38th New Zealand Parliament
|38th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||22 June 1976 – 6 October 1978|
|Election||1975 New Zealand general election|
|Government||Third National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Richard Harrison|
––Roy Jack until 24 December 1977 †
|Prime Minister||Robert Muldoon|
|Leader of the Opposition||Bill Rowling|
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General||HE Rt Hon. Sir Keith Holyoake from 26 October 1977|
––HE Sir Denis Blundell until 5 October 1977
1975 general electionEdit
The 1975 general election was held on Saturday, 29 November. A total of 92 MPs were elected; 63 represented North Island electorates, 25 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was an increase in the number of MPs by five since the 1972 election, and the gain was all for the North Island. 1,953,050 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 82.5%.
The 38th Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1977), and was prorogued on 7 October 1978.
|first||22 June 1976||14 December 1976|
|second||28 February 1977||28 February 1977|
|third||19 May 1977||16 December 1977|
|fourth||10 May 1978||6 October 1978|
The Labour Party, which had come to power at the 1972 election, was defeated by the National Party at the 1975 election. Robert Muldoon formed the third National Government and led the Muldoon Ministry until National's defeat at the 1984 election.
Overview of seatsEdit
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1975 election and at dissolution:
|At 1975 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||23||21|
- The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.
Initial composition of the 38th ParliamentEdit
The table below shows the results of the 1975 general election:
- David Lange came third for Labour in Hobson
By-elections during 38th ParliamentEdit
There were a number of changes during the term of the 38th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Nelson||1976||28 February||Stanley Whitehead||Death||Mel Courtney|
|Mangere||1977||26 March||Colin Moyle||Resignation||David Lange|
|Pahiatua||1977||30 April||Keith Holyoake||Appointed as Governor-General||John Falloon|
|Rangitikei||1978||18 February||Roy Jack||Death||Bruce Beetham|
- Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6.
- Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946-1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.