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Population centresEdit

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Dunedin West, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.[1]

The 1981 census had shown that the North Island had experienced further population growth, and three additional general seats were created through the 1983 electoral redistribution, bringing the total number of electorates to 95.[2] The South Island had, for the first time, experienced a population loss, but its number of general electorates was fixed at 25 since the 1967 electoral redistribution.[3] More of the South Island population was moving to Christchurch, and two electorates were abolished, while two electorates were recreated (including Dunedin West). In the North Island, six electorates were newly created, three electorates were recreated, and six electorates were abolished.[4]

The electorate was urban, and comprised a number of suburbs in the west of Dunedin.

HistoryEdit

The electorate existed in the 19th century from 1881 to 1890. It was represented by:[5]

The electorate was recreated, from 1908 to 1946.[5] Stewart's son, also called William Downie Stewart, represented the electorate for the Reform Party from 1914 to 1935, when he was defeated by Labour's Gervan McMillan.[6]

In 1984 the electorate was recreated again,[5] until the introduction of MMP in 1996. Clive Matthewson represented the electorate from 1984 to 1996. He left the New Zealand Labour Party in 1995, and was one of the founders of the United New Zealand party.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Dunedin West was represented by seven Members of Parliament.

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform    Labour    United NZ  

Election Winner
1881 election Thomas Dick
1884 election William Downie Stewart
1887 election
(Electorate abolished 1890–1908, see Dunedin)
1908 election John A. Millar
1911 election
1914 election William Downie Stewart Jr
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election Gervan McMillan
1938 election
1943 election Phil Connolly
(Electorate abolished 1946–1984)
1984 election Clive Matthewson
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Dunedin South)

Election resultsEdit

1993 electionEdit

1993 general election: Dunedin West[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Matthewson 9,924 47.55 -1.21
National Ollie Turner 5,447 26.10
Alliance Norman Wood 4,076 19.53
NZ First Khalid Ibadulla 923 4.42
Christian Heritage John Streekstra 434 2.07
Natural Law Martin Jelley 63 0.30
Majority 4,477 21.45 +12.76
Turnout 20,867 85.14 -0.28
Registered electors 24,508

1990 electionEdit

1990 general election: Dunedin West[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Matthewson 9,971 48.76 -9.95
National Ian McMeeking 8,192 40.06 +3.40
Green R McCurdy 1,098 5.36
NewLabour Frank Rudkin 880 4.30
Social Credit S Tomilson 226 1.10
Democrats J W Begley 82 0.40
Majority 1,779 8.69 -13.35
Turnout 20,449 84.86 -3.17
Registered electors 24,097

1987 electionEdit

1987 general election: Dunedin West[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Matthewson 12,108 58.71 +9.21
National Ian McMeeking 7,561 36.66
Democrats M J Mellon 812 3.93
Wizard Party G B Campbell 142 0.68
Majority 4,547 22.04 -5.43
Turnout 20,623 88.03 -4.60
Registered electors 23,426

1984 electionEdit

1984 general election: Dunedin West[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Matthewson 10,832 49.50
National Derek Russell 4,821 22.03
Independent Labour Brian MacDonell 3,638 16.62
NZ Party Richard Freeman 1,840 8.40
Social Credit David Guise 749 3.42
Majority 6,011 27.47
Turnout 21,880 92.63
Registered electors 23,619

1943 electionEdit

1943 general election: Dunedin West[10][11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Phil Connolly 7,430 54.56
National Alexander Smith Falconer 6,092 44.73
Majority 1,338 9.82
Turnout 13,618 88.90 -3.64
Registered electors 15,318

1938 electionEdit

1938 general election: Dunedin West[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gervan McMillan 8,452 58.96 +5.87
National Stuart Sidey 5,813 40.55
Informal votes 69 0.48 +0.09
Majority 2,369 16.52 +10.34
Turnout 14,334 92.54 +1.40
Registered electors 15,488

1935 electionEdit

1935 general election: Dunedin West[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gervan McMillan 5,886 53.09
Reform William Downie Stewart Jr 5,200 46.90 -4.83
Informal votes 44 0.39 -0.59
Majority 686 6.18
Turnout 11,086 91.14 +6.22
Registered electors 12,163

1931 electionEdit

1931 general election: Dunedin West[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform William Downie Stewart Jr 5,016 51.73
Labour John Gilchrist[17] 4,092 42.20
Independent Liberal J McDonald 588 6.06
Informal votes 96 0.98
Majority 924 9.53
Turnout 9,792 84.92
Registered electors 11,531

NotesEdit

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 43–48.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 123f.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 123.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 119–124.
  5. ^ a b c Wilson 1985, p. 262.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 217, 237.
  7. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. p. 18.
  8. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. p. 26.
  9. ^ a b Norton 1988, pp. 216.
  10. ^ "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  11. ^ "Results from all Electorates". Evening Post. CXXXVI (76). 27 September 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  12. ^ "City Nominations". Evening Post. CXXXVI (61). 9 September 1943. p. 9. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  14. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1936. Archived from the original on 1 May 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  15. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  16. ^ "Prospects in Otago". The New Zealand Herald. LXVIII (21037). 23 November 1931. p. 11. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  17. ^ "Points from Letters". The Evening Post. CXVIII (70). 20 September 1934. p. 10. Retrieved 13 November 2014.

ReferencesEdit

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.