B J Dalliessi 7,179 43.6 -9.5
Social Credit G R Kerr 763 4.6 -3.7
New Democratic T W MacDonald 49 0.3 +0.3
Majority 1,290 7.9
Turnout 92.4
Registered electors 17,896

1970 by-electionEdit

1970 Marlborough by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ian Brooks 7,060 47.93
National Anthony Shand 6,017 40.85
Social Credit George Robert Kerr 1,171 7.95
Country Party Clifford Stanley Emeny 482 3.27
Majority 1,043 7.08
Turnout 14,730

1969 electionEdit

1969 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tom Shand 9,039 53.1 +7.0
Labour Ian Brooks 6,579 38.6 -2.9
Social Credit G R Kerr 1,404 8.3 -4.1
Majority 2,460 14.5
Turnout 92.0
Registered electors 18,573

1966 electionEdit

1966 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tom Shand 7,216 46.1 -4.2
Labour Gerard Wall 6,484 41.5 +5.1
Social Credit G R Kerr 1,943 12.4 -0.9
Majority 732 4.6
Turnout 90.0
Registered electors 17,427

1963 electionEdit

1963 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tom Shand 7,663 50.3 +0.1
Labour W G Kenyon 5,552 36.4 -2.0
Social Credit G R Kerr 2,033 13.3 +1.9
Majority 2,111 13.9
Turnout 91.7
Registered electors 16,716

1960 electionEdit

1960 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tom Shand 7,672 50.2 -1.8
Labour Robert William Hope 5,677 38.4 -1.6
Social Credit G R Kerr 1,680 11.4 +3.4
Majority 1,747 11.8
Turnout 92.9
Registered electors 15,969

1957 electionEdit

1957 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tom Shand 7,672 52.0 +3.7
Labour Roy Evans 5,890 40.0 +2.8
Social Credit G R Kerr 1,184 8.0 -6.5
Majority 1,782 12.0
Turnout 95.0
Registered electors 15,575

1954 electionEdit

1954 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tom Shand 7,080 48.3 -10.5
Labour G A Turner 5,445 37.2 -4.0
Social Credit G R Kerr 2,124 14.5 +14.5
Majority 1,635 11.1
Turnout 93.8
Registered electors 15,735

1951 electionEdit

1951 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tom Shand 8,175 58.8 +2.1
Labour Edwin Meachen 5,723 41.2 -2.1
Majority 2,452 17.6
Turnout 93.0
Registered electors 14,996

1949 electionEdit

1949 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tom Shand 7,861 56.7 +6.0
Labour J H Wilson 5,999 43.3 -6.0
Majority 1,862 13.4
Turnout 95.5
Registered electors 14,571

1946 electionEdit

1946 general election: Marlborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Tom Shand 6,935 50.7
Labour Edwin Meachen 6,756 49.3
Majority 179 1.4
Turnout 93.9
Registered electors 14,513

NotesEdit

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 87–92.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 87–93.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 92.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 93.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 219.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 219, 233.

ReferencesEdit

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.